The Muny

The St. Louis Municipal Opera Theatre (commonly known as The Muny) is an amphitheatre located in St. Louis, Missouri. The theatre seats 11,000 people with about 1,500 free seats in the last nine rows that are available on a first come, first served basis.[2]

St. Louis Municipal Opera Theatre
The Muny
St. Louis Municipal Opera Theatre is located in Forest Park (St. Louis)
St. Louis Municipal Opera Theatre
St. Louis Municipal Opera Theatre
Location within Forest Park
Former namesMunicipal Theater of St. Louis (1917-19)
Address1 Theatre Dr
St. Louis, MO 63112-1019
LocationForest Park
Coordinates38°38′26″N 90°16′50″W / 38.640560°N 90.280484°W / 38.640560; -90.280484Coordinates: 38°38′26″N 90°16′50″W / 38.640560°N 90.280484°W / 38.640560; -90.280484
OwnerMunicipal Theatre Association of St. Louis
OpenedJune 5, 1917 (1917-06-05)
Renovated1923, 1930, 1935, 1997, 2004, 2014-15, 2018-19
Construction cost$10,000
($237,829 in 2020 dollars[1])

The Muny seasons run every year from mid-June to mid-August. It is run by a nonprofit organization. The current president and chief executive is Dennis M. Reagan. The current artistic director and executive producer is Mike Isaacson.


The Muny in 1923

In 1914, Luther Ely Smith began staging pageant-masques on Art Hill in Forest Park.[3] In 1916, a grassy area between two oak trees on the present site of The Muny was chosen for a production of As You Like It produced by Margaret Anglin and starring Sydney Greenstreet with a local cast of "1,000 St. Louis folk dancers and folk singers"[4] in connection with the tercentenary of Shakespeare's death. The audience sat in portable chairs on a gravel floor.[5]

Soon after, the Convention Board of the St. Louis Advertising Club was looking for an entertainment feature for its 13th annual convention, which was to take place June 3, 1917. Mayor Henry Kiel, attorney Guy Golterman, and Parks Commissioner Nelson Cunliff stepped in and, in 49 days (not counting seven lost to rain), created the first municipally owned outdoor theatre in the United States. On June 5, 1917, the opera Aida was presented on what would become the Muny stage.

In 1919, the new theatre received a name: St. Louis Municipal Opera Theatre, or "The Muny" for short. The first show under the Muny banner was Robin Hood, which opened on June 16, 1919, and featured Mayor Kiel as King Richard. Concerts were performed here prior to the opening of Riverport Amphitheatre in 1991.

By the beginning of the 1921 season, the facility had a new permanent stage. Its base was concrete to prevent damage from floods, such as one that damaged the theater's equipment on opening night in 1919. Improvements for 1922 included a new pergola, 750 permanent opera chairs, 500 parking spaces for automobiles, and the addition of "comfort stations". Additions for 1923 included 1,800 permanent seats, an extra stage for rehearsals, and a sound amplifier to enable people in the back of the audience to hear as well as those in the front.[5]

On January 4, 1923, the Municipal Theater Association opened a free school for people who aspired to sing in the chorus for that summer's productions. Of 420 applicants, 239 had been accepted as of the class's beginning, with 45 remaining to be examined. Classes met two nights a week until May 1, when rehearsals began.[6]

Keil stepped down from being president of the Municipal Theater Association in 1924, saying that the enterprise should be headed by businessmen, and Cunliff simultaneously left his position as chairman of the group's Executive Productions Committee. H. J. Pettengill, chairman of Southwest Bell Telephone Company's board of directors, was elected the new president.[7]

Reserved seats for all paid admissions were instituted in 1925, after 2,400 numbered chairs were installed in the previously unreserved 25-cent section.[8]

Stage in 1932

In 1930, the stage was equipped with a turntable for performance purposes. It was reconstructed in 1997 due to dilapidation. As part of the Second Century Capital Campaign/2018-19 renovations, the turntable was replaced. In 1994, The Muny's board of directors founded the Muny Kids, a select group of performers between the ages of 7 and 13 who traveled around St. Louis performing, and in the summer gave preview shows prior to the production. In 1998, the Muny Teens group was formed for the same purpose, featuring teen performers between the ages of 14 and 18.

The chairman of the board of the Muny in 2005-2006 was William H. T. Bush (younger brother of former President George H. W. Bush).[9] The current Chairman of the Board is Louis A. Cella.

Centennial CelebrationsEdit

  • The Muny had several events to celebrate reaching the theater's century milestone.[10]
  • Muny Memories: 100 Seasons Onstage—This exhibit at the Missouri History Museum ran from June 9, 2018 to June 2, 2019. It featured costumes, props, set pieces, and other artifacts as well as interactive portions and information exploring the history of The Muny.
  • The St. Louis Symphony Orchestra and Chorus paid tribute to the Muny's first 25 years with a concert at Powell Hall.
  • The Muny held their Centennial Birthday Bash, an open house celebration with a variety of activities.
  • An Evening with the Stars, hosted by Heather Headley and Matthew Morrison was a revue-style show showcasing the Muny's past 100 seasons. Prior to the Evening with the Stars show was The Muny Centennial Gala dinner.

Season 2017Edit

Front of The Muny during the 2009 season

Season 2018Edit

Season 2019Edit

Season 2020Edit

Note: due to COVID-19, the 2020 season was cancelled. In lieu of a regular season, the theater premiered a series of shows on YouTube entitled, "Muny 2020 Summer Variety Hour Live![11] archival footage from various shows from the past decade, backstage tours, socially distant performances from their Muny Teens, and interviews and special performances from actors who had previously appeared on the Muny stage, and ending in a live performance at the Muny.

Season 2021Edit

Past seasonsEdit

For a complete listing of all productions since the first season in 1919, see List of The Muny repertory.


The Muny produces all of its musicals (typically seven) in the season and operates only in the summer. During the winter, a full-time staff of fewer than 20 people prepare for the next summer season. During the season itself, the summer staff expands to include more than 500 people in various positions. All shows are rehearsed within the course of 11 days, with two technical rehearsals (one costumed, one not) being held in the two to three days before the show's opening. Shows run from Monday to Sunday, although exceptions to this have occurred, particularly in recent years, when each season has had at least one production with an extended run.

In 2015, The Muny began producing Muny Magic at The Sheldon, bi-annual concerts at the Sheldon Concert Hall.[12] They are cabaret-style concerts featuring artists who have appeared on the Muny stage. In recent years, Muny Artistic Director and Executive Producer Mike Isaacson has announced the lineup for the upcoming summer season at the spring installments of Muny Magic at the Sheldon.[13]

Comparison to other outdoor theatresEdit

The Muny in 2017

The Muny website claims it is the "nation's oldest and largest outdoor musical theatre."[14] Numerous amphitheatres/outdoor theatres have a larger capacity area, but The Muny houses the largest number of seats. No lawn seating exists inside The Muny. In addition, The Muny is the largest to host only Broadway-style musical theatre.

The next-largest seat capacity theatre in the United States is the San Manuel Amphitheater in California, housing 10,900 seats.

For a list of other amphitheatres see: List of contemporary amphitheatres.


Since its beginning, The Muny has featured hundreds of big names in theatre, television, and film on its stage, drawing inevitably huge crowds. A history of the celebrities who have performed at The Muny, including a cast listing, can be found on The Muny's website.

Future seasonsEdit

During one of the last productions each summer season, survey forms are handed out to audience members. On this survey, audience members are asked to select their top seven choices from a long list of show titles. The choices change each year, depending on which titles are available and what shows have not been produced for a number of years. The survey results contribute to (though are just one of many determining factors in deciding) show choices for upcoming seasons. In the past, The Muny chiefly operated on a five-year cycle in which a title could not be produced again until five seasons had passed[citation needed]. Over the past two decades, Fiddler on the Roof, Annie, My Fair Lady, 42nd Street, West Side Story, and The Wizard of Oz have been the most popular titles, each receiving four productions since 1990. The 2012 Muny season was announced in October 2011, a significant shift from the typical Muny practice of officially announcing the upcoming summer season in the preceding January or February of the same year.

Second Century Capital CampaignEdit

The Muny stage under construction

On May 19, 2018, The Muny Announced its Second Century Capital Campaign "a $100 million fundraising effort that will fund major capital improvements, including a complete rebuild of the Muny stage, the support, maintenance and upkeep of the aging 11.5 acre campus, and the building of the theatre’s endowment, which supports The Muny’s ever- growing education and outreach programs."[15] The improvements, including the rebuilding of the stage, orchestra pit, and lighting deck began following the close of the theater's 2018 season. The focus of the campaign's improvements is to update the century-old facility. As stated by Mike Issacon, "we need a stage for the next generation that is also truly singular and wonderful. We’ve got to do this for our next generations."[15]

The multi-million-dollar renovation process consists of two phases. Phase 1 consists of the stage rebuild among other updates. Phase 2 includes backstage renovations, the addition of decorative shells on the stage's facade, and the planting of new trees surrounding the stage. The Muny's iconic oak trees had to be removed, but as part of the renovations, new trees grafted from the original ones will be planted and the stage designed to support the new trees.[16] Phase 1 was completed prior to the start of the 2019 season and Phase 2 is set to be completed before the 2020 season is underway.[17]

More information on the campaign can be found at the Muny's Second Century Capital Campaign website.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ 1634–1699: McCusker, J. J. (1997). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States: Addenda et Corrigenda (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1700–1799: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1800–present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  2. ^ "Tickets".
  3. ^ Luther Ely Smith: Founder of a Memorial - - Retrieve January 12, 2008
  4. ^ "Our Historic Theatre", Muny, Retrieved January 12, 2008
  5. ^ a b "Muny Operas Pay To Make Theater Finest in World". The St. Louis Star and Times. Missouri, St. Louis. May 6, 1923. p. 18. Retrieved 10 February 2019 – via
  6. ^ "Muny Opera Training School to Open Today". The St. Louis Star and Times. Missouri, St. Louis. January 4, 1923. p. 3. Retrieved 10 February 2019 – via
  7. ^ "Keil Quits as Executive Head of Muny Opera". The St. Louis Star and Times. Missouri, St. Louis. October 31, 1924. p. 1. Retrieved 10 February 2019 – via
  8. ^ "All Paid Muny Opera Seats Will Be Reserved". The St. Louis Star and Times. Missouri, St. Louis. May 4, 1925. p. 9. Retrieved 10 February 2019 – via
  9. ^ Bush O'Donnell Capital Partners, LLC: Principals: William H.T. (Bucky) Bush Archived 2008-02-14 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "100th Celebration". The Muny. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  11. ^ "Star-Studded Artists and Program Announced for Third Episode of The Muny 2020 Summer Variety Hour Live!". The Muny. 2020-07-30. Retrieved 2020-09-07.
  12. ^ Newmark, Judith. "Muny announces its first cabaret concert at the Sheldon". Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  13. ^ "Muny Magic at The Sheldon". The Muny. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  14. ^ The Muny
  15. ^ a b "Muny Announces Historic Second Century Campaign". The Muny. May 19, 2018. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  16. ^ "The Canopy". The Muny Second Century Capital Campaign. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  17. ^ Muyco-Tobin, Trish (May 15, 2019). "The Muny Unveils New Stage in Anticipation of Its 101st Season". GAZELLE MAGAZINE. Retrieved March 28, 2020.

External linksEdit