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Agnes Robertson Moorehead (December 6, 1900 – April 30, 1974) was an American actress whose six decade career included work in radio, stage, film, and television.[1] She is chiefly known for her role as Endora on the television series Bewitched. She was also notable for her film roles in Citizen Kane, The Magnificent Ambersons, All That Heaven Allows, Show Boat, and Hush… Hush, Sweet Charlotte.

Agnes Moorehead
Agnes Moorehead - 1955.jpg
Moorehead in The Blue Veil (1951)
Born Agnes Robertson Moorehead
(1900-12-06)December 6, 1900
Clinton, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died April 30, 1974(1974-04-30) (aged 73)
Rochester, Minnesota, U.S.
Cause of death Uterine cancer
Resting place Dayton Memorial Park in Dayton, Ohio
Education Central High School
Alma mater Muskingum College
University of Wisconsin
American Academy of Dramatic Arts
Occupation Actress
Years active 1933–1974
Spouse(s) John Griffith Lee (m. 1930; div. 1952)
Robert Gist (m. 1954; div. 1958)

Moorehead rarely played lead roles, but her skill at character development and range earned her one Primetime Emmy Award and two Golden Globe awards in addition to four Academy Award and six Emmy Award nominations. Moorehead's transition to television won acclaim for drama and comedy. She could play many different types, but often portrayed haughty, arrogant characters.

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Moorehead was born December 6, 1900, in Clinton, Massachusetts to former singer Mildred (née McCauley; 1883 – 1990) and Presbyterian clergyman John Henderson Moorehead (1869 – 1938). She was of English, Irish, Scottish, and Welsh ancestry. Moorehead would later claim that she was born in 1906 in order to appear younger for acting parts. She recalled that she made her first public performance at the age of three, when she recited The Lord's Prayer in her father's church. The family moved to St. Louis, Missouri, and Moorehead's ambition to become an actress grew "very strong". Her mother indulged her active imagination, often asking, "Who are you today, Agnes?", while Moorehead and her sister[2] would often engage in mimicry, often coming to the dinner table and imitating parishioners. Moorehead noted and was encouraged by her father's amused reactions. She joined the chorus of the St. Louis Municipal Opera Company, known as "The Muny". In addition to her interest in acting, she developed a lifelong interest in religion; in later years, actors such as Dick Sargent would recall Moorehead's arriving on the set with "the Bible in one hand and the script in the other".[3]

Moorehead always said that she graduated from Central High School in St. Louis in 1918. However, she appears in no Central High School yearbook while she does appear in the yearbook of Soldan High School. She lived near Soldan High School, on Union Boulevard; she did not live near Central High School on Grand Avenue and Bell.

Although her father did not discourage her acting ambitions, he insisted that she obtain a formal education. Moorehead earned a bachelor's degree in 1923, majoring in biology at Muskingum College in New Concord, Ohio. While there, she also appeared in college stage plays. She later received an honorary doctorate in literature from Muskingum and served for a year on its board of trustees. When her family moved to Reedsburg, Wisconsin,[4] she taught public school for five years in Soldiers Grove, Wisconsin, while she also earned a master's degree in English and public speaking at the University of Wisconsin (now University of Wisconsin–Madison). She then pursued postgraduate studies at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts, from which she graduated with honors in 1929. Moorehead received an honorary doctoral degree from Bradley University in Peoria, Illinois.

CareerEdit

Moorehead's early career was unsteady, and although she was able to find stage work, she was often unemployed. She later recalled going four days without food, and said that it had taught her "the value of a dollar". She found work in radio and was soon in demand, often working on several programs in a single day. She believed that it offered her excellent training and allowed her to develop her voice to create a variety of characterizations. Moorehead met actress Helen Hayes, who encouraged her to enter films, but her first attempts were met with failure. When she was rejected as not being "the right type", Moorehead returned to radio.

Mercury TheatreEdit

Moorehead met Orson Welles, and by 1937 she was one of his principal Mercury Players, along with Joseph Cotten. She performed in his The Mercury Theatre on the Air radio adaptations, and had a regular role opposite Welles in the serial The Shadow as Margo Lane. In 1939, Welles moved the Mercury Theatre to Hollywood, where he started working for RKO Pictures. Several of his radio performers joined him, and Moorehead made her film debut as the mother of his own character, Charles Foster Kane, in Citizen Kane (1941), which is considered one of the best films ever made. Moorehead was featured in Welles's second film, The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), and received the New York Film Critics Award and an Academy Award nomination for her performance. She also appeared in Journey Into Fear (1943), a Mercury film production.

Moorehead received positive reviews for her performance in Mrs. Parkington as well as the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress and an Academy Award nomination. Moorehead played another strong role in The Big Street (1942) with Henry Fonda and Lucille Ball, and then appeared in two films that failed to find an audience, Government Girl (1943) with Olivia de Havilland and The Youngest Profession (1944) with adolescent Virginia Weidler.

Metro-Goldwyn-MayerEdit

By the mid-1940s, Moorehead became a Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer contract player, negotiating a $6,000-a-week contract with the provision to perform also on radio, an unusual clause at the time. Moorehead explained that MGM usually refused to allow their actors to play on radio as "the actors didn't have the knowledge or the taste or the judgment to appear on the right sort of show."[3] In 1943–1944, Moorehead portrayed "matronly housekeeper Mrs. Mullet", who was constantly offering her "candied opinion", in Mutual Radio's The Adventures of Leonidas Witherall; she inaugurated the role on CBS Radio.[5]

Throughout her career, Moorehead skillfully portrayed puritanical matrons, neurotic spinsters, possessive mothers, and comical secretaries. She played Parthy Hawks, wife of Cap'n Andy and mother of Magnolia, in MGM's hit 1951 remake of Show Boat. She also was in Dark Passage and Since You Went Away. Moorehead was in Broadway productions of Don Juan in Hell in 1951–1952, and Lord Pengo in 1962–1963.

RadioEdit

In her first radio role, Moorehead appeared as a replacement for Dorothy Denvir's role as Min Gump in The Gumps. During the 1940s and 1950s, Moorehead was one of the most in-demand actresses for radio dramas, especially on the CBS show Suspense. During the 946-episode-run of Suspense, Moorehead was cast in more episodes than any other actor or actress. She was often introduced on the show as the "first lady of Suspense". Moorehead's most successful appearance on Suspense was in the play Sorry, Wrong Number, written by Lucille Fletcher, broadcast on May 18, 1943. Moorehead played a selfish, neurotic woman who overhears a murder being plotted via crossed phone wires and eventually realizes she is the intended victim. She recreated the performance six times for Suspense and several times on other radio shows, always using her original, dog-eared script. In 1952, she recorded an album of the drama, and performed scenes from the story in her one-woman show in the 1950s. Barbara Stanwyck played the role in the 1948 film version.

In 1941, Moorehead played Maggie in the short-lived Bringing Up Father program on the Blue Network. From 1942 to 1949, Moorehead played the role of the mayor's housekeeper in the radio version of Mayor of the Town. She also starred in The Amazing Mrs. Danberry, a situation comedy on CBS in 1946. Moorehead's title character was described as "the lively widow of a department store owner who has a tongue as sharp as a hatpin and a heart as warm as summer."[6] Moorehead played one of her last roles on January 6, 1974, as Mrs. Ada Canby in the inaugural episode of CBS Radio Mystery Theater.[7]

 
Moorehead in The Bat (1959)

Films of the 1950s–1960sEdit

In the 1950s, Moorehead continued to work in films and appeared on stage across the country. Her roles included a national tour of Shaw's Don Juan in Hell, co-starring Charles Boyer, Charles Laughton, and Cedric Hardwicke, and the pre-Broadway engagements of the new musical The Pink Jungle. She appeared as the hypochondriac Mrs. Snow in Disney's hit film Pollyanna (1960). She starred with Bette Davis, Olivia De Havilland, Mary Astor, and Joseph Cotten in Hush… Hush, Sweet Charlotte (1964) as the maid Velma, a role for which she was nominated for a Best Supporting Actress Academy Award.

TelevisionEdit

In 1959, Moorehead guest starred on The Rebel. Her role in the radio play Sorry, Wrong Number inspired writers of the CBS television series The Twilight Zone to script an episode with Moorehead in mind.[8] In "The Invaders" (broadcast January 27, 1961) Moorehead played a woman whose isolated farm is plagued by mysterious intruders. In Sorry, Wrong Number, Moorehead offered a famed, bravura performance using only her voice, and for "The Invaders", she was offered a script where she had no dialogue at all.

Moorehead also had guest roles on Channing, Custer, Rawhide in "Incident at Poco Tiempo" as Sister Frances, and The Rifleman. On February 10, 1967, she portrayed Miss Emma Valentine in "The Night of the Vicious Valentine" on The Wild Wild West, a performance for which she won a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series.

BewitchedEdit

 
Moorehead with Bewitched castmates Dick York and Elizabeth Montgomery
 
Moorehead as Endora in Bewitched

In 1964, Moorehead accepted the role of Endora, Samantha's (Elizabeth Montgomery) mortal-loathing, quick-witted witch mother in the situation comedy Bewitched. She later commented that she had not expected it to succeed and that she ultimately felt trapped by its success. However, she had negotiated to appear in only eight of every 12 episodes made, therefore allowing her sufficient time to pursue other projects. She also felt that the television writing was often below standard and dismissed many of the Bewitched scripts as "hack" in a 1965 interview for TV Guide.[9] The role brought her a level of recognition that she had not received before as Bewitched was in the top 10 programs for the first few years it aired.

Moorehead received six Emmy Award nominations, but was quick to remind interviewers that she had enjoyed a long and distinguished career. Despite her ambivalence, she remained with Bewitched until its run ended in 1972. She commented to the New York Times in 1974, "I've been in movies and played theater from coast to coast, so I was quite well known before Bewitched, and I don't particularly want to be identified as a witch." Later that year, she said she had enjoyed playing the role, but it was not challenging and the show itself was "not breathtaking", although her flamboyant and colorful character appealed to children. She expressed a fondness for the show's star Elizabeth Montgomery and said she had enjoyed working with her. Co-star Dick Sargent, who in 1969 replaced the ill Dick York as Samantha's husband Darrin Stephens, had a more difficult relationship with Moorehead, caustically describing her as "a tough old bird."[3]

In fall 1964, Moorehead participated in a five-minute commercial spot featuring casts of both Bonanza and Bewitched, announcing the new 1965 Chevrolet line. Moorehead was featured with Dan Blocker extolling the virtues of the new '65 Chevy II.

Later yearsEdit

In 1970, Moorehead appeared as a dying woman who haunts her own house in the early Night Gallery episode "Certain Shadows on the Wall". She also reprised her role in Don Juan in Hell on Broadway and on tour, with an all-star cast that featured Edward Mulhare, Ricardo Montalban, and Paul Henreid.

Moorehead also memorably supplied the voice of the friendly Mother Goose in Hanna-Barbera's 1973 adaptation of E.B. White's children's book Charlotte's Web.

For the 1973 Broadway adaptation of Gigi, Moorehead portrayed Aunt Alicia and performed various songs, including "The Contract" for the original cast recording. She fell ill during the production, forcing Arlene Francis to replace her. Moorehead died shortly afterward.

Three months before her death in January 1974, Moorehead performed in two episodes (including the first) of CBS Radio Mystery Theater, the popular series produced by old-time radio master Himan Brown.

Personal lifeEdit

MarriagesEdit

In 1930, Moorehead married actor John Griffith Lee; they divorced in 1952. Moorehead and Lee adopted an orphan named Sean in 1949, but it remains unclear whether the adoption was legal. Moorehead raised Sean until he ran away from home. She married actor Robert Gist in 1954, and they divorced in 1958.

SexualityEdit

Agnes Moorehead's sexuality has been the subject of speculation.[10] A number of articles that appeared in periodicals in the alternative press have identified her as a lesbian.[11] Paul Lynde, Moorehead's occasional co-star on Bewitched, stated: "Well, the whole world knows Agnes was a lesbian -- I mean classy as hell, but one of the all-time Hollywood dykes".[12] Journalist Boze Hadleigh reported an incident, also sourced to Lynde, in which, when she caught one of her husbands cheating on her, "Agnes screamed at him that if he could have a mistress, so could she."[13] In an interview, Moorehead was reported to have acknowledged her same-sex orientation while she identified a number of other Hollywood actresses who "enjoyed lesbian or bi relationships."[14]

Moorehead's close friend Debbie Reynolds stated categorically that Moorehead was not a lesbian. Reynolds' autobiography mentions the rumor and states it was begun by one of Moorehead's husbands during their divorce.[15] Moorehead's longtime friend and producer Paul Gregory concurs in the assessment. Quint Benedetti, Moorehead's longtime employee who is himself gay, also stated that Moorehead was not a lesbian and attributed the story to Lynde's rumor-mongering.[16]

PoliticsEdit

Moorehead rarely spoke publicly about her political beliefs, but she supported both Franklin Roosevelt (she portrayed Eleanor Roosevelt multiple times over the course of her career) as well as close friend Ronald Reagan for his 1966 run for Governor of California.[17]

DeathEdit

Agnes Moorehead died of uterine cancer on April 30, 1974 in Rochester, Minnesota, aged 73. Her sole immediate survivor was her mother Mildred, who died in 1990, aged 106.

Moorehead is interred at Dayton Memorial Park in Dayton, Ohio.[18] In 1994, She was posthumously inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame.[19]

The Touchdown Tavern in Reedsburg, Wisconsin, opened the Agnes Moorehead Lounge, exhibiting memorabilia.[citation needed]

Moorehead bequeathed $25,000 to Muskingum College, with instructions to fund one or more "Agnes Moorehead Scholarships." She also left half of her manuscripts to Muskingum with the other half going to the University of Wisconsin. Her family's Ohio farm went to John Brown University in Siloam Springs, Arkansas, along with her collection of Bibles and biblical scholarship materials.[20][21]

Her mother Mildred received all of Moorehead's clothing and jewelry, and Moorehead made provisions to support Mildred for the rest of her life. The Beverly Hills home was left to her attorney Franklin Rohner, along with the furnishings and personal property within. Small bequests were made for friends and domestic staff along with some charitable contributions.[20] In her will, she made no provision for Sean, né John Griffith Lee, whom she had allegedly adopted, and the will stated that she had "no children, natural or adopted, living or deceased."[22]

FilmographyEdit

Film
Year Title Role Notes
1941 Citizen Kane Mary Kane
1942 Journey into Fear Mrs. Mathews
The Magnificent Ambersons Fanny Minafer New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
The Big Street Violette Shumberg
1943 The Youngest Profession Miss Featherstone
Government Girl Adele - Mrs. Delancey Wright
Jane Eyre Mrs. Reed
1944 Since You Went Away Mrs. Emily Hawkins
Dragon Seed Third Cousin's Wife
The Seventh Cross Madame Marelli
Mrs. Parkington Baroness Aspasia Conti Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
Tomorrow, the World Aunt Jesse Frame
1945 Keep Your Powder Dry Lieut. Colonel Spottiswoode
Our Vines Have Tender Grapes Bruna Jacobson
Her Highness and the Bellboy Countess Zoe
1947 Dark Passage Madge Rapf
The Lost Moment Juliana Borderau
1948 Summer Holiday Cousin Lily
The Woman in White Countess Fosco
Station West Mrs. Caslon
Johnny Belinda Aggie MacDonald Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
1949 The Stratton Story Ma Stratton
The Great Sinner Emma Getzel
Without Honor Katherine Williams
1950 Caged Ruth Benton
Captain Blackjack Mrs. Emily Birk
1951 Fourteen Hours Christine HIll Cosick
Adventures of Captain Fabian Aunt Jezebel
Show Boat Parthy Hawks
The Blue Veil Mrs. Palfrey
1952 The Blazing Forest Jessie Crain
1953 The Story of Three Loves Aunt Lydia (segment "The Jealous Lover")
Scandal at Scourie Sister Josephine
Main Street to Broadway Mildred Waterbury
Those Redheads From Seattle Mrs. Edmonds
1954 Magnificent Obsession Nancy Ashford
1955 Untamed Aggie
The Left Hand of God Beryl Sigman
All That Heaven Allows Sara Warren
1956 The Conqueror Hunlun
Meet Me in Las Vegas Miss Hattie
The Swan Queen Maria Dominika
The Revolt of Mamie Stover Bertha Parchman
Pardners Mrs. Matilda Kingsley
The Opposite Sex Countess de Brion
1957 The True Story of Jesse James Mrs. Samuel
Jeanne Eagels Nellie Neilson
Raintree County Ellen Shawnessy Laurel Award for Top Supporting Performance, Female (2nd place)
The Story of Mankind Queen Elizabeth I
1958 The Tempest Vassilissa Mironova
1959 Night of the Quarter Moon Cornelia Nelson
The Bat Cornelia van Gorder
1960 Pollyanna Mrs. Snow
1961 Twenty Plus Two Mrs. Eleanor Delaney
Bachelor in Paradise Judge Peterson
1962 Jessica Maria Lombardo
Poor Mr. Campbell Adrice Campbell Television movie
How the West Was Won Rebecca Prescott
1963 Who's Minding the Store? Mrs. Phoebe Tuttle
1964 Hush… Hush, Sweet Charlotte Velma Cruther Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture
Laurel Award for Top Supporting Performance, Female (2nd place)
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
1966 The Singing Nun Sister Cluny Laurel Award for Top Supporting Performance, Female (3rd place)
1967 The Wild West-The night of the Vicious Valentine Miss Emma Valentine
1969 The Ballad of Andy Crocker Lisa's Mother
1971 What's the Matter with Helen? Sister Alma
Marriage: Year One Grandma Duden Television movie
Suddenly Single Marlene Television movie
The Strange Monster of Strawberry Cove Mrs. Pringle Television movie
1972 Dear Dead Delilah Delilah Charles
Rolling Man Grandmother Television movie
Night of Terror Bronsky Television movie
1973 Charlotte's Web The Goose Voice
Frankenstein: The True Story Mrs. Blair Television movie
1974 Rex Harrison Presents Stories of Love Hercule's Wife Television movie, (final film role)
Television
Year Title Role Notes
1953 The Revlon Mirror Theater Martha Adams Episode: Lullaby
1955 The Colgate Comedy Hour Aunt Minnie Episode: Roberta
1956 Matinee Theatre Mrs. Barnes Episode: Greybeards and Witches
Studio 57 Mrs. Tolliver Episode: Teacher
1957 Climax! Irene Episode: Locked in Fear
Wagon Train Mary Halstead Episode: The Mary Halstead Story
1958 The DuPont Show of the Month Madame Defarge Episode: A Tale of Two Cities
Playhouse 90 Rose Ganun Episode: The Dungeon
Suspicion Katherine Searles Episode: The Protege
1959 G.E. True Theatre Ana Konrad Bethlen Episode: Deed of Mercy
Alcoa Theatre Mrs. Adams Episode: Man of His House
The Rebel Mrs. Martha Lassiter Episode: In Memoriam
1960 Startime Carmen Lynch Episode: Closed Set
The Millionaire Katherine Boland Episode: Millionaire Katherine Boland
The Chevy Mystery Show Elizabeth Marshall Episode: Trial by Fury
Adventures in Paradise Jikiri Episode: The Krismen
Rawhide Sister Frances Episode: Incident at Poco Tiempo
Shirley Temple's Storybook Hepzibah Pyncheon
Mombi the Witch
Witch
3 episodes
The Rifleman Alberta 'Bertie' Hoakam Episode: Miss Bertie
1961 The Twilight Zone Woman Episode: The Invaders
My Sister Eileen Aunt Harriet 2 episodes
1963–1965 Burke's Law Pauline Moss
Dona Ynez Ortega y Esteban
Liz Haggerty
2 episodes
1964 Channing Professor Amelia Webster Episode: Freedom Is a Lovesome Thing God Wot
The Greatest Show on Earth Millie Episode: This Train Don't Stop Till It Gets There
1964–1972 Bewitched Endora 218 episodes
Nominated — Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series (1966, 1968–1971)
Nominated — Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series (1967)
1966 The Lone Ranger Black Widow Episode: The Trickster/Crack of Doom/The Human Dynamo
1967 The Wild Wild West Emma Valentine Episode: The Night of the Vicious Valentine
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series
Custer Watoma Episode: Spirit Woman
1969 Lancer Mrs. Normile Episode: A Person Unknown
The Red Skelton Show Bertha Bluenose Episode: He Wanted to Be a Square Shooter But He Found That his Barrel was Round
1970 Barefoot in the Park Mrs. Wilson Episode: Pilot
The Virginian Emma Garvey Episode: Gun Quest
1971 Rod Serling's Night Gallery Head Witch
Emma Brigham
2 episodes
Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color Mrs. Pringle Episode: Strange Monster of Strawberry Cove
Love, American Style Mrs. Cooper Segment: Love and the Particular Girl
1972 Marcus Welby, M.D. Mrs. Ramsey Episode: He Could Sell Iceboxes to Eskimos

Radio creditsEdit

Moorehead appeared on hundreds of individual broadcasts across a radio career that spanned from 1926 to her final two appearances, on CBS Radio Mystery Theatre in 1974.[23]

Year Program Role
1929–1930 Believe It or Not Ensemble
1930–1933 Sherlock Holmes Ensemble
1931 The Ben Bernie Show Ensemble
1932–1933 Mysteries In Paris Nana
1933–1934 Evenings In Paris Anna
1933–1936 The Armour Hour Ensemble
1934 The Gumps Min
1934–1935 Heartthrobs of the Hills Ensemble
1935–1937 Dot and Will Rose
1935–1936 The New Penny
1936 Way Down East
1936–1938 The March of Time Ensemble. Moorehead was noted for her portrayal of Eleanor Roosevelt.
1937 Terry and the Pirates The Dragon Lady
1937–1939 The Shadow Margo Lane
1938 The Mercury Theatre on the Air Ensemble
1938 The Campbell Playhouse Ensemble
1938–1941 Cavalcade of America Ensemble
1939–1940 Brenda Curtiss Brenda's mother
1939–1940 The Aldrich Family Mrs. Brown
1940 The Adventures of Superman Lara
1941–1942 Bringing Up Father Maggie
1941–1942 Bulldog Drummond Ensemble
1942–1949 Mayor of the Town Marilly
1942–1960 Suspense Moorehead's appearances on Suspense were so numerous that she became known as "The First Lady of Suspense". Her most noted role was as Mrs. Elbert Stevenson in "Sorry, Wrong Number". She first performed the role on May 25, 1943 and reprised it on eight occasions through her last appearance on the program in 1960.

TheaterEdit

Moorehead began appearing on stage during her training at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. She appeared in seven productions as a student. She continued acting in the theater throughout her career until just a few months before her death.[24]

Year Play Role
1928 Courage Understudy
1929 Soldiers and Women Understudy
1929 Scarlet Pages Company
1929 Candle Light Company
1934 All the King's Horses Company
1951 Don Juan In Hell Doña Ana. Moorehead originated the role in a national tour which culminated in a sold-out appearance at Carnegie Hall. Moorehead engaged in six tours of the production between 1951 and 1954 and appeared in a 1973 revival at the Palace Theatre.
1954 An Evening With Agnes Moorehead Moorehead toured nationally in this one-woman show on and off for over 20 years. It became best known under the name The Fabulous Redhead and in the mid-1960s as Come Closer, I'll Give You an Earful.
1957 The Rivalry Mrs. Stephen A. Douglas. Moorehead toured with the play but dropped out before its New York debut.
1959 The Pink Jungle Eleanor West
1962 Prescription: Murder Claire Fleming
1962 Lord Prego Miss Swanson
1963 High Spirits Madame Acanti
1973 Gigi Aunt Alicia

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Obituary Variety, May 8, 1974, page 286.
  2. ^ Kear, Lynn. Agnes Moorehead: a Bio-Bibliography. (Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1992). ISBN 0-313-28155-6. Page 2. Moorehead rarely spoke of her younger sister Margaret, who died when both were children and was often thought of as an only child
  3. ^ a b c Kear, Lynn (1992). Agnes Moorehead: A Bio-Bibliography. Greenwood Press, Connecticut. p. 12. ISBN 0-313-28155-6. 
  4. ^ "Reedsburg's Notable Citizens". City of Reedsburg, Wisconsin. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  5. ^ Cox, Jim, Radio Crime Fighters, 2002, p. 18, McFarland, Jefferson, North Carolina, ISBN 0-7864-1390-5
  6. ^ Dunning, John. (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-507678-3. Pp. 120, 443, 24.
  7. ^ List of CBS Radio Mystery Theater episodes (1974 season)
  8. ^ Richard J. Hand, Terror on the Air!: Horror Radio in America, 1931–1952. McFarland, 2006. ISBN 0-7864-2367-6
  9. ^ "Agnes Moorehead's recipe for TV success: The Strength of an Amazon..." TV Guide. July 17–23, 1965
  10. ^ Harbin, Billy J., Kim Marra, and Robert A. Schanke (2005). The Gay & Lesbian Theatrical Legacy: A Biographical Dictionary of Major Figures in American Stage History in the Pre-Stonewall Era. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. p. 286. ISBN 0472098586. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  11. ^ White, Patricia (1995). "The Queer Career of Agnes Moorehead", in Out in Culture: Gay, Lesbian, and Queer Essays on Popular Culture, edited by Corey K. Creekmur and Alexander Doty. Durham: Duke University Press. p. 111. ISBN 0822315416. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  12. ^ White, Patricia (1999). Uninvited: Classical Hollywood Cinema and Lesbian Representability. Bloomington IN: Indiana University Press. p. 140. ISBN 0-253-33641-4. 
  13. ^ Hadleigh, Boze (1994). Hollywood Lesbians. Fort Lee NJ: Barricade Books. p. 179. ISBN 978-1569800140. 
  14. ^ Abrams, Brett L. (2008). Hollywood Bohemians: Transgressive Sexuality and the Selling of the Movieland Dream. Jefferson NC: McFarland. p. 129. ISBN 978-0786439294. 
  15. ^ Kelley, Kitty (1981). Elizabeth Taylor, the Last Star. NY: Simon and Schuster. p. 136. ISBN 0671255436. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  16. ^ Tranberg, p. 320
  17. ^ Tranberg, p. 293
  18. ^ "Agnes Moorehead (1900-1974)". Retrieved January 13, 2017. 
  19. ^ St. Louis Walk of Fame. "St. Louis Walk of Fame Inductees". stlouiswalkoffame.org. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  20. ^ a b "Agnes Moorhead leaves estate worth $400,000". The Montreal Gazette. UPI. June 26, 1974. p. 50. Retrieved September 20, 2015. 
  21. ^ "Agnes Moorhead legacy comes home" (PDF). MUSKINGUM - The Magazine for Alumni and Friends. 94 (2): 16. Spring 2004. Retrieved September 20, 2015. 
  22. ^ Tranberg, pp. 318-19
  23. ^ Tranberg. pp 396-413
  24. ^ Tranberg, pp. 413-6

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit