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|41st Academy Awards|
|Date||April 14, 1969|
|Site||Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles|
|Produced by||Gower Champion|
|Directed by||Gower Champion|
|Most awards||Oliver! (5)|
|Most nominations||Oliver! (11)|
|TV in the United States|
Oliver! is the only Best Picture winner to receive a G-rating prior to winning the award (several earlier Best Picture winners have received this rating retroactively), as well as the last British film to win Best Picture until Chariots of Fire in 1981 and the last movie musical to win until Chicago in 2002.
The year was notable for the first—and so far, only—tie for Best Actress (or any female acting category). Katharine Hepburn in The Lion in Winter and Barbra Streisand in Funny Girl shared the award. Hepburn also became the second actress and third performer overall to win an acting Oscar two years in a row, after Luise Rainer in 1936 (The Great Ziegfeld) and 1937 (The Good Earth), and Spencer Tracy in 1937 (Captains Courageous) and 1938 (Boys Town). The previous year, Hepburn had won Best Actress for Guess Who's Coming to Dinner.
Cliff Robertson's performance in Charly was met with a generally mixed reception from critics and audiences. When he won the Academy Award for Best Actor, it engendered some controversy: less than two weeks after the ceremony, TIME mentioned the Academy's generalized concerns over "excessive and vulgar solicitation of votes" and said "many members agreed that Robertson's award was based more on promotion than on performance."
Young Americans was announced as the Documentary Feature winner, but on May 7, 1969, the film was disqualified when it was discovered that it had premiered in October 1967, thus making it ineligible for a 1968 award. Journey into Self, the first runner-up, was awarded the Oscar the following day.
Controversy was created on Oscar night when Johnny Carson and Buddy Hackett announced in a sketch on the evening's Tonight Show, which was recorded three hours before the awards ceremony, that Oliver! would be the winner for Best Picture and that Jack Albertson would win for Best Supporting Actor. Columnist Frances Drake claimed that most observers believed Carson and Hackett "were playing a huge practical joke or happened to make a lucky guess". As Carson recalled it on the air years later, it created a huge controversy and people at Price Waterhouse were fired. Referring to it as "The Great Carson Hoax", PricewaterhouseCoopers stated in a 2004 press release that it was "later proven that Carson and Hackett made a few lucky guesses for their routine, dispelling rumors of a security breach and keeping the integrity of the balloting process intact". The Academy later hired Carson five times to host the ceremony.
Multiple nominations and awardsEdit
These films had multiple nominations:
The following films received multiple awards:
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian AwardEdit
- Walter Matthau presented John Chambers his award for outstanding makeup achievement for Planet of the Apes.
- Diahann Carroll presented Onna White her award for outstanding choreography achievement for Oliver!.
- Ingrid Bergman (Presenter: Best Actress and Best Cinematography)
- Ingrid Bergman, Diahann Carroll, Jane Fonda, Rosalind Russell and Natalie Wood (Presenters: Best Director)
- Diahann Carroll (Presenter: Best Special Visual Effects, Documentary Awards & the Honorary Award to Onna White)
- Tony Curtis (Presenter: Best Supporting Actress, Short Subjects Awards and Documentary Awards)
- Jane Fonda (Presenter: Best Foreign Language Film, Best Costume Design and Short Subjects Awards)
- Bob Hope (Presenter: Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award to Martha Raye)
- Burt Lancaster (Presenter: Best Actor, Best Special Visual Effects and the Scientific or Technical Awards)
- Mark Lester (Presenter: Honorary Academy Award to Onna White)
- Henry Mancini and Marni Nixon (Presenter: Best Original or Adaptation Score)
- Walter Matthau (Presenter: Best Film Editing and Best Foreign Language Film)
- Gregory Peck (Presenter: Best Original Score for a Motion Picture (Not a Musical))
- Pink Panther (Presentation: Best Short Subject – Cartoons)
- Sidney Poitier (Presenter: Best Picture)
- Don Rickles (Presenter: Best Story and Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen)
- Rosalind Russell (Presenter: Best Original Score for a Motion Picture (Not a Musical), Best Sound and Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium Awards)
- Frank Sinatra (Presenter: Best Supporting Actor, Best Song Original for the Picture and Writing Awards)
- Natalie Wood (Presenter: Best Art Direction and the Scientific or Technical Awards)
- Internet Movie Database. "Awards for Stanley Kubrick". Archived from the original on 2009-01-07. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
- "The Trade: Grand Illusion". TIME. April 25, 1969. Archived from the original on September 14, 2012. Retrieved November 19, 2013.
- "Hackett, Carson On Inside Track?". Galveston Daily News. April 21, 1969. p. 7. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-10-22.
- "PricewaterhouseCoopers Celebrates 70th Anniversary Managing Academy Awards(R) Balloting". February 12, 2004. Archived from the original on 2014-03-01. Retrieved 2014-03-01.
- "The Official Academy Awards Database". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Select "1968" in the "Award Year(s)" drop-down menu and press "Search".
- "The 41st Academy Awards (1969) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on 2014-12-21. Retrieved 2011-10-13.
- Jim Fanning. "All Facts, No Fluff And Stuff". Archived from the original on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2012-01-21.