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Frank Borzage (//; April 23, 1894 – June 19, 1962) was an Academy Award-winning American film director and actor, known for directing 7th Heaven (1927), Street Angel (1928), Bad Girl (1931), A Farewell to Arms (1932), Man's Castle (1933), History Is Made at Night (1937), The Mortal Storm (1940) and Moonrise (1948).
Photoplay Magazine, 1920
|Born||April 23, 1894|
Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.
|Died||June 19, 1962 (aged 68)|
Hollywood, California, U.S.
|Occupation||Film director, actor|
|Spouse(s)||Rena Rogers (married 1916, divorced 1941)|
Edna Stillwell Skelton (married 1945, divorced 1949)
Frank Borzage's father, Luigi Borzaga, was born in Ronzone (then Austrian Empire, now Italy) in 1859. As a stonemason, he sometimes worked in Switzerland; he met his future wife, Maria Ruegg (1860, Ricken, Switzerland – 1947, Los Angeles), where she worked in a silk factory. Borzaga emigrated to Hazleton, Pennsylvania in the early 1880s where he worked as a coal miner. He brought his fiancée to the United States and they married in Hazleton in 1883.
Their first child, Henry, was born in 1885. The Borzaga family moved to Salt Lake City, Utah, where Frank Borzage was born in 1894, and the family remained there until 1919. The couple had fourteen children, eight of whom survived childhood: Henry (1885–1971), Mary Emma (1886–1906), Bill (1892–1973), Frank, Daniel (1896–1975, a performer and member of the John Ford Stock Company), Lew (1898–1974), Dolly (1901–2002) and Sue (1905–1998). Luigi Borzaga died in Los Angeles in a car accident in 1934; his wife Maria (Frank's mother) died of cancer in 1947.
In 1912, Frank Borzage found employment as an actor in Hollywood; he continued to work as an actor until 1917. His directorial debut came in 1915 with the film, The Pitch o' Chance.
On June 7, 1916, Borzage married vaudeville and film actress Lorena "Rena" Rogers in Los Angeles and remained married until 1941. In 1945, he married Edna Stillwell Skelton, the ex-wife of comedian Red Skelton; they were divorced in 1949. Borzage died of cancer in 1962, aged 68, and was interred in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California.
Borzage was a successful director throughout the 1920s; he reached his peak in the late silent and early sound era. Absorbing visual influences from the German director F.W. Murnau, who was also resident at Fox at this time, he developed his own style of lushly visual romanticism in a hugely successful series of films starring Janet Gaynor and Charles Farrell, including 7th Heaven (1927), for which he won the first Academy Award for Best Director, Street Angel (1928) and Lucky Star (1929). He won a second Oscar for 1931's Bad Girl.
Borzage's trademark was intense identification with the feelings of young lovers in the face of adversity, with love in his films triumphing over such trials as World War I (7th Heaven and A Farewell to Arms), disability (Lucky Star), the Depression (Man's Castle), a thinly disguised version of the Titanic disaster in History Is Made at Night, and the rise of Nazism, a theme which Borzage had virtually to himself among Hollywood filmmakers from Little Man, What Now? (1933) to Three Comrades (1938) and The Mortal Storm (1940).
His work took a spiritual turn in such films as Green Light (1937), Strange Cargo (1940) and The Big Fisherman (1959). Of his later work, only the film noir Moonrise (1948) has enjoyed much critical acclaim.
After 1948, his output was sporadic. He was the original director of Journey Beneath the Desert (1961), but was too unwell to continue, and Edgar G. Ulmer took over. Borzage was uncredited for the sequences he did direct.
- The Battle of Gettysburg (1913)
- Granddad (1913)
- The Mystery of Yellow Aster Mine (1913)
- The Gratitude of Wanda (1913)
- The Geisha (1914)
- Samson (1914)
- The Wrath of the Gods (1914)
- The Typhoon (1914)
- Knight of the Trail (1915)
- The Pitch o' Chance (1915)
- The Pride and the Man (1916)
- Dollars of Dross (1916)
- Life's Harmony (1916)
- The Silken Spider (1916)
- The Code of Honor (1916)
- Two Bits (1916)
- A Flickering Light (1916)
- Unlucky Luke (1916)
- Jack (1916)
- The Pilgrim (1916)
- The Demon of Fear (1916)
- The Quicksands of Deceit (1916)
- Nugget Jim's Pardner (1916)
- That Gal of Burke's (1916)
- The Courtin' of Calliope Clew (1916)
- Nell Dale's Men Folks (1916)
- The Forgotten Prayer (1916)
- Matchin' Jim (1916)
- Land o' Lizards (1916)
- Immediate Lee (1916)
- Flying Colors (1917)
- Until They Get Me (1917)
- A Mormon Maid (1917)
- Wee Lady Betty (1917)
- The Gun Woman (1918)
- The Curse of Iku (1918)
- The Shoes That Danced (1918)
- Innocent's Progress (1918)
- Society for Sale (1918)
- An Honest Man (1918)
- Who Is to Blame? (1918)
- The Ghost Flower (1918)
- The Atom (1918)
- Toton the Apache (1919)
- Whom the Gods Would Destroy (1919)
- Prudence on Broadway (1919)
- Humoresque (1920)
- Get-Rich-Quick Wallingford (1921)
- The Duke of Chimney Butte (1921)
- Back Pay (1922)
- Billy Jim (1922)
- The Good Provider (1922)
- The Valley of Silent Men (1922)
- The Pride of Palomar (1922)
- The Nth Commandment (1923)
- Children of Dust (1923)
- The Age of Desire (1923)
- Secrets (1924)
- The Lady (1925)
- Daddy's Gone A-Hunting (1925)
- The Circle (1925)
- Lazybones (1925)
- Wages for Wives (1925)
- The First Year (1926)
- The Dixie Merchant (1926)
- Early to Wed (1926)
- Marriage License? (1926)
- 7th Heaven (1927)
- Street Angel (1928)
- Lucky Star (1929)
- They Had to See Paris (1929)
- The River (1929)
- Song o' My Heart (1930)
- Liliom (1930)
- Doctors' Wives (1931)
- Young as You Feel (1931)
- Bad Girl (1931)
- After Tomorrow (1932)
- Young America (1932)
- A Farewell to Arms (1932)
- Secrets (1933)
- Man's Castle (1933)
- No Greater Glory (1934)
- Little Man, What Now? (1934)
- Flirtation Walk (1934)
- Living on Velvet (1935)
- Stranded (1935)
- Shipmates Forever (1935)
- Desire (1936)
- Hearts Divided (1936)
- Green Light (1937)
- History Is Made at Night (1937)
- Big City (1937)
- Mannequin (1937)
- Three Comrades (1938)
- The Shining Hour (1938)
- Disputed Passage (1939)
- I Take This Woman (1940)
- Strange Cargo (1940)
- The Mortal Storm (1940)
- Flight Command (1940)
- Billy the Kid (1941)
- Smilin' Through (1941)
- The Vanishing Virginian (1942)
- Seven Sweethearts (1942)
- Stage Door Canteen (1943)
- His Butler's Sister (1943)
- Till We Meet Again (1944)
- The Spanish Main (1945)
- I've Always Loved You (1946)
- Magnificent Doll (1946)
- That's My Man (1947)
- Moonrise (1948)
- China Doll (1958)
- The Big Fisherman (1959)
- Journey Beneath the Desert (1961)
- The Battle of Gettysburg (1913) - Minor Role (uncredited)
- The Gratitude of Wanda (1913, Short)
- Samson (1914) - Bearded Philistine Extra (uncredited)
- The Wrath of the Gods (1914) - Tom Wilson
- The Typhoon (1914) - Renard Bernisky
- The Cup of Life (1915) - Dick Ralston
- Intolerance (1916) - Minor Role (uncredited)
- Land o' Lizards (1916) - The Stranger
- Immediate Lee (1916) - Immediate Lee
- The Pride and the Man (1916)
- A School for Husbands (1917) - Hugh Aslam
- A Mormon Maid (1917) - Tom Rigdon
- Wee Lady Betty (1917) - Roger O'Reilly]]
- Flying Colors (1917) - (uncredited)
- Fear Not (1917) - Franklin Shirley
- The Gun Woman (1918) - Townsman (uncredited)
- The Curse of Iku (1918) - Allan Carroll / Allan Carroll III
- The Atom (1918)
- Jeanne Eagels (1957) - Director Frank Borzage (uncredited) (final film role)
In popular cultureEdit
Borzage briefly appears as a character in Horace McCoy's 1935 novel They Shoot Horses, Don't They?, when he attends its dance marathon setting as a spectator. The narrator, Robert Syverten, notices Borzage in the crowd and has a brief conversation with him, expressing his admiration of No Greater Glory and sharing his own ambition to become a film director.
- Borzage told The Literary Digest his name was pronounced "in three syllables, and g in get, bor-zay'gee." (Charles Earle Funk, What's the Name, Please?, Funk & Wagnalls, 1936.)
- To gain a professional advantage, Borzage subtracted a year from his date of birth while still a teenager; many sources, including IMDb, thus give 1893 as his birthdate; Dumont, p. 32.
- "Skelton's Ex-Wife Married to Director". The Pittsburgh Press. 26 November 1945. Retrieved 19 May 2011.
- "Home of Skelton's Ex-Wife is Robbed of $10,000 Loot". St. Joseph News-Press. 4 February 1950. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
- "Hollywood Walk of Fame - Frank Borzage". walkoffame.com. Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
- Donald W. McCaffrey (1 January 1999). "FILMS AND FILMMAKERS". In Christopher P. Jacobs (ed.). Guide to the Silent Years of American Cinema. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 45–46. ISBN 9780313303456. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- "Vera Gordon | Jewish Women's Archive". jwa.org. Retrieved 2017-04-24.
- "Frank Borzage - Hollywood Star Walk - Los Angeles Times". projects.latimes.com. Retrieved 2017-04-24.
- Herzogenrath, Bernd (2009). The Films of Edgar G. Ulmer. Scarecrow Press. p. 282. ISBN 978-0810867000.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-15. Retrieved 2012-04-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Dumont, Hervé. Frank Borzage: the Life and Times of a Hollywood Romantic. McFarland, 2006.
- Lamster, Frederick. "Souls Made Great Through Love and Adversity": the Film Work of Frank Borzage. Scarecrow, 1981.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Frank Borzage.|
- Frank Borzage on IMDb
- Frank Borzage at AllMovie
- Senses of Cinema: Great Directors Critical Database
- They Shoot Pictures, Don't They?
- A Farewell to Arms (1932) – This Borzage-directed adaptation of Ernest Hemingway's novel has fallen into the public domain and is available online through the Internet Archive.
- Frank Borzage and the Classic Hollywood Style
- Frank Borzage at Find a Grave
- Frank Borzage at Virtual History