Jule Styne (/ /; born Julius Kerwin Stein, December 31, 1905 – September 20, 1994) was a British-American song writer and composer known for a series of Broadway musicals, which include several famous and frequently revived shows which also became successful films, including Gypsy, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, and Funny Girl.
|Birth name||Julius Kerwin Stein|
|Born||December 31, 1905|
|Died||September 20, 1994 (aged 88)|
Manhattan, New York, U.S.
|Occupation(s)||Song writer, composer|
Styne was born to a Jewish family in London, England to immigrants from Ukraine, the Russian Empire who ran a small grocery. Even before his family left Britain, he did impressions on the stage of well-known singers, including Harry Lauder who saw him perform and advised him to take up the piano. At the age of eight, he moved with his family to Chicago, where at an early age he began taking piano lessons. He proved to be a prodigy and performed with the Chicago, St. Louis, and Detroit Symphonies before he was ten years old.
Styne attended Chicago Musical College, but before then, he had already attracted attention of another teenager, Mike Todd, later a successful film producer, who commissioned him to write a song for a musical act that he was creating. It was the first of over 1,500 published songs Styne composed in his career. His first hit, "Sunday", was written in 1926. In 1929, Styne was playing with the Ben Pollack band.
Styne was a vocal coach for 20th Century Fox, until Darryl F. Zanuck fired him because vocal coaching was "a luxury, and we're cutting out those luxuries", and told him he should write songs, because "that's forever". Styne established his own dance band, which brought him to the notice of Hollywood, where he was championed by Frank Sinatra and where he began a collaboration with lyricist Sammy Cahn. He and Cahn wrote many songs for the movies, including "It's Been a Long, Long Time" (No. 1 for three weeks for Harry James and His Orchestra in 1945), "Five Minutes More," and the Oscar-winning title song for Three Coins in the Fountain (1954). He collaborated on the score for the 1955 musical film My Sister Eileen with Leo Robin. Ten of his songs were nominated for the Oscar, many written with Cahn, including "I've Heard That Song Before" (No. 1 for 13 weeks for Harry James and His Orchestra in 1943), "I'll Walk Alone", "It's Magic" (a No. 2 hit for Doris Day in 1948), and "I Fall In Love Too Easily".
In 1947, Styne wrote his first score for a Broadway musical, High Button Shoes, with Cahn, and over the next several decades wrote the scores for many Broadway shows, most notably Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Peter Pan (additional music), Bells Are Ringing, Gypsy, Do Re Mi, Funny Girl, Lorelei, Sugar (with a story based on the movie Some Like It Hot, but all new music), and the Tony-winning Hallelujah, Baby!.
Styne died of heart failure in New York City at the age of 88. His archive – including original hand-written compositions, letters, and production materials – is housed at the Harry Ransom Center.
Styne was elected to the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1972 and the American Theatre Hall of Fame in 1981, and he was a recipient of a Drama Desk Special Award and the Kennedy Center Honors in 1990. Additionally, Styne won the 1955 Oscar for Best Music, Original Song for "Three Coins in the Fountain", and "Hallelujah, Baby!" won the 1968 Tony Award for Best Original Score.
A selection of the many songs that Styne wrote:
- "The Christmas Waltz"
- "Conchita Marquita Lolita Pepita Rosita Juanita Lopez"
- "Don't Rain on My Parade" (from Funny Girl)
- "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend" (from Gentlemen Prefer Blondes)
- "Everything's Coming Up Roses" (from Gypsy)
- "Every Street's a Boulevard in Old New York" (from Hazel Flagg)
- "Fiddle Dee Dee"
- "Guess I'll Hang My Tears Out to Dry"
- "How Do You Speak to an Angel"
- "I Don't Want to Walk Without You"
- "I Fall in Love Too Easily" (from Anchors Aweigh)
- "I Still Get Jealous" (High Button Shoes)
- "I'll Walk Alone"
- "It's Been a Long, Long Time"
- "It's Magic" (from Romance on the High Seas)
- "It's You or No One"
- "I've Heard That Song Before"
- "Just in Time" (from Bells Are Ringing)
- "Let Me Entertain You" (from Gypsy)
- "Let It Snow! Let It Snow! Let It Snow!"
- "Long Before I Knew You"
- "Make Someone Happy" (from Do Re Mi)
- "Money Burns a Hole in My Pocket" (from Living It Up)
- "Papa, Wont You Dance with Me?"
- "The Party's Over" (from Bells Are Ringing)
- "People" (from Funny Girl)
- "Pico and Sepulveda"
- "Saturday Night (Is the Loneliest Night of the Week)" sung by Frank Sinatra
- "Small World", from Gypsy, which became a moderate hit when sung by Johnny Mathis in 1959
- "Sunday" with Ned Miller
- "The Things We Did Last Summer"
- "Time After Time" (from It Happened in Brooklyn)
- "Three Coins in the Fountain", Oscar-winning song from the film of the same name
- "Together (Wherever We Go)" (from Gypsy)
- Ice Capades of 1943 (1942) - Styne contributed one song
- Glad to See You! (1944) - closed in Philadelphia PA during tryout
- High Button Shoes (1947)
- Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1949)
- Michael Todd's Peep Show (1950) - Styne contributed 2 numbers
- Two on the Aisle (1951)
- Hazel Flagg (1953)
- Peter Pan (1954) (additional music)
- My Sister Eileen (1955)
- Bells Are Ringing (1956)
- Say, Darling (1958)
- A Party with Betty Comden and Adolph Green (1958)
- Gypsy (1959)
- Do Re Mi (1960)
- Subways Are For Sleeping (1961)
- Mr. Magoo's Christmas Carol (1962)
- Arturo Ui (1963) - Styne contributed incidental music to this Bertolt Brecht play
- Funny Girl (1964)
- Wonderworld (1964) - lyrics by Styne's son, Stanley
- Fade Out – Fade In (1964)
- Something More! (1964) -directed by Styne
- The Dangerous Christmas of Red Riding Hood (1965)
- Hallelujah, Baby! (1967)
- Darling of the Day (1968)
- Look to the Lilies (1970)
- The Night the Animals Talked (1970)
- Prettybelle (1971) - closed in Boston
- Sugar (1972) (revised as Some Like It Hot: The Musical for a 2002-03 national USA tour starring Tony Curtis as Osgood Fielding, Jr.)
- Lorelei (1974) - essentially a sequel/revival of Gentlemen Prefer Blondes
- Hellzapoppin'! (1976) - closed in Baltimore during pre-Broadway tryout
- Side by Side by Sondheim (1976)
- Bar Mitzvah Boy (1978)
- One Night Stand (1980) - closed during preview period
- Pieces of Eight (1985)
- The Red Shoes (1993)
- Gilliland, John (1994). Pop Chronicles the 40s: The Lively Story of Pop Music in the 40s (audiobook). ISBN 978-1-55935-147-8. OCLC 31611854. Tape 3, side A.
- Bloom, Nate (December 22, 2014). "All those Holiday/Christmas Songs: So Many Jewish Songwriters!". Jewish World Review.
- Steyn, Mark (April 29, 2018). "I've Heard That Song Before". Steyn Online. Retrieved April 30, 2018.
- on YouTube
- Blau, Eleanor (21 September 1994). "Jule Styne, Bountiful Creator of Song Favorites, Dies at 88". The New York Times.
- "Jule Styne: An Inventory of His Collection at the Harry Ransom Center". norman.hrc.utexas.edu. Retrieved 2017-04-27.
- Jule Styne at the Songwriters Hall of Fame
- "26 Elected to the Theater Hall of Fame; 26 From Broadway Voted into Theater Hall of Fame". The New York Times. 3 March 1981.
- Gilliland 1994, tape 1, side A.
- "Some Like It Hot: The Musical". Archived from the original on 3 July 2003. Retrieved 30 October 2015.