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Nicola Pellow was one of the nineteen members of the WWW Project at CERN working with Tim Berners-Lee.[1] She joined the project in November 1990, while an undergraduate maths student enrolled in a sandwich course at Leicester Polytechnic (now De Montfort University).[1][2] Pellow recalled having little experience with programming languages, "... apart from using a bit of Pascal and FORTRAN as part of my degree course."[2]

Nicola Pellow
Nicola Pellow with Tim Berners-Lee in their office at CERN in Switzerland
Alma materLeicester Polytechnic
Known forLine Mode Browser
Scientific career
FieldsInformation technology

Almost immediately after Berners-Lee completed the WorldWideWeb web browser for the NeXT platform,[3] Pellow was tasked with creating a browser, after a quick lesson in C programming.[2] She wrote the generic Line Mode Browser[4][5][6] that could run on non-NeXT systems.[1][5][7] The WWW team began to improve on her work, creating several experimental versions.[8] Pellow was involved in porting the browser to different types of computers.[9]

She left CERN at the end of August 1991, but returned to CERN after graduating in 1992, and worked with Robert Cailliau on MacWWW,[10][11] the first web browser for the classic Mac OS.[9][12]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c "Ten Years Public Domain for the Original Web Software". CERN. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
  2. ^ a b c Gillies, James; Cailliau, R. (2000). How the Web was Born: The Story of the World Wide Web. Oxford University Press. p. 6. ISBN 0192862073.
  3. ^ A screenshot from TBL's first web browser
  4. ^ A view from Nicola Pellow's line mode browser
  5. ^ a b "Dream team of web developers to recreate line-mode browser | CERN". Retrieved 2016-11-02.
  6. ^ Berners-Lee, T.J.; Cailliau, R.; Groff, J.F. (1992). "The World-Wide Web" (PDF). Computer Networks and ISDN Systems. 25: 458.
  7. ^ Lasar, Matthew (2011-10-11). "Before Netscape: the forgotten Web browsers of the early 1990s". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
  8. ^ Isaacson, Walter (2014-10-07). The Innovators: How a Group of Hackers, Geniuses, and Geeks Created the Digital Revolution. Simon and Schuster. p. 415. ISBN 9781476708713.
  9. ^ a b Stewart, Bill (2015). "Web Browser History". Living Internet. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  10. ^ "MacWWW: the first web browser for the Apple Macintosh platform". Retrieved 2016-11-02.
  11. ^ Screenshot of the first Mac web browser
  12. ^ Berners-Lee, Tim (3 November 1992). "Macintosh Browser". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 2 June 2010.

External linksEdit