Pillow Talk (film)
Pillow Talk is a 1959 Eastmancolor romantic comedy film in CinemaScope directed by Michael Gordon. It features Rock Hudson, Doris Day, Tony Randall, Thelma Ritter, and Nick Adams. The film was written by Russell Rouse, Maurice Richlin, Stanley Shapiro, and Clarence Greene.
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Michael Gordon|
|Produced by||Ross Hunter|
|Written by||Russell Rouse|
|Music by||Frank De Vol|
|Cinematography||Arthur E. Arling|
|Edited by||Milton Carruth|
|Box office||$7.6 million (US and Canada rentals)|
It tells the story of Jan Morrow (Day), an interior decorator and Brad Allen (Hudson), a womanizing composer/bachelor, who share a telephone party line. When she unsuccessfully files a complaint on him for constantly using the line to woo his conquests, Brad decides to take a chance on Jan by masquerading as a Texas rancher, resulting in the two falling in love. The scheme seems to work until Brad's mutual friend and Jan's client Jonathan Forbes (Randall) finds out about this, causing a love triangle in the process.
According to a "Rambling Reporter" (August 28, 1959) item in The Hollywood Reporter, RKO originally bought the script by Russell Rouse and Clarence Greene in 1942, but since it was not produced, the writers bought it back in 1945. In 1947, they sold it as a play, but bought it back once again four years later, finally selling it in 1958 to Arwin Productions, the company owned by Doris Day's husband, Martin Melcher. Although the film was originally titled Pillow Talk, according to a February 2, 1959 "Rambling Reporter" item in The Hollywood Reporter, the title "displeased" the PCA, and was changed to Any Way the Wind Blows. In August 1959, however, the original title was reinstated.
The film won the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay, and was nominated for Best Actress in a Leading Role (Doris Day), Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Thelma Ritter), Best Art Direction-Set Decoration, Color (Richard H. Riedel, Russell A. Gausman, Ruby R. Levitt) and Best Music, Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture.
On July 14, 1980, Jack Martin reported on Pillow Talk as "biggest hit of 1959".
Jan Morrow is a successful, self-reliant interior decorator in New York City. She lives alone and claims to be quite happy, when questioned on that subject by her drunken housekeeper, Alma. The only irritant in her life is the party line that she shares with Brad Allen, a talented, creative Broadway composer and playboy who lives in a nearby apartment building. She is unable to obtain a private phone line because the telephone company has been overwhelmed by the recent demand for new phone lines in the area.
Jan and Brad, who have only ever "met" on the telephone, develop a feud over the use of the party line. Brad is constantly using the phone to chat with one young woman after another, singing to each of them an "original" love song supposedly written just for her, though he only changes the name or language he sings in. Jan and Brad bicker over the party line, with Brad suggesting that the single Jan is jealous of his popularity.
One of Jan's clients is millionaire Jonathan Forbes, who repeatedly throws himself at her to no avail. Unknown to Jan, Jonathan is also Brad's old college buddy and his current Broadway benefactor.
One evening in a nightclub, Brad finally sees Jan dancing and learns who she is. Attracted to her, he fakes a Texan accent and invents a new persona: Rex Stetson, a wealthy Texas rancher. He succeeds in wooing Jan, and the pair begin seeing each other regularly. Jan cannot resist bragging about her new beau on the phone to Brad Allen, while Brad teases Jan by having "Rex" show an interest in effeminate things, thereby implying "Rex's" homosexuality.
When Jonathan finds out about Brad's masquerade, he forces Brad to leave New York City and go to Jonathan's cabin in Connecticut to complete his new songs. Brad invites Jan to join him. Once there, romance blossoms until Jan stumbles upon a copy of "Rex's" sheet music. She plunks the melody on the nearby piano and recognizes Brad's song. She confronts Brad and ignores his attempts at explanation, returning to New York with Jonathan, who has just arrived at the cabin.
Back in New York, Jonathan is pleased to learn that the playboy has finally fallen in love, while conversely Jan will have nothing to do with Brad. Brad turns to Jan's housekeeper, Alma, for advice. Alma, pleased to finally meet Brad after listening in on the party line for so long, suggests he hire Jan to decorate his apartment so they will be forced to collaborate. Jan only concedes so that her employer will not lose the commission. Brad leaves all the design decisions up to Jan, telling her only to design a place that she'd want to live in herself.
Still quite angry, Jan decorates Brad's apartment in the most gaudy and hideous decor she can muster. Horrified by what he finds, Brad angrily storms into Jan's apartment and carries her in her pajamas through the street back to his apartment to explain herself. He tells her of all the changes he's made to end his bachelor lifestyle because he thought they were getting married. Her face lights up and, as he leaves in anger, she uses one of his "playboy" remote control switches to lock the door. She flips the second switch and the player piano pounds out a honky-tonk version of Brad's standard love song. He turns around, their eyes meet, and they lovingly embrace.
At the end of the film, Brad goes to tell Jonathan that he is going to be a father, only to be pulled by Dr. Maxwell (an obstetrician) and Nurse Resnick into their office for an examination, when he says that he's going to have a baby (a reference to when he ducks into Dr. Maxwell's office in an earlier scene to hide from Jan, but escapes before they can examine him).
- Rock Hudson as Brad Allen
- Doris Day as Jan Morrow
- Tony Randall as Jonathan Forbes
- Thelma Ritter as Alma
- Nick Adams as Tony Walters
- Karen Norris as Miss Dickenson
- Julia Meade as Marie
- Allen Jenkins as Harry
- Marcel Dalio as Mr. Pierot
- Lee Patrick as Mrs. Walters
- Mary McCarty as Nurse Resnick
- Alex Gerry as Dr. Maxwell
- Hayden Rorke as Mr. Conrad
- Valerie Allen as Eileen
- Jacqueline Beer as Yvette
- Arlen Stuart as Tilda
The film's script was turned down and bought back by RKO a few times in the late 40's and early 50's until Martin Melcher (the husband of Doris Day at the time) and his Arwin Productions label bought the script and took it to Universal. According to Day in A.E. Hotchner's autobiography, Doris Day: Her Own Story, the film was initially titled Pillow Talk, but the title displeased the Production Code Administration (PCA). Melcher tried to get co-producer Ross Hunter to change the name to Any Way The Wind Blows, the name of a song he was about to publish, but Hunter stuck with the original name. The original ending planned for the film was to have Jan, after using the trick switch to lock the door and then smiling at Brad, shut off the light and say "All apartments look alike in the dark." This open-ending was changed in the final film to show that Jan and Brad got married and are now expecting a baby.
The film is noted for reinventing the screen images of Rock Hudson and, particularly, Doris Day. Hunter identified Day's potential to be sexy, and recruited legendary costume designer Jean Louis, who designed 18 or 24 costumes for Day to wear. Hunter said to Day, "You are sexy, Doris, and it's about time you dealt with it ... if you allow me to get Jean Louis to do your clothes, I mean a really sensational wardrobe that will show off that wild fanny of yours, and get some wonderful makeup on you, and chic you up and get a great hairdo that lifts you, why, every secretary and every housewife will say, 'Look at that—look what Doris has done to herself. Maybe I can do the same thing'". Day acknowledged that the film transformed her image from "the girl next door" to classy sex symbol, describing that the plot, for the time, was very sexy, involving a climactic scene in which the leading man carries her out of bed in her pajamas and out into the streets. In addition, Laykin et Cie lent $500,000 worth of jewels for Day to wear.
This is Hudson's first comedy film, after a slew of dramas that he made throughout the 1950s including All That Heaven Allows (1956) and A Farewell to Arms (1957). It was Hunter who saw Hudson's potential to do comedy. The advice he received from director Michael Gordon was "Comedy is the most serious tragedy in the world. Play it that way and you can't go wrong. If you ever think of yourself as funny, you haven't got a chance." On February 2, 1959, Thelma Ritter was cast as Alma, Jan's housekeeper, while Lee Patrick was cast as Mrs. Walters the following month. Hope Emerson was recruited by Hunter to play an Indian princess called "Dessert Flower" in the film. She does not appear in the final cut. A cameo appearance by Day's friend and actress Miriam Nelson occurs in the scene where Brad ducks into Dr. Maxwell's (the obstetrician) office to avoid running into Jan. Nelson was given the walk-on part as a patient in the waiting room so she could have lunch with Day in the commissary.
According to Hudson, the final scene, in which Brad storms into Jan's apartment and yanks her out of bed, and carries her through the streets of Manhattan, back to his re-decorated apartment, was actually shot first. Due to back problems, Hudson carried Day on a shelf with her sheets and blankets over her to get through the many takes. According to Hudson, "I could have managed if only one take had been involved, but we went on endlessly, primarily because there was a bit actor who played a cop on the street, and as we passed him Doris' line was 'Officer, arrest this man,' and the cop was supposed to say to me, 'How you doing, Brad?' but that stupid actor kept calling me Rock (01:39:36). So back to our marks we went for another take and another and another. I'll bet we did that scene twenty times. That's why the shelf for Doris to sit on." Also, Hudson related that when he pulled Doris Day out of bed, he forgot to let go of her ankles "…with the result that my leading lady crashed to the floor."
Day and Hudson developed chemistry during filming and the cast and crew acted as if they were family. Hudson recalled that, as per a Modern Screen article, "they had to add a week on to the shooting schedule because we could not stop laughing". Day clarified this during interviews she had with Merv Griffin on The Merv Griffin Show and Johnny Carson on The Tonight Show (1976), during her 1976 press tour to promote her new autobiography, Doris Day: Her Own Story, by A.E. Hotchner. "Every day on the set was a picnic—sometimes too much of a picnic, in that we took turns at breaking each other up." According to an October 1959 Saturday Review article, Jean Louis designed twenty-four costumes for Doris Day and Laykin et Cie loaned the production $500,000 worth of jewels. The film is notable for its usage of split-screens during which Jan and Brad/Rex have telephone conversations. Triple split-screens are featured at the beginning of the film when Brad is using the party line to flirt with Eileen and Yvette.
Day sings three songs in the film: "Pillow Talk" during the opening credits, "Roly Poly" in the piano bar with Blackwell and Hudson, and "Possess Me" on the drive up to Jonathan's cabin. Singer Perry Blackwell performs three songs in the piano bar: "I Need No Atmosphere", "Roly Poly" (in part), and "You Lied"—a song directed at Hudson's character, Brad. Hudson sings "Inspiration" in the film to three of his conquests: Eileen, Yvette and Marie. It then becomes an instrumental motif to represent Brad and his playboy ways: when the telephone inspector comes to interview Brad (00:13:24), when Brad calls Jan to apologize for his behavior and ask her on a date (00:26:26) and when Jan realizes that "Rex" was Brad the whole time after discovering the sheet music of the song and playing its notes on the piano in Jonathan's home during their stay in Connecticut (01:17:54). For their commercial releases, Doris Day recorded the title song for Columbia Records and Rock Hudson recorded "Roly Poly" and the title song for Decca Records.
Universal's efforts to promote the film were significant. The studio sponsored press tours by the cast, director and producers in cities across the United States throughout the late summer and early fall of 1959. Promotional materials included original production photos and press material (a copy of which is available at the New York Public Library for Performing Arts at Lincoln Center), print advertisements and recordings sent to radio stations with Day and Hudson narrating introductions to audio clips from the film. Also, Hudson recorded a voice message that would play when people called a number given by K-B's Ontario Theatre in local newspaper and magazine ads for the film. Even though the number was only expected to receive about 60,000 calls daily, it was so successful it wound up receiving twice that many, or 120,000 calls a day. The posters for the film differed in content in the United States and international markets. In the United States, the posters were clean and non-explicit, with no trace of the film's verbal and visual innuendo. Consistent with the European Foreign-Language films being introduced in the states, the ads running in Europe were more explicit. For example, the Danish release poster features an illustration of Doris Day in the bathtub from a high-angle, showing the water inside and giving a sexy appearance.
Producer Ross Hunter convinced Sol Schwartz, owner of the Palace Theatre on Broadway, to book Pillow Talk for a two-week run following its premiere on October 6, 1959. Cast members Hudson and Day attended the event with celebrities, including Gloria Swanson and Tallulah Bankhead. A second premiere also took place at the same time at the re-opened Murray Hill Theatre on 34th Street as a way to benefit the United Nations International School, where Tony Randall was present. An international premiere at the Egyptian Theatre in Hollywood also took place on October 13, with Hudson, Day, Esther Williams and Jeff Chandler in attendance.
The film was a box office hit, grossing $18,750,000 domestically. This made Hunter's vision of pairing Day and Hudson together so successful, that they earned Allied's "male and female star of the year" awards for 1959.
The film received mostly positive reviews from critics upon its release. Bosley Crowther of The New York Times wrote, "A nice, old-fashioned device of the theatre, the telephone party line, serves as a quaint convenience to bring together Rock Hudson and Doris Day in what must be cheerfully acknowledged one of the most lively and up-to-date comedy-romances of the year." Variety described the film as "dripping with the trappings of glamor. The premise is dubious, but an attractive cast, headed by Rock Hudson and Doris Day, give the good lines the strength to overcome this deficiency. It plays." Harrison's Reports agreed, writing: "Although the basic premise of the plot is slightly incredulous, and the plot itself wafer thin, the entire production is endowed with superb production values that more than compensate for the script deficiencies." Paul V. Beckley of the New York Herald Tribune wrote, "Pillow Talk is a melange of legs, pillows, slips, gowns and decor and is about as light as it could get without floating away, but it has a smart, glossy texture and that part of the population likely to be entranced at the sight of a well groomed Rock Hudson being irresistible to a silver-haired Doris Day will probably enjoy it." John McCarten of The New Yorker was dismissive, calling the film "an attempt at farce that is hardly what I would call farcical." The Monthly Film Bulletin wrote that director Michael Gordon "maintains a lively pace and handles his players with an expert feeling for timing and emphasis. Doris Day gives possibly her best comedy performance to date; Tony Randall works several more variations on his tired dilettante act; and Rock Hudson's beefcake charmer has all the necessary physical ingredients for success."
Awards and nominations
- Best Actress in a Leading Role (Doris Day, nominee)
- Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Thelma Ritter, nominee)
- Best Writing (Original Screenplay) (Russell Rouse, Clarence Greene, Stanley Shapiro and Maurice Richlin, winners)
- Best Art Direction-Set Decoration, Color (Richard H. Riedel, Russell A. Gausman and Ruby R. Levitt, nominees)
- Best Music, Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture (Frank De Vol, nominee)
- Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy (nominee)
- Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy (Doris Day, nominee)
- Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture (Tony Randall, nominee)
- Writers Guild of America Award for Best Written American Comedy (Stanley Shapiro and Maurice Richlin, nominees)
In 1980, a sequel was originally planned for the film, set 20 years after the original film ended. The story involved Jan and Brad having their first daughter (who would have been played by Kristy McNichol), and getting a divorce, which allows Jonathan (who would have been played again by Tony Randall) to have another chance of proposing to Jan. She schemes to get Brad back, while Brad does a scam of his own. According to David Kaufman's biography, Doris Day: The Untold Story of the Girl Next Door, Day was enthusiastic about the project and wanted to be involved. Hudson also expressed interest in returning. Ross Hunter was set to produce again, with Delbert Mann (who directed Day and Hudson in Lover Come Back) directing the script written by Bruce Kane. Despite making changes according to Day's wishes and getting approval from Universal to make the sequel, the project did not materialize; Day's retirement was one of the reasons.
- "Pillow Talk - Details". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- Cohn, Lawrence (October 15, 1990). "All-Time Film Rental Champs". Variety. p. M178.
- "NY Times: Pillow Talk". The New York Times. Retrieved December 23, 2008.
- "25 new titles added to National Film Registry". Yahoo! News. Yahoo!. December 30, 2009. Retrieved December 30, 2009.[dead link]
- Cohan, Steven (December 1997). "The Bachelor in the Bedroom". In Mellencamp, Patricia (ed.). Masked Men: Masculinity and the Movies in the Fifties. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. pp. 296–300. ISBN 978-0253332974.
- Connolly, Mike (August 28, 1959). "Rambling Reporter". Hollywood Reporter. p. 2.
- Day, Doris & Hotchner, A.E. (1976). Doris Day: Her Own Story. New York: Morrow. p. 195.
- Pillow Talk Production Notes
- Day & Hotchner (1976), p. . 200.
- Day & Hotchner (1976).[page needed]
- "Lee Patrick in 'Wind'". The Hollywood Reporter. April 2, 1959. p. 2.
- Kaufman, David (2008). Doris Day: The Untold Story of the Girl Next Door. New York: Virgin USA. p. 257.
- Kaufman (2008), p. 256.
- Kaufman (2008), p. 258.
- "Phone Co: In Yelp at P.A. For Loading Calls; Taped Rock Hudson as Call-On". Variety. October 7, 1959. n.p.
- Day & Hotchner (1976), pp. 200-201.
- "Of Local Origin". The New York Times. October 6, 1959. p. 45.
- "New First-Rim Film Theatre Opens Tonight". New York Herald Tribune. October 6, 1959. p. A5.
- "'Pillow Talk' to Premiere". Los Angeles Times. October 13, 1959. p. A8.
- "Pillow Talk". Variety. August 12, 1959. p. 6.
- "'Pillow Talk' with Rock Hudson, Doris Day, Tony Randall and Thelma Ritter". Harrison's Reports. September 12, 1959. p. 146.
- Beckley, Paul V. "'Pillow Talk'" New York Herald Tribune October 7, 1959: n. pag. Print.
- McCarten, John (October 17, 1959). "The Current Cinema". The New Yorker. p. 197.
- "Pillow Talk". The Monthly Film Bulletin. 27 (313). February 1960. p. 21.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved December 16, 2016.
- Martin, Jack (July 14, 1980). "Rock and Doris mull an update of Pillow Talk". New York Post. p. 7.
- Kaufman (2008), pp. 511-512.
- "Pillow Talk". AFI Catalogue of Feature Films. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
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