La Cage aux Folles (film)
La Cage aux Folles ([la kaʒ o fɔl], "The Cage of Madwomen") is a 1978 Franco-Italian comedy film and the first film adaptation of Jean Poiret's 1973 play La Cage aux Folles. It is co-written and directed by Édouard Molinaro and stars Ugo Tognazzi and Michel Serrault.
|La Cage aux Folles|
French release poster
|Directed by||Édouard Molinaro|
|Produced by||Marcello Danon|
|Based on||La Cage aux Folles|
by Jean Poiret
|Music by||Ennio Morricone|
|Distributed by||United Artists|
|Box office||$20.4 million|
Like the play upon which it is based, the film tells the story of a gay couple – Renato Baldi (Ugo Tognazzi), the manager of a Saint-Tropez nightclub featuring drag entertainment, and Albin Mougeotte (Michel Serrault), his star attraction – and the madness that ensues when Renato's son, Laurent (Rémi Laurent), brings home his fiancée, Andrea (Luisa Maneri), and her ultra-conservative parents (Carmen Scarpitta and Michel Galabru) to meet them.
- Ugo Tognazzi as Renato Baldi
- Pierre Mondy as voice of Renato (French release)
- Michel Serrault as Albin Mougeotte/'Zaza Napoli'
- Oreste Lionello as voice of Albin (Italian release)
- Claire Maurier as Simone Deblon
- Rémi Laurent as Laurent Baldi
- Carmen Scarpitta as Louise Charrier
- Benny Luke as Jacob
- Luisa Maneri as Andrea Charrier
- Michel Galabru as Simon Charrier
As of 2014[update], La Cage aux Folles has remained the No. 10. foreign film released in the United States of America. The film was the second highest-grossing film of the year in France with 5,406,614 admissions. In Germany, it received 2.65 million admissions, making it the 11th highest-grossing film of the year.
On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a 95% rating based on 21 reviews, with an average rating of 7.82/10. The site's consensus reads: "La Cage aux Folles is a fine French-Italian farce with flamboyant, charming characters and deep laughs".
Roger Ebert gave the film three-and-a-half stars out of four and wrote that "the comic turns in the plot are achieved with such clockwork timing that sometimes we're laughing at what's funny and sometimes we're just laughing at the movie's sheer comic invention. This is a great time at the movies." Vincent Canby of The New York Times wrote in a negative review that the film "is naughty in the way of comedies that pretend to be sophisticated but actually serve to reinforce the most popular conventions and most witless stereotypes." Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune gave the film two-and-a-half stars out of four and wrote, "For me, 'La Cage aux Folles' was over soon after it began. It's all so predictable. This could have been a Luci & Desi comedy routine. The film's only distinctive quality is the skill of its veteran actors in working with tired material." Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times called the film "a frequently hilarious French variation on Norman, Is That You? and has the same broad humor and appeal but has been put over with considerably more aplomb." Gary Arnold of The Washington Post panned the film for "stale, excruciating sex jokes" and direction that "has evidently failed to devise a playing rhythm to compensate for whatever farcical tempo the material enjoyed on the stage." David McGillivray of The Monthly Film Bulletin described the film as "a crude amalgam of Norman, Is That You? and John Bowen's play Trevor ... All shrieks, mincing and limp wrists, La Cage aux folles also looks positively antiquated beside the sophisticated gay comedy of such as Craig Russell."
Awards and honorsEdit
|1979||César Award||Best Actor||Michel Serrault||Won|
|David di Donatello||David di Donatello for Best Foreign Actor||Michel Serrault||Won|
|National Board of Review||National Board of Review Award for Best Foreign Language Film (France/Italy)||Won|
|Top Foreign Films||Won|
|New York Film Critics Circle||Best Foreign Language Film||2nd Place|
|1980||Academy Awards||Best Director||Édouard Molinaro||Nominated|
|Best Writing, Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium||Francis Veber, Édouard Molinaro, Marcello Danon, Jean Poiret||Nominated|
|Best Costume Design||Piero Tosi, Ambra Danon||Nominated|
|Golden Globe Awards||Best Foreign Film (France/Italy)||Won|
|Sant Jordi Award||Best Performance in a Foreign Film||Michel Serrault||2nd place|
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Adam and YvesEdit
La Cage aux Folles caught the attention of television producer Danny Arnold, who in 1979 pitched the concept of a weekly series about a gay couple similar to the one in the film to ABC. His planned title was Adam and Yves, a play on both Adam and Eve and a slogan used by some anti-gay groups. After months in development, Arnold realized that the concept was unsustainable as a weekly series, which led to the show getting dropped.
- Hinckley, David (21 January 2001). "Is Ennio Morricone cinema's greatest living composer?". Daily News. New York. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
- "BIRDS OF A FEATHER (LA CAGE AUX FOLLES) (AA)". British Board of Film Classification. 30 January 1980. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
- La Cage aux Folles at Box Office Mojo
- Foreign Language Movies at the Box Office. Box Office Mojo.
- "La Cage aux Folles (1978) - JPBox-Office". www.jpbox-office.com.
- "La Cage aux Folles (1979)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
- Ebert, Roger. "La Cage Aux Folles". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
- Canby, Vincent (May 13, 1979). "Film: 'Cage aux Folles,' Farce in a French Club". The New York Times. 41.
- Siskel, Gene (July 19, 1979). "Acting helps, but 'La Cage' material seems tired". Chicago Tribune. Section 2, p. 5.
- Thomas, Kevin (July 18, 1979). "A French Variation on 'Norman'". Los Angeles Times. Part IV, p. 13.
- Arnold, Gary (July 18, 1979). "Feeble Farce". The Washington Post. E6.
- McGillivray, David (January 1980). "La Cage aux folles". The Monthly Film Bulletin. 47 (552): 5.
- "La Cage aux Folles Broadway @ Palace Theatre - Tickets and Discounts". Playbill.
- Susman, Gary. "'The Birdcage': 11 Things You (Probably) Don't Know About the Robin Williams Hit". www.moviefone.com.
- Tropiano, p. 252
- Tropiano, Stephen (2002). The Prime Time Closet: A History of Gays and Lesbians on TV. Applause Theatre and Cinema Books. ISBN 1-55783-557-8.