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Dame Elizabeth Jane Campion DNZM (born 30 April 1954) is a New Zealand screenwriter, producer, and director.[1] Campion is the second of five women ever nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director and is the first—and thus far, only—female filmmaker in history to receive the Palme d'Or, which she received for directing the acclaimed film The Piano (1993), for which she also won the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay.[2]

Dame Jane Campion

Jane Campion Cannes 2014 2.jpg
Campion in 2014
Born
Elizabeth Jane Campion

(1954-04-30) 30 April 1954 (age 65)
Waikanae, New Zealand
ResidenceSydney, New South Wales, Australia and Oriental Bay, Wellington
Occupation
Spouse(s)
Colin David Englert
(m. 1992; div. 2001)
Children2; including Alice Englert
RelativesEdith Campion (mother) Richard Campion (father)

Early lifeEdit

Campion was born in Wellington, New Zealand, the second daughter of Edith Campion (née Beverley Georgette Hannah), an actress, writer, and heiress, and Richard M. Campion, a teacher, and theater and opera director.[3][4][5] Her maternal great-grandfather was Robert Hannah, the shoe manufacturer of Antrim House. Her father came from a family engaged in the Exclusive Brethren Christian evangelical movement.[6] Along with Jane's sister, Anna, a year and half her senior, and brother, Michael, seven years her junior, Campion grew up in the world of New Zealand theater.[4] Their parents founded the New Zealand Players.[7] But Jane initially rejected the idea of a career in the dramatic arts, graduating instead with a Bachelor of Arts in Anthropology from Victoria University of Wellington in 1975.[4]

In 1976, she enrolled in the Chelsea Art School, in London, and traveled throughout Europe. She went on to earn a Graduate Diploma in Visual Arts (Painting) from the Sydney College of the Arts at the University of Sydney in 1981. Campion was shaped in part by her art school education — and has, even in her mature career, cited painter Frida Kahlo and sculptor Joseph Beuys as influences on her work.[4] But her dissatisfaction with the limits of painting [4] led her to filmmaking and the creation of her first short, Tissues, in 1980. In 1981, Campion began studying at the Australian Film, Television and Radio School, where she made several more short films and graduated in 1984.[8]

CareerEdit

Her first short film, Peel (1982), won the Short Film Palme d'Or at the 1986 Cannes Film Festival,[9] and other awards followed for the shorts Passionless Moments (1983), A Girl's Own Story (1984), and After Hours (1984). After leaving the Australian Film and Television School, she directed an episode for ABC's light entertainment series Dancing Daze (1986), which led to her first TV film, Two Friends (1986), produced by Jan Chapman.[citation needed]

Her feature debut, Sweetie (1989), won international awards. Further recognition came with An Angel at My Table (1990), a biographical and psychological portrayal of the New Zealand writer Janet Frame. International recognition followed with another Palme d'Or at the 1993 Cannes Film Festival for The Piano,[10] which won the best director award from the Australian Film Institute and an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay in 1994. At the 66th Academy Awards, she was the second woman ever to be nominated for Best Director.[citation needed]

Campion's work since that time has tended to polarize opinion. The Portrait of a Lady (1996), based on the Henry James novel, featured Nicole Kidman, John Malkovich, Barbara Hershey and Martin Donovan. Holy Smoke! (1999) teamed Campion again with Harvey Keitel, this time with Kate Winslet as the female lead. In the Cut (2003), an erotic thriller based on Susanna Moore's bestseller, provided Meg Ryan an opportunity to depart from her more familiar onscreen persona. Her 2009 film Bright Star, a biographical drama about poet John Keats (played by Ben Whishaw) and his lover Fanny Brawne (Abbie Cornish), was shown at the Cannes Film Festival.[citation needed]

Campion was an executive producer for the 2006 documentary Abduction: The Megumi Yokota Story and was creator, writer and director of the serial Top of the Lake.[11] The mini-series received near universal acclaim [12][13] with its lead actress Elisabeth Moss winning numerous awards including a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film and a Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Actress in a Movie/Miniseries as well as a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie nomination.[14] Campion herself was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Directing for a Miniseries, Movie or a Dramatic Special.[15]

She was the head of the jury for the Cinéfondation and Short Film sections at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival.[16] and the head of the jury for the main competition section for the 2014 Cannes Film Festival.[17] During his speech when collecting the Prix du Jury for his film Mommy, Canadian filmmaker Xavier Dolan said of Campion's The Piano that "It made me want to write roles for women: beautiful women with soul, will and strength, not victims or objects." Campion responded by rising from her seat to give him a hug.[18][19]

In 2014 it was announced that Campion was nearing a deal to direct an adaptation of Rachel Kushner's novel The Flamethrowers.[20][21]

In 2015 Campion confirmed that she would be co-directing and co-writing a second season of Top of the Lake with the action moved to Sydney and Harbour City, Hong Kong with Elisabeth Moss reprising her role as Robin Griffin.[22]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1992, she married Colin David Englert, an Australian who worked as a second unit director on The Piano.[23] Their first child, a son named Jasper, was born in 1993 but lived for only 12 days.[24] Their second child, a daughter named Alice Englert, was born in 1994; she is an actress. The couple divorced in 2001.[25]

ReceptionEdit

From the beginning of her career, Campion's work has received high praise from critics all around. In V.W. Wexman's Jane Campion: Interviews, critic David Thomson describes Campion "as one of the best young directors in the world today."[26] Similarly, in Sue Gillett's "More Than Meets The Eye: The Mediation of Affects in Jane Campion's 'Sweetie'," Campion's work is described as "perhaps the fullest and truest way of being faithful to the reality of experience"; by utilizing the "unsayable" and "unseeable," she manages to catalyze audience speculation.[27] Campion's films tend to gravitate around themes of gender politics, such as seduction and female sexual power. This has led some to label Campion's body of work as feminist. However, Rebecca Flint Marx argues, "while not inaccurate, [the feminist label] fails to fully capture the dilemmas of her characters and the depth of her work."[28]

HonoursEdit

Campion was appointed a Dame Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit in the 2016 New Year Honours, for services to film.[29][30]

FilmographyEdit

Year Title Credited as Notes
Director Writer Producer
1980 Tissues Yes Yes Short film
1981 Mishaps of Seduction and Conquest Yes Yes Short film
1982 Peel: An Exercise in Discipline Yes Yes Short film
1983 Passionless Moments Yes Yes Yes Short film
1984 A Girl's Own Story Yes Yes Short film
After Hours Yes Yes Short film
1986 Two Friends Yes Television film
1989 Sweetie Yes Yes Co-written with Gerard Lee
1990 An Angel at My Table Yes
1993 The Piano Yes Yes
1996 The Portrait of a Lady Yes
1999 Holy Smoke! Yes Yes Co-written with Anna Campion
Soft Fruit Yes
2003 In the Cut Yes Yes Co-written with Susanna Moore
2006 The Water Diary Yes Yes Short film
Abduction: The Megumi Yokota Story Yes Documentary
2007 The Lady Bug Yes Yes Short film. Segment from To Each His Own Cinema
2009 Bright Star Yes Yes
2012 I'm the One Yes Short film
2013 Top of the Lake Yes Yes Yes Miniseries
Co-directed with Garth Davis
Co-written with Gerard Lee
2016 Family Happiness Yes Short film
2017 They Yes
Top of the Lake: China Girl Yes Yes Yes Miniseries
Co-directed with Ariel Kleiman
Co-written with Gerard Lee

See alsoEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • Cheshire, Ellen: Jane Campion. London: Pocket Essentials, 2000.
  • Fox, Alistair: Jane Campion: Authorship and Personal Cinema. Bloomington–Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-253-22301-2.
  • Gillett, Sue: 'Views for Beyond the Mirror: The Films of Jane Campion.' St.Kilda: ATOM, 2004. ISBN 1 876467 14 2 [31][32]
  • Hester, Elizabeth J.: Jane Campion: A Selective Annotated Bibliography of Dissertations and Theses. ISBN 978-1484818381, ISBN 1484818385.
  • Jones, Gail: 'The Piano.' Australian Screen Classics, Currency Press, 2007.
  • Margolis, Harriet (ed): 'Jane Campion's The Piano.' Cambridge University Press, 2000.
  • McHugh, Kathleen: 'Jane Campion.'Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2007.
  • Radner, Hilary, Alistair Fox and Irène Bessière (eds): 'Jane Campion: Cinema, Nation, Identity.'Detroit: Wayne State University Press,2009.
  • Verhoeven, Deb: Jane Campion. London: Routledge, 2009.
  • Wexman V.W.: Jane Campion: Interviews. Roundhouse Publishing. 1999.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fox, Alistair (2011). Jane Campion: Authorship and Personal Cinema. Indiana University Press. p. 32. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  2. ^ "'Piano's' Jane Campion Is First Female Director to Win; 'Concubine's' Chen Kaige Has First Chinese-Film Victory: 'Piano', 'Concubine', Share the Palme D'Or", Los Angeles Times, 25 May 1993; retrieved 6 May 2012.
  3. ^ Fox. Jane Campion profile. p. 25.
  4. ^ a b c d e McHugh, Kathleen (2007). Contemporary Film Directors: Jane Campion. United States of America: University of Illinois, Urbana. ISBN 978-0-252-03204-2.
  5. ^ Canby, Vincent (30 May 1993). "FILM VIEW; Jane Campion Stirs Romance With Mystery". The New York Times.
  6. ^ Fox. Jane Campion profile. p. 26. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  7. ^ Fox. Jane Campion profile. p. 41. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  8. ^ Mark Stiles, "Jane Campion", Cinema Papers, December 1985, pp. 434-435, 471
  9. ^ "Awards 1986 : Competition - Festival de Cannes 2015 (International Film Festival)". Festival-cannes.fr. Archived from the original on 1 July 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  10. ^ "Festival de Cannes: The Piano". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 22 August 2009.
  11. ^ Guthrie, Marisa (4 November 2011). "Jane Campion to Write, Direct Sundance Channel Miniseries Starring Elisabeth Moss". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  12. ^ "Top of the Lake". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  13. ^ "Top Of The Lake - Season 1 Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  14. ^ "Top of the Lake (2013– ) : Awards". IMDb.com. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  15. ^ "Nominees/Winners | Television Academy". Emmys.com. 13 November 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  16. ^ "A Palme d'or for the Cinéfondation!". festival-cannes.fr. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  17. ^ "Jane Campion to preside over Cannes Film Festival jury". BBC News. 7 January 2014. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  18. ^ "Bear hugs at Cannes as Mommy wins jury prize". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  19. ^ "Xavier Dolan and Jane Campion". 26 July 2014. Archived from the original on 26 July 2014.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  20. ^ Gibson, Megan (13 May 2014). "Jane Campion in talks to direct the big-screen adaptation of "The Flamethrowers"". Time.
  21. ^ Khatchatourian, Maane (13 May 2014). "Jane Campion Near Deal to Direct Adaptation of 'The Flamethrowers'". Variety.
  22. ^ Shechet, Ellie (23 June 2015). "Season 2 of Top of the Lake Will Take Place in Sydney and Hong Kong". Jezebel.
  23. ^ "ENGLERT, COLIN DAVID Australia". Business Profiles. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  24. ^ Franke, Lizzie (1999). "Jane Campbell Is Called the Best Female Director in the World. What's Female Got to Do with It?". In Wexman, Virginia Wright (ed.). Jane Campion: Interview. University Press of Mississippi. p. 207. ISBN 978-1578060832. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
  25. ^ Sampson, Des (24 January 2013). "Alice Englert stars in Twilight successor". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
  26. ^ V. W. Wexman. Jane Campion: Interviews. Roundhouse Publishing. 1999. ISBN 1-57806-083-4.
  27. ^ "More than Meets the Eye: The Mediation of Affects in Jane Campion's Sweetie • Senses of Cinema". Sensesofcinema.com. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  28. ^ "Jane Campion - Biography - Movies & TV - NYTimes.com". Movies.nytimes.com. 30 April 1954. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  29. ^ “New Year Honours 2016” (15 Jan 2016) 2 New Zealand Gazette 1 at 3.
  30. ^ "Richie McCaw surpasses knighthood, appointed NZ's top honour". TVNZ. 30 December 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  31. ^ "Views From Beyond the Mirror: The Films of Jane Campion by Sue Gillett • Senses of Cinema". Sensesofcinema.com. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  32. ^ "The films of Jane Campion : views from beyond the mirror / Sue Gillett. - Version details". Trove.nla.gov.au. Retrieved 8 June 2016.

External linksEdit