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Paleontology or palaeontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1992.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

Contents

ArthropodsEdit

InsectsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anonychomyrma constricta[2]

Comb nov

jr synonym

(Mayr)

Lutetian

Baltic amber

  Europe

A Dolichoderin ant,
jr syn of Yantaromyrmex constricta

Anonychomyrma samlandica[2]

Comb nov

Jr synonym

(Wheeler)

Lutetian

Baltic amber

  Europe

A Dolichoderin ant
jr synonym of Yantaromyrmex samlandica

Cretomerobius[3]

Gen et sp nov.

valid

Ponomarenko

Aptian

Bon-Tsagan

  Mongolia

A hemerobiid lacewing, type species, C. disjunctus

Liometopum goepperti

Comb nov

Jr synonym

(Mayr, 1868)

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

Fossil Dolichoderine ant,
moved to Ctenobethylus goepperti in 1997

Miotingis[4]

Gen et sp nov

valid

Nel

Messinian

Foufouilloux outcrop

  France

A lacebug, type species M. cantalensis

Neides oligocenicus[5]

Sp nov

Valid

Nel

Chattian

Niveau du gypse d'Aix Formation

  France

A thread bug

Panfilovia adamsi[6]

Sp nov

jr synonym

Martins-Neto

Aptian

Crato Formation

  Brazil

A Kalligrammatid lacewing, syn of Makarkinia adamsi

Spatalistiforma[7]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Skalski

Lutetian

Baltic amber

  Europe

A moth of uncertain placement.
The type species is S. submerga.

Termitaradus protera[8]

sp. nov

valid

Poinar & Doyen

Late Oligocene - Early Miocene

Mexican amber

  Mexico

first fossil species of Termitaradus

ArchosauromorphsEdit

Newly named non-avian dinosaursEdit

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[11]

Name Status Authors Country Images
Archaeornithoides Valid taxon
  • Elzanowski
Chinshakiangosaurus [12] Valid taxon
  • Ye vide Dong, 1992
Dyslocosaurus[13] Valid taxon
  • McIntosh
  • Coombs
Edmarka[14] Valid taxon
  • Siegwarth
  • Filla
Gigantspinosaurus[15] Valid taxon
  • Ouyang
Kunmingosaurus[12] Valid taxon
  • Zhao X. (as Chao S.)
"Maleevosaurus"[16] Junior synonym of Tarbosaurus
Neuquensaurus[17] Valid taxon
Udanoceratops[18] Valid taxon
Wakinosaurus[19] Valid taxon
  • Okazaki

Newly named birdsEdit

Name Status Novelty Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anneavis anneae [20]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Peter W. Houde

Storrs L. Olson

Early Eocene

Late Wasatchian, Green River Formation

  USA:

  Wyoming

A Coliiformes, Sandcoleidae Houde et Olson, 1992, this is the typespecies of the new genus.

Archaealectrornis sibleyi [21]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Timothy M. Crowe

Lester L. Short

Middle-Late Oligocene

Brule Formation

  USA:

  Nebraska

Described in the Gallinuloididae Lucas, 1900, but transferred to the Cracidae.

Archaeoganga pinguis [22]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Eocene or Oligocene

Phosphorites du Quercy,

MP 16 or 28

  France

A Pteroclidae.

Balearica exigua [23]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Alan Feduccia

Michael R. Voorhies

Late Miocene

Ash Hollow Formatie

  USA:

  Nebraska

A Gruidae.

Bucephala cereti [24]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Odile Boeuf

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Late Pliocene

MN 17

  France

An Anatidae.

Cathayornis yandica [25]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Zhou Zhonghe

Fan Jin

Jiang Yong Zhang

Early Cretaceous

Valanginian,

Jiufotang Formation

  China

An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981, Cathayornithiformes Zhou, Jin et Zhang, 1992, Cathayornithidae Zhou, Jin et Zhang, 1992, this is the typespecies of the new genus.

Chascacocolius oscitans [20]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Peter W. Houde

Storrs L. Olson

Early Eocene

Early Wasatchian,

Willwood Formation

  USA:

  Wyoming

A Coliiformes, Chascacocoliidae Zelenkov et Dyke, 2008, this is the typespecies of the new genus.

Ciconia stehlini [26]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Dénes Jánossy

Late Pleistocene

MN 16

  Hungary

A Ciconiidae.

Columbina prattae [27]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Jonathan J. Becker

Pierce Brodkorb

Early Miocene

Fissure fillings in Early Eocene Cristal River Limestone

  USA:

  Florida

A Columbidae, in 2008 David W. Steadman made it the type species of his new genus Arenicolumbina.[28]

Concornis lacustris [29]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

José L. Sanz

Angela D. Buscalioni

Early Cretaceous

Neocomian

  Spain:

  Castilla–La Mancha

An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981, Iberomesornithiformes Sanz et J. F. Bonaparte, 1992, Concornithidae Kurochkin, 1996, this is the type species of the new genus.

Foro panarium [30]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Storrs L. Olson

Late Early Eocene

Green River Formation

  USA:

  Wyoming

An Opisthocomiformes, Foratidae Olson, 1992.

Gallicolumba nui [31]

Valid

Sp. nov.

David W. Steadman

Holocene

Ua Huka

  French Polynesia

A Columbidae.

Gastornis russelli [32]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Larry D. Martin

Late Paleocene

MP 6

  France

A Gastornithidae Fürbringer, 1888.

Helonetta brodkorbi [33]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Steven D. Emslie

Late Pliocene

Blancan,

Tamiami Formation

  USA:

  Florida

An Anatidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Iberomesornis romerali [34]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

José L. Sanz

José F. Bonaparte

Early Cretaceous

Hauterivian-Early Barremian

  Spain:

  Castilla–La Mancha

An Enantiornithes, Iberomesornithiformes Sanz et J. F. Bonaparte, 1992, Iberomesornithidae Sanz et J. F. Bonaparte, 1992.

Kuszholia mengi [35]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Lev A. Nessov

Early Cretaceous

Turonian-Coniacian,

Bissekty Formation

  Uzbekistan

An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981, this is the typespecies of the new genus.

Macranhinga paranensis [36]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Jorge I. Noriega

Late Miocene

Mesopotamiense,

Ituzaingó Formation

  Argentina

A big Anhingidae.

Macropygia arevarevauupa [31]

Valid

Sp. nov.

David W. Steadman

Holocene

Huahine,

Society Islands

  French Polynesia

A Columbidae.

Macropygia heana [31]

Valid

Sp. nov.

David W. Steadman

Holocene

Ua Huka

  French Polynesia

A Columbidae.

Megalodytes morejohni [37]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Hildegarde Howard

Middle Miocene

Sharktooth Hill Bonebed

  USA:

  California

An Anatidae.

Messelornis nearctica [38]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Angelika Hesse

Early Eocene

Green River Formation

  USA:

  Wyoming

A Ralliformes, Messelornithidae Hesse, 1988.

Oxyura hulberti [33]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Steven D. Emslie

Late Pliocene

Blancan,

Tamiami Formation

  USA:

  Florida

An Anatidae.

Palaeoglaux artophoron [39]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Dieter S. Peters

Middle Eocene

MP 11

  Germany:

  Hessen

A Strigiformes, Palaeoglaucidae Mourer-Chauviré, 1987.

Patagopteryx deferrariisi [40]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Herculano M. F. de Alvarenga

José F. Bonaparte

Late Cretaceous

Coniacian,

Rio Colorado Formation

  Argentina

An Ornithuromorphae Chiappe, Ji, Ji et Norell, 1999, Patagopterygiformes Alvarenga et J. F. Bonaparte, 1992, Patagopterygidae Alvarenga et J. F. Bonaparte, 1992, this is the typespecies of the new genus.

Platanavis nana [35]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Lev A. Nessov

Late Cretaceous

Coniacian

  Uzbekistan

An Ornithuromorphae Chiappe, Ji, Ji et Norell, 1999, this is the typespecies of the new genus.

Quercymegapodius brodkorbi [41]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Late Eocene

Phosphorites du Quercy

  France

A Craciformes Sibley, Ahlquist et Monroe, 1988, Quercymegapodiidae Mourer-Chauviré, 1992.

Quercypsitta ivani [42]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Late Eocene

MP 17

  France

A Psittaciformes, Quercypsittidae Mourer-Chauviré, 1992.

Quercypsitta sudrei [42]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Late Eocene

MP 17

  France

A Psittaciformes, Quercypsittidae Mourer-Chauviré, 1992, this is the typespecies of the new genus.

Sandcoleus copiosus [20]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Peter W. Houde

Storrs L. Olson

Early Eocene

Middle Clarkforkian,

Willwood Formation

  USA:

  Wyoming

A Coliiformes, Sandcoleidae Houde et Olson, 1992, this is the typespecies of the new genus.

Sinornis santensis [43]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Paul C. Sereno

Rao Chenggang

Early Cretaceous

Valanginian

  China

An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981, Cathayornithiformes Zhou, Jin et Zhang, 2006, Cathayornithidae Zhou, Jin et Zhang, 2006, this is the typespecies of the new genus.

Zhyraornis logunovi [35]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Lev A. Nessov

Early Cretaceous

Turonian-Coniacian,

Bissekty Formation

  Uzbekistan

An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981.

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.
  2. ^ a b Shattuck, S. O. (1992). "Review of the dolichoderine ant genus Iridomyrmex Mayr with descriptions of three new genera (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)". Journal of the Australian Entomological Society. 31: 13–18. doi:10.1111/j.1440-6055.1992.tb00453.x.
  3. ^ Makarkin, VN; Archibald, SB; Oswald, JD (2003). "New Early Eocene brown lacewings (Neuroptera: Hemerobiidae) from western North America". The Canadian Entomologist. 135 (5): 637–653. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.489.5852. doi:10.4039/n02-122.
  4. ^ Nel, A. (1992). "Nouveaux Tingidae fossiles du Cénozoïque de France (Heteroptera)". École Pratique des Hautes Études, Biologie et Évolution des Insectes. 5: 97–104.
  5. ^ Nel, A. (1992). "Essai de révision des Berytidae fossiles (Heteroptera, Pentatomorpha)". Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section C, Sciences de la Terre, Paléontologie, Géologie, Minérologie. 14: 275–287.
  6. ^ Bechly, G.; Makarkin, V. N. (2016). "A new gigantic lacewing species (Insecta: Neuroptera) from the Lower Cretaceous of Brazil confirms the occurrence of Kalligrammatidae in the Americas". Cretaceous Research. in press: 135–140. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2015.10.014.
  7. ^ Maria Heikkilä; John W. Brown; Joaquin Baixeras; Wolfram Mey; Mikhail V. Kozlov (2018). "Re-examining the rare and the lost: a review of fossil Tortricidae (Lepidoptera)". Zootaxa. 4394 (1): 41–60. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4394.1.2. PMID 29690381.
  8. ^ Poinar, G.; Heiss, E. (2011). "New Termitaphididae and Aradidae (Hemiptera) in Mexican and Dominican amber" (PDF). Palaeodiversity. 4: 51–62.
  9. ^ a b c "Abstract," Tanke and Brett-Surman (2001). Page 208.
  10. ^ a b "Faunal Turnover, Migration, and Evolution," Trexler (2001); page 307.
  11. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07.
  12. ^ a b Dong, Zhiming (1992). Dinosaurian faunas of China. China Ocean Press. ISBN 9783540520849.
  13. ^ McIntosh, J.S., W.P. Coombs, and D.A. Russell. 1992. A new diplodocid sauropod (Dinosauria) from Wyoming, USA. J. Vertebr. Paleontol. 12 (2): pp. 158-167.
  14. ^ Bakker, R.T., P. Galton, J. Siegwarth, and J. Filla. 1990. A new latest Jurassic vertebrate fauna, from the highest levels of the Morrison Formation at Como Bluff, Wyoming, with comments on Morrison biochronology Part IV. The dinosaurs: a new Othnielia-like hypsilophodontoid. Hunteria, 2: pp. 8-13.
  15. ^ Ouyang, H. (1992). "Discovery of Gigantspinosaurus sichanensis and its scapular spine orientation". Abstracts and Summaries for Youth Academic Symposium on New Discoveries and Ideas in Stratigraphic Paleontology (in Chinese) null: 47–49.
  16. ^ Carpenter, K. 1992. Tyrannosaurids (Dinosauria) of Asia and North America. In: Aspects of nonmarine cretaceous geology (N. Mateer and P.J. Chen, eds.). China Ocean Press, Beijing: pp.250-268.
  17. ^ Novas, F.E.; Pott, D. (2005). "New evidence on deinonychosaurian dinosaurs from the Late Cretaceous of Patagonia". Nature. 433 (7028): 858–861. doi:10.1038/nature03285. PMID 15729340.
  18. ^ Kurzanov, S.M. 1992. Gigantskiy protoseratopsid iz verkhnengo mela Mongolii. Paleontologischeskii Zhural (1992) 3: pp. 81-93.
  19. ^ Okazaki, Y. 1992. A new genus and species of carnivorous dinosaur from the Lower Cretaceous Kwanmon Group, Northern Kyushu. Bulletin of the Kitakyushu Museum of Natural History 11: pp. 87-90.
  20. ^ a b c Peter W. Houde & Storrs L. Olson (1992). "A Radiation of Coly-like Birds from the Eocene of North America (Aves: Sandcoleiformes New Order)" (PDF). in Papers in Avian Paleontology Honoring Pierce Brodkorb, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series. 36: 137–160.
  21. ^ Timothy M. Crowe & Lester L. Short (1992). "A New Gallinaceous Bird From the Oligocene of Nebraska, With Comments on the Phylogenetic Position of the Gallinuloididae". in Papers in Avian Paleontology Honoring Pierce Brodkorb, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series. 36: 179–185.
  22. ^ Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (1992). "Un Ganga Primitif (Aves: Columbiformes, Pteroclidae) de très Grande Taille dans le Paléogène des Phosphorites du Quercy (France)". Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Série IIA. 314: 229–235.
  23. ^ Alan Feduccia & Michael R. Voorhies (1992). "Crowned Cranes (Gruidae: Balearica) in the Miocene of Nebraska". in Papers in Avian Paleontology Honoring Pierce Brodkorb, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series. 36: 239–248.
  24. ^ Odile Boeuf & Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (1992). "Les Oiseaux des Gisements d'Age Pliocène Supérieur de Chilhac, Haute Loire, France". Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Série II. 314: 1091–1096.
  25. ^ Zhou Zhonghe, Fan Jin & Jiang Yong Zhang (1992). "Preliminary Report on a Mesozoic Bird from Liaoning, China". Chinese Science Bulletin. 37: 1365–1368.
  26. ^ Dénes Jánossy (1992). "Lower Pleistocene Bird Remains from Beremend, (S-Hungary, Loc. 15. And 16.)". Aquila. 99: 9–25.
  27. ^ Jonathan J. Becker & Pierce Brodkorb (1992). "An Early Miocene Ground-dove (Aves: Columbidae) from Florida". in Papers in Avian Paleontology Honoring Pierce Brodkorb, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series. 36: 189–193.
  28. ^ David W. Steadman (2008). "Doves (Columbidae) and Cuckoos (Cuculidae) from the Early Miocene of Florida" (PDF). Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History. 48 (1): 1–16.
  29. ^ José L. Sanz & Angela D. Buscalioni (1992). "A New Bird from the Early Cretaceous of Las Hoas, Spain, and the Early Radiation of Birds" (PDF). Palaeontology. 35 (4): 829–845. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-08-21. Retrieved 2014-08-20.
  30. ^ Storrs L. Olson (1992). "A New Family of Primitive Landbirds from the Lower Eocene Green River Formation of Wyoming" (PDF). in Papers in Avian Paleontology Honoring Pierce Brodkorb, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series. 36: 127–136.
  31. ^ a b c David W. Steadman (1992). "New Species of Gallicolumba and Macropygia (Aves: Columbidae) from Archeological Sites in Polynesia". in Papers in Avian Paleontology Honoring Pierce Brodkorb, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series. 36: 329–348.
  32. ^ Larry D. Martin (1992). "The Status of the Late Paleocene Birds Gastornis and Remiornis". in Papers in Avian Paleontology Honoring Pierce Brodkorb, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series. 36: 97–108.
  33. ^ a b Steven D. Emslie (1992). "Two New Late Blancan Avifaunas from Florida and the Extinction of Wetland Birds in the Plio-Pleistocene". in Papers in Avian Paleontology Honoring Pierce Brodkorb, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series. 36: 249–269.
  34. ^ José L. Sanz & José F. Bonaparte (1992). "A New Order of Birds (Class Aves) from the Lower Cretaceous of Spain". in Papers in Avian Paleontology Honoring Pierce Brodkorb, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series. 36: 38–49.
  35. ^ a b c Lev A. Nessov (1992). "[Record of the Localities of Mesozoic and Paleogene with Avian Remains in the USSR, and the description of New Findings]". Russian Journal of Ornithology. 1: 7–50.
  36. ^ Jorge I. Noriega (1992). "Un Nuevo Genero de Anhingidae (Aves: Pelecaniformes) de la Formacion Ituzaingo (Mioceno Superior) de Argentina". Notas del Museo de la Plata, Tomo XXI, Paleontologia. 21 (109): 217–223.
  37. ^ Hildegarde Howard (1992). "New Records of Middle Miocene Anseriform Birds from Kern County, California". in Papers in Avian Paleontology Honoring Pierce Brodkorb, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series. 36: 231–237.
  38. ^ Angelika Hesse (1992). "A New Species of Messelornis (Aves: Messelornithidae) from the Middle Eocene Green River Formation". in Papers in Avian Paleontology Honoring Pierce Brodkorb, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series. 36: 171–178.
  39. ^ Dieter S. Peters (1992). "A New Species of Owl (Aves: Strigiformes) from the Middle Eocene Messel Oil Shale" (PDF). in Papers in Avian Paleontology Honoring Pierce Brodkorb, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series. 36: 161–169.
  40. ^ Herculano M. F. de Alvarenga & José F. Bonaparte (1992). "A New Flightless Landbird from the Cretaceous of Patagonia". in Papers in Avian Paleontology Honoring Pierce Brodkorb, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series. 36: 51–64.
  41. ^ Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (1992). "The Galliformes (Aves) from the Phosphorites du Quercy (France): Systematics and Biostratigraphy". in Papers in Avian Paleontology Honoring Pierce Brodkorb, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series. 36: 67–96.
  42. ^ a b Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (1992). "Une Nouvelle Famille de Perroquets (Aves, Psittaciformes) dans L'Éocene Supérieur des Phosphorites du Quercy, France". Géobios Mémoire Spécial. 14: 169–177.
  43. ^ Paul C. Sereno & Rao Chenggang (1992). "Early Evolution of Avian Flight and Perching: New Evidence from the Lower Cretaceous of China". Science. 255 (5046): 845–848. doi:10.1126/science.255.5046.845. PMID 17756432.

ReferencesEdit

  • Tanke, D.H. and Brett-Surman, M.K. 2001. Evidence of Hatchling and Nestling-Size Hadrosaurs (Reptilia:Ornithischia) from Dinosaur Provincial Park (Dinosaur Park Formation: Campanian), Alberta, Canada. pp. 206–218. In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life—New Research Inspired by the Paleontology of Philip J. Currie. Edited by D.H. Tanke and K. Carpenter. Indiana University Press: Bloomington. xviii + 577 pp.
  • Trexler, D., 2001, Two Medicine Formation, Montana: geology and fauna: In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life, edited by Tanke, D. H., and Carpenter, K., Indiana University Press, pp. 298–309.