1991 in science

The year 1991 in science and technology involved many significant events, some listed below.

List of years in science (table)

Astronomy and space explorationEdit

ChemistryEdit

Computer scienceEdit

ConservationEdit

GeophysicsEdit

MathematicsEdit

PhysicsEdit

Physiology and medicineEdit

TechnologyEdit

  • July 1 – World's first GSM telephone call made in Finland.

PublicationsEdit

  • The first open-access scientific online archive, arXiv, is begun as a preprint service for physicists, initiated by Paul Ginsparg.

AwardsEdit

BirthsEdit

DeathsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "1991: Sharman becomes first Briton in space". BBC News. 1991-05-18. Archived from the original on 2008-03-07. Retrieved 2008-02-01.
  2. ^ Balbus, Steven A.; Hawley, John F. (1991). "A powerful local shear instability in weakly magnetized disks". The Astrophysical Journal. 376: 214–233. Bibcode:1991ApJ...376..214B. doi:10.1086/170270.
  3. ^ Iijima, Sumio (7 November 1991). "Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon". Nature. 354 (6348): 56–58. Bibcode:1991Natur.354...56I. doi:10.1038/354056a0. S2CID 4302490.
  4. ^ Monthioux, Marc; Kuznetsov, Vladimir L. (2006). "Who should be given the credit for the discovery of carbon nanotubes?" (PDF). Carbon. 44 (9): 1621. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2006.03.019. Retrieved 2012-02-03.
  5. ^ Zimmermann, Philip (2001-06-05). "PGP Marks 10th Anniversary". Retrieved 2012-01-28.
  6. ^ "Welcome to info.cern.ch, the website of the world's first-ever web server". CERN. Archived from the original on 27 May 2008. Retrieved 25 May 2008.
  7. ^ "World Wide Web—Archive of world's first website". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 25 May 2008.
  8. ^ "World Wide Web—First mentioned on USENET". 6 August 1991. Archived from the original on 12 May 2008. Retrieved 25 May 2008.
  9. ^ "The original post to alt.hypertalk describing the WorldWideWeb Project". Google Groups. 9 August 1991. Retrieved 25 May 2008.
  10. ^ Pope, Kevin O.; et al. (9 May 1991). "Mexican site for K/T impact crater?". Nature. 351 (6322): 105. Bibcode:1991Natur.351..105P. doi:10.1038/351105a0. S2CID 36707836.
  11. ^ Hildebrand, Alan R.; Penfield, Glen T.; Kring, David A.; Pilkington, Mark; Zanoguera, Antonio Camargo; Jacobsen, Stein B.; Boynton, William V. (September 1991). "Chicxulub Crater: a possible Cretaceous/Tertiary Boundary impact crater on the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico". Geology. 19 (9): 867–871. Bibcode:1991Geo....19..867H. doi:10.1130/0091-7613(1991)019<0867:CCAPCT>2.3.CO;2.
  12. ^ Schulte, Peter; et al. (2010). "The Chicxulub Asteroid Impact and Mass Extinction at the Cretaceous- Paleogene Boundary" (PDF). Science. 327 (5970): 1214–1218. Bibcode:2010Sci...327.1214S. doi:10.1126/science.1177265. PMID 20203042. S2CID 2659741.
  13. ^ Candelas, Philip; de la Ossa, Xenia; Green, Paul; Parks, Linda (1991). "A pair of Calabi–Yau manifolds as an exactly soluble superconformal field theory". Nuclear Physics B. 359 (1): 21–74. Bibcode:1991NuPhB.359...21C. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(91)90292-6.
  14. ^ Wang, Qiudong (1991). "The global solution of the n-body problem". Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy. 50 (1): 73–88. Bibcode:1991CeMDA..50...73W. doi:10.1007/BF00048987. ISSN 0923-2958. S2CID 118132097.