56th Academy Awards
|56th Academy Awards|
|Date||April 9, 1984|
|Site||Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles|
|Hosted by||Johnny Carson|
|Produced by||Jack Haley Jr.|
|Directed by||Marty Pasetta|
|Best Picture||Terms of Endearment|
|Most awards||Terms of Endearment (5)|
|Most nominations||Terms of Endearment (11)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||3 hours, 42 minutes|
|Ratings||38.0 (Nielsen ratings)|
The Best Supporting Actress winner this year was unique; Linda Hunt won for her role as Billy Kwan – a male Chinese-Australian photographer – in Peter Weir's The Year of Living Dangerously, making her the first actor to win an Oscar for playing a character of the opposite sex.
James L. Brooks won three Academy Awards, as producer, director and writer of Best Picture winner Terms of Endearment. Of its other eight nominations, two were for Best Actress; Shirley MacLaine won over Debra Winger in that category. The movie won five Oscars in total, the fifth being Jack Nicholson for Best Supporting Actor, his second career win.
This ceremony ended with Sammy Davis Jr. and Liza Minnelli leading the crowd in "There's No Business Like Show Business" in tribute to Ethel Merman, who had died a month and a half before the ceremony. The performance occurred over the closing credits of the broadcast.
The Award for Best Makeup was not given this year.
While this year's ceremony was the first without the recitation of the Academy's voting procedure at the beginning of the telecast — it was moved to the end credits — those of the accounting firm Price Waterhouse who were responsible for tabulating the results and guarding their secrecy were still introduced.
Honorary Academy AwardEdit
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian AwardEdit
Special Achievement Academy AwardEdit
The filmmakers and studio executives were very surprised by the five Academy Award nominations for Tender Mercies, which was released ten months before the nominations were announced and had received little campaigning. Universal Studios had already previously sold the video rights for Tender Mercies based on their lack of confidence in the film following poor test screenings; the studio was therefore unable to redistribute Tender Mercies after the Oscar nominations were announced, and cable companies ran the film on television one week before the Academy Award ceremony.
When screenwriter Horton Foote won a Best Adapted Screenplay Oscar for To Kill a Mockingbird, he was not present at the 1963 ceremony to collect it because he did not believe he was going to win and did not attend. As a result, Foote made sure he was present for the ceremony when he was nominated for Tender Mercies; he won that Oscar as well, this time for Best Original Screenplay.
This was the first awards show in history to use a computer-generated graphic timer clock to notify awardees how much time they had to give their speeches before time was up. The countdown clock was displayed on a large screen TV in front of the stage. It was controlled by the assistant director who had the discretion to activate it or not depending on the importance of the award and, for this show, was programmed for 30 seconds. This has since become a staple element of almost all award shows and is often followed up by the music when the awardee ignores the clock.
Presenters and performersEdit
The following individuals, listed in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers.
|Quincy Jones||Musical arranger and conductor||Orchestral|
The National Dance Institute
|Performers||"Flashdance... What a Feeling" from Flashdance|
|Performers||"Maniac" from Flashdance|
|Mac Davis||Performer||"Over You" from Tender Mercies|
|Donna Summer||Performer||"Papa, Can You Hear Me?" from Yentl|
|Jennifer Holliday||Performer||"The Way He Makes Me Feel" from Yentl|
|Sammy Davis Jr.
|Performers||"There's No Business Like Show Business"|
Multiple nominations and awardsEdit
These films had multiple nominations:
The following films received multiple awards.
- on YouTube. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
- "The 56th Academy Awards (1984) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on 2014-11-11. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
- "The Official Academy Awards Database". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Select "1983" in the "Award Year(s)" drop-down menu and press "Search".
- Bruce Beresford, Robert Duvall, Horton Foote, Allan Hubbard, Gary Hertz (director), Tess Harper (2002-04-16). Miracles & Mercies (Documentary). West Hollywood, California: Blue Underground. Archived from the original on 2005-02-06. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 56th Academy Awards.|