Open main menu

1989 in paleontology

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1989.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992

Contents

Paleozoology

Arthropods

Newly named insects

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aphaenogaster avita[2]

Sp nov

Valid

Fujiyama

early - middle Miocene

Chojabaru Formation

  Japan

A myrmicin ant

Holcorpidae[3]

Fam nov

valid

Willmann

Priabonian

Florissant Formation

  USA

A scorpionfly family, type sp. H. maculosa

Conodont paleozoology

German paleontologist and stratigrapher Heinz Walter Kozur (1942-2013) described the conodont genus Mesogondolella.

Vertebrate paleozoology

Plesiosaurs

  • Plesiosaur gastroliths documented.[4]
New taxa
Name Status Authors Notes

Turneria

Preoccupied

Chatterjee Small

preoccupied by the ant genus Turneria Forel, 1895; renamed Morturneria Chatterjee and Creisler, 1994

Archosauromorphs

Newly named pseudosuchians
Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Revueltosaurus[5] Valid non-dinosaurian taxon
  • Hunt

Late Triassic (early-middle Norian)

Bull Canyon Formation
Petrified Forest Member

  United States

A suchian.

Newly named dinosaurs

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[6]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Abrosaurus[7] Valid taxon
  • Ouyang

Middle Jurassic (Bathonian-Callovian)

Xiashaximiao Formation

  China

A macronarian.

Asiaceratops[8] Valid taxon
  • Cherepanov

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Khodzhakul Formation

  Uzbekistan

A leptoceratopsid.

Atlascopcosaurus[9] Valid taxon

Early Cretaceous (early Albian)

Eumeralla Formation

  Australia

A ornithopod.

Bihariosaurus[10] Valid taxon
  • Marinescu

Early Cretaceous (Berriasian)

Bauxite deposits

  Romania

An iguanodont

"Daptosaurus"[11] Junior synonym of Deinonychus

Brown vide:

  • Chure
  • McIntosh
"Eucentrosaurus"[12] Junior synonym of Centrosaurus
  • Chure
  • McIntosh
Leaellynasaura[9] Valid taxon

Early Cretaceous (early Albian)

Eumeralla Formation

  Australia

A ornithopod.

"Tenantosaurus"[12] Misspelling of Tenontosaurus

Brown vide:

  • Chure
  • McIntosh
Turanoceratops Valid taxon
  • Cherepanov

Late Cretaceous (Turonian)

Bissekty Formation

  Uzbekistan

A ceratopsid.

Newly named birds
Name Status Novelty Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Accipiter efficax [13]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Jean C. Balouet

Storrs L. Olson

Holocene

Cave deposits

  New Caledonia

An Accipitridae.

Accipiter quartus [13]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Jean C. Balouet

Storrs L. Olson

Holocene

Cave deposits

  New Caledonia

An Accipitridae.

Apatosagittarius terrenus [14]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Alan Feduccia

Michael R. Voorhies

Miocene

Late Clarendonian,

Ash Hollow Formation

  USA:

  Nebraska

An Accipitridae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Aplonis diluvialis [15]

Valid

Sp. nov.

David W. Steadman

Holocene

Huahine, Society Islands

  French Polynesia

A Sturnidae.

Caloenas canacorum [13]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Jean C. Balouet

Storrs L. Olson

Holocene

Cave deposits

  New Caledonia;

  Tonga;

and probably

  Vanuatu;

  Fiji

A Columbidae.

Eociconia sangequanensis [16]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Hou LianHai

Middle Eocene

Yi-Xi-Bay-La Formation

  China

A Ciconiidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Euronyctibius kurochkini [17]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Eocene or Oligocene

Phosphorites du Quercy,

MP 16-28

  France

A Nyctibiidae, transferred to the Steatornithidae by Mourer-Chauviré, 2013,[18] this is the type species of the new genus.

Gallicolumba longitarsus [13]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Jean C. Balouet

Storrs L. Olson

Holocene

Cave deposits

  New Caledonia

A Columbidae.

Megapodius alimentum [19]

Valid

Sp. nov.

David W. Steadman

Holocene

Lifuka

  Tonga

A Megapodiidae.

Megapodius molistructor [13]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Jean C. Balouet

Storrs L. Olson

Holocene

Cave deposits, 1750 ± 70 YBP (Years Before Present)

  New Caledonia

A Megapodiidae.

Noguerornis gonzalezi [20]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

A. Lacasa Ruiz

Early Cretaceous

Late Berriasian-Early Valanginian

  Spain:

  Catalonia

An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981, Iberomesornithiformes Sanz et J. F. Bonaparte, 1992, Concornithidae Kurochkin, 1996, this is the type species of the new genus.

Porphyrio kukwiedei [13]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Jean C. Balouet

Storrs L. Olson

Holocene

Cave deposits

  New Caledonia

A Rallidae.

Puffinus nestori [21]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Josep A. Alcover

Late Pliocene

Cave deposits

  Spain:

  Ibiza

A Procellariidae.

Quercypodargus olsoni [17]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Eocene or Oligocene

Phosphorites du Quercy,

MP 16-28

  France

A Podargidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Rhynochetos orarius [13]

Disputed

Sp. nov.

Jean C. Balouet

Storrs L. Olson

Holocene

Cave deposits

  New Caledonia

A member of the family Rhynochetidae. Theuerkauf & Gula (2018) considered this species to be a junior synonym of the extant kagu (Rhynochetos jubatus).[22]

Rostratula minator [23]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Storrs L. Olson

Kimberley G. Eller

Pliocene

Varswater Formation

  South Africa

A Rostratulidae.

Sazavis prisca [24]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Lev A. Nessov

A.A. Yarkov

Late Cretaceous

Coniacian, Bissekty Formation

  Soviet Union:

  Uzbekistan

An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981, Alexornithiformes Brodkorb, 1976, Alexornithidae Brodkorb, 1976, this is the type species of the new genus.

Tyto letocarti [13]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Jean C. Balouet

Storrs L. Olson

Holocene

Cave deposits

  New Caledonia

A Tytonidae.

Volgavis marina [24]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Lev A. Nessov

A. A. Yarkov

Late Cretaceous

Latest Maastrichtian

  Soviet Union:

  Russia

A Fregatidae, Limnofregatinae Olson, 1977, this is the type species of the new genus.

Youngornis qiluensis [25]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Xiangkui Yeh

Bo Sun

Middle Miocene

Shanwang Formation

  China

A Rallidae.

Pterosaurs

New taxa
Name Status Authors Notes

Bogolubovia

Valid

Nesov A. A. Yarkov

Mesadactylus

Valid

Jensen Padian

Tapejara

Valid

Kellner

Synapsids

Non-mammalian
Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

'

Valid

'

Valid

References

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.
  2. ^ Fujiyama, I. (1970). "Fossil insects from the Chojabaru Formation, Iki Island, Japan". Memoires of the Natural Science Museum, Tokyo. 3: 65–74.
  3. ^ Archibald, SB (2010). "Revision of the scorpionfly family Holcorpidae (Mecoptera), with description of a new species from Early Eocene McAbee, British Columbia, Canada" (PDF). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France. 46 (1–2): 173–182. doi:10.1080/00379271.2010.10697654.
  4. ^ Chatterjee and Small (1989). Sanders, Manley, and Carpenter (2001), "Table 12.1" page 167.
  5. ^ Hunt, A.P. 1989. A new ornithischian dinosaur from the Bull Canyon Formation (Upper Triassic) of East Central New Mexico. In: The dawn of the age of dinosaurs in the American Southwest (S.G. Lucas and A.P. Hunt, eds.). New Mexico Museum of Natural History, Albuquerque: pp. 355-358.
  6. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07.
  7. ^ Ouyang, H. 1989. A new sauropod from Dashanopu, Zigong, Co., Sichuan Province (Abrosaurus dongpoensis gen. et sp. nov.). Zigong Dinosaur Museum Newsletter 2: pp. 10-14.
  8. ^ Nesov, L.A. 1989. Ceratopsian dinosaurs and crocodiles of the middle Mesozoic of Asia. In: Theoretical and Applied Aspects of Modern Paleontology (T.N. Bogdanova and L.I. Kozhatsky, eds.)
  9. ^ a b Rich, T.H.V. and P. Rich. 1989. Polar dinosaurs and biotas of the Early Cretaceous of southeastern Australia. Natl. Geogr. Res. 5: pp. 15-53.
  10. ^ Marinescu, F. 1989. Lentila de bauxcifti 204 de la Brusturi Cornet (Jud. Bior.), zefimint fosilifer cu dinozauri. Ocrot. Nat. Mediul. Inconjur. 33: 125- 133.
  11. ^ Brown vide Chure, D.J. and J.S. McIntosh. 1989. A Bibliography of the Dinosauria (Exclusive of the Aves) 1677-1986. Paleontology Series No. 1. Museum of Western Colorado.
  12. ^ a b Chure, D.J. and J.S. McIntosh. 1989. A Bibliography of the Dinosauria (Exclusive of the Aves) 1677-1986. Paleontology Series No. 1 Museum of Western Colorado.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h Jean C. Balouet & Storrs L. Olson (1989). "Fossil Birds from Late Quaternary Deposits in New Caledonia" (PDF). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. 469 (1): 1–38.
  14. ^ Alan Feduccia & Michael R. Voorhies (1989). "A Miocene Hawk Converges on Secretarybird". Ibis. 131 (3): 349–354. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919x.1989.tb02784.x.
  15. ^ David W. Steadman (1989). "A New Species of Starling (Sturnidae, Aplonis) from an Archaeological Site on Huahine, Society Islands" (PDF). Notornis. 36 (3): 161–169. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-08-26. Retrieved 2014-08-23.
  16. ^ Hou LianHai (1989). "A Middle Eocene Bird from Sangequan, Xinjiang" (PDF). Vertebrata PalAsiatica. 27 (1): 65–70.
  17. ^ a b Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (1989). "Les Caprimulgiformes et les Coraciiformes de l'Éocène et de l'Oligocène des Phosphorites du Quercy et Descriptions de Deux Genres Nouveaux de Podargidae et Nyctibiidae". Proceedings of the Nineteenth International Ornithological Congress. 19: 2047–2055.
  18. ^ Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (2013). "New Data Concerning the Familial Position of the Genus Euronyctibius (Aves, Caprimulgiformes) from the Paleogene of the Phosphorites du Quercy, France". Paleontological Journal. 47 (11): 1315–1322. doi:10.1134/s0031030113110117.
  19. ^ David W. Steadman (1989). "New Species and Records of Birds (Aves: Megapodiidae, Columbidae) from an Archeological Site on Lifuka, Tonga". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 102 (3): 537–552.
  20. ^ A. Lacasa Ruiz (1989). "Nuevo Género de Ave Fósil del Yacimiento Neocomiense del Montsec (Provincia de Lerida, España)". Estudios Geológicos. 45 (5–6): 417–425. doi:10.3989/egeol.89455-6513.
  21. ^ Josep A. Alcover (1989). "Les Aus Fòssils de la Cova de Ca Na Reia". Endins. 14-15: 95–100.
  22. ^ Jörn Theuerkauf; Roman Gula (2018). "Indirect evidence for body size reduction in a flightless island bird after human colonisation". Journal of Ornithology. in press (3): 823–826. doi:10.1007/s10336-018-1545-0.
  23. ^ Storrs L. Olson & Kimberley G. Eller (1989). "A New Species of Painted Snipe (Charadriiformes: Rostratulidae) from the Early Pliocene at Langebaanweg, Southwestern Cape Province, South Africa" (PDF). Ostrich. 60 (3): 118–121. doi:10.1080/00306525.1989.9633737.
  24. ^ a b Lev A. Nessov & A.A. Yarkov (1989). "[New Cretaceous-Paleogene Birds of the USSR and Some Remarks on the Origin and Evolution of the Class Aves]". Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta Akademii Nauk SSSR. 197 (1): 78–97.
  25. ^ Xiangkui Yeh & Bo Sun (1989). "Fossil Rail and Crow from Linqu, Shandong". Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências. 62 (1): 335–345.
  • Chatterjee, Sankar and Small, Bryan J.; 1989; New plesiosaurs from the Upper Cretaceous of Antarctica; 47 pp. 197–215 in Origins and Evolution of the Antarctic Biota, Geological Society Special Pub., edited by Crame, J.A.
  • Sanders F, Manley K, Carpenter K. Gastroliths from the Lower Cretaceous sauropod Cedarosaurus weiskopfae. In: Tanke D.H, Carpenter K, editors. Mesozoic vertebrate life: new research inspired by the paleontology of Philip J. Currie. Indiana University Press; Bloomington, IN: 2001. pp. 166–180.