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Fourteen Hours is a 1951 film noir directed by Henry Hathaway, which tells the story of a New York City police officer trying to stop a despondent man from jumping to his death from the 15th floor of a hotel.

Fourteen Hours
Fourteen hours 1951 poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byHenry Hathaway
Produced bySol C. Siegel
Screenplay byJohn Paxton
Based onThe Man on the Ledge
1949 short story
by Joel Sayre
StarringPaul Douglas
Richard Basehart
Barbara Bel Geddes
Debra Paget
Agnes Moorehead
Robert Keith
Music byAlfred Newman
CinematographyJoe MacDonald
Edited byDorothy Spencer
Distributed byTwentieth Century-Fox
Release date
  • March 6, 1951 (1951-03-06) (United States)
Running time
92 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish

The film won critical acclaim for Richard Basehart, who portrayed the mentally disturbed man on the building ledge. Paul Douglas played the police officer, and a large supporting cast included Barbara Bel Geddes, Agnes Moorehead, Robert Keith, Debra Paget, and Howard Da Silva. It was the screen debut of Grace Kelly and Jeffrey Hunter, who appeared in small roles.[1]

The screenplay was written by John Paxton, based on an article by Joel Sayre in The New Yorker describing the 1938 suicide of John William Warde.

Contents

PlotEdit

Early one morning, a room-service waiter at a New York City hotel is horrified to discover that the young man to whom he has just delivered breakfast (Basehart) is standing on the narrow ledge outside his room on the 15th floor. Charlie Dunnigan (Douglas), a policeman on traffic duty in the street below, tries to talk him off the ledge to no avail. He is ordered back to traffic patrol by police emergency services deputy chief Moksar (Da Silva), but he is ordered to return when the man on the ledge will not speak to psychiatrists summoned to the scene. Coached by a psychiatrist (Martin Gabel), Dunnigan tries to relate to the man on the ledge as one human to another.[2]

The police identify the man as Robert Cosick and locate his mother (Agnes Moorehead), but her overwrought, hysterical behavior only upsets Cosick and seems to drive him toward jumping. His father (Keith), whom he despises, arrives. The divorced father and mother clash over old family issues, and the conflict is played out in front of the police. Dunnigan seeks to reconcile Robert with his father, whom Cosick has been brought up to hate by his mother. Dunnigan forces Mrs. Cosick to reveal the identity of a "Virginia" mentioned by Robert, and she turns out to be his estranged fiancée.[2]

While this is happening, a crowd is gathering below. Cab drivers are wagering on when he will jump. A young stock-room clerk named Danny (Hunter) is wooing a fellow office worker, Ruth (Debra Paget), whom he meets by chance on the street. A woman (Grace Kelly) is seen at a nearby law office, where she is about to sign the final papers for her divorce. Amid legal formalities, she watches the drama unfold. Moved by the tragic events, she decides to reconcile with her husband.[2]

After a while, Dunnigan convinces Cosick everyone will leave the hotel room so that he can rest. As Cosick steps in, a crazy evangelist sneaks into the room and Cosick goes back to the ledge. This damages his trust in Dunnigan, as does an effort by police to drop down from the roof and grab him. As night falls, Virginia (Barbara Bel Geddes) is brought to the room, and she pleads with Robert to come off the ledge, to no avail. All the while, the police, under the command of Moksar, are working to grab Robert and put a net below him.[2]

Dunnigan seems to make a connection with Cosick when he talks about the good things in life, and he promises to take Cosick fishing for "floppers" (flounder) on Sheepshead Bay. Cosick is about to come inside when a boy on the street accidentally turns on a spotlight that blinds Robert, and he falls from the ledge. He manages to grab a net that the police had stealthily put below him, and he is hauled into the hotel. Dunnigan is greeted by his wife and son, and Danny and Ruth walk the street hand in hand.[2]

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

Factual basisEdit

Although the onscreen credits contain a statement saying that the film and characters depicted were "entirely fictional", the movie was based on the suicide of John William Warde, a 26-year-old man who jumped from the 17th floor of the Gotham Hotel in New York City on Tuesday, July 26, 1938, after 14 hours on a ledge. The character of Charlie Dunnigan was based on Charles V. Glasco, a New York City policeman who tried to convince Warde to come off the ledge.[1][3][4]

Pretending to be a bellhop at the hotel, Glasco entered room 1714 and tried to persuade Warde that he would be fired as a bellboy if Warde did not come off the ledge. Glasco spoke with Warde on and off for 14 hours. Warde, who had made previous suicide attempts, also heard pleas from his sister. Glasco had convinced Warde to come back into the hotel, but a photographer attempting to photograph Warde scared him as he was re-entering the hotel. As a result, Warde then jumped off of the ledge at 10:38 p.m. Police had tried to rig a net below him, but the net could not be extended sufficiently from the hotel to block his fall. During his 14 hours on the ledge, traffic was stopped for blocks around the hotel, which was located on 55th Street and Fifth Avenue in Manhattan, and thousands watched the drama unfold.[3][5]

ScriptEdit

Writer Joel Sayre wrote about the Warde suicide in The New Yorker, in an article entitled "That Was New York: The Man on the Ledge", which was published on April 16, 1949. The story was purchased by Twentieth Century Fox in April 1940 and the studio assigned Sol Siegel to produce.[6][7]

In August 1949 Fox said that the team of James Gow and Arnaud D'asseu, who had written the Broadway hit Tomorrow the World, would write the script.[8] In January 1950 Fox assigned John Paxton to write the script.[9] Paxtion completely fictionalised the story. [4] He decided not to use flashbacks to explain why the lead character was up on the ledge. Richard Basehart, who eventually starred, said "Paxton decided against this easy explanation of action and treated his central character as a pebble thrown into a pool of water. Without losing sight of the pebble he concentrated on ripples it raised and wrote the dramatic vignettes and one act plays around the people they washed over."[10]

Twentieth Century Fox changed the title from The Man on the Ledge to Fourteen Hours at the request of Warde's mother, so the picture would not be as closely identified with her son. The title was changed in April 1950.[11]

Studio chief Darryl F. Zanuck considered changing the setting of the movie to another city for the same reason. But it was ultimately filmed in New York.[1]

DirectorEdit

Howard Hawks refused to direct this movie because of its subject matter.[12][13] He was only interested in doing it if it could be turned into a Cary Grant comedy but Fox refused.[14]

Henry Hathaway, a director noted for his realistic films The House on 92nd Street (1945), Kiss of Death (1947), and Call Northside 777 (1948), was assigned to the project in April 1950.[15]

Cast notesEdit

Sayre's story was originally purchased as a vehicle for Richard Widmark, who was to play the man on the ledge, with Robert Wagner to play the role of Danny, but was replaced by Jeffrey Hunter.[1]

The role of the man on the ledge went to Richard Basehart, who had achieved stage fame in The Hasty Heart and had just signed a long term contract with Fox.[10]

As early as August 1949 Paul Douglas was announced for the role of the cop.[8] In February 1950 Richard Widmark was mentioned as a possibility for the man.[16] By April Basehard and Douglas had firmed as the leads.[11]

Grace Kelly made her film debut in Fourteen Hours, beating Anne Bancroft for the role.[6] Her casting was announced in June 1950. She was best known at the time for playing The Father on stage.[17]

Barbara Bel Geddes, who played Basehart's love interest, did not appear in another film until Vertigo, seven years later.

Hathaway hired over 300 actors to play bit parts and extras in the film, much of which was filmed on lower Broadway in Manhattan. Among actors performing in uncredited roles were Ossie Davis and Harvey Lembeck, playing taxi drivers, and Joyce Van Patten, Brad Dexter, who subsequently appeared in The Magnificent Seven (1960), John Cassavetes, and Robert Keith's 30-year-old son Brian Keith.[6] Other uncredited and bit players included Richard Beymer, who played the lead in West Side Story a few years later, radio's Throckmorton P. Gildersleeve, Willard Waterman as a hotel clerk, future Broadway star Janice Rule, and character actors Leif Erickson and John Randolph.[18]

ShootingEdit

Filming began in New York in June 1950.[19]

The film was made in just six weeks with a modest budget.[1] The New York exteriors were filmed at the American Exchange National Bank building, located at 128 Broadway in lower Manhattan, starting June 1950.[20] The building has since been demolished.

Hathaway avoided stasis by cutting between the film ledge and the reaction of the crowd below, and by adroit use of camera angles. It is considered to be his finest film.[12]

Basehart had to spent most of the film not moving. "I got so accustomed to this that I didn't feel the need for movement," he said. "I learned to feel movement by the turn of my head, the puff of a cigarette or the gesture of a hand."[10]

His stand in on the ledge of 128 Broadway was Richard Lacovara. There was a padded platform below him; however this was removed for shooting some shots.[10]

Even with the double, Basehart still had to endure over 300 hours of standing on the ledge with little movement during the 50 days of shooting in New York, even though he had a sprained ankle and his legs were ravaged by poison oak contracted on the grounds of his Coldwater Canyon home.[6]

Basehart's wife, costume designer Stephanie Klein, was diagnosed with a brain tumor during filming of Fourteen Hours in May and June 1950, and died following brain surgery during production of the film that July.[6] Returning to work, Basehart sprained an ankle, then contracted poison oak while cutting down a tree at home. He resumed filming with legs bandaged.[10]

PostproductionEdit

The film originally ended with Robert falling to his death. Both endings were shot, and Hathaway preferred the realistic ending that showed Robert falling to the ground, as occurred in the Warde incident. However, on 17 July 1950, Dionysia Skouras, the daughter of Fox president Spyros Skouras jumped to her death from the roof of the Fox West Coast Building. (She had recently spent time in a sanitarium.)[21]

Skouras wanted the film shelved, but instead released Fourteen Hours six months later with the ending that showed Robert surviving his fall.[6][22]

ReceptionEdit

Critical responseEdit

The New Yorker singled out Basehart's performance for praise, saying that he "succeeds in conveying the notion that he is indeed sorely beset."[23]

The New York Times film critic, Bosley Crowther, praised the "gripping suspense, absorbing drama and stinging social comment in this film." Crowther said: "Fitly directed by Henry Hathaway in a crisp journalistic style and played to the hilt down to its 'bit' parts, it makes a show of accelerating power." Crowther praised Basehart's "startling and poignant" performance, and said that Douglas "takes the honors as the good-natured cop who finds all his modest resources of intelligence and patience taxed by this queer case." He also praised Da Silva, Moorehead, and the other supporting players for bringing "personality and credibility to this superior American film."[24]

Time Out Film Guide said that this "vertiginous melodrama recounts the event in professional low-key journalistic fashion." Comparing the movie to the film noir Ace in the Hole, Time Out observed that "the emphasis is as much on the reaction of bystanders as on the plight of the would-be suicide."[25]

AccoladesEdit

The film was nominated an Academy Award for Best Art Direction (Lyle R. Wheeler, Leland Fuller, Thomas Little, Fred J. Rode).[26]

Fourteen Hours was listed as among the top-10 motion pictures of 1951 by the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures. For his performance in the movie, Basehart won the 1951 award for best actor by the board.[27]

The film also was nominated for the BAFTA award for best film from any source. Hathaway was nominated for the Golden Lion Award at the Venice Film Festival, and Paxton was nominated for a Writers Guild of America award for his screenplay.[28]

LegacyEdit

Despite good reviews and a strong push by the studio to publicize the movie, with Paul Douglas appearing on the cover of Life, Fourteen Hours faded into obscurity. When the film was shown in revival at a Los Angeles Theater in 2003, only one print survived. However, the title was included in Twentieth Century Fox's "Fox Film Noir" DVD series in 2006.[6]

Writing in Dark City: The Lost World of Film Noir, author Eddie Muller wrote: "It's a tense depiction of one man's personal despair, amid the teeming concrete indifference of the modern city."[29]

Kelly was noticed during a visit to the set by Gary Cooper, who subsequently starred with her in High Noon. Cooper was charmed by Kelly and said that she was "different from all these sexballs we've been seeing so much of." However, her performance in Fourteen Hours was not noticed by critics, and did not lead to her receiving other film acting roles. She returned to television and stage work after her performance in the film.[23]

Richard Basehart's performance impressed Federico Fellini, who subsequently cast him in his 1954 film La Strada.[30]

Man on the LedgeEdit

In 1955, it was remade as Man on the Ledge, starring Cameron Mitchell, as an episode of The 20th Century Fox Hour.[31]

The episode was released theatrically in Britain.[32]

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

Steve Fisher wrote the script. Filming took place in November 1955.[33]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Notes for Fourteen Hours (1951)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Overview for Fourteen Hours (1951)". TCM Movie Database. Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
  3. ^ a b "Youth 11 Hours on Ledge Leaps 17 Floors to Death As Thousands Watch". The New York Times. 1938-07-27. pp. One.
  4. ^ a b HIGH ABOVE LOWER BROADWAY: DRAMA OF A TOBACCO MAGNATE By THOMAS M. PRYOR. New York Times 11 June 1950: 99.
  5. ^ http://archive.queenscourier.com/wp-content/digital-editions/RT02042016/index.html#/22/[permanent dead link] Woodhaven cop in daring high-rise drama
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Smith, Richard Harland. "Fourteen Hours". TCM website. Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2009-03-22.
  7. ^ REAGAN SIGNS PACT TO MAKE U-I FILMS: He Will Do One Movie Annually for 5 Years at Studio Under Terms of New Contract By THOMAS F. BRADYSpecial to THE NEW YORK TIMES 30 Apr 1949: 9.
  8. ^ a b Gable to Act Pioneer; Grant Ideas Multiply; Scott Will Star in East Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 8 Aug 1949: B7.
  9. ^ Of Local Origin New York Times 31 Jan 1950: 34.
  10. ^ a b c d e ACTOR ON A SPOT: Richard Basehart Played Role on Window Ledge Look Out Below Just in Case Personal Tragedy By JOHN L. GRAYSON. New York Times 11 Mar 1951: 100.
  11. ^ a b CARLSON TO PLAY IN 'SOUND OF FURY': Actor Is Signed by Stillman for Leading Role in Film-- Gwenn in 'Old 880' By THOMAS F. BRADY New York Times 12 Apr 1950: 33.
  12. ^ a b Reid, John (2005). these movies won no hollywood awards. lulu.com. ISBN 978-1-4116-5846-2.
  13. ^ HAWKS ISN'T GOOD ENOUGH Durgnat, Raymond. Film Comment; New York Vol. 13, Iss. 4, (Jul/Aug 1977): 8-19,64.
  14. ^ Phantom Hawks McCarthy, Todd. Film Comment; New York Vol. 18, Iss. 5, (Sep/Oct 1982): 63-66,68,70-76.
  15. ^ Of Local Origin New York Times 18 Apr 1950: 28.
  16. ^ Todd's Academy Award Nomination Wins Him Praise and New Story: Looking at Hollywood Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 21 Feb 1950: A6.
  17. ^ Drama: Sir Laurence Olivier Set for 'Carrie Ames;' 'Hothouse' New Purchase Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 8 June 1950: B13.
  18. ^ "Fourteen Hours (1951) full cast and crew". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2009-03-23.
  19. ^ PARAMOUNT PLANS TWO NEW PICTURES: PORTRAYS A NOVELIST By THOMAS F. BRADY Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES. New York Times 25 May 1950: 45.
  20. ^ "New York Architecture - American Exchange National Bank". Retrieved 2018-07-20.
  21. ^ Miss Skouras Falls to Death Los Angeles Times 18 July 1950: 19.
  22. ^ Davis, Ronald L. (2005). Just Making Movies. University Press of Mississippi. p. 148.
  23. ^ a b Wendy, Leigh (2007). True Grace: the life and death of an American princess. Macmillan. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-312-34236-4.
  24. ^ Crowther, Bosley (1951-03-07). "THE SCREEN IN REVIEW; 'FourteenHours,' Fox Film About Man on Ledge Ready to Jump, Telling Drama of Astor". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
  25. ^ "Fourteen Hours (1951)". Time Out Film Guide. Time Out. Archived from the original on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
  26. ^ "NY Times: Fourteen Hours". NY Times. Retrieved 2008-12-21.
  27. ^ "Fourteen Hours at National Board of Review". National Board of Review of Motion Pictures. Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
  28. ^ "Fourteen Hours (1951) - awards)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2009-03-23.
  29. ^ Muller, Eddie (1998). Dark City: The Lost World of Film Noir. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-18076-8.
  30. ^ Kezich, Tullio. Federico Fellini: His Life and Work. I B Tauris & Co Ltd. p. 148. ISBN 978-1-84511-425-1.
  31. ^ 'Mock Trial' Slated On Kraft TV Theater: Wednesday's Programs The Christian Science Monitor 4 Sep 1956: 6.
  32. ^ MAN ON THE LEDGE (20th Century-Fox) Picture Show; London Vol. 66, Iss. 1735, (Jun 30, 1956): 10
  33. ^ FOX ADDING PLANT FOR TV RECORDING: Studio Schedules $500,000 Music-Scoring Building at Coast Video Center Special to The New York Times. New York Times 14 Nov 1955: 53.

External linksEdit