21st Academy Awards

The 21st Academy Awards features numerous firsts. It was the first time a non-Hollywood production won Best Picture, Hamlet and the first time an individual (Laurence Olivier) directed himself in an Oscar-winning performance.

21st Academy Awards
DateMarch 24, 1949
SiteThe Academy Theater, Hollywood, California, USA
Hosted byRobert Montgomery[1]
Best PictureHamlet
Most awardsHamlet (4)
Most nominationsJohnny Belinda (12)

It was the first Academy Awards ceremony to be giving awards for Best Costume Design.[citation needed]

John Huston directed two films in this awards year for which his actors won Oscars: his father, Walter Huston, in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre; and Claire Trevor for Key Largo. The Huston family won three Oscars that evening.

The ceremony was moved from the Shrine Auditorium to the Academy's own theater, primarily because the major Hollywood studios had withdrawn their financial support in order to address rumors that they had been trying to influence voters.[2]

Humphrey Bogart failed to receive a nomination for Best Actor in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, eventually considered one of the Academy’s greatest slights.[3][4]

Joan of Arc set a record by receiving seven nominations without being nominated for Best Picture; this stood until They Shoot Horses, Don't They? (1969) received nine nominations at the 42nd Academy Awards without Best Picture.

Hamlet became the fifth film to win Best Picture without a screenwriting nomination; the next to do so would be The Sound of Music at the 38th Academy Awards. Jane Wyman became the first performer since the silent era to win an Oscar for a performance with no lines;[4] Johnny Belinda became the fourth film to receive nominations in all four acting categories.

I Remember Mama received four acting nominations but not one for Best Picture, tying the record set by My Man Godfrey in 1936. Two more films would also tie this record: Othello (1965) and Doubt (2008).


Laurence Olivier; Best Picture and Best Actor winner
John Huston; Best Director and Best Screenplay winner
Jane Wyman; Best Actress winner
Walter Huston; Best Supporting Actor winner
Claire Trevor; Best Supporting Actress winner
Walt Disney; Best Live Action Short Subject, Two Reel winner
Barbara Karinska; Best Costume Design, Color co-winner
Paul Eagler; Best Special Effects co-winner

Winners are listed first and highlighted in boldface.[5]

Best Picture Best Director
Best Actor Best Actress
Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress
Best Motion Picture Story Best Screenplay
Best Documentary Feature Best Documentary Short Subject
Best Live Action Short Subject, One-Reel Best Live Action Short Subject, Two-Reel
Best Short Subject – Cartoons Best Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture
Best Scoring of a Musical Picture Best Original Song
Best Sound Recording Best Art Direction – Set Decoration, Black-and-White
Best Art Direction – Set Decoration, Color Best Cinematography, Black-and-White
Best Cinematography, Color Best Costume Design, Black-and-White
Best Costume Design, Color Best Film Editing
Best Special Effects

Academy Honorary AwardsEdit

  • Sid Grauman "master showman, who raised the standard of exhibition of motion pictures".
  • Adolph Zukor "a man who has been called the father of the feature film in America, for his services to the industry over a period of forty years".
  • Walter Wanger "for distinguished service to the industry in adding to its moral stature in the world community by his production of the picture Joan of Arc".

Best Foreign Language FilmEdit

Academy Juvenile AwardEdit

Irving G. Thalberg Memorial AwardEdit

Scientific or TechnicalEdit

Class II

  • Victor Caccialanza, Maurice Ayers and the Paramount Studio Set Construction Department for the development and the application of "Paralite", a new lightweight plaster process for set construction
  • Nick Kalten, Louis J. Witt and the Twentieth Century-Fox Studio Mechanical Effects Department for a process of preserving and flame-proofing foliage

Class III

  • Marty Martin, Jack Lannon, Russell Shearman and the RKO Radio Studio Special Effects Department; A.J. Moran and the Warner Bros. Studio Electrical Department



Multiple nominations and awardsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "The 21st Academy Awards Memorable Moments". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
  2. ^ Freeman, B. (1999, Mar 21). "OSCARS '99; unforgettable in every way; A winner's wife recalls the excitement of the awards in 1949, despite that year's humble venue." Los Angeles Times
  3. ^ Entertainment Weekly. "100 Worst Oscar Snubs Ever: Humphrey Bogart, The Treasure of the Sierra Madre". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
  4. ^ a b Dirks, Tim. "1948 Academy Awards Winners and History". FilmSite.org (American Movie Classics). Archived from the original on April 19, 2015. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
  5. ^ "The 21st Academy Awards (1949) Nominees and Winners". Oscars.org (Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences). Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-18.