John Hubley (May 21, 1914 – February 21, 1977) was an American animation director, art director, producer and writer of traditional animation films known for both his formal experimentation and for his emotional realism which stemmed from his tendency to cast his own children as voice actors in his films.
|Died||February 21, 1977 (aged 62)|
|Education||ArtCenter College of Design|
|Employer||Walt Disney Animation Studios (1935-1941)|
(m. 1941; div. 1954)
Hubley was born in Marinette, Wisconsin to John Raymond Hubley (1880–1959) and Verena K. Hubley (1891–1978), a painter. He moved to Los Angeles, California, to study painting at ArtCenter College of Design for three years. In 1935, he gained a job as a background and layout artist at Disney, where he worked on such classic films as Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Pinocchio, Dumbo, and Bambi, as well as "The Rite of Spring" segment from Fantasia.
On February 25, 1939, the famous architect Frank Lloyd Wright visited the studio, and brought with him a copy of the Russian animated movie The Tale of the Czar Durandai (1934), directed by Ivan Ivanov-Vano, which he showed to the artists, among them Hubley. Wright thought that the different style and design, that was very different from the typical Disney animation, would inspire and give the animators new ideas. Hubley liked what he saw and was influenced by it. He left the company during Disney animators' strike in 1941, and found work directing films for Screen Gems and the Army's First Motion Picture Unit until he joined United Productions of America which was founded by Stephen Bosustow, Zack Schwartz, Dave Hilberman. UPA soon became known for their highly stylized designs and limited animation.
He was forced to leave UPA in 1952 when he refused to name names before the House Committee on Un-American Activities. He founded Storyboard Studios the next year and worked on commercials (where he would not be credited) such as creating the Marky Maypo character, but was forced to turn down more exciting projects (such as an adaptation of Finian's Rainbow) because his name was still blacklisted. He moved his studio to New York in 1955, where he switched production over to independent short films.
Hubley was originally the director of Watership Down, until disagreements with producer Martin Rosen caused the latter to take over. Some of his work, including the opening sequence, remain in the final version. He died shortly after.
He married Faith Elliott (September 16, 1924 – December 7, 2001) the same year as the studio's move, and they collaborated on nearly every film he made until his death in 1977 at age 62 during heart surgery; their final production was A Doonesbury Special (with creator Garry Trudeau), which aired on NBC in November of that year. Faith and their four children carried on his legacy in the renamed Hubley Studios. Hubley is survived by his daughters Georgia Hubley, who plays drums and sings for the rock band Yo La Tengo, as well as Emily Hubley, a filmmaker and animator, who has made numerous short films, including animated inserts and segments for documentaries such as Blue Vinyl and the film version of Hedwig and the Angry Inch, and a feature called The Toe Tactic (www.thetoetactic.com) which combines live action and animation.
His two other children with Faith Hubley were Mark and Ray Hubley, whose voices were used for the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film-winning Moonbird. Children with Claudia Ross are son Mark Ross Hubley, an accomplished second generation animator; grandson Miles Hubley, screenwriter, director and editor; and daughters Anne Hubley Ricchiuti and Susan Hubley Blakeley.
The Academy Film Archive has preserved a number of John Hubley's films, including "A Smattering of Spots," "A Doonesbury Special," and "Of Men and Demons."
- Wolf Chases Pigs (1942)
- Old Blackout Joe (1942)
- The Dumbconscious Mind (1942)
- King Midas, Junior (1942)
- The Vitamin G-Man (1943)
- Professor Small and Mister Tall (1943)
- He Can't Make It Stick (1943)
- Flat Hatting (1944)
- Robin Hoodlum (1948)
- The Magic Fluke (1949)
- Ragtime Bear (1949)
- Spellbound Hound (1950)
- Punchy de Leon (1950)
- Gerald McBoing-Boing (1951)
- Fuddy Duddy Buddy (1951)
- Rooty Toot Toot (1952)
- Adventures of an * (1956)
- Harlem Wednesday (1957)
- A Date with Dizzy (1958)
- Tender Game (1958)
- Moonbird (1959)
- The Tale of Old Whiff (1959)
- Children of the Sun (1960)
- Of Stars and Men (1961)
- The Hole (1962)
- The Hat (1963)
- A Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass Double Feature (1966)
- Urbanissimo (1966)
- Windy Day (1967)
- Of Men and Demons (1968)
- Zuckerkandl (1969)
- Eggs (1970)
- Dig (1972)
- Cockaboody (1973)
- Voyage to Next (1974)
- People, People, People (1975)
- Everybody Rides the Carousel (1976)
- Watership Down (1978) (uncredited)
- The Cosmic Eye (1986) Archive footage
- Sesame Street ("Imagination E", 1969)
- Sesame Street ("O Song", 1969)
- Sesame Street ("Polar Bear & Exit", 1970)
- Sesame Street ("Small V", 1970)
- Sesame Street ("F for Football", 1971)
- Sesame Street ("Baby Fantasy", 1971)
- Sesame Street ("Birds 1-20", 1971)
- Sesame Street ("Penguin Rhythms", 1971)
- Sesame Street ("Hungry M", 1971)
- Sesame Street ("Letter S", 1972)
- The Electric Company ("The Adventures of Letterman", 1972)
National Film Board of CanadaEdit
- The Cruise (1966)
- "Menominee Will Show Hubley Art". The Escanaba Daily Press. October 31, 1961. p. 4. Retrieved November 29, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Overview for John Hubley". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2016-12-10.
- "John Hubley Facts". biography.yourdictionary.com. Retrieved 2016-12-10.
- "Advertising Mascots > Marky Maypo (Maypo Instant Oat Cereal)". TV Acres. Archived from the original on 2012-11-19. Retrieved 2013-12-15.
- "Preserved Projects". Academy Film Archive.