88th Academy Awards
|88th Academy Awards|
|Date||February 28, 2016|
Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Hosted by||Chris Rock|
|Produced by||David Hill
|Directed by||Glenn Weiss|
|Most awards||Mad Max: Fury Road (6)|
|Most nominations||The Revenant (12)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||3 hours, 37 minutes|
19.4% (Nielsen ratings)
The 88th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2015 and took place on February 28, 2016, at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles, 5:30 p.m. PST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 24 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by David Hill and Reginald Hudlin and directed by Glenn Weiss. Actor Chris Rock hosted the show for the second time, having previously hosted the 77th ceremony held in 2005.
In related events, the Academy held its 7th Annual Governors Awards ceremony at the Grand Ballroom of the Hollywood and Highland Center on November 14, 2015. On February 13, 2016, in a ceremony at the Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Beverly Hills, California, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by hosts Olivia Munn and Jason Segel.
Spotlight won two awards including Best Picture, and Mad Max: Fury Road won six awards, the most for the evening. The Revenant earned three awards including Best Director for Alejandro G. Iñárritu and Best Actor for Leonardo DiCaprio. Brie Larson won Best Actress for Room, while Mark Rylance and Alicia Vikander won supporting acting honors for Bridge of Spies and The Danish Girl, respectively. The telecast garnered 34.42 million viewers in the United States.
Winners and nomineesEdit
The nominees for the 88th Academy Awards were announced on January 14, 2016, at 5:30 a.m. PST (13:30 UTC), at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by directors Guillermo del Toro and Ang Lee, Academy president Cheryl Boone Isaacs, and actor John Krasinski. The Revenant led all nominees with twelve nominations; Mad Max: Fury Road came in second with ten.
The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on February 28, 2016. With two Oscars, Spotlight was the first film since 1952's The Greatest Show on Earth to win Best Picture with only one other award. Alejandro G. Iñárritu became the third individual to win two consecutive Oscars for Best Director.[N 1] By virtue of his previous nomination for his portrayal of the titular character in 1976's Rocky, Best Supporting Actor nominee Sylvester Stallone was the sixth person to be nominated for playing the same role in two different films. At the age of 87, Ennio Morricone was believed to be the oldest competitive winner in Oscar history.[N 2] Having previously won for Gravity and Birdman, Emmanuel Lubezki became the first person to win three consecutive Best Cinematography awards.
Winners are listed first, highlighted in boldface, and indicated with a double dagger ( ).
- Academy Honorary Awards
- Spike Lee — Filmmaker, educator, motivator, iconoclast, artist.
- Gena Rowlands — Who has illuminated the human experience through her brilliant, passionate and fearless performances.
- Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
- Debbie Reynolds — For her charitable contributions and tireless efforts towards mental health as founding member of The Thalians.
Films with multiple nominations and awardsEdit
|10||Mad Max: Fury Road|
|6||Bridge of Spies|
|5||Star Wars: The Force Awakens|
|The Big Short|
|The Danish Girl|
|The Hateful Eight|
Presenters and performersEdit
|K, EllenEllen K||Announcer for the 88th annual Academy Awards|
|Blunt, EmilyEmily Blunt
Theron, CharlizeCharlize Theron
|Presenters of the award for Best Original Screenplay|
|Crowe, RussellRussell Crowe
Gosling, RyanRyan Gosling
|Presenters of the award for Best Adapted Screenplay|
|Silverman, SarahSarah Silverman||Presenter of the performance of Best Original Song nominee "Writing's on the Wall"|
|Cavill, HenryHenry Cavill
Washington, KerryKerry Washington
|Presenters of the films The Martian and The Big Short on the Best Picture segment|
|Simmons, J. K.J. K. Simmons||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actress|
|Blanchett, CateCate Blanchett||Presenter of the award for Best Costume Design|
|Carell, SteveSteve Carell
Fey, TinaTina Fey
|Presenters of the award for Best Production Design|
|Leto, JaredJared Leto
Robbie, MargotMargot Robbie
|Presenters of the award for Best Makeup and Hairstyling|
|Garner, JenniferJennifer Garner
del Toro, BenicioBenicio del Toro
|Presenters of the films The Revenant and Mad Max: Fury Road on the Best Picture segment|
|B. Jordan, MichaelMichael B. Jordan
McAdams, RachelRachel McAdams
|Presenters of the award for Best Cinematography|
|Chopra, PriyankaPriyanka Chopra
Schreiber, LievLiev Schreiber
|Presenters of the award for Best Film Editing|
|Boseman, ChadwickChadwick Boseman
Chris Evans Chris Evans
|Presenters of the awards for Best Sound Editing and Best Sound Mixing|
|Serkis, AndyAndy Serkis||Presenter of the award for Best Visual Effects|
|Munn, OliviaOlivia Munn
Segel, JasonJason Segel
|Presenters of the segment of the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement|
|Kevin, Stuart, and Bob Kevin, Stuart, and Bob||Presenters of the award for Best Animated Short Film|
|Sheriff Woody, Sheriff Woody
Lightyear, BuzzBuzz Lightyear
The Squeeze Toy Aliens The Squeeze Toy Aliens
|Presenters of the award for Best Animated Feature|
|Hart, KevinKevin Hart||Presenter of the performance of Best Original Song nominee "Earned It"|
|Winslet, KateKate Winslet
Witherspoon, ReeseReese Witherspoon
|Presenters of the films Bridge of Spies and Spotlight on the Best Picture segment|
|Arquette, PatriciaPatricia Arquette||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actor|
|C.K., LouisLouis C.K.||Presenter of the award for Best Documentary – Short Subject|
|Patel, DevDev Patel
Ridley, DaisyDaisy Ridley
|Presenters of the award for Best Documentary Feature|
|Goldberg, WhoopiWhoopi Goldberg||Presenter of the segment of the Honorary Academy Awards and Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award|
|Isaacs, Cheryl BooneCheryl Boone Isaacs (AMPAS president)||Special presentation highlighting the benefits of film and diversity|
|Gossett, Jr., LouisLouis Gossett, Jr.||Presenter of the In Memoriam tribute|
|Attah, AbrahamAbraham Attah
Tremblay, JacobJacob Tremblay
|Presenters of the award for Best Live Action Short Film|
|Byung-hun, LeeLee Byung-hun
Vergara, SofíaSofía Vergara
|Presenters of the award for Best Foreign Language Film|
|Biden, JoeJoe Biden||Presenter of the performance of Best Original Song nominee "Til It Happens to You"|
|Jones, QuincyQuincy Jones
Williams, PharrellPharrell Williams
|Presenters of the award for Best Original Score|
Legend, JohnJohn Legend
|Presenters of the award for Best Original Song|
|Cohen, Sacha BaronSacha Baron Cohen
Wilde, OliviaOlivia Wilde
|Presenters of the films Room and Brooklyn on the Best Picture segment|
|Abrams, J. J.J. J. Abrams||Presenter of the award for Best Director|
|Redmayne, EddieEddie Redmayne||Presenter of the award for Best Actress|
|Moore, JulianneJulianne Moore||Presenter of the award for Best Actor|
|Freeman, MorganMorgan Freeman||Presenter of the award for Best Picture|
|Wheeler, HaroldHarold Wheeler||Musical arranger
|Sam Smith Sam Smith||Performer||"Writing's on the Wall" from Spectre|
|The Weeknd, The Weeknd||Performer||"Earned It" from Fifty Shades of Grey|
|Grohl, DaveDave Grohl||Performer||"Blackbird" during the annual In Memoriam tribute|
|Lady Gaga, Lady Gaga||Performer||"Til It Happens to You" from The Hunting Ground|
Due to the mixed reception and lower ratings resulting from the previous year's ceremony, producers Neil Meron and Craig Zadan declined to helm the upcoming festivities. Shortly afterwards, actor Neil Patrick Harris announced that he would not host the Oscars for a second time. In an interview released from The Huffington Post, he said "I don't know that my family nor my soul could take it. It’s a beast. It was fun to check off the list, but for the amount of time spent and the understandable opinionated response, I don’t know that it’s a delightful balance to do every year or even again." In September 2015, AMPAS recruited David Hill and Reginald Hudlin as producers of the ceremony. "We're delighted to have this talented team on board," AMPAS president Cheryl Boone Isaacs said in a press release announcing the decision, "David is a true innovator with a dynamic personality. His vast experience as a live events producer, coupled with Reginald's energy, creativity and talent as a filmmaker, is sure to make this year's Oscar telecast a memorable one."
The following month, Hill and Hudlin selected actor and comedian Chris Rock to host the 2016 telecast. They explained their decision to hire Rock back as host saying, "Chris Rock is truly the MVP of the entertainment industry. Comedian, actor, writer, producer, director, documentarian — he's done it all. He's going to be a phenomenal Oscar host!" Rock expressed that he was thrilled to be selected to emcee the gala again, commenting, "I'm so glad to be hosting the Oscars, it's great to be back."
Several other individuals participated in the production of the ceremony. Radio disc jockey and personality Ellen K served as announcer for the show. Byron Phillips and Harold Wheeler were hired as music producer and music director respectively. For a third consecutive year Derek McLane returned to designed a new set for the show. Fatima Robinson was in charge of choreography for the broadcast. For the first time, the Oscar statuettes were manufactured by Polich Tallix Fine Art Foundry in Rock Tavern, New York. In a further effort to streamline acceptance speeches, dedications were displayed on an on-screen ticker, rather than read by the winner. Prior to introducing singer Lady Gaga's performance of Best Original Song nominee "Til It Happens to You" from the documentary film The Hunting Ground, U.S. Vice President Joe Biden pleaded with viewers to sign an online pledge supporting "It's On Us" to end campus sexual assault.
Box office performance of nominated filmsEdit
(Before Jan. 14)
(Jan. 14 – Feb. 28)
(After Feb. 28)
|The Martian||$226.6 million||$1.8 million||$53,548||$228.4 million|
|The Revenant||$54.1 million||$116.5 million||$11.9 million||$182.6 million|
|Mad Max: Fury Road||$153.6 million||--||--||$153.6 million|
|Bridge of Spies||$70.8 million||$1.4 million||$49,549||$72.3 million|
|The Big Short||$44.6 million||$23.9 million||$1.7 million||$70.2 million|
|Spotlight||$28.8 million||$10.3 million||$5.5 million||$44.6 million|
|Brooklyn||$22.8 million||$13.7 million||$1.6 million||$38.1 million|
|Room||$5.2 million||$8.2 million||$1.2 million||$14.7 million|
At the time of the nominations announcement on January 14, 2016, the combined gross of the nine Best Picture nominees at the American and Canadian box offices was $607 million, with an average of $75.8 million per film. When the nominations were announced on January 14, 2016, The Martian was the highest-grossing film among the Best Picture nominees with $226.6 million in domestic box office receipts. Mad Max: Fury Road was the second-highest-grossing film with $153.6 million; this was followed by Bridge of Spies ($70.7 million), The Revenant ($54.1 million), The Big Short ($44.6 million), Spotlight ($28.8 million), Brooklyn ($22.7 million), and Room ($5.1 million).
Of the top 50 grossing movies of the year, 46 nominations went to 11 films on the list. Only Inside Out (4th), The Martian (8th), Straight Outta Compton (18th), The Revenant (15th), Mad Max: Fury Road (21st), Creed (29th), and Bridge of Spies (42nd) were nominated for Best Picture, Best Animated Feature, or any of the directing, acting, or screenwriting awards. The other top 50 box office hits that earned nominations were Star Wars: The Force Awakens (1st), Cinderella (9th), Spectre (10th), and Fifty Shades of Grey (17th).
Criticism regarding lack of diversityEdit
Shortly after the nominations were announced, many media outlets observed that there was a lack of racial diversity amongst the nominees in major categories. For the second consecutive year, all twenty acting nominees and four out of the five directors nominated were Caucasian. Activist and former attorney April Reign, who was credited with starting the hashtag #OscarsSoWhite, tweeted, "It's actually worse than last year. Best Documentary and Best Original Screenplay. That's it. #OscarsSoWhite." She also noted that while the Caucasian screenwriters of the film Straight Outta Compton earned nominations, the African American cast of the film was overlooked. As a result, the Academy was ridiculed again over social media with the aforementioned hashtag. Moreover, actress Jada Pinkett Smith and director and newly minted Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award recipient Spike Lee announced plans to boycott the ceremony and encouraged others to not watch the telecast in protest of the lack of diversity. Actor and model Tyrese Gibson and rapper 50 Cent also pressured Chris Rock to drop out of his Oscar hosting duties.
In response to the criticism, several individuals including AMPAS members voiced their opinions regarding the lack of diversity. Some members defended the Academy saying that the nominations are based on performance and merit, not race. Actress Penelope Ann Miller responded to the criticism by stating "I voted for a number of black performers, and I was sorry they weren't nominated. To imply that this is because all of us are racists is extremely offensive. I don't want to be lumped into a category of being a racist because I'm certainly not and because I support and benefit from the talent of black people in this business. It was just an incredibly competitive year." In an interview with a French radio station, Best Actress nominee Charlotte Rampling said efforts to stage an boycott of the Oscars were "racist to whites." Oscar winning producer Gerald R. Molen commented, "There is no racism except for those who create an issue. That is the worst kind. Using such an ugly way of complaining," He also denounced members criticizing the Academy's choices as "spoiled brats."
Others agreed that the Academy had a diversity problem and supported efforts towards change. Best Supporting Actress winner Lupita Nyong'o wrote, "I am disappointed by the lack of inclusion in this year's Academy Awards nominations. It has me thinking about unconscious prejudice and what merits prestige in our culture." She concluded by saying, "I stand with my peers who are calling for change in expanding the stories that are told and recognition of the people who tell them." In a Facebook post, Best Actress winner Reese Witherspoon expressed her frustration with the lack of diversity among the nominees and added, “Nothing can diminish the quality of their work, but these filmmakers deserve recognition. As an Academy member, I would love to see a more diverse voting membership.” During an interview with a reporter, President Barack Obama commented on the controversy saying, “I think when everybody’s story is told, then that makes for better art. That makes for better entertainment. It makes everybody feel part of one American family. So I think, as a whole, the industry should do what every other industry should do, which is to look for talent, provide opportunity to everybody.”
A week after the nominations announcement, the Academy announced several rules changes regarding membership in hopes of increasing the number of women and minorities in the membership by 2020. Beginning in 2016, new members would earn Oscar voting privileges for the next ten years. After that time period, those members may retain voting privileges for another ten years if they have remained active in the motion picture industry. Members would earn lifetime voting privileges if they have served three consecutive ten-year voting eligibility terms or have earned or won an Academy Award. Issacs justified the Academy's decision to overhaul the membership requirements saying, "The Academy is going to lead and not wait for the industry to catch up; these new measures regarding governance and voting will have an immediate impact and begin the process of significantly changing our membership composition." Furthermore, the Academy would establish three new governor seats that will be nominated by Isaacs and confirmed by the Board.
On the morning of the Oscars, the National Action Network led by civil rights activist Al Sharpton held a protest a few blocks from the Dolby Theatre regarding the Oscar's diversity problems. “You are out of time," Sharpton said in a rebuke to the Academy. "We are not going to allow the Oscars to continue. This will be the last night of an all-white Oscars.” In addition, African-American filmmakers Ryan Coogler and Ava DuVernay held a charity event addressing the water crisis in Flint, Michigan called #JusticeForFlint on the same night as the Oscars. Despite organizers insisting that the event was being held almost simultaneously with the Oscars, many viewed it as an alternative to watching the ceremony.
Asian accountants jokeEdit
During the show, Rock introduced onstage three children of Asian heritage posing as accountants for PricewaterhouseCoopers saying "They sent us their most dedicated, accurate and hard working representatives...Please welcome Ming Zhu, Bao Ling and David Moskowitz." He also added "If anybody's upset about that joke, just tweet about it on your phone that was also made by these kids." In response to the segment, U.S. Congresswoman Judy Chu expressed her disappointment at Rock, broadcaster ABC, and AMPAS in a press release which read, "It is not right to protest the exclusion of one group by making jokes at the expense of another. I am so disappointed that the Academy and ABC would rely on such offensive characterizations, especially given the controversy over the lack of diversity." Actress Constance Wu tweeted, "To parade little kids on stage w/no speaking lines merely to be the butt of a racist joke is reductive & gross." Furthermore, 25 AMPAS members of Asian descent, including actors Nancy Kwan, Sandra Oh, and George Takei, and director Ang Lee, signed a letter condemning Rock's skit saying, "In light of criticism over #OscarsSoWhite, we were hopeful that the telecast would provide the Academy a way forward and the chance to present a spectacular example of inclusion and diversity. Instead, the Oscars show was marred by a tone-deaf approach to its portrayal of Asians."
In a phone interview with the Associated Press, Academy president Isaacs apologized for the joke stating, "I can understand the feelings and we are setting up a meeting to discuss, because as you well know, no one sets out to be offensive, and I'm very sorry that has happened. I think so much is achieved with dialogue, so much is achieved. And that is what we'll continue to do: have dialogue, listen and just keep fixing."
Critical reception and television ratingsEdit
The show received a mixed reception from media publications. Some media outlets received the broadcast more positively with praise directed toward host Rock. Television critic Mary McNamara of the Los Angeles Times remarked, "Rock's Oscars had some of the most powerful moments seen in the telecast's history." She concluded that, "After years of being dissed for its irrelevance, this year's Oscars took action. The results were mixed, to be sure, and Rock did not ever settle into his usual balance of outrage and humanity." The New York Times columnist James Poniewozik commented, "With Chris Rock, the Oscars find a lucky pairing of host and subject." In addition, he wrote, "His performance was an example of something the industry is still trying to learn: that you can achieve both inclusion and entertainment by giving the right person just the right opportunity." The Denver Post's Joanne Ostrow wrote, "Chris Rock poked the elephant in the room at the 2016 Academy Awards, prodded it again and again, and never let up."
Others were more critical of the show. The Hollywood Reporter columnist Daniel Feinberg remarked, "Chris Rock led a telecast that had important things to say, but still felt endless." In addition he called the ceremony "overstuffed" and the on-screen running scroll a "total failure". Frazier Moore of the Associated Press quipped, "When Rock was absent, languor prevailed." He added, "One other beef: The attempt to banish the names of those thanked by winners to a text crawl at the bottom of the screen. If viewers wanted to watch a channel with annoying and distracting text at the bottom of the screen, they'd just tune to a cable-news channel." Orlando Sentinel television critic Hal Boedeker gave high marks toward Rock but commented, "No host, no matter how gifted, can transform the lumbering format into a scintillating event." He ended his comments by stating, "Staging a more entertaining Oscar telecast. Why must the show be a slog?"
The American telecast on ABC drew 34.42 million people over its length, which was a 4% decrease from the previous year's ceremony. An estimated 58 million total viewers watched all or part of the awards. The telecast also garnered lower Nielsen ratings compared to the previous ceremony with a 19.4 household rating. In addition program scored the lower 18-49 demo rating with an 10.5 rating over 31% share. It was the lowest viewership for an Academy Awards telecast since the 80th ceremony, held in 2008.
- Wes Craven
- Stan Freberg
- Saeed Jaffrey
- Miroslav Ondricek
- Robert Balser
- Lizabeth Scott
- Stuart Reiss
- Chantal Akerman
- Christopher Lee
- Robert Chartoff
- Murray Weissman
- Jerry Weintraub
- James L. White
- Theodore Bikel
- Robert Loggia
- Barbara Brogliatti
- Maureen O'Hara
- Gene Allen
- Omar Sharif
- Louis DiGiaimo
- Patricia Norris
- Dean Jones
- Ettore Scola
- Alan Rickman
- Haskell Wexler
- Karolyn Ali
- Tex Rudloff
- Richard Corliss
- John B. Mansbridge
- Alex Rocco
- Kirk Kerkorian
- Bob Minkler
- Douglas Slocombe
- David W. Samuelson
- James Horner
- Bruce Sinofsky
- Frank D. Gilroy
- Holly Woodlawn
- James Elmo Williams
- Howard A. Anderson
- Roger L. Mayer
- Albert Maysles
- Melissa Mathison
- Richard Glatzer
- David Bowie
- Vilmos Zsigmond
- Daniel Gerson
- Leonard Nimoy
Notes and referencesEdit
- Boedeker, Hal (February 24, 2016). "Robin Roberts & Michael Strahan Host ABC's Oscars Opening Ceremony: Live From The Red Carpet Today". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved July 28, 2016.
- Lowry, Brian (February 28, 2016). "TV Review: 'The 88th Academy Awards'". Variety. Retrieved February 29, 2016.
- Hammond, Pete (September 1, 2015). "Oscars: David Hill & Reginald Hudlin To Produce 88th Academy Awards". Deadline.com. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
- "Oscars: Glenn Weiss to Direct the Show, Billy Kimball to Write". The Hollywood Reporter. February 19, 2016. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
- Moraski, Lauren (October 21, 2015). "Chris Rock will host the 2016 Oscars". CBS News. Retrieved February 7, 2016.
- Whipp, Glenn (November 15, 2015). "Governors Awards: Academy bestows honors, announces new diversity initiative". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 4, 2016.
- Huggins, Sarah (January 29, 2016). "Olivia Munn and Jason Segel To Host 2016 Sci-Tech Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved January 29, 2015.
- ""Spotlight" wins best picture". The Denver Post. February 28, 2016. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
- Kissell, Rick (March 1, 2016). "Final Oscar Ratings: 34.4 Million Viewers, Down Only 2% Among Blacks". Variety. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
- Coggan, Devan (January 13, 2016). "John Krasinski, Guillermo del Toro, Ang Lee to announce Oscar nominations". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 11, 2016.
- Rottenberg, Josh (January 14, 2016). "Oscars 2016: 'The Revenant' and 'Mad Max: Fury Road' lead the pack in Oscar nominations". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
- Phillips, Michael (February 28, 2016). "'Spotlight' takes best picture, DiCaprio wins first Oscar". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
- Clarke, Donald (February 28, 2016). "'Spotlight' Wins Oscar For Best Picture; Pope Challenged By Producer From Stage". Deadline.com. Retrieved February 29, 2016.
- King, Susan (January 14, 2016). "Oscars 2016: Sylvester Stallone is thrilled to be back in Oscar ring after 39 years". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
- Ng, David (February 28, 2016). "Oscar win at 87 may make Ennio Morricone the oldest winner ever". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
- Giardina, Carolyn; Szalai, George (February 28, 2016). "Oscars: Emmanuel Lubezki Becomes First Cinematographer to Win Three Consecutive Academy Awards". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
- "The 88th Academy Awards (2016) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- "Academy Awards Acceptance Speech Databases: 2015 (88th) Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
- "Spike Lee, Debbie Reynolds And Gena Rowlands To Receive Academy's 2015 Governors Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). August 27, 2015. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
- Hipes, Patrick (January 14, 2016). "Oscar Nominations: Noms By The Numbers". Deadline.com. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
- Grobar, Matthew (February 28, 2016). "Oscar Winners By Film & Studio – Chart". Deadline.com. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
- McDonnell, Brandy (February 28, 2016). "Transcript: BAM's Live Blog during the 2016 Academy Awards show". The Oklahoman. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
- Boedeker, Hal (February 28, 2016). "Oscars: Chris Rock kills it". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
- Burlingame, Jon (February 29, 2016). "Morricone Wins Oscar Music Gold At Last". The Film Music Society. Retrieved May 20, 2016.
- Hammond, Pete (March 25, 2016). "Oscars: Craig Zadan & Neil Meron Not Returning In 2016; Academy Starts New Producer Search". Deadline. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- Schulz, Lisa (March 5, 2015). "Neil Patrick Harris Doubts He'll Host the Oscars Again". Variety. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- Whipp, Glenn (September 1, 2015). "And the Oscar producer job goes to ... David Hill and Reginald Hudlin". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- Kilday, Gregg (September 1, 2015). "Oscars: David Hill and Reginald Hudlin to Produce". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- Yahr, Emily (October 21, 2015). "Chris Rock will host 2016 Oscars". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
- Caulfield, Keith (October 7, 2015). "Ellen K Exits 'On Air With Ryan Seacrest' for Her Own KOST L.A. Show". Billboard. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
- Otterson, Joe (February 19, 2016). "Oscars Name Director, Production Team for Telecast". TheWrap. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
- Kilday, Greg (February 16, 2016). "Oscar Statuette Gets a Face-Lift". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
- Alexander, Bryan (February 25, 2016). "Can the 'thank-you scroll' save Oscar speeches?". USA Today. Retrieved February 29, 2016.
- Mallin, Alexander (February 28, 2016). "Vice President Biden Calls on Oscars Audience to Sign Anti-Sexual Assault Pledge". ABC News. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
- "2015 Academy Award Nominations and Winner for Best Picture". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
- "2015 Academy Award Nominations and Winner for Best Picture". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
- "2015 Domestic Grosses (as of January 13, 2016)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
- Keegan, Rebecca; Zeitchik, Steven (January 14, 2016). "Oscars 2016: Here's why the nominees are so white -- again". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
- Griggs, Brandon (January 14, 2016). "Once again, #OscarsSoWhite". CNN. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
- Vincent, Alice (January 14, 2016). "#OscarsSoWhite, again: the best tweets on the Oscars' whitest year yet". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
- "Spike Lee, Jada Pinkett Smith Call for Oscar Boycott". Variety. January 18, 2016. Retrieved July 30, 2016.
- Konerman, Jennifer (January 20, 2016). "50 Cent, Tyrese Gibson Call for Chris Rock to Step Down as Oscars Host". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
- Feinberg, Scott (January 20, 2016). "Academy Members Defend Their Oscar Votes: "To Imply We Are Racists Is Extremely Offensive"". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
- Donadio, Rachel (January 22, 2016). "Charlotte Rampling Says Oscars 'Boycott' Is 'Racist Against Whites'". The New York Times. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
- Bond, Paul (January 22, 2016). "Oscar-Winning Producer Denounces "Spoiled Brats" Crying "Racism"". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 15, 2016.
- Khatchahtourian, Maana (January 20, 2016). "Lupita Nyong'o 'Disappointed' With Lack of Oscar Diversity, Calls for Change". Variety. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
- Falcone, Dana Rose (January 22, 2016). "Reese Witherspoon would 'love to see a more diverse' Academy voting membership". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 22, 2016.
- Rosen, Christopher (January 28, 2016). "Barack Obama weighs in on Oscars diversity issue". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
- Huggins, Sarah (January 27, 2016). "The Academy Introduces Plan to Improve Oscar Diversity". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved January 28, 2016.
- "Academy Takes Historic Action To Increase Diversity". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). January 22, 2016. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- Gray, Tim (January 14, 2016). "Academy Overhauls Membership, Voting Rules to Promote Oscar Diversity". Variety. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- Johnson, Ted (February 28, 2016). "Al Sharpton at Diversity Protest: 'This Will Be the Last Night of an All-White Oscars'". Variety. Retrieved May 20, 2016.
- McNary, Dave (February 23, 2016). "Ava DuVernay, Ryan Coogler to Headline Flint Benefit on Oscars Night". Variety. Retrieved May 22, 2016.
- Smith, Nigel M. (February 23, 2016). "Ava DuVernay and Ryan Coogler to attend Flint benefit instead of Oscars". The Guardian. Retrieved May 28, 2016.
- Roberts, Randall (February 29, 2016). "Chris Rock's Oscars joke about Asian American accountants stirs outrage". Los Angeles Time. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- Chu, Judy. "Rep. Chu Condemns Anti-Asian Racist Joke at the Oscars". U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- Ryzik, Melina (February 29, 2016). "Chris Rock's Asian Joke at Oscars Provokes Backlash". The New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
- Feinberg, Scott (March 15, 2016). "Ang Lee, George Takei Among 25 Academy Members Protesting Oscars' Asian Jokes". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- Deerwester, Jayme (March 16, 2016). "Academy apologizes for Asian joke at Oscars, announces new leadership roles". USA Today. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- McNamara, Mary (February 28, 2016). "Chris Rock's hot mess of an Oscars show: powerful, confounding, possibly revolutionary". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
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- Academy Awards Official website
- The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Official website
- Oscar's Channel at YouTube (run by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences)