Nora Ephron (// EF-rən; May 19, 1941 – June 26, 2012) was an American journalist, writer, and filmmaker. She is best known for her romantic comedy films and was nominated three times for the both the Writer’s Guild of America Award and the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay for Silkwood (1983), When Harry Met Sally... (1989), and Sleepless in Seattle (1993). She won the BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay for When Harry Met Sally..., which the Writers Guild of America ranked as having the 40th greatest screenplay of all time.
|Born||May 19, 1941|
New York City, U.S.
|Died||June 26, 2012 (aged 71)|
New York City, U.S.
|Education||Wellesley College (BA)|
|Silkwood, When Harry Met Sally..., Sleepless in Seattle, You've Got Mail, Julie & Julia|
Her first produced play, Imaginary Friends (2002), was honored as one of the 10 best plays of the 2002–03 New York theatre season. She also co-authored the Drama Desk Award–winning theatrical production Love, Loss, and What I Wore. In 2013, Ephron received a posthumous Tony Award nomination for Best Play for Lucky Guy.
Early life and educationEdit
Ephron was born in New York City to a Jewish family. She was the eldest of four daughters, and grew up in Beverly Hills, California. Her parents, Phoebe (née Wolkind) and Henry Ephron, were both East Coast-born and were noted playwrights and screenwriters. Ephron was named after the protagonist in the play A Doll’s House by Henrik Ibsen. Nora's younger sisters, Delia and Amy, are also screenwriters. Her sister Hallie Ephron is a journalist, book reviewer, and novelist who writes crime fiction. Ephron's parents based the ingenue character in the play and film version of Take Her, She's Mine on the 22-year-old Nora and her letters from college. Both her parents became alcoholics during their declining years.
As a high school student, Ephron dreamed of going to New York City to become another Dorothy Parker, an American poet, writer, satirist, and critic. Ephron has cited her high school journalism teacher, Charles Simms, as the inspiration for her pursuit of a career in journalism. She graduated from Beverly Hills High School in 1958, and from Wellesley College in Massachusetts, in 1962 with a degree in political science.
After graduating from Wellesley College in 1962, Ephron worked briefly as an intern in the White House of President John F. Kennedy. She also applied to be a writer at Newsweek. After she was told they did not hire women writers, she accepted a position as a mail girl.
After eventually quitting Newsweek because she was not allowed to write, Ephron participated in a class action lawsuit against the magazine for sexual discrimination, described in the book The Good Girls Revolt: How the Women of Newsweek Sued Their Bosses and Changed the Workplace by Lynn Povich, and both the lawsuit and Ephron's role were fictionalized in a 2016 Amazon series by the similar main title Good Girls Revolt.
After a satire in Monocle she wrote lampooning the New York Post caught the editor's eye, Ephron accepted a job at the Post, where she worked as a reporter for five years. In 1966, she broke the news in the Post that Bob Dylan had married Sara Lownds in a private ceremony. Upon becoming a successful writer, she wrote a column on women's issues for Esquire. In this position, Ephron made a name for herself by writing "A Few Words About Breasts," a humorous essay about body image that "established her as the enfant terrible of the New Journalism." While at Esquire, she took on subjects as wide-ranging as Dorothy Schiff, her former boss and owner of the Post; Betty Friedan, whom she chastised for pursuing a feud with Gloria Steinem; and her alma mater Wellesley, which she said had turned out "a generation of docile and unadventurous women." A 1968 send-up of Women's Wear Daily in Cosmopolitan resulted in threats of a lawsuit from WWD.
She rewrote a script for All the President's Men in the mid-1970s, along with her then husband Bernstein. While the script was not used, it was seen by someone who offered Ephron her first screenwriting job, for a television movie, which began her screenwriting career.
In 1983, Ephron coscripted the film Silkwood with Alice Arlen. The film, directed by Mike Nichols, stars Meryl Streep as Karen Silkwood, a whistleblower at the Kerr McGee Cimarron nuclear facility who dies under suspicious circumstances. Ephron and Arlen were nominated for Best Original Screenplay in 1984 for Silkwood.
Ephron's novel Heartburn was published in 1983. The novel is a semi-autobiographical account of her marriage with Carl Bernstein. The film adaptation was released in 1986, directed by Mike Nichols starring Meryl Streep and Jack Nicholson. Ephron adapted her own novel into the screenplay for the film. In the film, Ephron's fictionalized portrayal of herself, played by Streep, is a pregnant food writer when she learns about her husband's affair.
Ephron wrote the script for the romantic comedy When Harry Met Sally... in 1986. The film released in 1989, was directed by Rob Reiner, starred Billy Crystal and Meg Ryan. The film depicts the decade-long relationship between Harry (Crystal) and Sally (Ryan) as they navigate their own romantic relationships. Ephron has claimed that she wrote this screenplay with Reiner in mind as the character of Harry, and herself as the character of Sally. The film has become iconic in the romantic comedy genre, most notably for the scene in which Sally pretends to have an orgasm in the middle of Katz's Deli during lunch. Ephron said she wrote the part of Sally simulating an orgasm into the script per Meg Ryan's suggestions. Additionally, the comment “I’ll have what she’s having” said by a deli patron (played by Rob Reiner's real life mother Estelle Reiner) watching the scene unfold nearby, was an idea from Billy Crystal. Ephron's script was nominated for the 1990 Oscar in Best Writing, Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen.
Ephron's directorial debut was the 1992 film This Is My Life. Ephron and her sister Delia Ephron wrote the script based on Meg Wolitzer’s novel This is Your Life. The film is about a woman who decides to pursue a career in stand up comedy after inheriting a substantial sum of money from a relative. In a conversation released by Criterion Channel between Lena Dunham, and Ephron, she stated "That movie I made completely for Woody Allen." She later stated in the conversation that he saw it and liked it.
In 1993, Ephron directed and wrote the script for the romantic comedy Sleepless in Seattle. The film stars Tom Hanks as Sam Baldwin, a recently widowed father whose son calls into a Chicago-based radio talk show in an attempt to find his father a new partner. After hearing this call, Baltimore resident Annie Reed, played by Meg Ryan, becomes infatuated with Sam, and sets up a rendezvous for the two to meet in New York City.
In 1998, Ephron released the film You’ve Got Mail, which she wrote the script for and directed. The story is a loose adaptation of the Ernst Lubitsch film from 1940 The Shop Around the Corner. You’ve Got Mail stars Meg Ryan as Kathleen Kelly, an owner of a small, independent children's bookstore in New York City. Her quiet life is then threatened by Fox Books, a Barnes & Noble-esque book selling chain, which opens near her shop. Fox Books is run by Joe Fox, played by Tom Hanks. Joe and Kathleen navigate a tumultuous business rivalry, while unknowingly forming an intimate connection with each other via email.
In 2009, Ephron directed and co-wrote the screenplay for Julie & Julia. The film is based on Julie Powell’s blog and memoir of the same title. The film is about Julia Child, the famous American chef played by Meryl Streep, and Julie Powell, a New Yorker attempting to cook her way through Child’s cookbook, played by Amy Adams. As Powell blogs her experience, the film flashes back to the story of Child’s first stages of her career as she trains in a French culinary school. The film was a commercial success.
Ephron's 2002 play Imaginary Friends explores the rivalry between writers Lillian Hellman and Mary McCarthy. She co-authored the play Love, Loss, and What I Wore (based on the book by Ilene Beckerman) with her sister Delia, and it has played to sold out audiences in Canada, New York City and Los Angeles.
Ephron was married three times. Her first marriage, to writer Dan Greenburg, ended in divorce after nine years. In 1976, she married journalist Carl Bernstein. In 1979, Ephron had a toddler son, Jacob, and was pregnant with her second son Max when she discovered Bernstein's affair with their mutual friend, married British journalist Margaret Jay, daughter of former British prime minister James Callaghan. Ephron was inspired by this to write the 1983 novel Heartburn, which was then made into a 1986 Mike Nichols film starring Jack Nicholson and Meryl Streep. In the book, Ephron wrote of a husband named Mark, who was "capable of having sex with a Venetian blind." She also wrote that the character Thelma (based on Margaret Jay) looked like a giraffe with "big feet". Bernstein threatened to sue over the book and film but never did.
Ephron was married for more than 20 years to screenwriter Nicholas Pileggi, from 1987 until her death in 2012. The couple lived in the Hollywood Hills in Los Angeles, and in New York City.
Ephron's friend Richard Cohen said of her, "She was very Jewish, culturally and emotionally. She identified fully as a Jewish woman." However, Ephron was not religious. "You can never have too much butter – that is my belief. If I have a religion, that's it", she quipped in an NPR interview about her 2009 movie Julie & Julia.
For many years, Ephron was one of the few people who knew the identity of Deep Throat, the anonymous informer for articles written by her ex-husband Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward uncovering the Watergate scandal. Ephron read Bernstein's notes, which referred to Deep Throat as "MF"; Bernstein said it stood for "My Friend," but Ephron correctly guessed it stood for Mark Felt, the former associate director of the FBI.
After Ephron's marriage with Bernstein ended, Ephron revealed Deep Throat's identity to her son Jacob and anyone else who asked. She once said "I would give speeches to 500 people and someone would say, 'Do you know who Deep Throat is?' And I would say, 'It's Mark Felt.'" Classmates of Jacob Bernstein at the Dalton School and Vassar College recall Jacob's revealing to numerous people that Felt was Deep Throat. This revelation attracted little media attention during the many years that the identity of Deep Throat was a mystery. Ephron said, "No one, apart from my sons, believed me." Ephron was invited by Arianna Huffington to write about the experience in the Huffington Post, for which she was a regular blogger and part-time editor.
In 2006, Ephron was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia. She chose not to disclose her diagnosis to friends or colleagues, fearing that the knowledge that she was ill would have impeded her career, and would make it impossible to get projects financed or insured. On June 26, 2012, Ephron died in Manhattan from pneumonia, as a complication of leukemia, at the age of 71.
Her memorial service at Alice Tully Hall at Lincoln Center in New York City was attended by Meryl Streep, Tom Hanks, Billy Crystal, Meg Ryan, Rob Reiner, Barbara Walters, Diane Sawyer, Steven Spielberg, Martin Scorsese, Woody Allen, Alan Alda, Steve Martin, Martin Short, Lorne Michaels, Larry David, Joy Behar, Rosie O'Donnell, Annette Bening, Matthew Broderick, Nicole Kidman, Michael Bloomberg, Charlie Rose, Ron Howard, and Gayle King, among others.
The Nora Ephron Prize is a $25,000 award by the Tribeca Film Festival for a female writer or filmmaker "with a distinctive voice". The first Nora Ephron Prize was awarded in 2013 to Meera Menon for her film Farah Goes Bang.
As an actress, Nora Ephron appeared in two films, both made by her friend Woody Allen. She is credited as being a wedding guest in Crimes and Misdemeanors (1989) and as a Dinner Party Guest in Husbands and Wives (1992).
|1983||Silkwood||No||Yes||No||Co-written with Alice Arlen|
|1986||Heartburn||No||Yes||No||Adapted from her novel of the same name|
|1989||When Harry Met Sally...||No||Yes||Yes|
|Cookie||No||Yes||Yes||Co-written with Alice Arlen|
|1990||My Blue Heaven||No||Yes||Yes|
|1992||This Is My Life||Yes||Yes||No||Directorial debut; |
Co-written with Delia Ephron
|1993||Sleepless in Seattle||Yes||Yes||No||Co-written with David S. Ward and Jeff Arch|
|1994||Mixed Nuts||Yes||Yes||No||Co-written with Delia Ephron|
|1996||Michael||Yes||Yes||Yes||Co-written with Delia Ephron|
|1998||All I Wanna Do||No||No||Yes|
|You've Got Mail||Yes||Yes||Yes||Co-written with Delia Ephron|
|2000||Hanging Up||No||Yes||Yes||Co-written with Delia Ephron|
|2005||Bewitched||Yes||Yes||Yes||Co-written with Delia Ephron|
|2009||Julie & Julia||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|2002||Imaginary Friends||Writer||Ethel Barrymore Theatre, Broadway|
|2008||Love, Loss, and What I Wore||Co-writer||Westside Theatre, Off-Broadway|
|2013||Lucky Guy||Writer||Broadhurst Theatre, Broadway|
- Wallflower at the Orgy (1970)
- Crazy Salad: Some Things About Women (1975), ISBN 978-0394497358
- The Boston Photographs (1975)
- Scribble, Scribble: Notes on the Media (1978), ISBN 978-0394501253
- Heartburn (1983, a novel)
- I Feel Bad About My Neck: And Other Thoughts on Being a Woman (2006)
- I Remember Nothing: And Other Reflections (2010)
- The Most of Nora Ephron (2013), ISBN 978-0-385-35083-9
Awards and nominationsEdit
|1983||Academy Award||Best Original Screenplay||Silkwood||Nominated|
|1989||When Harry Met Sally...||Nominated|
|1993||Sleepless in Seattle||Nominated|
|1989||British Academy Film Award||Best Original Screenplay||When Harry Met Sally...||Won|
|1993||Sleepless in Seattle||Nominated|
|1989||Golden Globe Award||Best Screenplay||When Harry Met Sally...||Nominated|||
|2013||Tony Award||Best Play||Lucky Guy||Nominated|||
|1983||Writers Guild of America Award||Best Original Screenplay||Silkwood||Nominated|
|1989||Best Original Screenplay||When Harry Met Sally...||Nominated|
|1993||Best Original Screenplay||Sleepless in Seattle||Nominated|
|2003||Ian McLellan Hunter Award||Won|
|2010||Best Adapted Screenplay||Julie & Julia||Nominated|
|1979||Edgar Allan Poe Awards||Best Television Feature or Miniseries||Perfect Gentlemen||Nominated|
|1994||Women in Film Crystal Award||Crystal Award||Won|
|1999||Satellite Awards||Best Motion Picture, Comedy or Musical||You've Got Mail||Nominated|
|2003||The Best Plays of 2002–03||Ten Best Plays of the New York season||Imaginary Friends||Won|
|2006||Razzie Awards||Worst Director||Bewitched||Nominated|
|Razzie Awards||Worst Screenplay||Bewitched
(with Delia Ephron and Adam McKay)
|2009||Satellite Awards||Best Adapted Screenplay||Julie & Julia||Nominated|
|Casting Society of America||Golden Apple Award||(with Delia Ephron)||Won|
- Bergan, Ronald (June 27, 2012). "Nora Ephron obituary". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved March 22, 2017.
- "Delia Ephron on the Closeness and Complexity of Sisterhood". Fresh Air. NPR. December 9, 2013. Event occurs at 1:18–1:44. Retrieved December 11, 2013. Interview.
- "101 Greatest Screenplays". Writers Guild of America West. Writers Guild of America West. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
- The best plays of 2002–2003. Jenkins, Jeffrey Eric. (84th ed.). [New York]: Limelight Editions. 2004. ISBN 0879103035. OCLC 55139647.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Charles Mcgrath (June 26, 2012). "Writer and Filmmaker With a Genius for Humor". The New York Times. Retrieved June 27, 2012.
- "Ragtime, The Scottsboro Boys, The Addams Family and Finian's Rainbow Top Nominations for 2010 Drama Desk Awards". In 2013, she received a posthumous Tony Award nomination for Best Play for Lucky Guy, her last play.
- Cadenas, Kerensa (May 2, 2013). "Nora Ephron, Cyndi Lauper Among Tony Award Nominees". IndieWire. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
- Hawkins, Ed (March 4, 2007). "Get real – ageing's not all Helen Mirren". The Times. London, UK. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved August 16, 2007.
- Dance, Liz (2015). Everything is Copy. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-9674-7.
- Brockes, Emma (March 3, 2007). "Everything is copy". The Guardian. London, UK. Retrieved August 16, 2007.
- "Ephron, Nora." Current Biography Yearbook 1990. The H.W. Wilson Company. 1990. p. 216.
- Bergan, Ronald (June 27, 2012). "Nora Ephron obituary". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved March 22, 2017.
- News, ABC. "Nora Ephron: From D.C. Intern to Hollywood Hit". ABC News. Archived from the original on November 28, 2016. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- Collins, Gail (June 27, 2012). "Nora Ephron, the Best Mailgirl Ever". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
- Nguyen, Hanh (October 31, 2016). "'Good Girls Revolt': The Women Who Fought for Equality in the Newsroom | IndieWire". www.indiewire.com. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
- "No Direction Home". Da Capo Press. 1986. ISBN 9780306812873. Retrieved January 7, 2009.
- Kennedy, Lettie. "Nora Ephron: The Last Interview and Other Conversations," The Observer (London) January 17, 2016.
- "Nora Ephron Biography and Interview". www.achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement.
- "AFI|Catalog". catalog.afi.com. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
- "Entertainment Industry Magazine Archive". Boxoffice. April 1, 1984.
- Ephron, Nora (2015). The Last Interview and Other Conversations. Brooklyn, New York: Melville House Publishing. ISBN 978-1-61219-524-7.
- "Nora Ephron and Lena Dunham". Criterion Channel. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
- "Past Recipients: Crystal Award". Women in Film. Archived from the original on June 30, 2011. Retrieved May 10, 2011.
- "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement". www.achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement.
- "Nora Ephron Biography Photo". 2007.
Awards Council member and famed filmmaker George Lucas presenting award-winning director and screenwriter Nora Ephron with the Golden Plate Award at the 2007 International Achievement Summit in Washington, D.C.
- "Love, Loss and What I Wore Toronto cast named". CBC. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
- "NYC's Love, Loss and What I Wore Welcomes Haylie Duff, Penny Fuller and More". Playbill. July 2, 2010. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
- "Theater review: 'Love, Loss, and What I Wore' at the Geffen Playhouse". Los Angeles Times. May 14, 2010. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
- "For the truly vengeful, the pen (or word processor) is mightier than the sword". Cosmopolitan. July 1, 1996. Archived from the original on October 5, 2007. Retrieved August 17, 2007.
- "Baroness Jay's political progress". BBC News. July 31, 2001. Retrieved August 16, 2007.
- Glassman, Thea (September 12, 2016). "Richard Cohen and Nora Ephron: The Real-Life Harry and Sally". The Forward. The Forward Organization, Inc. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
- "Nora Ephron On Julie, Julia And Cooking Like A Child". NPR.org. August 7, 2009.
- "Nora Ephron's son to make documentary about her life". 3 News NZ. April 9, 2013. Archived from the original on July 3, 2013. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- "Jacob Bernstein – The New York Times". www.nytimes.com. Retrieved February 18, 2021.
- Ephron, Nora (May 31, 2005). "Deep Throat and Me: Now It Can Be Told, and Not for the First Time Either". The Huffington Post. Retrieved December 19, 2008.
- "Nora Ephron". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. June 27, 2012.
- Adam Bernstein (June 26, 2012). "Nora Ephron, prolific author and screenwriter, dies at age 71". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 27, 2012.
- Lang, Bret (March 6, 2013). "Nora Ephron's Son Explains Mother's Decision to Keep Quiet About Illness". TheWrap. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
- "Celebrities react to the death of Nora Ephron". The San Diego Union-Tribune]]. Associated Press. June 26, 2012.
- Matt Donnelly. "Nora Ephron: Celebs, Hollywood react to her death". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 27, 2012.
- "Susan Sarandon pays tribute to Nora Ephron at festival". BBC News. July 8, 2012. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
- O'Grady, Megan. "Lena Dunham Talks to _Vogue'_s Book Critic About Her New Collection of Essays, Not That Kind of Girl, and Why Now Is Such a Pivotal Time for Women". Vogue. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
- "Review: Steven Spielberg's 'The Post' is a movie about the past that speaks to our times". Los Angeles Times. December 21, 2017. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
- Goodman, Stephanie (April 25, 2013). "Nora Ephron Prize Is Given to Director of Farah Goes Bang". The New York Times.
- Borrelli, Christopher (September 27, 2011). "'Teen Wolf' director's brutally honest commentary". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
- Yardley, Jonathan (November 2, 2004). "Nora Ephron's 'Crazy Salad': Still Crisp". The Washington Post.
- "When Harry Met Sally". www.goldenglobes.com.
- "Lucky Guy – Broadway Play – Original | IBDB".
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Nora Ephron|
- WNED Public Television (November 17, 1975), Interview with Nora Ephron for WNED's series "Woman"
- Nora Ephron at IMDb
- Nora Ephron at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Nora Ephron at the TCM Movie Database
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Nora Ephron on Charlie Rose
- "Nora Ephron collected news and commentary". The New York Times.
- Nora Ephron collected news and commentary at The Guardian
- Works by or about Nora Ephron in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- John Williams (June 27, 2012). "Nora Ephron, the Queen of Quips". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- Frank Bruni (June 27, 2012). "At the Table, Nora Ephron Knew Best". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- Julia Moskin (June 27, 2012). "Nora Ephron Never Forgot the Food". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- Neri Livneh (July 5, 2012), "Neri Livneh salutes her heroine, Nora Ephron"
- "Plays by Nora Ephron". Doollee.
- Nora Ephron Video produced by Makers: Women Who Make America
- Movie clips: on YouTube, compilation, 5 min.