Henry Mancini (/mænˈsni/ man-SEE-nee; born Enrico Nicola Mancini; April 16, 1924 – June 14, 1994)[1] was an Italian-American composer, conductor, arranger, pianist and flutist. Often cited as one of the greatest composers in the history of film,[2][3] he won four Academy Awards, a Golden Globe, and twenty Grammy Awards, plus a posthumous Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1995.

Henry Mancini
Mancini c. 1970
Mancini c. 1970
Background information
Birth nameEnrico Nicola Mancini
Born(1924-04-16)April 16, 1924
Maple Heights, Ohio, U.S.
DiedJune 14, 1994(1994-06-14) (aged 70)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
  • Composer
  • songwriter
  • arranger
  • conductor
Years active1946–1994

His works include the theme and soundtrack for the Peter Gunn television series as well as the music for The Pink Panther film series ("The Pink Panther Theme") and "Moon River" from Breakfast at Tiffany's. The Music from Peter Gunn won the inaugural Grammy Award for Album of the Year. Mancini enjoyed a long collaboration in composing film scores for the film director Blake Edwards. Mancini also scored a No. 1 hit single during the rock era on the Hot 100: his arrangement and recording of the "Love Theme from Romeo and Juliet" spent two weeks at the top, starting with the week ending June 28, 1969.

Early life edit

Henry Mancini was born Enrico Nicola Mancini in Maple Heights, Ohio, and raised in West Aliquippa, Pennsylvania.[4][5] Both his parents were Italian immigrants. Originally from Scanno, Abruzzo, his father Quintiliano "Quinto" Mancini was a laborer at the Jones and Laughlin Steel Company and amateur musician who first came to the U.S. as a teenager around 1910.[6][7] His mother Anna (née Pece) came to the U.S. from Forlì del Sannio, Molise, as an infant.[6]

At age eight, Mancini began learning the piccolo.[8][9] Mancini said that hearing Rudolph G. Kopp's score in the 1935 Cecil B. DeMille film The Crusades inspired him to pursue film music composition despite his father's wishes for him to become a teacher.[10][11]

At age 12, he began studying piano and orchestral arrangement under Pittsburgh concert pianist and Stanley Theatre (now Benedum Center) conductor Max Adkins. Not only did Mancini produce arrangements for the Stanley Theatre bands, but he also wrote an arrangement for Benny Goodman, an up-and-coming bandleader introduced to him by Adkins.[5][12] According to Mancini biographer John Caps, the young Mancini "preferred music arranging to any kind of musical performance, but taking apart a Chopin mazurka or Schumann sonata in order to play it helped him see...how the puzzle of form, meter, melody, harmony, and counterpoint had been solved by previous composers."[13]

After graduating from Aliquippa High School in 1942, Mancini first attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie Mellon University) in Pittsburgh.[14][15] Later that year, Mancini transferred to the Juilliard School of Music in New York City following a successful audition in which he performed a Beethoven sonata and improvisation on "Night and Day" by Cole Porter.[16][5] Because he could only take orchestration and composition courses in his second year, Mancini studied only piano in his first year at Juilliard, in a condition Caps called "aimless and oppressed—a far cry from Adkins's enabling protective environment."[17]

After turning 18, Mancini enlisted in the United States Army Air Forces in 1943. While in basic training in Atlantic City, New Jersey, he met musicians being recruited by Glenn Miller. Owing to a recommendation by Miller, Mancini was first assigned to the 28th Air Force Band before being reassigned overseas to the 1306th Engineers Brigade in France. In 1945, he helped liberate the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp in Austria.[16]

Career edit

Newly discharged from the military, Mancini entered the music industry. In 1946, he became a pianist and arranger for the newly re-formed Glenn Miller Orchestra, led by 'Everyman' Tex Beneke. After World War II, Mancini broadened his skills in composition, counterpoint, harmony and orchestration during studies, opening with the composers Ernst Krenek and Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco.[18]

In 1952, Mancini joined Universal-International's music department. During the next six years, he contributed music to over 100 movies, most notably Creature from the Black Lagoon, The Creature Walks Among Us, It Came from Outer Space, Tarantula, This Island Earth, The Glenn Miller Story (for which he received his first Academy Award nomination), The Benny Goodman Story and Orson Welles' Touch of Evil. His first hit as a pop songwriter was a single by Guy Lombardo and His Royal Canadians titled "I Won't Let You Out of My Heart".

Mancini left Universal-International to work as an independent composer/arranger in 1958. Soon afterward, he scored the television series Peter Gunn[9] for writer/producer Blake Edwards. This was the genesis of a relationship in which Edwards and Mancini collaborated on 30 films over 35 years. Along with Alex North, Elmer Bernstein, Leith Stevens and Johnny Mandel, Henry Mancini was a pioneer of the inclusion of jazz elements in the late romantic orchestral film and TV scoring prevalent at the time. Mancini's scores for Blake Edwards included Breakfast at Tiffany's (with the standard "Moon River")[9] and Days of Wine and Roses (with the title song, "Days of Wine and Roses"), as well as Experiment in Terror, The Pink Panther (and all of its sequels), The Great Race, The Party, 10 (including "It's Easy to Say") and Victor Victoria. Another director with whom Mancini had a longstanding partnership was Stanley Donen (Charade, Arabesque, Two for the Road). Mancini also composed for Howard Hawks (Man's Favorite Sport?, Hatari! – which included the "Baby Elephant Walk"), Martin Ritt (The Molly Maguires), Vittorio de Sica (Sunflower), Norman Jewison (Gaily, Gaily), Paul Newman (Sometimes a Great Notion, The Glass Menagerie), Stanley Kramer (Oklahoma Crude), George Roy Hill (The Great Waldo Pepper), Arthur Hiller (Silver Streak),[19] Ted Kotcheff (Who Is Killing the Great Chefs of Europe?), and others. Mancini's score for the Alfred Hitchcock film Frenzy (1972) in Bachian organ andante, for organ and an orchestra of strings was rejected and replaced by Ron Goodwin's work.

Mancini scored many TV movies, including The Moneychangers, The Thorn Birds and The Shadow Box. He wrote many television themes, including Mr. Lucky (starring John Vivyan and Ross Martin),[20] NBC Mystery Movie,[21] Tic Tac Dough (1990 version),[22] Once Is Not Enough, and What's Happening!! In the 1984–85 television season, four series featured original Mancini themes: Newhart, Hotel, Remington Steele, and Ripley's Believe It or Not. Mancini also composed the "Viewer Mail" theme for Late Night with David Letterman.[21] Mancini composed the theme for NBC Nightly News used beginning in 1975, and a different theme by him, titled Salute to the President was used by NBC News for its election coverage (including primaries and conventions) from 1976 to 1992. Salute to the President was published only in a school-band arrangement, although Mancini performed it frequently with symphony orchestras on his concert tours.

Songs with music by Mancini were staples of the easy listening radio format from the 1960s to the 1980s. To advertisers, Mancini's style symbolized the bright, confident, hospitable voice of bourgeois America.[23] Some of the artists who have recorded Mancini songs include Andy Williams, Paul Anka, Pat Boone, Anita Bryant, Jack Jones, Frank Sinatra, Perry Como, Connie Francis, Eydie Gorme, Steve Lawrence, Trini Lopez, George Maharis, Johnny Mathis, Jerry Vale, Ray Conniff, Quincy Jones, The Lennon Sisters, The Lettermen, Herb Alpert, Eddie Cano, Frank Chacksfield, Warren Covington, Sarah Vaughan, Shelly Manne, James Moody, Percy Faith, Ferrante & Teicher, Horst Jankowski, Andre Kostelanetz, Peter Nero, Liberace, Mantovani, Tony Bennett, Julie London, Wayne Newton, Arthur Fiedler, Secret Agent and the Boston Pops Orchestra, Peggy Lee, and Matt Monro. The Anita Kerr Quartet won a Grammy award (1965) for their album We Dig Mancini, a cover of his songs. Lawrence Welk held Mancini in very high regard, and frequently featured Mancini's music on The Lawrence Welk Show (Mancini made at least two guest appearances on the show). Mancini briefly hosted his own musical variety TV show in a similar format to Welk's, The Mancini Generation, which aired in syndication during the 1972–73 season.[24]

Mancini recorded over 90 albums, in styles ranging from big band to light classical to pop. Eight of these albums were certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America. He had a 20-year contract with RCA Victor, resulting in 60 commercial record albums that made him a household name among artists of easy listening music. Mancini's earliest recordings in the 1950s and early 1960s were of the jazz idiom; with the success of Peter Gunn, Mr. Lucky, and Breakfast at Tiffany's, Mancini shifted to recording primarily his own music in record albums and film soundtracks. (Relatively little of his music was written for recordings compared to the amount that was written for film and television.) Beginning with his 1969 hit arrangement of Nino Rota's A Time for Us (as his only Billboard Hot 100 top 10 entry, the No. 1 hit "Love Theme from Romeo and Juliet") and its accompanying album A Warm Shade of Ivory, Mancini began to function more as a piano soloist and easy-listening artist recording music primarily written by other people. In this period, for two of his best-selling albums he was joined by trumpet virtuoso and The Tonight Show bandleader Doc Severinsen.

Among Mancini's orchestral scores are (Lifeforce, The Great Mouse Detective, Sunflower, Tom and Jerry: The Movie, Molly Maguires, The Hawaiians), and darker themes (Experiment in Terror, The White Dawn, Wait Until Dark, The Night Visitor).

Billboard advertisement, October 14, 1967

Mancini was also a concert performer, conducting over fifty engagements per year, resulting in over 600 symphony performances during his lifetime. He conducted nearly all of the leading symphony orchestras of the world, including the London Symphony Orchestra, the Israel Philharmonic, the Boston Pops, the Los Angeles Philharmonic and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra. One of his favorites was the Minnesota Orchestra, where he debuted the Thorn Birds Suite in June 1983. He appeared in 1966, 1980 and 1984 in command performances for the British Royal Family. He also toured several times with Johnny Mathis and also with Andy Williams, who had both sung many of Mancini's songs; Mathis and Mancini collaborated on the 1986 album The Hollywood Musicals. In 1987 he conducted an impromptu charity concert in London in aid of Children In Need. The concert included Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture with firework accompaniment over the River Thames.

Cameos edit

Shortly before his death in 1994, he made a one-off cameo appearance in the first season of the sitcom series Frasier, as a call-in patient to Dr. Frasier Crane's radio show. Mancini voiced the character Al, who speaks with a melancholy drawl and hates the sound of his own voice, in the episode "Guess Who's Coming to Breakfast?"[25] Moments after Mancini's cameo ends, Frasier's radio broadcast plays "Moon River".

Mancini also had an uncredited performance as a pianist in the 1967 film Gunn, based on the Peter Gunn television series.

In the 1966 Pink Panther cartoon Pink, Plunk, Plink, the panther commandeered an orchestra and proceeded to conduct Mancini's theme for the series. At the end, the shot switched to rare live action, and Mancini was seen alone applauding in the audience. Mancini also made a brief appearance in the title sequence of 1993's Son of the Pink Panther, allowing the panther to conduct Bobby McFerrin in performing the film's theme tune.

Death edit

Mancini died of pancreatic cancer in Los Angeles on June 14, 1994.[11] He was working at the time on the Broadway stage version of Victor/Victoria, which he never saw on stage.

Personal life edit

Mancini was survived by his wife of 47 years, singer Virginia "Ginny" O'Connor, with whom he had three children. She died on October 25, 2021, at age 97.[26]

They had met while both were members of the Tex Beneke orchestra, just after World War II. In 1948, Mrs. Mancini was one of the founders of the Society of Singers, a non-profit organization which benefits the health and welfare of professional singers worldwide.

One of Mancini's twin daughters, Monica Mancini, is a professional singer; her sister Felice runs The Mr. Holland's Opus Foundation (MHOF). His son Christopher is a music publisher and promoter in Los Angeles.

Legacy edit

Henry Mancini created a scholarship at UCLA and some of his library and works are archived in the music library at UCLA, with additional materials preserved at the Library of Congress.[citation needed]

In 1996, the Henry Mancini Institute, an academy for young music professionals, was founded by Jack Elliott in Mancini's honor, and was later under the direction of composer-conductor Patrick Williams. By the mid-2000s, however, the institute could not sustain itself and closed its doors on December 30, 2006.[27] The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) Foundation "Henry Mancini Music Scholarship" has been awarded annually since 2001.

In 2005, the Henry Mancini Arts Academy was opened as a division of the Lincoln Park Performing Arts Center. The center is located in Midland, Pennsylvania, minutes away from Mancini's hometown of Aliquippa. The Henry Mancini Arts Academy is an evening-and-weekend performing arts program for children from pre-K to grade 12, with some classes also available for adults. The program includes dance, voice, musical theater, and instrumental lessons.

In 2017, the Municipality of Scanno dedicated a street to Mancini, called "Via Henry Mancini".

The American Film Institute ranked Mancini's songs "Moon River" No. 4 and "Days of Wine and Roses" No. 39 on their 100 Years...100 Songs list, and his score for The Pink Panther No. 20 on their list of the greatest film scores. His scores for Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961), Charade (1963), Hatari! (1962), Touch of Evil (1958) and Wait Until Dark (1967) were also nominated for the list.

Awards and nominations edit

Mancini was nominated for 72 Grammy Awards and won 20.[28] He was nominated for 18 Academy Awards and won four.[29] He also won a Golden Globe Award and was nominated for two Emmy Awards.

In 1961, Mancini won two Academy Awards, one for "Moon River" for Best Original Song and one for Best Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture for the movie Breakfast at Tiffany's. In 1962, he won Best Original Song again, this time for "Days of Wine and Roses". He won Best Original Song Score and Its Adaptation or Best Adaptation Score again in 1982 for the movie Victor/Victoria.[9]

In 1989, Mancini received the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement.[30][31]

In 1997, Mancini was posthumously awarded an honorary doctorate of music from Berklee College of Music.[32]

On April 13, 2004, the United States Postal Service honored Mancini with a thirty-seven cent commemorative stamp. Painted by artist Victor Stabin, the stamp shows Mancini conducting in front of a list of some of his film and television themes.[33]

Discography edit

Albums edit

  • The Versatile Henry Mancini (Liberty LST-7121, 1957)
  • Sousa in Stereo (Warner Bros. BS-1209, 1958)
  • March Step in Hi-Fi (Warner Bros. BS-1312, 1959)
  • The Music from Peter Gunn (RCA Victor LSP-1956, 1959)
  • More Music from Peter Gunn (RCA Victor LSP-2040, 1959)
  • The Mancini Touch (RCA Victor LSP-2101, 1959)
  • The Blues and the Beat (RCA Victor LSP-2147, 1960)
  • Music from Mr. Lucky, (RCA Victor LSP-2198, 1960)
  • Combo! (RCA Victor LSP-2258, 1960)
  • Mr. Lucky Goes Latin (RCA Victor LSP-2360, 1961)
  • Our Man in Hollywood (RCA Victor LSP-2604, 1963)
  • Uniquely Mancini (RCA Victor LSP-2692, 1963)
  • The Best of Mancini [compilation] (RCA Victor LSP-2693, 1964)
  • Mancini Plays Mancini (RCA Camden CAS-2158)
  • Everybody's Favorite (RCA Camden CXS-9034)
  • The Concert Sound of Henry Mancini (RCA Victor LSP-2897, 1964)
  • Dear Heart (And Other Songs About Love) (RCA Victor LSP-2990, 1965)
  • The Latin Sound of Henry Mancini (RCA Victor LSP-3356, 1965)
  • The Academy Award Songs (RCA Victor LSP-6013, 1966)
  • A Merry Mancini Christmas (RCA Victor LSP-3612, 1966)
  • Mancini '67: The Big Band Sound of Henry Mancini (RCA Victor LSP-3694, 1967)
  • Music of Hawaii (RCA Victor LSP-3713, 1967)
  • Encore! More of the Concert Sound of Henry Mancini (RCA Victor LSP-3887, 1967)
  • The Mancini Sound (RCA Victor LSP-3943, 1968)
  • The Big Latin Band of Henry Mancini (RCA Victor LSP-4049, 1968)
  • Debut! Henry Mancini Conducting the First Recording of the Philadelphia Orchestra Pops (RCA Red Seal LSC-3106, 1969)
  • A Warm Shade of Ivory (RCA Victor LSP-4140, 1969)
  • Six Hours Past Sunset (RCA Victor LSP-4239, 1969)
  • Mancini Country (RCA Victor LSP-4307, 1970)
  • Theme from "Z" and Other Film Music (RCA Victor LSP-4350, 1970)
  • Mancini Plays the Theme from "Love Story" (RCA Victor LSP-4466, 1970)
  • This is Henry Mancini [compilation] (RCA Victor VPS-6029, 1970)
  • Mancini Concert (RCA Victor LSP-4542, 1971)
  • Brass on Ivory with Doc Severinsen (RCA Victor LSP-4629, 1972)
  • Big Screen - Little Screen (RCA Victor LSP-4630, 1972)
  • Music from the TV Series "The Mancini Generation" (RCA Victor LSP-4689, 1972)
  • Brass, Ivory & Strings with Doc Severinsen (RCA APL1-0098, 1973)
  • Country Gentleman (RCA APL1-0270, 1974)
  • Hangin' Out (RCA CPL1-0672, 1974)
  • Pure Gold [compilation] (RCA ANL1-0980, 1975)
  • Symphonic Soul (RCA APL1-1025, 1975)
  • The Cop Show Themes (RCA Victor APL1-1896, 1976)
  • Mancini's Angels (RCA CPL1-2290, 1977)
  • The Theme Scene (RCA APL1-3052, 1978)
  • In The Pink with James Galway (RCA Red Seal RCD1-5315, 1984)
  • The Hollywood Musicals with Johnny Mathis (Columbia CK-40372, 1986)
  • As Time Goes By and Other Classic Movie Love Songs (RCA Victor 09026-60974-2, 1992)

Hit singles edit

List of singles, with selected chart positions
Title Year Peak chart positions
AUS[34] UK[1][35]
"Mr. Lucky" 1960 21 20
"High Time"
"Theme from The Great Imposter" 1961 90 87
"Moon River" 11 5 1[36] 44
"Experiment In Terror" 1962
"Theme from Hatari!" 95 89
"Days of Wine and Roses" 1963 33 29 10
"Banzai Pipeline" 93 98
"Charade" 36 43 15
"The Pink Panther Theme" 1964 31 54 10
"A Shot in the Dark" 97
"Dear Heart" 77 39 14
"How Soon" 10
"The Sweetheart Tree" 1965 89 23
"La Raspa"
"Moment to Moment" 27
"Hawaii (Main Theme)" 1966 6
"Two for the Road" 1967 17
"Wait Until Dark" 4
"Norma La De Guadalajara" 1968 21
"A Man, a Horse and a Gun" 36
"Love Theme from Romeo and Juliet" 1969 1[37] 1[38] 1 10
"Moonlight Sonata" 87 96 15
"There Isn't Enough to Go Around" 39
"Theme from Z (Life Goes On)" 1970 17
"Theme from The Molly Maguires"
"Darling Lili" 26
"Love Story" 1971 13 11 2 21
"Theme from Cade's County" 1972 14 42
"Theme from Nicholas and Alexandra"
"Theme from the Mancini Generation" 38
"All His Children"
(with Charley Pride)
92 95
"Oklahoma Crude" 1973 38
"Hangin' Out"
(with the Mouldy Seven)
1974 21
"Once Is Not Enough" 1975 45
"African Symphony" 1976 40
"Slow Hot Wind" 38
"Theme from Charlie's Angels" 1977 45 73 22
"Ravel's Bolero" 1980 59 76
"The Thornbirds Theme" 1984 23
"—" denotes a title that did not chart, or was not released in that territory.

Ballets edit

  • Coffee House (1959), written for the Gene Kelly Show

Soundtracks edit

Note: Most of Mancini's scores were not released on LP soundtrack albums. His TV movie music albums were not soundtrack albums but are titled "Music from ..." or "Music from the Motion Picture ..." He routinely retained the rights to his music. Mancini's contracts allowed him to release his own albums for which he rearranged the score music into arrangements more appropriate for listening outside of the context of the film/theater. Actual film scores using players from Hollywood unions recording under major motion picture studio contracts were expensive to release on LP (ex: the soundtrack for Our Man Flint (not a Mancini score) cost $1 more than other LP albums of the day). Many soundtrack albums used to claim "Original Soundtrack" or words to that effect, but were not necessarily the actual soundtrack recordings. These albums were usually recorded with a smaller orchestra than that used for the actual scoring (ex: Dimitri Tiomkin's score to The Alamo). However, many Hollywood musicians were featured on Mancini's albums recorded in RCA's Hollywood recording studios and faux "Original Soundtrack" albums. Eventually some of his scores and faux "Original Soundtrack" scores by numerous composers were released in limited edition CDs.

Filmography edit

TV themes edit

Bibliography edit

  • Mancini, Henry. Sounds and Scores: A Practical Guide to Professional Orchestration (1962)
  • Mancini, Henry & Lees, Gene (2001) [1989]. Did They Mention The Music? The Autobiography of Henry Mancini (Updated ed.). New York City: Cooper Square Books. ISBN 1461732115.

References edit

  1. ^ a b Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 345. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
  2. ^ Fox, Charles (August 27, 2010). Killing Me Softly: My Life in Music. Scarecrow Press. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-8108-6992-9.
  3. ^ Akins, Thomas N. (July 24, 2013). Behind the Copper Fence: A Lifetime on Timpani. First Edition Design Pub. p. 1. ISBN 978-1-62287-368-5.
  4. ^ "Sony/Legacy Recordings Launch Year-Long Celebration of Henry Mancini with 50th Anniversary Limited Edition of The Pink Panther Soundtrack Album, Pressed on 12" PINK VINYL for Record Store Day 2014". Sony Music Entertainment. April 16, 2014. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Klemick, Valerie Anne (2005). "Henry Mancini". Pennsylvania Center for the Book, Penn State University. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  6. ^ a b Caps (2012), p. 5.
  7. ^ Radaelli, Marielle (September 7, 2018). "Mystical allure of scenic Scanno". L'Italo-Americano. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  8. ^ Mancini & Lees (2001), p. 3.
  9. ^ a b c d John Gilliland's Pop Chronicles: Show 23 – Smack Dab in the Middle on Route 66. [Part 2], The Music Men. [Part 1] (Radio). University of North Texas Digital Library. February 1969.
  10. ^ Caps (2012), p. 7.
  11. ^ a b Severo, Richard (June 15, 1994). "Henry Mancini Dies at 70; Composer for Films and TV". The New York Times. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
  12. ^ Caps (2012), pp. 9–10.
  13. ^ Caps (2012), p. 9.
  14. ^ Oliver, Myrna (June 15, 1994). "Henry Mancini, Composer of Elegant Music, Dies". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  15. ^ "Enrico Mancini". Encyclopedia Britannica. April 12, 2019. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  16. ^ a b Caps (2012), pp. 10–11.
  17. ^ Caps (2012), p. 10.
  18. ^ Mancini & Lees (2001), p. 51.
  19. ^ Mancini & Lees (2001), p. 239.
  20. ^ "Henry Mancini: Music from Mr. Lucky". AllMusic. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
  21. ^ a b Mancini & Lees (2001), p. 240.
  22. ^ Terrace, Vincent (2013). Encyclopedia of Television Pilots, 1937–2012. McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 380. ISBN 978-0-7864-7445-5.
  23. ^ Caps 2012.
  24. ^ Caps (2012), p. 149.
  25. ^ "Henry Mancini's cameo on Frasier". Destiny-land.org. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
  26. ^ Burlingame, Jon (October 26, 2021). "Ginny Mancini, Philanthropist, Big-Band Singer and Widow of Henry Mancini, Dies at 97". Variety. Retrieved October 27, 2021.
  27. ^ "Henry Mancini Institute: History". Frost School of Music, University of Miami. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
  28. ^ Mancini & Lees (2001), p. 235.
  29. ^ Mancini & Lees (2001), p. 236.
  30. ^ "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement". www.achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement.
  31. ^ Nix, Shan (June 26, 1989). "Looking Up to the Stars: Where 50 top celebs dazzle 400 students" (PDF). San Francisco Chronicle.
  32. ^ "Berklee honors late Henry Mancini". www.southcoasttoday.com. Associated Press. Retrieved April 4, 2020.
  33. ^ Stabin, Victor (December 5, 2011). "Daedal Doodle Y". Matter Press. 25 (25): 1. Archived from the original on May 23, 2017. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
  34. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 190. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  35. ^ "HENRY MANCINI | full Official Chart History | Official Charts Company". Official Charts Company. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  36. ^ "Adult Contemporary Chart". Billboard. Retrieved March 1, 2020.
  37. ^ Bronson, Fred (1992). The Billboard Book of Number One Hits - revised & enlarged. New York: Billboard Books. p. 255. ISBN 0-8230-8298-9.
  38. ^ "CashBoxTOP100" (PDF). Cash Box. July 5, 1969. p. 4.

Sources edit

  • Caps, John (2012), Henry Mancini: Reinventing Film Music, Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, ISBN 978-0252093845
  • Henry Mancini: Sounds and Scores, Northridge Music, Inc. 1973, 1986
  • Liner notes to RCA Victor LPM/LSP-1956
  • Liner notes to RCA Victor LPM/LSP-3840

Further reading edit

  • Brown, Royal S. Overtones and Undertones: Reading Film Music (1994)
  • Büdinger, Matthias. "An Interview with Henry Mancini" (Soundtrack, vol. 7, No. 26, 1988)
  • Büdinger, Matthias. "Feeling Fancy Free" (Film Score Monthly, vol. 10, No. 2)
  • Büdinger, Matthias. "Henry Mancini 1924–1994" (Film Score Monthly, No. 46/47, p. 5
  • Büdinger, Matthias. "Henry Mancini Remembered' (Soundtrack, vol. 13, No. 51)
  • Büdinger, Matthias. "Henry Mancini" (Soundtrack, vol. 13, No. 50, 1994)
  • Büdinger, Matthias. "Whistling Away the Dark" (Film Score Monthly, No. 45, p. 7
  • Larson, Randall. "Henry Mancini: On Scoring 'Lifeforce' and 'Santa Claus'" (interview) (CinemaScore, No. 15, 1987)
  • Thomas, Tony. Music for the Movies (1973)
  • Thomas, Tony. Film Score (1979)

External links edit