John Stears (25 August 1934 – 28 June 1999) was a British two-time Academy Award-winning special effects expert. he created James Bond's lethal Aston Martin DB5, Luke Skywalker's Landspeeder, the Jedi Knights' lightsabers, the endearing robots R2-D2 and C-3PO as well as a host of other movie gadgets and special effects.
John Stears being interviewed in
The Men Behind the Mayhem: The SFX of James Bond
|Died||April 28, 1999 (aged 64)|
|Occupation||Special Effects Supervisor|
Life and familyEdit
John Stears was born in Uxbridge, London, on 25 August 1934, and grew up in nearby Ickenham. Stears studied at Harrow College of Art and Southall Technical School before working as a draughtsman with the Air Ministry.
He served as a dispatch rider during his National Service, then joined a firm of architects where he was able to utilise his passion for model-making by constructing scale models of building projects for clients.
Stears added his inventions to the first eight James Bond thrillers, won the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects in 1965 for Thunderball, and shared another Academy Award in 1977 for Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope.
He created some of the most famous scenes in the movies. He blew up the villain's Jamaican hideout at the end of Dr. No (1962), and for Goldfinger (1964), he created Agent 007's Aston Martin DB5, featuring bullet-proof windows, revolving license plates, forward-firing machine guns, a rear oil-slick dispenser and a passenger-side ejector seat.
Stears grew disenchanted with the Bond franchise, and vowed never to do another one. He complained that the "team spirit" had gone. Stears expressed great regret that Kevin McClory couldn't get his rival Bond film, Warhead, into production, as Stears wanted to work on that film.
In 1976, Stears received a call from George Lucas, who had been a great admirer of the Bond films, who wanted to know if he was interested in creating mechanical and electrical effects for a film that he had written, Star Wars. Stears accepted the offer.
For Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (1977), Stears created the robots R2-D2 and C-3PO, Luke Skywalker's Landspeeder, the Jedi Knights' lightsabers, and the Death Star. Stears was also credited, along with John Dykstra, for the original film's climactic aerial dogfight.
In 1978, producer Harry Saltzman hired Stears to direct the "shrunken man" epic film The Micronauts. The troubled project had been in pre-production for many years and saw many directors come and go; ultimately the film never made it into production.
John Stears notably one of only a few people to ever win an Academy Award for a James Bond film and one of only eight to win an Academy Award for a Star Wars film.
- Call Me Bwana (1963)
- From Russia with Love (1963)
- Goldfinger (1964)
- Court Martial (TV series) (1965)
- Thunderball (1965)
- You Only Live Twice (1967)
- Chitty Chitty Bang Bang (1968)
- On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1969)
- Toomorrow (1970)
- The Pied Piper (1972)
- Sitting Target (1972)
- Ghost in the Noonday Sun (1973)
- O Lucky Man! (1973)
- The Man with the Golden Gun (1974)
- That Lucky Touch (1975)
- Sky Riders (1976)
- Star Wars (1977)
- The Martian Chronicles (1980)
- Hopscotch (1980)
- The Awakening (1980)
- Outland (1981)
- Turkey Shoot (1983)
- Sahara (1983)
- The Bounty (1984)
- F/X: Murder by Illusion (1986)
- Haunted Honeymoon (1986)
- Miracles (1986)
- Navy SEALs (1990)
- Babylon 5: The Gathering (1993)
- Babylon 5 (1994)
- The Mask of Zorro (1998)
Stears died April 28, 1999 in UCLA Medical Center after a stroke. His wife, Brenda, and other family members had wanted the death kept quiet until after services in Pacific Palisades in May and in London. The family announced his death in June of that same year. Stears owned homes in Pacific Palisades and in Beaconsfield, England, where he and his wife raised cattle and show dogs.
- "Obituary: John Stears". The Independent. Retrieved 28 January 2013
- "John Stears; Bond Car For Sale"". Autocar.
- Maronie, Sam (July 1981). "John Stears Talks About Making Move Magic (Without Divulging Too Many Secrets)". Starlog (048): 82.
- "John Stears, 64, Dies; Film-Effects Wizard". New York Times. Retrieved 28 January 2013
- "John Stears; Special Effects Genius Behind 007 and R2-D2"". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 28 January 2013
- anonymous (5 July 1978). "Stears' Helm Debut Due On Micronauts". Variety: 29.