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Archaeology and paleontologyEdit

Astronomy and space explorationEdit

Biology and medicineEdit


Computer scienceEdit

Earth sciencesEdit

  • December 21 – Mexico's Popocatépetl volcano, dormant for 47 years, resumes eruption.


Molecular biologyEdit


  • May 6 – The Channel Tunnel, which took 15,000 workers over seven years to complete, opens between England and France. It is now possible to travel between the two countries in 35 minutes.
  • August 16 – The world's first smartphone, the IBM Simon, goes on sale.[22]
  • December 3 – The first PlayStation gaming console is released in Japan.
  • The first high-brightness blue LED is achieved, an invention that earns the researchers a Nobel Prize in 2014.[23]
  • QR code invented by Japanese company Denso.




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  15. ^ Agence France Presse (2012-01-18). "Who is Jerry Yang?". NDTV. NDTV Convergence Limited. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  16. ^ "Business Development/Japan (1994~2004)". Sony. Archived from the original on 2011-07-03. Retrieved 2012-02-22.
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  19. ^ "All Eight Roy Grace Novels by Peter James Now Available in e-Book Format in the United States: Author of "the world's first electronic novel" in 1994". prweb. 2013-01-31. Retrieved 2015-10-31.
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