The Queen (2006 film)

The Queen is a 2006 biographical drama film that depicts the death of Diana, Princess of Wales in 1997. Initially, the Royal Family regard Diana's death as a private affair and thus not to be treated as an official royal death. This is in contrast with the views of Prime Minister Tony Blair and Diana's ex-husband, Prince Charles, who favour the general public's desire for an official expression of grief. Matters were further complicated by the media, royal protocol regarding Diana's official status, and wider issues about republicanism.

The Queen
The Queen movie.jpg
British theatrical release poster
Directed byStephen Frears
Written byPeter Morgan
Produced by
Starring
CinematographyAffonso Beato
Edited byLucia Zucchetti
Music byAlexandre Desplat
Production
companies
Distributed byPathé Distribution (United Kingdom, France and Switzerland)
BIM Distribuzione (Italy)[1]
Release date
  • 2 September 2006 (2006-09-02) (Venice)
  • 15 September 2006 (2006-09-15) (United Kingdom)
  • 18 October 2006 (2006-10-18) (France)
Running time
103 minutes[2]
Countries
  • United Kingdom
  • France
  • Italy
LanguageEnglish
Budget$15 million
Box office$123.5 million[1]

The Queen was directed by Stephen Frears, written by Peter Morgan, and stars Helen Mirren in the title role of Queen Elizabeth II.[3] The film's production and release coincided with a revival of favourable public sentiment in respect to the monarchy, a downturn in fortunes for Tony Blair, and the British inquest into the death of Diana. Actor Michael Sheen reprised his role as Blair from The Deal in 2003, and he did so again in The Special Relationship in 2010.

The Queen garnered general critical and popular acclaim for Mirren playing the title role, which earned her numerous awards, namely the Academy Award, the BAFTA Award, and the Golden Globe Award. Mirren was praised by the Queen herself and was invited to dinner at Buckingham Palace.[4] However, Mirren could not attend due to filming commitments in Hollywood.[5]

PlotEdit

The 1997 general election has Tony Blair elected as the prime minister from the Labour Party on a manifesto of reform and modernisation. Less than four months later, Diana, Princess of Wales is killed in a car crash at the Alma Bridge tunnel in Paris.

Immediately, her death presents problems for her ex-husband, Prince Charles, and Blair, to accord the mother of a future king who is no longer a member of the royal family. Queen Elizabeth II wonders if Blair will turn his modernisation pledge on to the royal family since he attempts to have her reconsider her views on the funeral plans. Diana's family, the Spencers, called for the funeral to be private.

In the press, Diana is dubbed the "People's Princess"; this begins an outpouring of grief by the general public in broadcasts, and displays of floral tributes so numerous at Buckingham and Kensington Palaces that the main entrances onto the complexes have to be rerouted. The royal family's senior members make no effort to acknowledge Diana's significance to society and remain on holiday at Balmoral. The royal family's popularity plummets, while Blair's approval rises as he responds to the royal family's public outcry of inaction.

Blair's attempts to guide the royal family through the controversy are met with resistance, the Queen describing them as a surrender to public hysteria. Despite the Queen and Prince Philip's indignance toward any sympathy toward Diana or acknowledgment of the country's mourning, he is encouraged by the private secretaries of the Prince of Wales and the Queen to continue with his attempts to change the attitude of the royal family. As England continues its outpouring of grief, Blair attempts to defend the royal family publicly, but his attempts are futile. Blair's compassion earns him overwhelming praise and adoration, while the royal family's indifference earns them fiery condemnation from the people. As England's outrage hits a critical mass, Blair cannot placate the Queen's refusal to acknowledge Diana and the public any longer, revealing to her that 70% of the country believes her actions are damaging to the monarchy, and "1 in 4" people are in favor of abolishing the monarchy altogether. Blair adamantly insists that the royal family fly the flag at Buckingham Palace at half-mast, that the Queen pay her respects to Diana, and give a public address consoling the country.

Although she is demoralized by the country's reaction and the Prime Minister's suggestions, the Queen comes to realize that the world has changed during her reign. She and Prince Philip return to London, despite their disagreement. The Queen finally pays public tribute on live television to Diana's significance to the nation and society and can somewhat quell England's agony. The royal family attends the public funeral for Diana at Westminster Abbey.

At Blair's next meeting with the Queen, they exchange views about what has happened since their last meeting, including the controversy surrounding Diana's death and the actions that followed. Then she cautions the prime minister that, just as public opinion has changed about how the royal family should react to a new Britain, so must he as he may very well find himself in the same position of changing public opinion.

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

FilmingEdit

The screenplay was written by Peter Morgan.[6] It was produced by Pathé Pictures and Granada Productions (ITV Productions). Stephen Frears had a clause in his contract from The Deal that allowed him to direct any follow-ups or sequels, and he was officially announced as director in September 2003.[7] The film was shot on location in the United Kingdom, in England in London, Halton House and Waddesdon Manor, in Buckinghamshire, Brocket Hall in Hertfordshire and in Scotland at Balmoral Castle,[citation needed] Castle Fraser[8] and Cluny Castle[9] in Aberdeenshire, and Blairquhan Castle and Culzean Castle in South Ayrshire.

Set designEdit

The sets were designed by Alan MacDonald, which won him Best Art Direction in a Contemporary Film from the Art Directors Guild and Best Technical Achievement at the British Independent Film Awards.[10]

Portraying the QueenEdit

Mirren says transforming herself into the Queen came almost naturally after the wig and glasses, since she shares a default facial expression—a slightly downturned mouth—with the monarch.[11] She regularly reviewed film and video footage of Elizabeth and kept photographs in her trailer during production.[12] She also undertook extensive voice coaching, faithfully reproducing the Queen's delivery of her televised speech to the world. Morgan has said that her performance was so convincing that, by the end of production, crew members who had been accustomed to slouching or relaxing when they addressed her were standing straight up and respectfully folding their hands behind their backs.[11] Mirren arranged to spend time off-camera with the supporting cast playing other members of the Royal Family, including James Cromwell, Alex Jennings and Sylvia Syms so they would be as comfortable with each other as a real family.[12]

To enhance the contrast of their different worlds, shots involving the Queen were taken in 35mm film and those of Tony Blair in 16mm film.[13]

Television viewership and home mediaEdit

ITV's role in the production of the film allowed them an option for its television premiere and it was broadcast on 2 September 2007 (coinciding that weekend with a memorial service to Diana) to an average audience of 7.9 million, winning its timeslot.[14][15] The DVD was released in the UK on 12 March 2007. Special features include a making-of featurette and an audio commentary by Stephen Frears, writer Peter Morgan and Robert Lacey, biographer of Queen Elizabeth II. It was released on Blu-ray and DVD in the USA on 24 April 2007 and, as of 2013, US DVD sales had exceeded $29 million.[16]

Historical accuracyEdit

Some aspects of the characters are known to be true to their real-life counterparts. According to Morgan, "cabbage" is an actual term of endearment Philip used for his wife («mon chou» – "my cabbage" – is a standard affectionate nickname in French).[11]

Other elements represent characteristics associated with people depicted. The electric guitar seen behind Blair in his personal office is a reference to his past membership in the band Ugly Rumours while a student. The Newcastle United football jersey he wears to a family breakfast is a reference to his support of that team. The film also shows Alastair Campbell coining the term 'the people's princess', but in 2007 he revealed that it was Tony Blair who came up with it.[17]

A notable inaccuracy is that Robin Janvrin is represented as the Queen's private secretary during the aftermath of Diana's death. In fact, that position was then occupied by Janvrin's predecessor, Sir Robert Fellowes, a brother-in-law of Diana, Princess of Wales; Janvrin was the deputy private secretary until 1999. However, the film is accurate in depicting Janvrin as the person who delivered the news of Diana's accident to the Queen at Balmoral during the night.[18]

ReceptionEdit

Box officeEdit

The film exceeded box-office expectations; with a budget of $15 million the film earned $56.4 million in the United States and Canada.[19]

Critical receptionEdit

On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 96%, based on 198 reviews, and an average rating of 8.4/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Full of wit, humor, and pathos, Stephen Frears' moving portrait looks at life of the British royals during the period after Princess Diana's death."[20] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 91 out of 100, based on 37 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[21]

Before the film was released, critics praised both Stephen Frears and Peter Morgan, who later received Golden Globe and Academy Award nominations for Best Director and Best Screenplay. Michael Sheen's performance as Tony Blair earned him particular acclaim. Helen Mirren's portrayal, which garnered her acclaim from critics around the world, made her a favourite for the Academy Award for Best Actress well before the film was released in cinemas. After its showing at the Venice Film Festival, Mirren received a five-minute-long standing ovation.[22] Roger Ebert came out of recovery from surgery to give the film a review, in which he called it "spellbinding" and gave it four out of four stars.[23]

Amongst the few negative reviews, Slant Magazine's Nick Schager criticised the insider portraiture of the film as "somewhat less than revelatory, in part because Morgan's script succumbs to cutie-pie jokiness [...] and broad caricature", mentioning particularly "James Cromwell's Prince Philip, who envisions the crowned heads as exiled victims and the gathering crowds as encroaching 'Zulus'".[24]

Top ten listsEdit

The film appeared on many US critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2006.[25]

Awards and nominationsEdit

Mirren won several awards for her portrayal of Queen Elizabeth II, many of which are listed below. She was nominated for at least three more. In most of her acceptance speeches, she expressed her admiration for the real Queen, and dedicated both her Golden Globe and her Oscar to Elizabeth II.

Academy Awards record
1. Best Actress (Helen Mirren)
Golden Globe Awards record
1. Best Actress (Helen Mirren)
2. Best Screenplay
BAFTA Awards record
1. Best Picture
2. Best Actress (Helen Mirren)

79th Academy Awards (2006)

2006 British Academy Film (BAFTA) Awards

2006 Screen Actors Guild Awards

  • Won: Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role (Theatrical movie)—Helen Mirren

2006 Directors Guild of America Awards

  • Nominated: Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures—Stephen Frears

2006 Writers Guild of America Awards

2006 Producers Guild of America Awards

64th Golden Globe Awards

2006 Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards

2006 Toronto Film Critics Association Awards

2007 Golden Eagle Award[26]

2006 New York Film Critics Circle Awards

2006 Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards

2006 National Society of Film Critics Awards

2006 Satellite Awards

  • Nominated: Best Motion Picture, Drama
  • Won: Best Actress in a Motion Picture, Drama—Helen Mirren
  • Nominated: Best Director—Stephen Frears
  • Nominated: Best Screenplay, Original—Peter Morgan

2006 National Board of Review Awards

2006 Chicago International Film Festival

2006 British Independent Film Awards

  • Won: Best Screenplay—Peter Morgan
  • Nominated: Best British Independent Film
  • Nominated: Best Director—Stephen Frears
  • Nominated: Best Actress—Helen Mirren
  • Nominated: Best Technical Achievement—Alan MacDonald (production design)
  • Nominated: Best Technical Achievement—Daniel Phillips (makeup)

2006 Venice Film Festival

SoundtrackEdit

The Queen
Studio album by
Released26 September 2006
Recorded2006
GenreSoundtrack
LabelMilan
Alexandre Desplat chronology
The Singer
(2006)
The Queen
(2006)
The Painted Veil
(2006)

The soundtrack album was released on the Milan label on 26 September 2006. The original score and songs were composed by Alexandre Desplat and performed by the London Symphony Orchestra. The album was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Score. It was also nominated for the BAFTA Award for Best Film Music (lost to the score of Babel).

  1. The Queen – 2:10
  2. Hills of Scotland – 2:25
  3. People's Princess I – 4:08
  4. A New Prime Minister – 1:55
  5. H.R.H. – 2:22
  6. The Stag – 1:50
  7. Mourning – 3:50
  8. Elizabeth & Tony – 2:04
  9. River of Sorrow – 1:59
  10. The Flowers of Buckingham – 2:28
  11. The Queen Drives – 1:48
  12. Night in Balmoral – 1:09
  13. Tony & Elizabeth – 2:06
  14. People's Princess II – 4:08
  15. Queen of Hearts – 3:33
  16. Libera Me (Verdi) – 6:27

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "The Queen". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
  2. ^ "THE QUEEN (12A)". British Board of Film Classification. 1 September 2006. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
  3. ^ Bastin, Giselle (Summer 2009). "Filming the Ineffable: Biopics of the British Royal Family". Auto/Biography Studies. 24 (1): 34–52. doi:10.1080/08989575.2009.10846787. S2CID 220313542. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
  4. ^ [Unknown author]. "Helen Mirren at the Oscars". The Scotsman. Johnston Press. Retrieved 12 April 2018.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Mirren 'too busy' to meet Queen". BBC News. BBC. 10 May 2007. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  6. ^ Sarris, Andrew (15 October 2006). "Sublime Queen Opens Festival with Mirren's Crowning Role". New York Observer. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  7. ^ Wells, Matt (17 September 2003). "Frears on board for new Deal". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 31 August 2007.
  8. ^ "Castles of Scotland - Castle Fraser". Britain - Ireland - Castles. Archived from the original on 17 November 2013. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  9. ^ Fitzpatrick, Maria (24 June 2009). "Dream property to let: take to the tower". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
  10. ^ "Alan MacDonald". Artistdirect. Rogue Digital. Archived from the original on 6 March 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  11. ^ a b c Gritten, David (9 September 2006). "I do look a bit like the Queen, you know". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 26 November 2006.
  12. ^ a b Levy, Emanuel. "The Queen according to Frears". Emanuel Levy official website. Archived from the original on 18 November 2006. Retrieved 26 November 2006.
  13. ^ The Queen DVD Commentary
  14. ^ Manzoor, Sarfraz (27 February 2007). "The power behind the throne". The Guardian. London: Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 28 June 2007.
  15. ^ Leigh, Holmwood (3 September 2007). "Queen commands 8m for ITV1". The Guardian. London: Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 4 October 2007.
  16. ^ "The Queen". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  17. ^ "Tony coined the 'people's princess'". The Daily Telegraph. 9 July 2007. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  18. ^ Junor, Penny (2005). The Firm: The Troubled Life of the House of Windsor. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-710215-1.
  19. ^ "The Queen". Lee's Movie Info. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  20. ^ "The Queen (2006)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  21. ^ "The Queen Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  22. ^ Harlib, Leslie (6 August 2010). "Dame Helen Mirren's appearance at Mill Valley Film Festival fit for 'The Queen'". Marin Independent Journal. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  23. ^ Ebert, Roger (12 October 2006). "The Queen". RogerEbert.com. Ebert Digital LLC. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  24. ^ Schager, Nick (27 September 2006). "The Queen". Slant Magazine. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  25. ^ "2006 Film Critic Top Ten Lists: 2006 Critics' Picks". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on 13 December 2007. Retrieved 8 January 2008.
  26. ^ Золотой Орел 2007 [Golden Eagle 2007] (in Russian). Ruskino.ru. Retrieved 6 March 2017.

External linksEdit

Interviews