John Gavin (born John Anthony Golenor; April 8, 1931 – February 9, 2018) was an American actor who was the president of the Screen Actors Guild (1971–73), and the United States Ambassador to Mexico (1981–86). He was best known for his performances in the films Imitation of Life (1959), Spartacus (1960), Psycho (1960), and Thoroughly Modern Millie (1967), playing leading roles in a series of films for producer Ross Hunter.
|United States Ambassador to Mexico|
June 5, 1981 – June 10, 1986
|Preceded by||Julian Nava|
|Succeeded by||Charles J. Pilliod Jr.|
|17th President of the Screen Actors Guild|
|Preceded by||Charlton Heston|
|Succeeded by||Dennis Weaver|
John Anthony Golenor
April 8, 1931
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Died||February 9, 2018 (aged 86)|
Beverly Hills, California, U.S.
|Height||6 ft 4 in (193 cm)|
(m. 1957; div. 1965)
|Alma mater||Stanford University|
|Branch/service||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1951–1955|
Life and careerEdit
After attending Roman Catholic schools St. John's Military Academy (Los Angeles) and Villanova Preparatory (Ojai, California), he earned a Bachelor of Arts in Economics degree and Latin American affairs from Stanford University, where he did senior honors work in Latin American economic history and was a member of Chi Psi fraternity and Navy ROTC.
During the Korean War, Gavin was commissioned in the U.S. Navy serving aboard the USS Princeton off Korea where he served as an air intelligence officer from 1951 until the end of the war in 1953. Due to Gavin's fluency in both Spanish and Portuguese, he was assigned as Flag Lieutenant to Admiral Milton E. Miles until he completed his four-year tour of duty in 1955. He received an award for his work in the Honduras floods of 1954.
In a 1960 interview, Gavin disputed rumors that he was born into wealth by revealing that he attended a preparatory school and Stanford University on scholarships.
Entry into actingEdit
Following his naval service, Gavin offered himself as a technical adviser to family friend and film producer Bryan Foy, who was making a movie about the Princeton. Instead, Foy arranged a screen test with Universal-International. Gavin turned down the offer but his father urged him to try it. The test was successful and Gavin signed with the studio. "They offered me so much money I couldn't resist", he said later.
Universal groomed Gavin as a leading man in the mold of Rock Hudson. He trained in Jess Kimmel's talent workshop under the name John Gilmore. His classmates included Grant Williams, Gia Scala and John Saxon.
His first film was Raw Edge (1956) where he played the brother of Rory Calhoun and was billed as John Gilmore. His name was changed to John Gavin for the films Behind the High Wall (1956), Four Girls in Town (1957), and Quantez (also 1957).
Stardom: A Time to Love and a Time to DieEdit
Gavin's break was the lead in A Time to Love and a Time to Die (1958), directed by Douglas Sirk from the novel by Erich Maria Remarque. His casting drew comparisons with the casting of the similarly inexperienced Lew Ayres in Universal's film version of All Quiet on the Western Front (1931).
A series of classic filmsEdit
Before A Time to Love and a Time to Die had been released, Gavin was cast by Douglas Sirk supporting Lana Turner in Imitation of Life (1959). Unlike A Time to Love and a Time to Die, this was a box-office success and Gavin was voted most promising male newcomer for his performance in the film by the Motion Picture Exhibitor.
Gavin appeared as Julius Caesar in Universal's epic Spartacus (1960) directed by Stanley Kubrick. He was cast as Sam Loomis in the thriller Psycho (1960) for director Alfred Hitchcock. Gavin later claimed he was "terribly disturbed" by the sex and violence in Psycho, saying, "I think Hitch really got frosted with me." Both films were successful critically and commercially.
Following the success of Imitation of Life, Gavin was often cast as the handsome opposite to leading ladies but as characters whom were permitted little action. He co-starred against Doris Day in the thriller Midnight Lace, Sophia Loren in the comedic A Breath of Scandal (both 1960), Susan Hayward in the melodrama Back Street and with Sandra Dee in Romanoff and Juliet and Tammy Tell Me True (all 1961). Most of these films were produced by Ross Hunter. Gavin also appeared periodically on television in various anthology series. He was directed by a young William Friedkin in the episode 'Off Season', S3, Ep29 of The Alfred Hitchcock Hour.
Gavin later claimed that he lacked training support from Universal during his early days there:
When I walked through the gate, Universal quit building actors. All of a sudden I was doing leading roles. I knew I was a tyro but they told me to shut up and act. Some of those early roles were unactable. Even Laurence Olivier couldn't have done anything with them. The dialog included cardboard passages such as 'I love you. You can rely on me, darling. I'll wait.' It was all I could do to keep from adding, 'with egg on my face.'
Gavin disliked comparisons to Rock Hudson and in a 1960 interview said he considered quitting acting to take up law.
Gavin left Universal in 1962. He signed to make several movies in Europe including The Assassins, The Challenge and Night Call. However, he pulled out of The Assassins (which became Assassins of Rome (1965)), Night Call and The Challenge were never made.
Return to UniversalEdit
In September 1964, Gavin signed a new contract with Universal which gave him the option to take work outside the studio. He appeared in the television series, Convoy, which was cancelled after a short run. He appeared in Mexican film Pedro Páramo (1967), based on the novel by Juan Rulfo.
Gavin's next role was of Mary Tyler Moore's stuffy boyfriend in Universal's 1920s-era musical Thoroughly Modern Millie (1967). Gavin saw the role as an opportunity to parody his performances in Ross Hunter films.
In June 1966, Gavin signed a five-year non-exclusive contract with Universal. He was cast in the lead in OSS 117 – Double Agent (1968), then titled No Roses for Robert, replacing Frederick Stafford who was filming Alfred Hitchcock's Topaz. He acted in supporting roles in The Madwoman of Chaillot (1969) and Pussycat, Pussycat, I Love You (1970), in which he parodied his own image.
Gavin was signed for the role of James Bond in the film Diamonds Are Forever (1971) after George Lazenby left the role. However, David Picker, head of United Artists, wanted the box-office assurance of Sean Connery. Gavin's contract was honored despite losing the role to Connery. According to Roger Moore's James Bond Diary, Gavin was slated to play Bond in Live and Let Die (1973), but Harry Saltzman insisted on a British actor for the role and Moore was given the part.
Screen Actors GuildEdit
Gavin was on the board of the Screen Actors Guild (SAG) in 1965. He served a term as third vice president and two terms as president from 1971–73. During his presidency Gavin testified before the Federal Trade Commission on phone talent rackets and met with President Richard Nixon to present the problem of excessive television reruns. He presented petitions to the federal government on the issues of prime-time access rules, legislative assistance for American motion pictures, and film production by the government using non-professional actors.
Gavin made a foray into live theatre in the 1970s, showcasing his baritone voice. He toured the summer stock circuit as El Gallo in a production of The Fantasticks at the South Shore Music Circus twentieth anniversary summer season June 29-July 4, 1970 in Massachusetts.
In 1973, Gavin replaced Ken Howard in the Broadway musical Seesaw opposite Michele Lee. Gavin said he first turned down the musical because of his unhappiness with the quality of the book but reconsidered when Michael Bennett asked him to join the cast. He played the role for seven months and toured the United States in the role with Lucie Arnaz. Both the Broadway and touring production were directed by Michael Bennett.
Later TV workEdit
Ambassador to MexicoEdit
In June 1986 following his work as ambassador to Mexico, Gavin became vice-president of Atlantic Richfield in federal and international relations. In 1987, he resigned to become president of Univisa Satellite Communications, a subsidiary of Univisa, the Spanish language broadcasting empire.
Gavin was president of Gamma Holdings, a global capital and consulting company which he helped found in 1968. He became chairman of Gamma Services International in January 1990.
He served on the boards of Causeway Capital, the Hotchkis & Wiley Funds, the TCW Strategic Income Fund, Securitas Security Services USA, Inc., DII Industries, LLC, Claxson Interactive Group Inc., Anvita, Inc., the Latin America Strategy Board at HM Capital Partners LLC, Apex Mortgage Capital Inc., Krause's Furniture, Inc., Atlantic Richfield Co., International Wire Holdings Company and International Wire Group Holdings, Inc.
Gavin served as senior counselor to Hicks Trans American Partners (a division of Hicks Holdings) and managing director and partner of Hicks, Muse, Tate & Furst (Latin America) from 1994 to 2001. He was an independent trustee of Causeway International Value Fund.
Gavin served on various pro bono boards, including UCLA's Anderson Graduate School of Management, Don Bosco Institute, the FEDCO Charitable Fund, the Hoover Institution, Loyola-Marymount University, the National Parks Foundation, Southwest Museum, the University of the Americas and Villanova Preparatory School.
Gavin married actress Cicely Evans in 1957. They had two children and lived in Beverly Hills. The marriage ended in divorce in 1965. While making No Roses for Robert in Italy in 1967 Gavin dated co-star Luciana Paluzzi.
In 1974, Gavin married stage and television actress Constance Towers. The two were introduced at a party in 1957 by Gavin's godfather, Jimmy McHugh. Towers had two children from her previous marriage to Eugene McGrath. Gavin and Towers remained married until his death in 2018.
Gavin's oldest daughter, Cristina, is an actress and his daughter, Maria, has a career in television production.
Gavin died of complications from pneumonia on February 9, 2018 at his home in Beverly Hills, California.
|1956||Raw Edge||Dan Kirby||Credited as John Gilmore|
|1956||Behind the High Wall||Johnny Hutchins||Credited as John Golenor|
|1957||Four Girls in Town||Tom Grant|||
|1958||A Time to Love and a Time to Die||Ernst Graeber|||
|1959||Imitation of Life||Steve Archer|||
|1960||A Breath of Scandal||Charlie Foster|||
|1960||Midnight Lace||Brian Younger|||
|1961||Romanoff and Juliet||Igor Romanoff|||
|1961||Tammy Tell Me True||Thomas "Tom" Freeman|||
|1961||Back Street||Paul Saxon|||
|1967||Pedro Páramo||Pedro Páramo|
|1967||Thoroughly Modern Millie||Trevor Graydon|||
|1968||OSS 117 – Double Agent||Hubert Bonisseur de la Bath|||
|1969||The Madwoman of Chaillot||The Reverend|||
|1970||Pussycat, Pussycat, I Love You||Charlie Harrison|||
|1973||Keep It in the Family||Roy McDonald|||
|1976||House of Shadows||Roland Stewart|||
|1981||History of the World, Part I||Marche|||
|1960||Insight||The Priest||Episode: "The Martyr"|
|1962||Alcoa Premiere||William Fortnum||Episode: "The Jail"|
|1963||The Alfred Hitchcock Hour||Dr. Don Reed||Episode: "Run for Doom"|
|1964||Destry||Harrison Destry||Main role (13 episodes)|
|1964||The Virginian||Charles Boulanger / Baker||Episode: "Portrait of a Widow"|
|1964||Kraft Suspense Theatre||Carlos||Episode: "A Truce to Terror"|
|1964||Kraft Suspense Theatre||Tom Threepersons||Episode: "Threepersons"|
|1965||The Alfred Hitchcock Hour||Johnny Kendall||Episode: "Off Season"|
|1965||Convoy||Commander Dan Talbot||Main role (13 episodes)|
|1970||Cutter's Trail||Ben Cutter||Television film|
|1971||The Doris Day Show||Dr. Forbes||Episode: "Skiing Anyone?"|
|1973||Mannix||Arthur Danford||Episode: "The Danford File"|
|1974||ABC Wide World of Mystery||Episode: "Hard Day at Blue Nose"|
|1975||The Lives of Jenny Dolan||Officer||Television film|
|1976||Medical Center||Lt. Col. Halliday||Episode: "Major Annie, MD"|
|1977||The Love Boat||Dan Barton||Episode: "Silent Night"|
|1978||Fantasy Island||Harry Kellino||Episode: "Family Reunion"|
|1978||Doctors' Private Lives||Dr. Jeffrey Latimer||Television film|
|1978||Flying High||Senator James Sinclair||Episode: "South by Southwest"|
|1978||The New Adventures of Heidi||Dan Wyler||Television film|
|1979||Doctors' Private Lives||Dr. Jeffrey Latimer||Television miniseries (4 episodes)|
|1980||Sophia Loren: Her Own Story||Cary Grant||Television film|
|1980||Hart to Hart||Craig Abernathy||Episode: "Murder, Murder on the Wall"|
|1981||Fantasy Island||Jack Foster||Episode: "Something Borrowed, Something Blue ..."|
- Bergan, Ronald (14 February 2018). "John Gavin obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
- Famous Celebrities Who Passed for White in Hollywood's Golden Age
- Elliott, Vicky (May 2018). "Double Role as Actor and Politician". Stanford Magazine. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
- Richard L. Coe (June 28, 1961). "An Artist Is at Work". The Washington Post, Times Herald. p. B10.
- Joe Finnigan (November 20, 1960). "False Rich-Boy Tag Perils Film Career, Gavin Claims". The Washington Post, Times Herald. p. G3.
- Wise, James E. & Rehill, Anne Collier. Stars in Blue: Movie Actors in America's Sea Services Naval Institute Press, p. 265.
- Hopper, Hedda (July 20, 1958). "HE NEVER LEFT HOME: Los Angeles Native John Gavin Wanted No Part of Pictures, So Producers Beat a Path to His Door". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. F12.
- Thomas, Kevin (June 2, 1966). "Gavin Gets Down to Business". Los Angeles Times. p. D-12.
- Scheuer, Philip K. (Feb 19, 1956). "Drama Arts: School for Future Stars Paying Off Handsomely". Los Angeles Times. p. D1.
- Thomas M. Pryor (May 17, 1957). "UNIVERSAL CASTS TWO IN NEW FILM: Jane Powell, George Nader to Appear in 'Female Animal' --Actor Replaces Gavin". New York Times. p. 19.
- Schallert, Edwin (July 17, 1957). "John Gavin Wins Plum Remarque Role; Ford to Face 'Doomed World'". Los Angeles Times. p. 23.
- "Another War, Another New Star". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 29, 1958. p. l10.
- Tom Donnelly (28 July 1974). "John Gavin: One for the 'Seesaw': John Gavin: One for the 'Seesaw'". The Washington Post. p. L1.
- HOWARD THOMPSON (September 23, 1959). "MOVIE HOUSE HERE UNDER NEW SET-UP: Rugoff and Becker Chain to Join in Direction of the Paris -- Rights Bought". New York Times. p. 44.
- Thomas M. Pryor (January 28, 1959). "MOVIE EXECUTIVE TO MAKE TV FILMS: Mervyn LeRoy Is Planning Series -- A.F.M. Local Head Vows Fight on Rival". New York Times. p. 34.
- Scheuer, Philip K. (February 1, 1963). "Gavin Will Embark on Adventurous Life: News From Unsunny Spain; 'Nevada Smith' a Follow-up". p. D-9.
- Harford, Margaret (July 13, 1967). "Gavin Breaks the Mold: GAVIN". Los Angeles Times. p. C-1.
- Hopper, Hedda (September 25, 1964). "Looking at Hollywood: John Gavin Signs Pact to Do Outside Films, TV". Chicago Tribune. p. C-11.
- Zylstra, Freida (February 14, 1964). "Salad Maker Makes Debut in New TV Series Tonight". Chicago Tribune. p. B-9.
- Finnigan, Joseph (December 31, 1964). "Millions Utilized on Pilots for New Season". Los Angeles Times. p. B15.
- Martin, Betty (June 3, 1966). "Gavin Signs Universal Pact". Los Angeles Times. p. D-12.
- Martin, Betty (February 9, 1968). "MOVIE CALL SHEET: John Gavin Set for Role". Los Angeles Times. p. C-15.
- Thomas, Kevin (March 27, 1970). "'Pussycat, Pussycat' Opens Multiple Run". Los Angeles Times. p. F-15.
- Page, Eleanor (January 30, 1971). "Paging People: A Stylish Benefit". Chicago Tribune. p. n14.
- Wood, Thomas (November 26, 1972). "Movie's: Search Over---Roger Moore the New James Bond The New Bond". Los Angeles Times. p. S-32.
- "John Gavin"
- "John Gavin biography". Screen Actors Guild. sagaftra.org.
- Zyda, Joan (September 26, 1973). "Dennis Weaver Seeks Actor Guild Presidency". Los Angeles Times. p. C1.
- Gold, Aaron (May 30, 1973). "Tower Ticker". Chicago Tribune. p. B-2.
- Drake, Sylvie (September 1, 1974). "Will They Love Lucie, Too?: More Stage News". Los Angeles Times. p. M-31.
- Mann, Roderick (July 1, 1980). "GAVIN AS GRANT: A TEST OF TASTE". Los Angeles Times. p. G-1.
- Bustamante, Jorge (March 6, 1981). "Gavin's Selection: a Slap in Mexico's Face". Los Angeles Times. p. C-7.
- Nancy Brooks (28 April 1987). "Gavin Leaving Arco to Take Post at Univisa". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- Daniel F. Cuff and Stephen Phillips (April 28, 1987). "BUSINESS PEOPLE; Gavin Quits ARCO For Univisa Satellite". New York Times. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- John Gavin at Biography.com
- John Gavin biography Archived 2017-11-07 at the Wayback Machine at Americanambassadors.org
- Biography at Business Week accessed 30 November 2014
- Vernon, Scott (28 Mar 1965). "A Look at John Gavin at Home". Chicago Tribune. p. d9.
- February 26, 1968 The Daily Herald from Provo, Utah, pg. 17
- "John Gavin Is Our Man in Mexico and Constance Towers Is His Woman in the (TV) Capitol".
- McFadden, Robert D. (9 February 2018). "John Gavin, Actor and Ambassador to Mexico Under Reagan, Dies at 86". NY Times.
- "Filmography for John Gavin". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- "John Gavin List of Movies and TV Shows". TV Guide. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- "Keep it in the Family". Cinepix. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- "House of Shadows (La casa de las sombras) (1976)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Gavin.|
- John Gavin at IMDb
- John Gavin at the Internet Broadway Database
- John Gavin – So Suave
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- John Gavin at Find a Grave
| U.S. Ambassador to Mexico
Charles J. Pilliod, Jr.