50th Academy Awards
The 50th Academy Awards were held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, California on April 3, 1978. The ceremonies were presided over by Bob Hope, who hosted the awards for the nineteenth and last time.
|50th Academy Awards|
|Date||April 3, 1978|
|Site||Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles, California, U.S.|
|Hosted by||Bob Hope|
|Produced by||Howard W. Koch|
|Directed by||Marty Pasetta|
|Best Picture||Annie Hall|
|Most awards||Star Wars (6)|
|Most nominations||Julia and The Turning Point (11)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||3 hours, 30 minutes|
31.1% (Nielsen ratings)
Two of the year's biggest winners were Star Wars, which swept the technical categories by winning 6 out of its 10 nominations and a Special Achievement for Sound Effects Editing, and Annie Hall, winning 4 out of 5 nominations, including Best Picture, Best Actress and Best Director. The awards show was also notable for a very politically charged acceptance speech by Vanessa Redgrave.
The Turning Point set the record for the most nominations without a win (11), previously held by Peyton Place and The Little Foxes, which each had 9 nominations with no wins. This record, later tied by The Color Purple, still stands as of 2018[update].
For the only time to date, both Best Actor and Best Actress winners won for roles in two different romantic comedies.
The animated opening sequence, as well as promos for the Awards show, were designed by British graphic designer Harry Marks, who outsourced the animated sequences to Robert Abel and Associates. Marks also designed animated sequences for the top nominated categories, which weren't used for the final telecast.
Nominations were announced on February 21, 1978. Winners are listed first, highlighted in boldface and indicated with a double dagger ( ).
Academy Honorary AwardsEdit
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian AwardEdit
Irving G. Thalberg Memorial AwardEdit
Special Achievement AwardsEdit
Debby Boone's performance of You Light Up My Life was accompanied by schoolgirls described as "affiliated with the John Tracy Clinic for the Deaf" interpreting the lyrics in sign language. After complaints that their signing was incomprehensible, it was revealed the girls were not deaf and had been taught rudimentary signing specifically for the performance. This prompted protests from the Alliance for Deaf Artists.
|“||My dear colleagues, I thank you very much for this tribute to my work. I think that Jane Fonda and I have done the best work of our lives, and I think this is in part due to our director, Fred Zinnemann. [Audience applause.]
And I also think it's in part because we believed and we believe in what we were expressing—two out of millions who gave their lives and were prepared to sacrifice everything in the fight against fascist and racist Nazi Germany.
And I salute you, and I pay tribute to you, and I think you should be very proud that in the last few weeks you've stood firm, and you have refused to be intimidated by the threats of a small bunch of Zionist hoodlums [gasps from the audience, followed by a smattering of boos and clapping] whose behavior— [continuation of booing until it quieted down] whose behavior is an insult to the stature of Jews all over the world and their great and heroic record of struggle against fascism and oppression. [General applause]
And I salute that record and I salute all of you for having stood firm and dealt a final blow against that period when Nixon and McCarthy launched a worldwide witch hunt against those who tried to express in their lives and their work the truth that they believe in. [some boos and hissing] I salute you and I thank you and I pledge to you that I will continue to fight against anti-Semitism and fascism.
Two hours later, when it came his turn to announce the winners for the two Best Screenplay awards, Paddy Chayefsky, perturbed by what he perceived as "cracks about Jews" at the Academy Awards, replied:
|“||Before I get on to the writing awards, there's a little matter I'd like to tidy up—at least if I expect to live with myself tomorrow morning. I would like to say—personal opinion, of course—that I'm sick and tired of people exploiting the occasion of the Academy Awards [loud applause] for the propagation of their own personal political propaganda. [Loud applause]
I would like to suggest to Miss Redgrave that her winning an Academy Award is not a pivotal moment in history, does not require a proclamation, and a simple 'thank you' would have sufficed. [Loud applause]
Presenters and performersEdit
The following individuals, listed in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers.
|Hank Simms||Announcer for the 50th annual Academy Awards|
|Howard W. Koch (AMPAS President)||Gave opening remarks welcoming guests to the awards ceremony|
|Explained the voting rules to the public|
|John Travolta||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actress|
|Presenters of the Special Achievement Award|
|Presenters of the Short Subjects Awards|
|Presenters of the Best Sound|
|Joan Fontaine||Presenter of the award for Best Visual Effects|
|Presenters of the Documentary Awards|
|Billy Dee Williams||Presenter of the Scientific & Technical Awards|
|Presenters of the award of Best Art Direction|
|Eva Marie Saint
|Presenters of the award for Best Foreign Language Film|
|Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actor|
|Natalie Wood||Presenter of the award for Best Costume Design|
|Presenters of the Music Awards|
|Presenters of the award for Best Cinematography|
|Bette Davis||Presenter of the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award to Charlton Heston|
|Olivia de Havilland||Presenter of the Honorary Award to Margaret Booth|
|Presenters of the award for Best Film Editing|
|Fred Astaire||Presenter of the award for Best Original Song|
|Presenters of the award for Best Director|
|Paddy Chayefsky||Presenter of the awards for Best Original and Adapted Screenplay|
|Presenters of the award for Best Actress|
|Sylvester Stallone||Presenter of the award for Best Actor|
|Stanley Kramer||Presenter of the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award to Walter Mirisch|
|Jack Nicholson||Presenter of the award for Best Picture|
|Nelson Riddle||Musical arranger and conductor||Orchestral|
|Debbie Reynolds||Performer||"Look How Far We've Come"|
|Debby Boone||Performer||"You Light Up My Life" from You Light Up My Life|
|Gloria Loring||Performer||"Candle on the Water" from Pete's Dragon and "Someone's Waiting for You" from The Rescuers|
|Sammy Davis Jr.
|Performers||"Come Light the Candles"|
|Aretha Franklin||Performer||"Nobody Does It Better" from The Spy Who Loved Me|
|Jane Powell||Performer||"The Slipper and the Rose Waltz (He Danced with Me)" from The Slipper and the Rose|
|Academy Awards Chorus||Performers||"That's Entertainment"|
Multiple nominations and awardsEdit
These films had multiple nominations:
The following films received multiple awards.
- Bialik, Carl (February 26, 2008). "And the Oscar Goes to... Fewer TV Viewers". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on April 4, 2008.
- "The 50th Academy Awards (1978) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on November 11, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2011.
- Crouse, Richard (October 22, 2005). Reel Winners: Movie Award Trivia. Dundurn. pp. 138–139. ISBN 9781770701991. Retrieved November 6, 2015.
- King, Susan A brief history of Academy Awards controversies (no, #OscarsSoWhite is not the first) Los Angeles Times February 6, 2016
- John Bradey, "The craft of the screenwriter", 1981. Page 57