Anna Marie Wooldridge (August 6, 1930 – August 14, 2010), known by her stage name Abbey Lincoln, was an African-American jazz vocalist, songwriter, and actress, who wrote and performed her own compositions. She was a civil rights advocate and activist from the 1960s on. Lincoln made a career not only out of delivering deeply felt presentations of standards but writing and singing her own material as well.
Abbey Lincoln in concert, 1966
|Birth name||Anna Marie Wooldridge|
|Born||August 6, 1930|
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||August 14, 2010 (aged 80)|
New York, New York, U.S.
|Occupation(s)||Singer, songwriter, actress, civil rights activist|
Born in Chicago but raised in Calvin Center, Cass County, Michigan, Lincoln was one of many singers influenced by Billie Holiday. She often visited the Blue Note jazz club in New York City. Her debut album, Abbey Lincoln's Affair – A Story of a Girl in Love, was followed by a series of albums for Riverside Records. In 1960 she sang on Max Roach's landmark civil rights-themed recording, We Insist! Lincoln's lyrics were often connected to the civil rights movement in America. After a tour of Africa in the mid-1970s, she adopted the name Aminata Moseka.
During the 1980s, Lincoln's creative output was smaller and she released only a few albums during that decade. Her song "For All We Know" is featured in the 1989 film Drugstore Cowboy. During the 1990s and until her death, however, she fulfilled a 10-album contract with Verve Records.
These albums are highly regarded and represent a crowning achievement in Lincoln's career. Devil's Got Your Tongue (1992) featured Rodney Kendrick, Grady Tate, Yoron Israel, J. J. Johnson, Stanley Turrentine, Babatunde Olatunji and The Staple Singers, among others. In 2003, Lincoln received a National Endowment for the Arts Jazz Master Award.
Her lyrics often reflected the ideals of the civil rights movement and helped in generating passion for the cause in the minds of her listeners. In addition to her musical career, she ventured into acting as well and appeared in movies such as The Girl Can't Help It and Gentleman Prefer Blondes. She explored more philosophical themes during the later years of her songwriting career and remained professionally active until well into her seventies.
In 1956 Lincoln appeared in The Girl Can't Help It, for which she wore a dress that had been worn by Marilyn Monroe in Gentleman Prefer Blondes (1953), and interpreted the theme song, working with Benny Carter.
With Ivan Dixon, she co-starred in Nothing But a Man (1964), an independent film written and directed by Michael Roemer. In 1968 she also co-starred with Sidney Poitier and Beau Bridges in For Love of Ivy, and received a 1969 Golden Globe nomination for her appearance in the film.
Television appearances began in 1968 with The Name of the Game. In March 1969 for WGBH-TV Boston, in one of a 10-episode series of individual dramas written, produced and performed by blacks, "On Being Black," was her work in Alice Childress's Wine in the Wilderness. She later appeared in Mission: Impossible (1971), the telemovie Short Walk to Daylight (1972), Marcus Welby, M.D. (1974), and All in the Family (1978).
Lincoln was married from 1962 to 1970 to drummer Max Roach, whose daughter from a previous marriage, Maxine, appeared on several of Lincoln's albums.
Lincoln died on August 14, 2010 in Manhattan, eight days after her 80th birthday. Her death was announced by her brother, David Wooldridge, who told The New York Times that she had died in a Manhattan nursing home after suffering deteriorating health ever since undergoing open-heart surgery in 2007. No cause of death was officially given. She was cremated and her ashes were scattered.
- 1956: Abbey Lincoln's Affair: A Story of a Girl in Love (Liberty) with arrangements by Benny Carter and Marty Paich
- 1957: That's Him! (Riverside)
- 1958: It's Magic (Riverside)
- 1959: Abbey Is Blue (Riverside)
- 1961: Straight Ahead (Candid)
- 1973: People in Me (Inner City, 1978, CD-re-release on Verve 1993) with Dave Liebman, Al Foster a.o.
- 1980: Painted Lady (recorded live in Paris, Marge (F), US-release on Inner City as Golden Lady) featuring Archie Shepp
- 1983: Talking to the Sun (Enja) with Steve Coleman, James Weidman (piano), Mark Johnson (drums), Jerry Gonzalez (perc) a.o.
- 1987: Abbey Sings Billie, Vol. 1 & 2 (Enja) with Harold Vick (tenor), J. Weidman, Tarik Shah (bass), M. Johnson
- 1990: The World Is Falling Down (Polydor (F)/Verve) with Jackie McLean, Clark Terry a.o.
- 1991: You Gotta Pay the Band (Gitanes/Verve) with Stan Getz, Hank Jones, Charlie Haden, Marc Johnson, Maxine Roach
- 1992: Devil's Got Your Tongue (Gitanes/Verve) with Rodney Kendrick a.o.
- 1992: When There Is Love (Gitanes/Verve), Duo album with Hank Jones
- 1993: The Music Is the Magic (recorded live at Sweet Basil; ITM) with Rodney Kendrick, Michael Bowie, Yoron Israel
- 1994: A Turtle's Dream (Gitanes/Verve) with Victor Lewis, Roy Hargrove, Pat Metheny a.o.
- 1996: Who Used to Dance (Gitanes/Verve) with Marc Cary, Graham Haynes, Steve Coleman, Oliver Lake a.o.
- 1998: Wholly Earth (Polydor/Verve) with Bobby Hutcherson, Nicholas Payton a.o.
- 2000: Over the Years (Gitanes/Verve) with Joe Lovano a.o.
- 2002: It's Me (Verve) with Kenny Barron, Julien Lourau, James Spaulding a.o.
- 2007: Abbey Sings Abbey (Verve) with Larry Campbell, Gil Goldstein a.o.
- 2015: Sophisticated Abbey: Live at the Keystone Korner (recorded 1980 in San Francisco, HighNote) with Phil Wright, James Leary, and Doug Sides
- 2016: Love Having You Around: Live at the Keystone Korner Vol. 2 (HighNote)
- Newport Rebels (Candid, 1961), with members of Charles Mingus' Jazz Artists Guild at 1960 Newport Jazz Festival
With Frank Morgan
- A Lovesome Thing (Antilles, 1991), Lincoln sings "Ten Cents a Dance" and her own "Wholly Earth"
With Bheki Mseleku
- Timelessness (Verve, 1994), Lincoln is featured on "Through the Years", which they penned together
With Max Roach
- Moon Faced and Starry Eyed (Mercury, 1959)
- We Insist! – Max Roach's Freedom Now Suite (Candid, 1960)
- Percussion Bitter Sweet (Impulse!, 1961)
- It's Time (Impulse!, 1962)
With Mal Waldron
- Soul Eyes (BMG/RCA Victor, 1997), Lincoln is featured on "Straight Ahead" which they wrote together and "God Bless the Child"
With Cedar Walton
- The Maestro (Muse, 1981)
With Steve Williamson
- A Waltz for Grace (Verve, 1990), Lincoln sings on title track, written by her
- Griffen, Anders (December 2012). "The Abbey Lincoln Collection, 1949-2008 (MC 101)". Institute of Jazz Studies, Rutgers University Libraries. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
- Chinen, Nate (August 14, 2010). "Abbey Lincoln, Jazz Singer and Writer, Dies at 80". New York Times. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- "Abbey Lincoln". Archived from the original on May 17, 2007. Retrieved August 2, 2007.
- Sally Placksin. "Jazz Profiles from NPR: Abbey Lincoln". Retrieved August 2, 2007.
- Simmonds, Yussuf J. (August 21, 2010). "Aminata Moseka (Abbey Lincoln)". Los Angeles Sentinel. Bakewell Media. Retrieved 2015-11-03.
- Fordham, John. "Abbey Lincoln obituary". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-10-13.
- NEA Jazz Masters Awards Archived September 17, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, Arts.gov; accessed October 31, 2015.
- "Abbey Lincoln Biography". 7infi.com.
- "Abbey Lincoln at IMDB.com". Retrieved August 2, 2007.
- Selected Plays – By Alice Childress, Kathy A. Perkins. Northwestern University Press, IL. 2011.
- Short Walk To Daylight, 1972.
- Mo' Better Blues Full Cast, IMDb; accessed October 7, 2014.
- Notice of death of Abbey Lincoln, Thedeadrockstarsclub.com; accessed August 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abbey Lincoln.|
- Abbey Lincoln on IMDb
- Bio at Verve Records
- Abbey Lincoln Discography at www.JazzDiscography.com
- Abbey Lincoln at NPR Music
- Abbey Lincoln Tribute and image.
- "Remembering Jazz Singer and Activist Abbey Lincoln" at NPR Music: Music News