Ross Hunter (born Martin Terry Fuss; May 6, 1920 – March 10, 1996) was an American film and television producer and actor. Hunter is best known for producing light comedies such as Pillow Talk (1959), and the glamorous melodramas Magnificent Obsession (1954), Imitation of Life (1959), and Back Street (1961).
Martin Terry Fuss
May 6, 1920
Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
|Died||March 10, 1996 (aged 75)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery|
|Occupation||Film and television producer, actor|
Over the course of his career, Hunter produced films of various genres but found his greatest success with light-hearted comedies, musicals and melodramatic "tear jerkers" that were high on romance and glamour.
Hunter was born in Cleveland, Ohio. His birth year is controversial, while 1920 seems to be the most logic if he worked as a teacher before his service in World War II, also 1926 and 1929 are named. He was of Austrian-Jewish and German Jewish descent.
During World War II, he worked in United States Army Intelligence.
After his time in the Army, he returned to his job as a drama teacher. He eventually moved to Los Angeles after his students sent his photo to Paramount Pictures. Paramount Pictures passed on signing him to a contract and he subsequently signed with Columbia Pictures. It was at Columbia that a casting agent changed his name from "Martin Fuss" to "Ross Hunter".
His career stalled in part because he was stricken with penicillin poisoning.
During the late 1940s, Hunter enrolled at the Motion Picture Center Studio where he was trained – for free – in film production. "I never wanted to be on the receiving end again", he said. "I wanted to be the man who handed out the jobs."
Hunter was dialogue director in The Jackie Robinson Story (1950), for Eagle-Lion Films. He performed similar duties on Woman on the Run (1950) at Universal with Anne Sheridan who Hunter says promoted and mentored him. "It was my real big break", he later said.
In 1951, Universal-International hired him as an associate producer for the film Flame of Araby, starring Jeff Chandler and Maureen O'Hara. During production Hunter cut $172,000 from the film's budget, which pleased Universal executives, who raised his salary.
The producer was Leonard Goldstein, who also used Hunter as an associate on Steel Town (1952), with Anne Sheridan, directed by George Sherman; The Battle at Apache Pass (1952), with Jeff Chandler, directed by Sherman; Untamed Frontier (1952), with Joseph Cotten and Shelley Winters; The Duel at Silver Creek (1952) with Audie Murphy, directed by Don Siegel; and Son of Ali Baba (1952), an "Eastern" with Tony Curtis.
They also worked on Take Me to Town (1953), a Western with Sheridan and Sterling Hayden directed by Douglas Sirk who became important to Hunter's career. Sheridan's normal price was $475,000 per film but she agreed to $100,000 to work with Hunter. "It was Annie who really gave me my first break", later recalled Hunter. "She was a very great lady."
In 1953, Universal-International hired Hunter as staff producer on the strength of his previous credits as a theatrical producer and director.
The breakthrough film of Hunter's career was the 1954 film remake of the 1935 film Magnificent Obsession, starring Rock Hudson and Jane Wyman and directed by Sirk. It was a huge hit, making over $5 million, establishing Hudson as a star.
Having enjoyed success with a remake, Hunter remade another old melodrama, There's Always Tomorrow (1955), directed by Sirk with Stanwyck.
He produced One Desire (1955), a melodrama with Hudson and Anne Baxter, then All That Heaven Allows (1955), which reteamed Sirk, Hudson and Wyman. The latter was especially popular making over $3 million.
This Happy Feeling (1958) was a romantic comedy with Reynolds and John Saxon written and directed by Blake Edwards. He produced The Restless Years (1958), a teen melodrama with Saxon and Sandra Dee. Dee was also in A Stranger in My Arms (1959), a melodrama from the author of Written on the Wind with Allyson and Jeff Chandler.
Imitation of Life and Pillow TalkEdit
Hunter had the biggest hit of his career to date with Imitation of Life (1959), a remake of the 1934 film directed by Sirk, with Lana Turner, Dee and Rock Hudson look-alike John Gavin. it was the fourth-most successful motion picture of 1959, grossing $6.4 million. It was Universal-International's top-grossing film that year, and ranked as Universal's most successful film until the release of Thoroughly Modern Millie (1967).
While "Ross Hunter movies" were a hit with audiences, his work was largely dismissed by critics. Hunter later said, "I gave the public what they wanted: a chance to dream, to live vicariously, to see beautiful women, jewels, gorgeous clothes, melodrama."
Hunter followed these with two mystery melodramas, both written by Ivan Goff and Ben Roberts" Portrait in Black (1960), starring Turner, Anthony Quinn, Dee and Saxon, and Midnight Lace (1960) starring Day, Rex Harrison and Gavin.
Hunter produced a sequel to Tammy, Tammy Tell Me True (1961) with Dee replacing Reynolds in the title role, and Gavin as the male lead. Gavin starred in a remake of Back Street (1961) with Susan Hayward, which was a box office disappointment.
Hunter produced a popular adaptation of the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical Flower Drum Song (1961).
In 1962 Hunter announced he had six films coming up: If a Man Answers, a new Tammy, remakes of Dark Angel and Madam X, The Thrill of It All and The Chalk Garden. Plans to make In the Wrong Rain and Fanfare were postponed.
Hunter produced a hugely popular comedy with Day and James Garner, The Thrill of It All (1963), directed by Norman Jewison. He then did his first ever straight drama, The Chalk Garden (1964) with Deborah Kerr and Hayley Mills, which was well reviewed and performed well commercially. "I'd like to make one Chalk Garden type movie a year if I can find a good one", Hunter said. Dark Angel wound up not being made. He said around this time, "My principle is to know the audience you're aiming for – women, teenage, family audience – and aim straight at it, casting and budget accordingly." He said Goldwyn offered him the remake rights to Stella Dallas but he did not think he could do it.
Seven Year PactEdit
In 1965 it was estimated that 32 of his films had, in eleven years, grossed $150 million.
Hunter did a lower budgeted comedy without stars, The Pad and How to Use It (1966), from a play by Peter Shaffer but it was little seen. He had a big hit with the musical Thoroughly Modern Millie (1967) starring Julie Andrews, Mary Tyler Moore and Gavin. Rosie! (1968) was less successful, a comedy with Rosalind Russell (playing a role intended for Katharine Hepburn) and Dee.
In 1970, he had a major box office hit with Airport which also earned him a Best Picture Academy Award nomination. However Hunter had a falling out with Universal, and left the studio after almost two decades.
Hunter went to Columbia where he produced the musical remake of the 1937 film Lost Horizon. The film was a box office failure and ultimately lost $7 million. It would be the last feature film Hunter produced.
In 1977, he was nominated a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Limited Series for producing Arthur Hailey's The Moneychangers (1976) (he shared the nomination with his long-time professional and personal partner, Jacques Mapes).
Hunter died of cancer at the Century City Hospital in Los Angeles on March 10, 1996. He was survived by his long-time partner, set designer Jaques Mapes who was also his production partner. Mapes died in May 2002. Hunter is interred at Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery.
|1944||Louisiana Hayride||Gordon Pearson|
|1944||Ever Since Venus||Bradley Miller|
|1944||She's a Sweetheart||Paul|
|1945||A Guy, a Gal and a Pal||Jimmy Jones|
|1944||Hit the Hay||Ted Barton|
|1945||Out of the Depths||Clayton Shepherd|
|1946||The Bandit of Sherwood Forest||Robin Hood's Man||Uncredited|
|1946||Sweetheart of Sigma Chi||Ted Sloan|
|1951||The Groom Wore Spurs||Austin Tindale||Uncredited|
|1956||There's Always Tomorrow||Cameo appearance||Uncredited|
- Staggs, Sam (2010). Born to Be Hurt: The Untold Story of Imitation of Life. St. Martin's Press. p. 230. ISBN 978-0-312-37336-8.
In 1984, when Ross did an oral history with Ronald Davis, of Southern Methodist University, he attached this addendum to the legal agreements page, written in his own hand: 'I'd like to set the record straight as to birth date – which is all over the place in 20 different versions. Born in Cleveland, Ohio-on May 6, 1929. Real name is Martin Terry Fuss.' And yet, on his crypt in Westwood Memorial Park, the dates are 1920–1996.
- Show: The Magazine of the Arts. 2. MOTA Company. 1962. p. 63.
- Morrison, Patt; Goldman, Abigail (March 11, 1996). "Ross Hunter, Prolific Movie Producer, Dies". latimes.com. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
- Clifford, Terry (July 4, 1965). "Chicago Visitor: Producer Plugs Films That Entertain". Chicago Tribune. p. d10.
- Current Biography Yearbook. 28. H. W. Wilson Co. 1968. p. 192.
- Scheuer, Philip K. (April 18, 1965). "Tear-jerker Famine; It's a Crying Shame". Los Angeles Times. p. M3.
- Haber, Joyce (March 11, 1973). "Dream Maker for a Dream-Loving Audience". Los Angeles Times. p. 11.
- Dick, Bernard F. (1997). City of Dreams: The Making and Remaking of Universal Pictures. University Press of Kentucky. p. 154. ISBN 0-813-17004-4.
- Norma Lee Browning (April 28, 1968). "Three Cheers For Ross Hunter". Chicago Tribune.
- "All Time Domestic Champs", Variety, 6 January 1960 p 34
- 'The Top Box-Office Hits of 1955', Variety Weekly, January 25, 1956
- 'The Top Box-Office Hits of 1956', Variety Weekly, January 2, 1957
- THOMAS M. PRYOR (January 6, 1955). "KIRK DOUGLAS SET TO ACTIVATE UNIT: Actor's Bryna Productions Will Make Six Films Under United Artists Contract". New York Times. p. 23.
- "Top Grosses of 1957". Variety. January 8, 1958. p. 30.
- "Database: 1959". Box Office Report. Retrieved from http://www.boxofficereport.com/database/1959.shtml Archived 2007-02-03 at the Wayback Machine on January 16, 2007.
- Schwartz, Dennis (January 29, 2002). "Review of Imitation of Life". Archived from the original on December 19, 2010.
Over the course of time, many have come to consider this as a great film about post-war America—something the public recognized before most of the critics did.
- Gussow, Mel (March 12, 1996). "Ross Hunter, Film Producer, Is Dead at 75". nytimes. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
- "Rental Potentials of 1960", Variety, 4 January 1961 p 47. Please note figures are rentals as opposed to total gross.
- HOWARD THOMPSON (May 16, 1962). "FILMMAKER TALKS ABOUT 5 PROJECTS: Hunter, Here in Visit, Tells of MacDonald-Eddy Plan 'Tammy Takes Over' Is Next Joanne Woodward to Star British Film Opens Today 7 Vie for Golden Laurel Albert Lamorisse Visits". New York Times. p. 33.
- Hopper, Hedda (June 26, 1962). "Looking at Hollywood: Ross Hunter Gives New Actors Chance". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. a1.
- ARKADIN. "Film Clips". Sight and Sound. 32 (3 (Summer 1963)). London. p. 140.
- PETER BART Special to The (November 10, 1964). "STUDIO GIVES FETE FOR ROSS HUNTER: Party Heralds Universal's 7-Year Pact With Producer". New York Times. p. 56.
- "Ross Hunter;Obituary". The Times. March 18, 1996. p. 1.
- Norma Lee Browning (April 24, 1974). "Ross Hunter gets a brutal shakeup". Chicago Tribune. p. b12.
- David Shipman (March 13, 1996). "Obituary: Ross Hunter". The Independent.
- Kilday, Gregg (April 14, 1975). "REAL FLOWERS': Pouring On the Glamor". Los Angeles Times. p. f19.
- Arthur Unger (October 23, 1975). "The 'Ross Hunter touch'". The Christian Science Monitor. p. 19.
- Smith, Cecil (December 4, 1978). "Donna Reed: Back Where She Wants to Be". Los Angeles Times. p. f1.
- Oliver, Myrna (May 10, 2002). "Jacques Mapes, 88; Art Director Became Producer". LA Times. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
- Hofler, Robert (October 11, 2004). "Secrets and bios". The Advocate. Here Publishing (948): 76. ISSN 0001-8996.