César Awards

The César Awards is the national film award of France. It is delivered in the Nuit des César ceremony and was first awarded in 1976. The nominations are selected by the members of twelve categories of filmmaking professionals and supported by the French Ministry of Culture.[1] The nationally televised award ceremony is held in Paris each year in February. The exact location has changed over the years (in the Théâtre du Châtelet from 2002 to 2016). It is an initiative from the Académie des Arts et Techniques du Cinéma which was founded in 1975.

César Awards
Current: 45th César Awards
César Awards logo.svg
The César Award logo
Awarded forAchievements in French cinema
CountryFrance
Presented byAcadémie des Arts et Techniques du Cinéma
First awarded1976
Websiteacademie-cinema.org

The César Award is considered the highest film honor in France, the French film industry's equivalent to the Molière Award for theatre, and the Victoires de la Musique for music. In cinema, it is the French equivalent to the Academy Award.

The award was created by Georges Cravenne, who was also the creator of the Molière Award for theatre. The name of the award comes from the sculptor César Baldaccini (1921–1998) who designed it.

The 45th César Awards ceremony took place on 28 February 2020. Les Misérables, directed by Ladj Ly, won the award for Best Film.

HistoryEdit

In 1974, Georges Cravenne founded the Academy of Arts and Techniques of Cinema that was, from the outset, intended to reward the achievements and the most remarkable film artwork, to have a French equivalent to the American Oscars. The first César Awards – also known as the "Night of Caesar" – were held on 3 April 1976 under the chairmanship of Jean Gabin who watched the ceremony from the front row seated in a wheelchair a few months before his death. The name of the award comes from the sculptor César, designer of the trophy awarded to the winners in each category. It is also an homage to the Raimu, the great French actor and performer of Marseille trilogy of Marcel Pagnol, in which Raimu played the character of César.

The César Awards replaced the Étoile de cristal [fr], which was awarded from 1955 to 1975. Other prizes had been awarded to French cinema in the past. From 1934 to 1986, the Grand prix du cinéma français [fr], established by film pioneer Louis Lumière, was given to one film a year. In the 1950s, the Victoire du cinéma français [fr] was awarded each June. Lacking popular enthusiasm compared to the Étoile de cristal, this award was discontinued after 1964.

At the inaugural César Awards, 13 awards were distributed. Today, there are 22 (in nine subcategories). Categories added in recent years include Most Promising Actor/Actress (Meilleur espoir), Best Documentary (Meilleur documentaire) and Best Animated Film (Meilleur film d'animation), while awards honoring the best film poster and best producer have been dropped, as they are now given at a sister ceremony, the Prix Daniel Toscan du Plantier [fr].

During the 45th ceremony in 2020, Adèle Haenel, a French actress playing the main character in Portrait of a Lady on Fire left the room when Roman Polanski's award for best director[2] was announced in protest against the fact that notable sexual abusers in the film industry can receive awards when their victims are reduced to silence. Polanski was convicted of unlawful sexual intercourse with a 13-year-old in California in 1978, and has additionally been accused of other incidents of rape. [3][4][5][6][7][8]

The TrophyEdit

 
The César Award trophy

The trophies are compressed sculptures of metal objects, designed in 1975 by the sculptor César, a friend of Georges Cravenne who gave them their name as a wink to the Oscars, the sound of the name being close to the film César by Pagol.[9] These forged pieces are made from polished natural bronze, while the Oscars are plaques of gold and have directly inspired the sculpture for their first trophy in 1976, a reel of film encircling a silhouette.[10][11] In 1977, before the mixed reception of actors, he made an 8 by 8 cm compression, weighing 3.6 kg, which is the trophy used today, made in the Bocquel foundry in Normandy. If the cost of the César has not been officially revealed, it is estimated to be around 1,500 euros.

Voting processEdit

Voting for César Awards is conducted through two ballots by mail: the first to establish nominations per category (three to five, depending on the discipline), and the second to decide the winner.

Voters are professionals in the field, numbering about 4,000, divided into 12 colleges (actors, directors, writers, technicians, producers, distributors and international vendors, operators, agents artistic, technical industries, casting directors, press officers and members associates). The criteria for voting are: demonstrate a relatively consistent career in film and get a double sponsorship in the Académie des arts et techniques du cinéma. Nominees or winners of the previous editions are exempt from these formalities.

To aid voters, the Académie identifies each year films released in France and provides a guide to the works and eligible professionals. A DVD set of French or primarily French productions produced during the year is sent in December with the catalog of films to the electors. After the nominations are revealed, at the end of January, special screenings of the nominated films are shown at the Le Balzac cinema in Paris, near the Champs-Élysées. Each year, a special lunch (Déjeuner des nommés aux César du cinéma [fr]) for nominees is held at the famous Fouquet's restaurant on the Champs-Élysées, a few weeks before the ceremony.[citation needed]

CategoriesEdit

Merit awardsEdit

Special awardsEdit

  • Honorary Award - since 1976
  • César des Césars - between 1985 and 1995
  • Prix Daniel Toscan du Plantier - since 2008
  • Trophée César & Techniques - since 2011
  • Médaille d'Or - only in 2015
  • César & Techniques Special Award - only between 2015 and 2017
  • César & Techniques Innovation Award - since 2018
  • César du public - since 2018

Retired awardsEdit

CeremoniesEdit

Edition Date[12] President(s)[13] Host(s)[14] Best Film
1st César Awards 3 April 1976 Jean Gabin Pierre Tchernia Le Vieux Fusil
2nd César Awards 19 February 1977 Lino Ventura Monsieur Klein
3rd César Awards 4 February 1978 Jeanne Moreau Providence
4th César Awards 3 February 1979 Charles Vanel Pierre Tchernia and Jean-Claude Brialy L'Argent des autres
5th César Awards 2 February 1980 Jean Marais Pierre Tchernia and Peter Ustinov Tess
6th César Awards 31 January 1981 Yves Montand Pierre Tchernia The Last Metro
7th César Awards 27 February 1982 Orson Welles Jacques Martin and Pierre Tchernia Quest for Fire
8th César Awards 26 February 1983 Catherine Deneuve Jean-Claude Brialy La Balance
9th César Awards 3 March 1984 Gene Kelly Léon Zitrone (Tie) À nos amours
&
Le Bal
10th César Awards 3 February 1985 Simone Signoret Pierre Tchernia My New Partner
11th César Awards 22 February 1986 Madeleine Renaud and Jean-Louis Barrault Michel Drucker Three Men and a Cradle
12th César Awards 7 March 1987 Sean Connery Michel Drucker and Pierre Tchernia Thérèse
13th César Awards 12 March 1988 Miloš Forman Michel Drucker and Jane Birkin Au revoir les enfants
14th César Awards 4 March 1989 Peter Ustinov Pierre Tchernia Camille Claudel
15th César Awards 4 March 1990 Kirk Douglas Ève Ruggiéri [fr] Too Beautiful for You
16th César Awards 9 March 1991 Sophia Loren Richard Bohringer Cyrano de Bergerac
17th César Awards 22 February 1992 Michèle Morgan Frédéric Mitterrand Tous les Matins du Monde
18th César Awards 8 March 1993 Marcello Mastroianni Savage Nights
19th César Awards 26 February 1994 Gérard Depardieu Fabrice Luchini and Clémentine Célarié Smoking / No Smoking
20th César Awards 25 February 1995 Alain Delon Jean-Claude Brialy and Pierre Tchernia Wild Reeds
21st César Awards 3 February 1996 Philippe Noiret Antoine de Caunes La Haine
22nd César Awards 8 February 1997 Annie Girardot Ridicule
23rd César Awards 28 February 1998 Juliette Binoche Same Old Song
24th César Awards 6 March 1999 Isabelle Huppert The Dreamlife of Angels
25th César Awards 19 February 2000 Alain Delon Alain Chabat Venus Beauty Institute
26th César Awards 24 February 2001 Daniel Auteuil Édouard Baer The Taste of Others
27th César Awards 2 March 2002 Nathalie Baye Amélie
28th César Awards 22 February 2003 Géraldine Pailhas The Pianist
29th César Awards 21 February 2004 Fanny Ardant Gad Elmaleh The Barbarian Invasions
30th César Awards 26 February 2005 Isabelle Adjani Games of Love and Chance
31st César Awards 25 February 2006 Carole Bouquet Valérie Lemercier The Beat That My Heart Skipped
32nd César Awards 24 February 2007 Claude Brasseur Lady Chatterley
33rd César Awards 22 February 2008 Jean Rochefort Antoine de Caunes The Secret of the Grain
34th César Awards 27 February 2009 Charlotte Gainsbourg Séraphine
35th César Awards 27 February 2010 Marion Cotillard Valérie Lemercier and Gad Elmaleh A Prophet
36th César Awards 25 February 2011 Jodie Foster Antoine de Caunes Of Gods and Men
37th César Awards 24 February 2012 Guillaume Canet The Artist
38th César Awards 22 February 2013 Jamel Debbouze Amour
39th César Awards 28 February 2014 François Cluzet Cécile de France Me, Myself and Mum
40th César Awards 20 February 2015 Dany Boon Édouard Baer Timbuktu
41st César Awards 26 February 2016 Claude Lelouch Florence Foresti Fatima
42nd César Awards 24 February 2017 Jérôme Commandeur Elle
43rd César Awards 2 March 2018 Vanessa Paradis Manu Payet BPM (Beats per Minute)
44th César Awards 22 February 2019 Kristin Scott Thomas Kad Merad Custody
45th César Awards 28 February 2020 Sandrine Kiberlain Florence Foresti Les Misérables

TriviaEdit

Films that received five or more César AwardsEdit

Film Year Noms. Wins
Cyrano de Bergerac 1990 13 10
The Last Metro 1980 12 10
A Prophet 2009 13 9
The Beat That My Heart Skipped 2005 10 8
Same Old Song 1997 12 7
All the World's Mornings 1991 11 7
The Pianist 2002 10 7
Goodbye, Children 1987 9 7
Séraphine 2008 9 7
Providence 1977 8 7
Timbuktu 2015 8 7
The Artist 2012 10 6
Thérèse 1986 10 6
Camille Claudel 1988 12 5
Queen Margot 1994 12 5
A Very Long Engagement 2004 12 5
Too Beautiful For You 1989 11 5
La Vie en Rose 2007 11 5
Amour 2013 10 5
Me, Myself and Mum 2014 10 5
Lady Chatterley 2007 9 5
Smoking/No Smoking 1993 9 5

Films that received 10 or more César Award nominationsEdit

Film Year Noms. Wins
Amélie 2001 13 4
Cyrano de Bergerac 1990 13 10
Subway 1985 13 3
A Prophet 2009 13 9
Polisse 2012 13 2
Camille redouble 2013 13 0
See You Up There 2018 13 5
BPM (Beats per Minute) 2018 13 6
8 Women 2002 12 0
The Last Metro 1980 12 10
Tchao Pantin 1984 12 5
Camille Claudel 1988 12 5
Queen Margot 1994 12 5
Ridicule 1996 12 4
Same Old Song 1997 12 7
A Very Long Engagement 2004 12 5
The Minister 2012 12 3
An Officer and a Spy 2020 12 3
Les Misérables 2020 12 4
All the World's Mornings 1991 11 7
Nelly and Mr. Arnaud 1995 11 2
A Secret 2007 11 1
À l'origine 2009 11 1
Of Gods and Men 2010 11 3
Those Who Love Me Can Take the Train 1998 11 3
Too Beautiful for You 1989 11 5
La Vie en Rose 2007 11 5
Marguerite 2016 11 4
Elle 2017 11 2
Frantz 2017 11 1
My Golden Days 2016 11 1
La Belle Époque 2020 11 3
Public Enemy Number One 2008 10 3
The Beat That My Heart Skipped 2005 10 8
Clean Up 1981 10 0
The Pianist 2002 10 7
Thérèse 1986 10 6
Welcome 2009 10 0
The Artist 2012 10 6
Farewell, My Queen 2013 10 3
Amour 2013 10 5
Me, Myself and Mum 2014 10 5
Custody 2019 10 4
Saint Laurent 2015 10 1
Sink or Swim 2019 10 1
C'est la vie! 2018 10 0
Portrait of a Lady on Fire 2020 10 1

Directors with two or more awardsEdit

Director Noms. Wins.
Roman Polanski 5 5
Jacques Audiard 7 3
Alain Resnais 8 2
Bertrand Tavernier 7 2
Jean-Jacques Annaud 4 2
Claude Sautet 4 2
Abdellatif Kechiche 3 2

Actors with 7 or more nominationsEdit

Actor/Actress Noms. Wins
Gérard Depardieu 17 2
Isabelle Huppert 16 2
Daniel Auteuil 14 2
Catherine Deneuve 14 2
Karin Viard 13 3
Nathalie Baye 10 4
Catherine Frot 10 2
Juliette Binoche 10 1
Fabrice Luchini 10 1
Miou-Miou 10 1
Isabelle Adjani 9 5
Dominique Blanc 9 4
Sandrine Kiberlain 9 2
François Cluzet 9 1
Michel Serrault 8 3
Jean-Hugues Anglade 8 1
Emmanuelle Béart 8 1
André Dussollier 7 3
Marion Cotillard 7 2
Charlotte Gainsbourg 7 2
Adèle Haenel 7 2
Noémie Lvovsky 7 0
Jean-Pierre Marielle 7 0

"Big Five" winners and nomineesEdit

WinnersEdit

  1. Best Film: The Last Metro
  2. Best Director: François Truffaut
  3. Best Actor: Gérard Depardieu
  4. Best Actress: Catherine Deneuve
  5. Best Writing: Suzanne Schiffman and François Truffaut
  1. Best Film: Amour
  2. Best Director: Michael Haneke
  3. Best Actor: Jean-Louis Trintignant
  4. Best Actress: Emmanuelle Riva
  5. Best Writing: Michael Haneke

NomineesEdit

Four awards won

Three awards won

Most acting wins and nominations for a filmEdit

Total Wins Film Actors
7 1 Polisse Actress: Marina Foïs and Karin Viard
Supporting Actor: Nicolas Duvauchelle, JoeyStarr and Frédéric Pierrot
Supporting Actress: Karole Rocher
Promising Actress Naidra Ayadi (won)
7 0 Camille redouble Actress: Noémie Lvovsky
Supporting Actor: Samir Guesmi and Michel Vuillermoz
Supporting Actress: Judith Chemla and Yolande Moreau
Promising Actress Julia Faure and India Hair
5 3 Same Old Song Actor: André Dussollier (won)
Actress: Sabine Azéma
Supporting Actor: Jean-Pierre Bacri (won)
Supporting Actress: Agnès Jaoui (won) and Lambert Wilson
4 3 Queen Margot Actress: Isabelle Adjani (won)
Supporting Actor: Jean-Hugues Anglade (won)
Supporting Actress: Dominique Blanc and Virna Lisi (won)
4 2 The Last Metro Actor: Gérard Depardieu (won)
Actress: Catherine Deneuve (won)
Supporting Actor: Heinz Bennent
Supporting Actress: Andréa Ferréol
4 1 Elle Actress: Isabelle Huppert (won)
Supporting Actor: Laurent Lafitte
Supporting Actress: Anne Consigny
Promising Actor: Jonas Bloquet
4 1 La Famille Bélier Actor: François Damiens
Actress: Karin Viard
Supporting Actor: Éric Elmosnino
Promising Actress: Louane Emera (won)
4 1 Too Beautiful for You Actor: Gérard Depardieu
Actress: Josiane Balasko and Carole Bouquet (won)
Supporting Actor: Roland Blanche
4 0 Amélie Actress: Audrey Tautou
Supporting Actor: Jamel Debbouze and Rufus
Supporting Actress: Isabelle Nanty
3 2 Amour Actor: Jean-Louis Trintignant (won)
Actress: Emmanuelle Riva (won)
Supporting Actress: Isabelle Huppert
3 2 What's in a Name Actor: Patrick Bruel
Supporting Actor: Guillaume de Tonquédec (won)
Supporting Actress: Valérie Benguigui (won)
3 1 Camille Claudel Actor: Gérard Depardieu
Actress: Isabelle Adjani (won)
Supporting Actor: Alain Cuny
3 1 Hippocrate Actor: Vincent Lacoste
Supporting Actor: Reda Kateb (won)
Supporting Actress: Marianne Denicourt
3 1 It's Only the End of the World Actor: Gaspard Ulliel (won)
Supporting Actor: Vincent Cassel
Supporting Actress: Nathalie Baye
3 1 La Vie en rose Actress: Marion Cotillard (won)
Supporting actor: Pascal Greggory
Supporting Actress: Sylvie Testud
3 1 Yves Saint Laurent Actor: Pierre Niney (won)
Supporting Actor: Guillaume Gallienne
Supporting Actress: Charlotte Le Bon
3 0 Ridicule Actor: Charles Berling
Supporting Actor: Bernard Giraudeau and Jean Rochefort
3 0 Saint Laurent Actor: Gaspard Ulliel
Supporting Actor: Louis Garrel and Jérémie Renier

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The César Ceremony" Archived 3 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine, Académie des arts et techniques du cinéma
  2. ^ "Claire Denis n'a pas hésité avant de remettre le César à Roman Polanski". Le Huffington Post (in French). 1 March 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  3. ^ Peltier, Elian (24 February 2020). "Adèle Haenel: France 'Missed the Boat' on #MeToo". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  4. ^ "What Happened at the César Awards Was a Setup For Silence". AwardsWatch. 29 February 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  5. ^ "César. César pour Polanski, Adèle Haenel quitte la cérémonie". www.lejsl.com (in French). Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  6. ^ ""Bravo la pédophilie" : le coup de colère d'Adèle Haenel après la victoire de Roman Polanski aux César". Madame Figaro (in French). Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Adele Haenel : "Ils voulaient séparer l'homme de l'artiste, ils séparent aujourd'hui les artistes du monde"". Libération.fr (in French). Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  8. ^ "César : A l'annonce de la victoire de Polanski, Adèle Haenel quitte la salle". Les Inrocks (in French). Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  9. ^ Yannick Dehée, Agnès Chauveau (2013). Dictionnaire de la télévision française. Nouveau Monde éditions. p. 67..
  10. ^ (image) Le sculpteur César posant avec la première version du trophée, uniquement remis en 1976
  11. ^ Robert Cravenne (1995). Le tour du monde du cinéma français. Dixit. p. 185..
  12. ^ "Dates, les lieux et les diffuseurs" (PDF). Académie des César. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 April 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  13. ^ "Présidences de Cérémonie" (PDF). Académie des César. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  14. ^ "Maîtres de Cérémonie" (PDF). Académie des César. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.

External linksEdit