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21st Academy Awards

The 21st Academy Awards features numerous firsts. It was the first time a non-Hollywood production won Best Picture, Hamlet and the first time an individual (Laurence Olivier) directed himself in an Oscar-winning performance.

21st Academy Awards
Date March 24, 1949
Site The Academy Theater, Hollywood, California, USA
Hosted by Robert Montgomery[1]
Highlights
Best Picture Hamlet
Most awards Hamlet (4)
Most nominations Johnny Belinda (12)

It was the first Academy Awards ceremony to be giving awards for Best Costume Design.

John Huston directed two films in this awards year for which his actors won Oscars: his father, Walter Huston, in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre; and Claire Trevor for Key Largo. The Huston family won three Oscars that evening.

The ceremony was moved from the Shrine Auditorium to the Academy's own theater, primarily because the major Hollywood studios had withdrawn their financial support in order to address rumors that they had been trying to influence voters.[2]

Humphrey Bogart failed to receive a nomination for Best Actor in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, eventually considered one of the Academy’s greatest slights.[3][4]

Joan of Arc became the first film to receive as many as seven nominations without being nominated for Best Picture. Hamlet became the fifth film to win Best Picture without a screenwriting nomination; the next to do so would be The Sound of Music at the 38th Academy Awards. Jane Wyman became the first performer since the silent era to win an Oscar for a performance with no lines;[4] Johnny Belinda became the fourth film to receive nominations in all four acting categories.

I Remember Mama received four acting nominations but not one for Best Picture, tying the record set by My Man Godfrey in 1936. Two more films would also tie this record: Othello (1965) and Doubt (2008).

Contents

AwardsEdit

Winners are listed first and highlighted in boldface.[5]

Best Motion Picture Best Director
Best Actor Best Actress
Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress
Best Motion Picture Story Best Screenplay
Best Short Subject – Cartoons
Best Documentary Feature Best Documentary Short Subject
Best Live Action Short Subject, One-Reel Best Live Action Short Subject, Two-Reel
Best Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture Best Scoring of a Musical Picture
Best Original Song Best Sound Recording
Best Art Direction – Set Decoration, Black-and-White Best Art Direction – Set Decoration, Color
Best Cinematography, Black-and-White Best Cinematography, Color
Best Costume Design, Black-and-White Best Costume Design, Color
Best Film Editing Best Special Effects

Academy Honorary AwardsEdit

  • Sid Grauman "master showman, who raised the standard of exhibition of motion pictures."
  • Adolph Zukor "a man who has been called the father of the feature film in America, for his services to the industry over a period of forty years."
  • Walter Wanger "for distinguished service to the industry in adding to its moral stature in the world community by his production of the picture Joan of Arc."

Best Foreign Language FilmEdit

Academy Juvenile AwardEdit

Irving G. Thalberg Memorial AwardEdit

Scientific or TechnicalEdit

Class II

  • Victor Caccialanza, Maurice Ayers and the Paramount Studio Set Construction Department for the development and the application of "Paralite", a new lightweight plaster process for set construction
  • Nick Kalten, Louis J. Witt and the Twentieth Century-Fox Studio Mechanical Effects Department for a process of preserving and flame-proofing foliage

Class III

  • Marty Martin, Jack Lannon, Russell Shearman and the RKO Radio Studio Special Effects Department; A.J. Moran and the Warner Bros. Studio Electrical Department

PresentersEdit

PerformersEdit

Multiple nominations and awardsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The 21st Academy Awards Memorable Moments". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
  2. ^ Freeman, B. (1999, Mar 21). OSCARS '99; unforgettable in every way; A winner's wife recalls the excitement of the awards in 1949, despite that year's humble venue. Los Angeles Times Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/421559183
  3. ^ Entertainment Weekly. "100 Worst Oscar Snubs Ever: Humphrey Bogart, The Treasure of the Sierra Madre". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
  4. ^ a b Dirks, Tim. "1948 Academy Awards Winners and History". FilmSite.org (American Movie Classics). Archived from the original on April 19, 2015. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
  5. ^ "The 21st Academy Awards (1949) Nominees and Winners". Oscars.org (Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences). Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-18.