1988 in science
The year 1988 in science and technology involved many significant events, some listed below.
Astronomy and space explorationEdit
- September 29 – NASA resumes space shuttle flights, grounded after the Challenger disaster.
- November 15 – In the Soviet Union, the uncrewed Shuttle Buran is launched by an Energia rocket on her maiden orbital spaceflight (this was the first and last space flight for the shuttle).
- Canadian astronomers Bruce Campbell, G. A. H. Walker and Stephenson Yang publish radial-velocity observations suggesting that an extrasolar planet orbits the star Gamma Cephei, although its existence is not confirmed until 2003.
- Asteroid 3994 Ayashi is discovered by Masahiro Koishikawa.
- 4407 Taihaku is discovered.
- 4539 Miyagino is discovered.
- November 2 – The Morris worm is unleashed on the Internet.
- November 17 – The Netherlands becomes the second country to get connected to the Internet.
- The first version of the Photoshop graphics software, devised by Thomas Knoll, ships with Barneyscan image scanners.
- The NeXT computer is released.
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- January 11 – Isidor Isaac Rabi (born 1898), Polish American physicist, winner of Nobel Prize in Physics in 1944 for invention of the atomic beam magnetic resonance method of measuring magnetic properties of atoms and molecules.
- January 21 – E. B. Ford (born 1901), English ecological geneticist and lepidopterist.
- February 15 – Richard Feynman (born 1918), American physicist, winner of Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965 for his work on quantum electrodynamics.
- May 8 – Robert A. Heinlein (born 1907), American "hard" science fiction author.
- May 25 – Ernst Ruska (born 1906), German winner of Nobel Prize in Physics for work in electron optics.
- September 1 – Luis Walter Alvarez (born 1911), American experimental physicist, winner of Nobel Prize in Physics in 1968 for bubble chamber research into particle physics.
- October 9 – Felix Wankel (born 1902), German mechanical engineer.
- December 21 – Nikolaas Tinbergen (born 1907), Dutch-born ethologist, ornithologist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
- December 30 – Dennis H. Klatt (born 1938), American pioneer of speech synthesis.
- Campbell, B.; Walker, G. A. H.; Yang, S. (1988). "A search for substellar companions to solar-type stars". The Astrophysical Journal. 331: 902. Bibcode:1988ApJ...331..902C. doi:10.1086/166608.
- U.S. Senate, Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, "Greenhouse Effect and Global Climate Change, part 2" 100th Cong., 1st sess., 23 June 1988, p. 44: "global warming has reached a level such that we can ascribe with a high degree of confidence a cause and effect relationship between the greenhouse effect and the observed warming."
- Conway, Erik (January 28, 2012). "What's in a Name? Global Warming vs. Climate Change". NASA.
- Story, Derrick (February 18, 2000). "From Darkroom to Desktop — How Photoshop Came to Light". Story Photography. Archived from the original on June 26, 2007. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
- Holmes, Gary P.; et al. (1988). "Chronic fatigue syndrome: a working case definition". Annals of Internal Medicine. 108 (3): 387–9. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-108-3-387. PMID 2829679.
- Campling, Frankie; Sharpe, Michael (2000). Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS/ME). Oxford University Press. pp. 14–15. ISBN 0-19-263049-0. Retrieved April 2, 2008.
- Wilson, Donald; Wilson, Jane (2003). The Pride of African American History. AuthorHouse. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-4107-2873-9.
- Henderson, Susan K. (1998). African-American Inventors III. Capstone Press. pp. 9–13. ISBN 978-1-56065-698-2.