1995 in science

The year 1995 in science and technology involved many significant events, listed below.

List of years in science (table)

Astronomy and space explorationEdit


  • March 24 – Patrick Callaerts and colleagues publish the first classic demonstration of the role of the PAX6 gene in the development of eyes.[4]
  • The genome of Haemophilus influenzae is the first genome of a free living organism to be sequenced.

Computer scienceEdit

Earth sciencesEdit

  • Bruce Luyendyk first proposes the name Zealandia for a southern continent.




  • The RELN gene and Reelin protein are discovered by Gabriella D'Arcangelo and colleagues, solving the mystery behind the formation of "inverted cortical layers" in the brain of reeler mutant mice, and sparking an avalanche of research into the Reelin's role in neurodevelopment.






  1. ^ Mayor, Michael; Queloz, Didier (1995). "A Jupiter-mass companion to a solar-type star". Nature. 378 (6555): 355–359. Bibcode:1995Natur.378..355M. doi:10.1038/378355a0. S2CID 4339201.
  2. ^ "A Near-Earth Object Hazard Index" presented at a United Nations conference and published in its proceedings, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 822 (1997).
  3. ^ "Spitzer Telescope Observes Baby Brown Dwarf".
  4. ^ Halder, G.; Callaerts, P.; Gehring, W. J. (1995). "Induction of ectopic eyes by targeted expression of the eyeless gene in Drosophila". Science. 267 (5205): 1788–1792. Bibcode:1995Sci...267.1788H. doi:10.1126/science.7892602. PMID 7892602.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Lewis, Peter H. (31 January 1995). "COMPANY NEWS; Prodigy Sees Quick Growth from Internet Web Service". The New York Times.
  6. ^ Lerdorf, Rasmus (1995-06-08). "Announce: Personal Home Page Tools (PHP Tools)". Newsgroupcomp.infosystems.www.authoring.cgi. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
  7. ^ "History & Timeline". Retrieved 2012-07-02.
  8. ^ Byers, Ann (2006). Jeff Bezos: the founder of Amazon.com. The Rosen Publishing Group. pp. 46–47. ISBN 9781404207172.
  9. ^ Wiles, Andrew (1995). "Modular elliptic curves and Fermat's Last Theorem" (PDF). Annals of Mathematics. 141 (3): 443–551. CiteSeerX doi:10.2307/2118559. ISSN 0003-486X. JSTOR 2118559. OCLC 37032255. Zbl 0823.11029.; Taylor, Richard; Wiles, Andrew (1995). "Ring-theoretic properties of certain Hecke algebras" (PDF). Annals of Mathematics. 141 (3): 553–572. CiteSeerX doi:10.2307/2118560. JSTOR 2118560. OCLC 37032255. Zbl 0823.11030.
  10. ^ Abe, F. et al (CDF Collaboration) (1995). "Observation of Top Quark Production in

    Collisions with the Collider Detector at Fermilab". Physical Review Letters. 74 (14): 2626–2631. arXiv:hep-ex/9503002. Bibcode:1995PhRvL..74.2626A. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.74.2626. PMID 10057978. S2CID 119451328.
  11. ^ Abachi, S. et al (DØ Collaboration) (1995). "Search for High Mass Top Quark Production in

    Collisions at s = 1.8 TeV". Physical Review Letters. 74 (13): 2422–2426. arXiv:hep-ex/9411001. Bibcode:1995PhRvL..74.2422A. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.74.2422. PMID 10057924. S2CID 119392677.
  12. ^ Liss, T. M.; Tipton, P. L. (1997). "The Discovery of the Top Quark" (PDF). Scientific American. 277 (3): 54–59. Bibcode:1997SciAm.277c..54L. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0997-54.
  13. ^ Loftus, E. F.; Pickrell, J. E. (1995). "The formation of false memories" (PDF). Psychiatric Annals. 25 (12): 720–725. doi:10.3928/0048-5713-19951201-07. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-12-03. Retrieved 2011-02-27.