Susan Hayward (born Edythe Marrenner; June 30, 1917 – March 14, 1975) was an American actress and model.
Hayward in 1945
June 30, 1917
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
|Died||March 14, 1975 (aged 57)|
Beverly Hills, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Our Lady of Perpetual Help Cemetery (Carrollton, Georgia)|
|Education||The Girls' Commercial High School|
After working as a fashion model, Hayward traveled to Hollywood in 1937. She secured a film contract and played several small supporting roles over the next few years.
By the late 1940s, the quality of her film roles had improved, and she achieved recognition for her dramatic abilities with the first of five Academy Award nominations for Best Actress for her performance as an alcoholic in Smash-Up, the Story of a Woman (1947). Her career continued successfully through the 1950s and she received subsequent nominations for My Foolish Heart (1949), With a Song in My Heart (1952), and I'll Cry Tomorrow (1955). She finally won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her portrayal of death row inmate Barbara Graham in I Want to Live! (1958).
After Hayward's second marriage and subsequent move to Georgia, her film appearances became infrequent, although she continued acting in film and television until 1972. She died in 1975 of brain cancer.
Hayward was born Edythe Marrenner on June 30, 1917, in the Brooklyn borough of New York City, the youngest of three children born to Ellen and Walter Marrenner. Her paternal grandmother was an actress, Kate Harrigan, from County Cork, Ireland. Her mother was of Swedish descent. She had an older sister, Florence (born May 1910), and an older brother, Walter, Jr. (born December 1911). She was born on the same day, and in the same city, as entertainer Lena Horne.
Hayward was educated at Public School 181 and graduated from the Girls' Commercial High School (later renamed Prospect Heights High School). According to the Erasmus Hall High School alumni page, Hayward attended that school in the mid-1930s, so she possibly attended Erasmus Hall High School before transferring to Girls' Commercial High School. During her high school years, she acted in various school plays, and was named "Most Dramatic" by her class. She graduated in June 1935.
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She began her career as a model and then went to Hollywood in 1937 to secure the role of Scarlett O'Hara in the successful film Gone with the Wind. Although Hayward did not win the role, she found a contract at Warner Bros.
Hayward went to Paramount, where she had her first breakthrough: the part of Isobel in Beau Geste (1939) opposite Gary Cooper and Ray Milland. Although only a small role it was the largest female part and the film was hugely successful.
Hayward went to Columbia to support Ingrid Bergman in Adam Had Four Sons (1941) then to Republic for Sis Hopkins (1941) with Judy Canova and Bob Crosby. Back at Paramount she had the lead in a "B", Among the Living (1941).
Cecil B. De Mille gave her a good support role in Reap the Wild Wind (1942), as the second lead with Milland, John Wayne and Paulette Goddard. She was in a short A Letter from Bataan (1942) and supported Goddard and Fred MacMurray in The Forest Rangers (1942).
United Artists and RepublicEdit
Hayward was the false love interest in I Married a Witch (1942) with Frederic March and Veronica Lake, made for Paramount but sold to United Artists. She was one of many stars in Star Spangled Rhythm (1943).
Walter Wanger and stardomEdit
In 1947, she received the first of five Academy Award nominations for her role as an alcoholic nightclub singer based on Dixie Lee in Smash-Up, the Story of a Woman, her second film for Wanger. It was a success and launched Hayward as a star.
20th Century FoxEdit
Hayward then starred in three massive successes: David and Bathsheba (1951) with Gregory Peck, the most popular film of the year; With a Song in My Heart (1952), a biopic of Jane Froman, which earned her an Oscar nomination; and The Snows of Kilimanjaro (1952), with Peck and Ava Gardner.
RKO borrowed Hayward for The Lusty Men (1952) with Robert Mitchum then she went back to Fox for The President's Lady (1953), playing Rachel Jackson alongside Charlton Heston; White Witch Doctor (1953), with Mitchum; Demetrius and the Gladiators (1954), as Messalina; Garden of Evil (1954) with Gary Cooper and Richard Widmark; Untamed (1955) with Power, and Soldier of Fortune (1955) with Clark Gable.
MGM hired her to play the alcoholic actress Lillian Roth in I'll Cry Tomorrow (1955), based on Roth's best-selling autobiography of the same name, for which she received a Cannes award. It was a major financial success.
Although Hayward never truly became known as a singer because she hated her own singing, she portrayed singers in several films. However, in I'll Cry Tomorrow, though a "ghost singer" was actually recruited, Hayward's own voice is actually heard on the soundtrack. Susan Hayward performed in the musical biography of Jane Froman in the 1952 film, With a Song in My Heart, a role which won her the Golden Globe for Best Actress Comedy film. Jane Froman's voice was dubbed as Hayward acted out the songs.
In 1956, she was cast by Howard Hughes to play Bortai in the historical epic The Conqueror, as John Wayne's leading lady. It was critically reviled but a commercial success. She did a comedy with Kirk Douglas, Top Secret Affair (1956) which flopped.
Hayward made one more film with Wagner, I Want to Live! (1958), playing Barbara Graham which was a critical and commercial success. Hayward won the Best Actress Oscar, for a performance that still stands as one of the most extraordinary displays of acting prowess ever seen on any movie screen. Today, her achievement remains rather unsung and needs new critical engagement and appraisal.
Decline as starEdit
In 1961, Hayward starred as a working girl who becomes the wife of the state's next governor (Dean Martin) and ultimately takes over that office herself in Ada. The same year, she played Rae Smith in Ross Hunter's lavish remake of Back Street, which also starred John Gavin and Vera Miles. Neither of these films were particularly successful; neither were I Thank a Fool (1963) at MGM, Stolen Hours (1963), and Where Love Has Gone (1964).
She continued to act into the early 1970s, when she was diagnosed with brain cancer.
Her final film role was as Dr. Maggie Cole in the 1972 made-for-TV drama Say Goodbye, Maggie Cole. (The film was intended to be a pilot episode for a weekly television series, but because of Hayward's cancer diagnosis and failing health, the series was never produced.) Her last public appearance was at the Academy Awards telecast in 1974 to present the Best Actress award despite being very ill. With Charlton Heston's support, she was able to present the award.
Hayward was married to actor Jess Barker for 10 years and they had two children, fraternal twin sons named Gregory and Timothy, born February 19, 1945. The marriage was described in Hollywood gossip columns as turbulent. They divorced in 1954. Hayward attempted suicide after the divorce. During the contentious divorce proceedings, Hayward stayed in the United States rather than join the Hong Kong location shooting for the film Soldier of Fortune. She shot her scenes with co-star Clark Gable indoors in Hollywood. A few brief, distant scenes of Gable and a Hayward double walking near landmarks in Hong Kong were combined with the indoor shots.
In 1957, Hayward married Floyd Eaton Chalkley, commonly known as Eaton Chalkley. He was a Georgia rancher and businessman who had formerly worked as a federal agent. Although he was an unusual husband for a Hollywood movie star, the marriage was a happy one. She lived with him on a farm near Carrollton, Georgia. The couple also owned property across the state line in Cleburne County, just outside Heflin, Alabama. She became a popular figure in an area that in the 1950s was off the beaten path for most celebrities. In December 1964, she and her husband were baptized Catholic by Father McGuire at SS Peter and Paul's Roman Catholic Church on Larimer Avenue, in the East Liberty section of Pittsburgh. She had met McGuire while in China and promised him that if she ever converted, he would be the one to baptize her. Chalkley died on January 9, 1966. Hayward went into mourning and did little acting for several years, and took up residence in Florida, because she preferred not to live in her Georgia home without her husband.
Before her Catholic baptism, Hayward was a proponent of astrology. She particularly relied on the advice of Carroll Righter, who called himself "the Gregarious Aquarius" and the self-proclaimed "Astrologer to the Stars", who informed her that the optimum time to sign a film contract was exactly 2:47 am, causing her to set her alarm for 2:45 so she could be sure to obey his instructions. Hayward was a lifelong registered Republican, who endorsed Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1952 and appeared at the 1953 Republican Rally.
Hayward was diagnosed with brain cancer in 1973. On March 14, 1975, she suffered a seizure in her Beverly Hills home, and died at the age of 57. A funeral service was held on March 16 at Our Lady of Perpetual Help Roman Catholic Church in Carrollton, Georgia. Hayward's body was buried in the church's cemetery.
Hayward may have developed cancer from radioactive fallout from atmospheric atomic bomb tests, while making The Conqueror with John Wayne in St. George, Utah. Several production members, as well as Wayne himself, Agnes Moorehead, Pedro Armendáriz (who committed suicide), and its director, Dick Powell, later succumbed to cancer and cancer-related illnesses. The cast and crew totaled 220 people. By the end of 1980, as ascertained by People, 91 of them had developed some form of cancer, and 46 had died of the disease.
|1937||Hollywood Hotel||Starlet at table||Uncredited|
|1938||The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse||Patient||Scenes deleted|
|The Sisters||Telephone operator||Uncredited|
|Girls on Probation||Gloria Adams|
|Comet Over Broadway||Amateur Actress||Uncredited|
|Campus Cinderella||Co-Ed||Short subject|
|1939||Beau Geste||Isobel Rivers|
|Our Leading Citizen||Judith Schofield|
|$1,000 a Touchdown||Betty McGlen|
|1941||Adam Had Four Sons||Hester Stoddard|
|Sis Hopkins||Carol Hopkins|
|Among the Living||Millie Pickens|
|1942||Reap the Wild Wind||Cousin Drusilla Alston|
|The Forest Rangers||Tana "Butch" Mason|
|I Married a Witch||Estelle Masterson|
|Star Spangled Rhythm||Herself - Genevieve in Priorities Skit|
|A Letter from Bataan||Mrs. Mary Lewis|
|1943||Young and Willing||Kate Benson|
|Hit Parade of 1943||Jill Wright|
|Jack London||Charmian Kittredge|
|1944||The Fighting Seabees||Constance Chesley|
|The Hairy Ape||Mildred Douglas|
|And Now Tomorrow||Janice Blair|
|Skirmish on the Home Front||Molly Miller||Short subject|
|1946||Deadline at Dawn||June Goffe|
|Canyon Passage||Lucy Overmire|
|1947||Smash-Up, the Story of a Woman||Angelica "Angie" / "Angel" Evans Conway||Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actress|
|They Won't Believe Me||Verna Carlson|
|The Lost Moment||Tina Bordereau|
|1948||Tap Roots||Morna Dabney|
|The Saxon Charm||Janet Busch|
|House of Strangers||Irene Bennett|
|My Foolish Heart||Eloise Winters||Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actress|
|1951||Screen Snapshots: Hopalong in Hoppy Land||Herself||Short subject|
|I'd Climb the Highest Mountain||Mary Elizabeth Eden Thompson|
|I Can Get It for You Wholesale||Harriet Boyd|
|David and Bathsheba||Bathsheba|
|1952||With a Song in My Heart||Jane Froman|
|The Snows of Kilimanjaro||Helen|
|The Lusty Men||Louise Merritt|
|1953||The President's Lady||Rachel Donelson|
|White Witch Doctor||Ellen Burton|
|1954||Demetrius and the Gladiators||Messalina|
|Garden of Evil||Leah Fuller|
|1955||Untamed||Katie O'Neill (Kildare) (Van Riebeck)|
|Soldier of Fortune||Mrs. Jane Hoyt|
|I'll Cry Tomorrow||Lillian Roth|
|1957||Top Secret Affair||Dorothy "Dottie" Peale|
|1958||I Want to Live!||Barbara Graham|
|1959||Thunder in the Sun||Gabrielle Dauphin|
|Woman Obsessed||Mary Sharron|
|1961||The Marriage-Go-Round||Content Delville|
|Back Street||Rae Smith|
|1962||I Thank a Fool||Christine Allison|
|1963||Stolen Hours||Laura Pember|
|1964||Where Love Has Gone||Valerie Hayden Miller|
|1967||The Honey Pot||Mrs. Lone Star Crockett Sheridan|
|Valley of the Dolls||Helen Lawson|
|1972||The Revengers||Elizabeth Reilly|
|Heat of Anger||Jessie Fitzgerald||TV movie|
|Say Goodbye, Maggie Cole||Dr. Maggie Cole||TV movie|
Box office rankingsEdit
For a number of years, exhibitors voted Hayward among the most popular stars in the country:
- 1951 - 19th (US)
- 1952 - 9th (US)
- 1953 - 9th (US)
- 1954 - 14th (US)
- 1955 - 19th (US)
- 1956 - 13th (US)
- 1959 - 10th (US)
- 1961 - 19th (US)
|1952||Lux Radio Theatre||I Can Get It for You Wholesale|
|1952||Cavalcade of America||Breakfast at Nancy's|
- "Brooklyn Eagle (June 30, 2010)". Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Holston, Kim R. (2009). Susan Hayward: Her Films and Life. McFarland. p. 5. ISBN 0-7864-4334-0.
- Holston 2009, p. 7
- "Rep Budgets Seebees Epic at $1,500,000". Variety. 150 (4): 6. April 7, 1943.
- p.46 Holston, Kim R. Susan Hayward: Her Films and Life McFarland, 24 Sep 2002
- Matthew Bernstein, Walter Wagner: Hollywood Independent, Minnesota Press, 2000 p. 443
- Matthew Bernstein, Walter Wagner: Hollywood Independent, Minnesota Press, 2000 p. 444
- 'The Top Box Office Hits of 1951', Variety, January 2, 1952
- 'The Top Box Office Hits of 1951', Variety, January 2, 1952
- 'Reap the wild wind' returns to screens. (1954, Nov 05). Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/166697839?accountid=13902
- The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study.
- North, Alex (28 February 2009). "I'll Cry Tomorrow(1955)". filmscoremonthly.com. Film Score Monthly. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
- Laurents, Grace (2 December 2012). "I'll Cry Tomorrow Trivia". IMDb. IMDb. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
- 'The Top Box-Office Hits of 1956', Variety Weekly, January 2, 1957
- GRAHAM STORY FILMED: Slayer Role Taxes Susan A TOWN CALLED HOLLYWOOD Susan Hayward Wrapped Up in Murderess Role Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 25 May 1958: G1.
- Bernstein, Matthew (2000). Walter Wagner: Hollywood Independent. Minnesota Press. p. 446.
- Say Goodbye, Maggie Cole, retrieved 2018-01-18
- Local Village Of America (September 21, 2008). "Susan Hayward Remembered". Retrieved 2009-12-02.
- Sloan, Lloyd L. (7 March 1949). "Interested in Astrology? Talk to Susan Hayward". Hollywood Citizen-News.
- Kanfer, Stefan (2003). Ball of Fire: The Tumultuous Life and Comic Art of Lucille Ball. New York: Knopf. p. 202. ISBN 0375413154.
- "Actress Susan Hayward dies of brain tumor". Lewiston Morning Tribune. March 15, 1975. p. 2A. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- "Susan Hayward funeral simple". The Tuscaloosa News. March 17, 1975. p. 3. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- Wayne, Pilar. John Wayne: My Life with the Duke. McGraw-Hill, 1987, ISBN 0-07-068662-9, p. 103
- "Cancer deaths of film stars linked to fallout". The Free Lance-Star. August 7, 1979. p. 7. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- "The Children of John Wayne, Susan Hayward, and Dick Powell Fear That Fallout Killed Their Parents". people.com. Retrieved October 17, 2018.
- "Hollywood Star Walk: Susan Hayward". latimes.com. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- Kirby, Walter (March 30, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 46. Retrieved May 18, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Kirby, Walter (March 23, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 44. Retrieved May 21, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- McClelland, Doug (1973). Susan Hayward, The Divine Bitch. New York: Pinnacle Books.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Susan Hayward.|
- Susan Hayward on IMDb
- Susan Hayward at AllMovie
- Susan Hayward at the TCM Movie Database
- Susan Hayward at Find a Grave
- Article about the radioactive film set (from The Straight Dope)
- Susan Hayward @ FashionState.com
- Photographs and bibliography
- Susan Hayward collection at the University of West Georgia