Alexander Crichlow Barker Jr. (May 8, 1919 – May 11, 1973), known as Lex Barker, was an American actor. He was known for playing Tarzan for RKO Pictures between 1949 and 1953, and portraying leading characters from Karl May's novels, notably as Old Shatterhand in a film series by the West German studio Constantin Film. At the height of his fame, he was one of the most popular actors in German-speaking cinema, and received Bambi Award and Bravo Otto nominations for the honor.
Alexander Crichlow Barker Jr.
May 8, 1919
Rye, New York, U.S.
|Died||May 11, 1973 (aged 54)|
New York City, U.S.
(engaged 1972–his death 1973)
Early life edit
Barker was born in Rye, New York, the second child of Alexander Crichlow Barker Sr., a wealthy Canadian-born building contractor and stockbroker, and his American wife, the former Marion Thornton Beals. He had an elder sister, Frederica Amelia "Freddie" Barlow (1917–1980). Of English and Spanish ancestry, Barker was a direct descendant of the founder of Rhode Island, Roger Williams, and of Sir William Henry Crichlow, historical governor-general of Barbados.
Raised in New York City and Port Chester, New York, he attended the Fessenden School and graduated from Phillips Exeter Academy. He played American football and the oboe. He attended Princeton University, but dropped out to join a theatrical stock company, much to his family's chagrin.
Barker made it to Broadway once, in a small role in a short run of Shakespeare's The Merry Wives of Windsor in 1938. He also had a small role in Orson Welles's disastrous Five Kings, which met with so many problems in Boston and Philadelphia that it never made it into New York City.
World War II edit
In February 1941, 10 months before the attack on Pearl Harbor, Barker left his fledgling acting career and enlisted in the U.S. Army. He rose to the rank of major during the war. He was wounded in action (in the head and leg) fighting in Sicily. He was awarded the Purple Heart twice.
Early film roles edit
Back in the US, he recuperated at a military hospital in Arkansas, then upon his discharge from service, traveled to Los Angeles. Within a short time, he landed a small role in Doll Face (1945), his first film.
Barker went to Paramount for Unconquered (1947). Back at RKO he was in Dick Tracy Meets Gruesome (1947), Berlin Express (1948), Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House (1948), The Velvet Touch (1948), and Return of the Bad Men (1948), playing Emmett Dalton.
In Tarzan's Magic Fountain (1949), Barker became the tenth official Tarzan of the movies. His blond, handsome, and intelligent appearance, as well as his athletic 6'4" frame, helped make him popular in the role Johnny Weissmuller had made his own for 16 years. His Jane was Brenda Joyce who had been in Weissmuller's last three films.
Barker's second Tarzan was Tarzan and the Slave Girl (1950), where Jane was played by Vanessa Brown. In Tarzan's Peril (1951), Barker's Jane was Virginia Huston, with African location footage. Dorothy Hart was Jane in Tarzan's Savage Fury (1952), directed by Cy Endfield.
In 1957, as he found it harder to find work in American films, Barker moved to Europe (he spoke French, Italian, Spanish, and some German), where he found popularity and starred in over 40 European films, including two movies based on the novels by Italian author Emilio Salgari (1862–1911).
He started his European career with a British thriller The Strange Awakening (1958). He went to Italy to star in Captain Falcon (1959), Son of the Red Corsair (1959), The Pirate and the Slave Girl (1959), and Terror of the Red Mask (1960).
In Germany, he had his greatest success. There he starred in movies based on the "Doctor Mabuse" stories (formerly filmed by Fritz Lang), in the movies The Return of Doctor Mabuse (1961). He was in Doctor Sibelius (1962).
Barker then played Old Shatterhand in an adaptation of the novel by German author Karl May (1842–1912), Treasure of the Silver Lake (1962). It was a huge hit, and 11 movies adapting stories by Karl May followed until 1968. Barker did the comedy Breakfast in Bed (1962), then the adventure movie Storm Over Ceylon (1963). He returned to Italy for The Executioner of Venice (1963) and Kali Yug: Goddess of Vengeance (1963).
Barker reprised his role as Old Shatterhand in Apache Gold (1964), Old Shatterhand (1964) and Last of the Renegades (1965). He went to South Africa for Harry Alan Towers' German-British international co-production Victim Five (1964), then returned to Germany for other adaptations of May books: The Treasure of the Aztecs (1965), The Pyramid of the Sun God (1965) . 24 Hours to Kill (1965) was a British movie. The Hell of Manitoba (1965) and The Desperado Trail (1966) were Westerns.
Though Barker did speak German, he was almost always dubbed in his West German films. His go-to dubber was Gert Günther Hoffmann, whose distinctive voice contributed to Barker's success.
In 1966, Barker was awarded the "Bambi Award" as Best Foreign Actor in Germany, where he was a very popular star. He even recorded two songs in German: "Ich bin morgen auf dem Weg zu dir" ("I'll be on the way to you tomorrow", composed by Martin Böttcher, the composer of some of the soundtracks of the Karl May movies) and "Mädchen in Samt und Seide" ("Girl in Silk and Velvet", composed by Werner Scharfenberger).
Later films included Killer's Carnival (1966), and Winnetou and the Crossbreed (1967). In the same year, he starred in a Eurospy film Spy Today, Die Tomorrow, a horror film The Blood Demon, and appeared in the anthology film Woman Times Seven (1967).
He returned to the United States occasionally and made a handful of guest appearances on American television episodes, but Europe, and especially Germany, was his professional home for the remainder of his life.
Personal life edit
Barker was married five times:
- Constance Rhodes Thurlow (1918–1975) (married June 27, 1942–divorced 1950), a daughter of Leon Rhodes Thurlow, a vice president of the Decorated Metal Manufacturing Company. They had one daughter, Lynn Thurlow Barker (April 11, 1943 – 2010) and a son, Alexander "Zan" Crichlow Barker III (March 25, 1947 – October 2, 2012). In 1952 Constance Barker married her second husband, John Lawrence Adams, a descendant of John Quincy Adams.
- Actress Arlene Dahl (married 1951–divorced 1952)
- Actress Lana Turner (married September 8, 1953–divorced July 22, 1957).
- Irene Labhardt (married 1957–1962; her death from leukemia), a Swiss actress. They had one son, Christopher (born 1960), who became an actor and singer.
- Tita Cervera (married 1965–divorced 1972, although divorce not deemed legally valid), a Spanish beauty pageant winner. Voted Miss Spain in 1962, she later became the wife of movie producer Espartaco Santoni in 1975 (the marriage turned out to be bigamous) and later still, in 1985, the fifth and final wife of billionaire art collector Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza.
Barker died on May 11, 1973, of a heart attack, three days after his 54th birthday, while walking down Lexington Avenue on New York City's Upper East Side, to meet his fiancée, actress Karen Kondazian. The funeral was held in New York. He was cremated and the ashes were taken by his estranged wife Tita to Spain.
|1945||Doll Face||Coast Guardsman||Uncredited|
|1946||Do You Love Me||Party Guest|
|Two Guys from Milwaukee||Fred|
|Cloak and Dagger||Rescued Man|
|1947||The Farmer's Daughter||Olaf Holstrom|
|Under the Tonto Rim||Deputy Joe|
|Unconquered||Royal American Officer||Uncredited|
|Dick Tracy Meets Gruesome||Ambulance Driver|
|Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House||Carpenter Foreman|
|The Velvet Touch||Paul Banton|
|Return of the Badmen||Emmett Dalton|
|1949||Tarzan's Magic Fountain||Tarzan|
|1950||Tarzan and the Slave Girl|
|1952||Tarzan's Savage Fury|
|Battles of Chief Pontiac||Lt. Kent McIntire|
|1953||Tarzan and the She-Devil||Tarzan|
|Thunder Over the Plains||Captain Bill Hodges|
|1954||The Mystery of The Black Jungle||Tremal Naik||Original (Italian) title: I misteri della giungla nera|
|Black Devils of Kali||Original (Italian) title: La vendetta dei Tughs|
|The Yellow Mountain||Andy Martin|
|1955||The Man from Bitter Ridge||Jeff Carr|
|Duel on the Mississippi||André Tulane|
|1956||The Price of Fear||Dave Barrett|
|Away All Boats||Commander Quigley|
|1957||War Drums||Mangas Coloradas|
|The Girl in the Kremlin||Steve Anderson|
|Jungle Heat||Dr. Jim Ransom|
|The Girl in Black Stockings||David Hewson|
|1958||The Strange Awakening||Peter Chance|
|Captain Falcon||Pietro||Original (Italian) title: Capitan Fuoco|
|1959||Son of the Red Corsair||Enrico di Ventimiglia||Original (Italian) title: Il figlio del corsaro rosso|
|The Pirate and the Slave Girl||Dragon Drakut||Original (Italian) title: La scimitarra del Saraceno|
|Mission in Morocco||Bruce Reynolds|
|1960||Terror of the Red Mask||Marco||Original (Italian) title: Terrore della maschera rossa|
|La Dolce Vita||Robert||Italian film|
|Knight of 100 Faces||Riccardo D'Arce||Original (Italian) title: Il cavaliere dai cento volti|
|Pirates of the Coast||Captain Luis Monterey||Original (Italian) title: I pirati della costa|
|Robin Hood and the Pirates||Robin Hood||Original (Italian) title: Robin Hood e i pirati|
|1961||The Secret of the Black Falcon||Captain Don Carlos de Herrera||Original (Italian) title: Il segreto dello sparviero nero|
|Le Trésor des hommes bleus||Fred||Spanish/French film|
|The Return of Dr. Mabuse||FBI-Agent Joe Como||Original (German) title: Im Stahlnetz des Dr. Mabuse|
|1962||The Invisible Dr. Mabuse||FBI-Agent Joe Como||Original (German) title: Die unsichtbaren Krallen des Dr. Mabuse|
|Doctor Sibelius||Dr. Georg Sibelius||Original (German) title: Frauenarzt Dr. Sibelius|
|Treasure of the Silver Lake||Old Shatterhand||Original (German) title: Der Schatz im Silbersee|
|1963||Breakfast in Bed||Victor H. Armstrong||Original (German) title: Frühstück im Doppelbett|
|Storm Over Ceylon||Larry Stone||Original (German) title: Das Todesauge von Ceylon|
|The Executioner of Venice||Sandrigo Bembo||Original (Italian) title: Il boia di Venezia|
|Kali Yug: Goddess of Vengeance||Major Ford||Original (Italian) title: Kali Yug, la dea della vendetta|
|Il mistero del tempio indiano||Major Ford||Italian film|
|Apache Gold||Old Shatterhand||Original (German) title: Winnetou I|
|1964||Apaches' Last Battle||Old Shatterhand||Original (German) title: Old Shatterhand|
|Victim Five||Steve Martin||UK film, US title: Code 7, Victim 5|
|The Shoot||Kara Ben Nemsi||Original (German) title: Der Schut|
|Last of the Renegades||Old Shatterhand||Original (German) title: Winnetou II|
|1965||The Treasure of the Aztecs||Dr. Karl Sternau||Original (German) title: Der Schatz der Azteken|
|The Pyramid of the Sun God||Dr. Karl Sternau||Original (German) title: Die Pyramide des Sonnengottes|
|Twenty-Four Hours to Kill||Captain Jamie Faulkner||UK/German co-production film|
|The Hell of Manitoba a.k.a. A Place Called Glory||Clint Brenner||Original (German) title: Die Hölle von Manitoba|
|The Wild Men of Kurdistan||Kara Ben Nemsi||Original (German) title: Durchs wilde Kurdistan|
|The Desperado Trail||Old Shatterhand||Original (German) title: Winnetou III|
|Fury of the Sabers||Kara Ben Nemsi||Original (German) title: Im Reiche des silbernen Löwen|
|1966||Who Killed Johnny R.?||Sam Dobie||Original (German) title: Wer kennt Johnny R.?|
|Killer's Carnival||Glenn Cassidy||Original (French) title: Le carnaval des barbouzes, (Rio segment)|
|Winnetou and the Crossbreed||Old Shatterhand||Original (German) title: Winnetou und das Halbblut Apanatschi|
|1967||Woman Times Seven||Rik||(segment "Super Simone")|
|Spy Today, Die Tomorrow||Bob Urban||Original (German) title: Mister Dynamit – Morgen küßt Euch der Tod|
|The Blood Demon||Roger Mont Elise||Original (German) title: Die Schlangengrube und das Pendel|
|1968||The Valley of Death||Old Shatterhand||Original (German) title: Winnetou und Shatterhand im Tal der Toten|
|When You're With Me||Kapitän Hannes Schneider||Original (German) title: Wenn du bei mir bist|
|1952||Tales of Tomorrow||Kurt||Episode: "Red Dust"|
|1956||Lux Video Theatre||Stephen Dexter||Episode: "Hired Wife"|
|1956–57||Studio 57||Brad / Robin Ridour||2 episodes|
|1960||Tales of the Vikings||König Gordar||Episode: "The Shield"|
|1969||It Takes a Thief||Kurt 'Matt' Matson||Episode: "The King of Thieves"|
|1971||The Name of the Game||Will Cheyenne||Episode: "The Man Who Killed a Ghost"|
|The F.B.I.||Owen Stuart||Episode: "Three-Way Split"|
|1972||Night Gallery||Charlie McKinley||Segment: "The Waiting Room"|
- "Ich bin morgen auf dem Weg zu dir" / "Mädchen in Samt und Seide" 1965, Single, Decca D 19 725
- Winnetou du warst mein Freund 1996, CD, Bear Family Records
See also edit
- Obituary Variety, May 16, 1973.
- Reiner Boller, Christina Böhme (2003). Lex Barker – Die Biografie. Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf Verlag, Germany. ISBN 3-89602-444-2.
- "Miss Beals's Wedding", The New York Times, April 20, 1913.
- "Lex Barker - Der unvergessene Tarzan und Old Shatterhand". lex-barker.eu. January 1, 2008. Retrieved October 1, 2023.
- "Lex Barker - Biography". tribute-to-lex-barker.net. June 14, 2005. Retrieved October 1, 2023.
- "LEX BARKER DIES; TARZAN OF MOVIES". The New York Times. May 12, 1973. Retrieved September 14, 2007.
- "The Merry Wives of Windsor". IBDB.com. Internet Broadway Database.
- Leaming, Barbara. Orson Welles: A Biography, pp. 188–201
- Electronic Army Serial Number Merged File, 1938–1946 [Archival Database]; World War II Army Enlistment Records; Records of the National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 64
- Freese, Gene (2017). Classic Movie Fight Scenes: 75 Years of Bare Knuckle Brawls, 1914–1989. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 108. ISBN 978-1-4766-6943-4.
- Rowan 2013, p. 40.
- Vallance, Tom (August 15, 2009). "Brenda Joyce: Actress who played Jane to Johnny Weissmuller's Tarzan". The Independent. Archived from the original on 2022-06-14. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
- Schneider 2012, p. viii.
- Drew 1986, section 742.
- Österberg, Bertil O. (2000). Colonial America on Film and Television: A Filmography. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-7864-4242-3.
- Nott, Robert (2004). The Films of Randolph Scott. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 172. ISBN 978-0-7864-3759-7.
- Rowan, Terry (2015). Motion Pictures From the Fabulous 1950's. p. 71. ISBN 978-1-329-76077-6.
- Monush 2003, p. 43.
- Maltin, Leonard (2015). Turner Classic Movies Presents Leonard Maltin's Classic Movie Guide. New York: Penguin Random House. p. 250. ISBN 978-0-14-751682-4.
- Kalat 2005, p. 150.
- Bergfelder 2005, p. 192.
- Hughes 2011, p. 40.
- Dyer, Richard (2018). La dolce vita. London: British Film Institute. p. 21. ISBN 978-1-8445-7392-9.
- Kalat 2005, p. 298.
- Goral, Pawel (2014). Cold War Rivalry and the Perception of the American West. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 122. ISBN 978-1-137-36429-6.
- Lentz III, Harris M. (2016). Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 2015. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-7864-7667-1.
- Hughes 2011, p. 42.
- Prickette, James (2012). Actors of the Spaghetti Westerns. p. 310. ISBN 978-1-4691-4428-3.
- Bergfelder 2005, p. 219.
- Bergfelder 2005, p. 252.
- Rowan 2013, p. 447.
- Petzel, Michael (1998). Karl-May-Filmbuch: Stories und Bilder aus der deutschen Traumfabrik [Karl May film book: Stories and Pictures from the German dream factory] (in German). Radebeul, Germany: Karl-May-Verlag. p. 33. ISBN 978-3780201539.
- "Music Capitals of the World". Billboard. New York. November 13, 1965.
- Michael & Parish 1969, p. 52.
- "Mrs. Barker's Nuptials", The New York Times, September 12, 1952
- Curti, Roberto (2013). Italian Crime Filmography, 1968–1980. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 228. ISBN 978-0-7864-6976-5.
- Boller, Reiner (November 2, 2009). "Karen Kondazian". Lex-Barker.com. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
- Bergfelder, Tim (2005). International Adventures: German Popular Cinema and European Co-productions in the 1960s. New York: Berghahn Books. ISBN 1-57181-538-4.
- Christ, Manfred (1994). Von Tarzan bis Old Shatterhand – Lex Barker und seine Filme [From Tarzan to Old Shatterhand - Lex Barker and his Films] (in German). Tuningen, Germany: Günter Albert Ulmer Verlag. ISBN 3-924191-81-6.
- Crane, Cheryl; Jahr, Cliff (1988). Detour: A Hollywood Tragedy: My Life With Lana Turner, My Mother. London: Penguin Group. ISBN 0-7181-3069-3.
- Drew, Bernard A. (1986). Motion Picture Series and Sequels: A Reference Guide. New York: Routledge. ISBN 9780415726658.
- Hughes, Howard (2011). Cinema Italiano: The Complete Guide from Classics to Cult. London and New York: I.B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1-84885-607-3.
- Kalat, David (2005). The Strange Case of Dr. Mabuse: A Study of the Twelve Films and Five Novels. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0-7864-2337-8.
- Michael, Paul; Parish, James Robert (1969). The American Movies Reference Book: The Sound Era. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall. ISBN 978-0130281340.
- Monush, Barry (2003). The Encyclopedia of Hollywood Film Actors: From the Silent Era to 1965. New York: Applause Theatre & Cinema Books. ISBN 1-55783-551-9.
- Rowan, Terry (2013). The American Western A Complete Film Guide. ISBN 978-1-300-41858-0.
- Schneider, Jerry L. (2012). Lord of the Jungle Filming Locations of California. California: Corriganville Press. ISBN 978-0-9831972-7-0.