2002 in paleontology

Paleontology or palaeontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 2002.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

PlantsEdit

GymnospermsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Ginkgo dissecta[2]

Sp nov

Valid

Mustoe

Early Eocene

McAbee site, Kamloops Group

  Canada

Pinus matthewsii[3]

Sp nov

Valid

McKown, Stockey, & Schweger

Pliocene

Ch'ijee's Bluff, Bluefish Basin

  Canada

AngiospermsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Hymenaea mexicana[4]

sp nov

Valid

Poinar & Brown

Late Oligocene - early Miocene

Mexican amber

  Mexico

A species of Hymenaea, producer of Mexican amber

Trifurcatua flabellata[5]

Gen. et sp. nov.

Valid

Mohr & Rydin

Lower Cretaceous

Crato Formation

  Brazil

putative monocot

ArthropodsEdit

InsectsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cretomerobius wehri[6]

Sp nov.

Jr synonym

Makarkin, Archibald, Oswald

Ypresian

Klondike Mountain Formation

  USA

A drepanepterygine brown lacewing.
Moved to Proneuronema wehri in 2016[7]

Dolichoderus kohlsi[8]

Sp nov

Valid

Dlussky & Rasnitsyn

Ypresian

Green River Formation

  United States
  Colorado

A dolichoderine ant.

Dolichoderus longipilosus[9]

Sp nov

valid

Dlussky

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

A Dolichoderine ant

Dolichoderus nanus[9]

Sp nov

valid

Dlussky

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

A Dolichoderine ant

Eoformica globularis[8]

Sp nov

Valid

Dlussky & Rasnitsyn

Ypresian

Green River Formation

  United States
  Wyoming

A ant of uncertain placement.

Eoformica magna[8]

Sp nov

Valid

Dlussky & Rasnitsyn

Ypresian

Green River Formation

  United States
  Wyoming

A ant of uncertain placement.

Fibla (Reisserella) cerdanica[10]

Comb nov

Valid

(Nel)

Late Miocene

  Spain

An inocellid snakefly,
moved from Miofibla Nel, 1994

Formica gustawi[11]

Sp nov

valid

Dlussky

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

A formicine ant

Klondikia[8]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Dlussky & Rasnitsyn

Ypresian

Klondike Mountain Formation

  United States
  Washington

An ant form genus of uncertain placement.
Type species K. whiteae

Kohlsimyrma[8]

Gen et 2 sp nov

Valid

Dlussky & Rasnitsyn

Ypresian

Green River Formation

  United States
  Colorado

An ant form genus of uncertain placement.
Type species K. laticeps
also includes K. gracilis and K. longiceps

Mianeuretus eocenicus[8]

Sp nov

Valid

Dlussky & Rasnitsyn

Ypresian

Green River Formation

  United States
  Colorado

An aneuretine ant

Myrmecites[8]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Dlussky & Rasnitsyn

Ypresian

Green River Formation

  United States
  Colorado

A myrmicine ant form genus.
Type species M. rotundiceps

Pachycondyla labandeirai[8]

Sp nov

Valid

Dlussky & Rasnitsyn

Ypresian

Green River Formation

  United States
  Wyoming

A ponerine ant.

Ponerites[8]

Gen, 3 sp et 1 comb nov

Valid

Dlussky & Rasnitsyn

Ypresian

Green River Formation

  United States
  Colorado

A ponerine ant form genus.
Type species P. eocenicus
Also includes P. coloradensis, P. hypoponeroides,
& P. umbrus (moved from Ponera umbrus 1932)

Proiridomyrmex[8]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Dlusskys & Rasnitsyn

Ypresian

Green River Formation

  United States
  Colorado

A dolichoderine ant form genus
Type species P. vetulus

Solenopsites[8]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Dlussky & Rasnitsyn

Ypresian

Green River Formation

  United States
  Colorado

A myrmicine ant form genus.
Type species S. minutus

Wesmaelius mathewesi[6]

sp. nov

valid

Makarkin, Archibald, Oswald

Ypresian

Coldwater Formation

  Canada

first description of fossil Wesmaelius

ConodontsEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Eolinguipolygnathus[12]

Gen et comb nov

valid

Bardashev, Weddige, & Ziegler

early Devonian

An eopolygnathid conodont,
type species E. dehiscens
moved from Polygnathus dehiscens (1967)

ArchosauromorphsEdit

DinosaursEdit

New taxaEdit

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[13]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Agnosphitys[14]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Fraser, Padian, Walkden, & Davis

late Triassic

  England

A possible chimera

Anabisetia[15]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Coria & Calvo

Late Cretaceous

Cerro Lisandro Formation

  Argentina

An Iguanodont

Aucasaurus[16]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Coria, Chiappe, & Dingus

Santonian

Anacleto Formation

  Argentina

An Abelisaurid

"Byranjaffia"[17]

gen nov

Nomen nudum

Novacek

Late Cretaceous

  Mongolia

Officially named Byronosaurus

Crichtonsaurus[18]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Dong

Late Cretaceous

Sunjiawan Formation

  China

An ankylosaurid

"Cryptovolans"[19]

gen et sp nov

Junior synonym

Czerkas, Zhang, Li, & Li

Aptian

Jiufotang Formation

  China

Jr synonym of Microraptor

"Epidendrosaurus"[20]

gen et sp nov

junior synonym

Zhang, Zhou, Xu, & Wang

Late Jurassic

Yixian Formation

  China

jr synonym of Scansoriopteryx

Erliansaurus[21]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Xu et al.

Late Cretaceous

Iren Dabasu Formation

  Mongolia

A Therizinosauroid

"Fusinasus"[22]

gen et sp nov

Junior synonym of Eotyrannus

Hutt

Early Cretaceous

Wessex Formation

  England

Jr synonym of Eotyrannus

"Huaxiasaurus"

Nomen nudum

Rey

Officially named Huaxiagnathus in 2004

Incisivosaurus[23]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Xu, Wang, & Chang

Barremian

Yixian Formation

  China

An Oviraptorosaurid

Liaoceratops[24]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Berremian

Yixian Formation

  China

A Ceratopsian

Pycnonemosaurus[25]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Kellner & Campos

Bauru-type red conglomerate sandstone

Maastrichtian

  Brazil

An Abelisaurid

Scansoriopteryx[26]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Czerkas & Yuan

Late Jurassic

Yixian Formation

  China

Possible junior synonym of Epidendrosaurus

Sinovenator[27]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Xu et al.

Early Cretaceous

Yixian Formation

  China

A Troodontid

BirdsEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Status Novelty Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Adelalopus [28]

Valid

Gen. et Sp. nov.

Mayr & Smith

Early Oligocene

Borgloon Formation

  Belgium
  Flemish Brabant

A palaelodid
Type species A. hoogbutseliensis

Aegialornis germanicus [29]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Mlíkovský

Middle Eocene

  Germany
  Saxony-Anhalt

An Aegialornithid

Archaeotrogon nocturnus [29]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Mlíkovský

Eocene or Early Oligocene

Phosphorites du Quercy

  France

An archaeotrogonid

Athene trinacriae [30]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Pavia & Mourer-Chauviré

Pleistocene

  Italia
  Sicily

A strigid owl.

Belonopterus downsi [31]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Campbell, Jr.

Late Pleistocene

La Brea Tar Pits

  USA
  California

A charadriid lapwing.

Camusia quintanai [32]

Valid

Gen. et Sp. nov.

Seguí

Pliocene

Vroeg-Midden

  Spain
  Menorca

A gruid crane.

Cathayornis aberransis [33]

?Valid

Sp. nov.

Hou, Zhou, Zhang, & Gu

Valanginian

Jiufotang Formation

  China

A cathayornithid

Cimolopteryx petra [34]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Hope

Maastrichtian

Lance Formation

  USA
  Wyoming

A cimolopterygid
moved to Lamarqueavis petra in 2010[35]

Collocalia manuoi [36]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Steadman

Quaternary

  Cook Islands

An apodid swiftlet.

Colymboides belgicus [28]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Mayr & Smith

Early Oligocene

Borgloon Formation

  Belgium
  Flemish Brabant

A gaviid.

Delphinornis arctowskii [37]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Myrcha et al

Eocene

La Meseta Formation

  Antarctica

A spheniscid penguin.

Delphinornis gracilis [37]

Valid

Comb. nov.

(Wiman)

Eocene

La Meseta Formation

  Antarctica

A spheniscid penguin
Moved from Ichtyopteryx gracilis (1905)

Enaliornis seeleyi [38]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Galton & Martin

Early Cretaceous

  UK
  England

An enaliornithid

Eocathayornis [39]

Valid

Gen et Sp nov.

Zhou

Valanginian

Jiufotang Formation

  China

An enantiornithelian,
Type species E. walkeri

Giganhinga [40]

Valid

Gen et Sp nov.

Rinderknecht & Noriega

Pliocene-Pleistocene

San José Formation

  Uruguay

An anhingid
Type species G. kiyuensis

Gigantohierax [41]

Valid

Gen et Sp. nov.

Arredondo & Arredondo

Quaternary

Cave deposits

  Cuba

An Accipitridae
Type species G. suarezi

Halimornis [42]

Valid

Gen et Sp nov.

Chiappe, Lamb Jr., & Ericson

Early-Middle Campanian

Mooreville Chalk Formation

  USA
  Alabama

An Euenantiornithalean
Type species H. thompsoni

Hesperornis bairdi [43]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Martin & Lim

Campanian

Pierre Shale Formation

  USA
  South Dakota

A hesperornithid

Hesperornis chowi [43]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Martin & Lim

Campanian

Pierre Shale Formation

  USA
  South Dakota

A hesperornithid

Hesperornis macdonaldi [43]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Martin & Lim

Campanian

Pierre Shale Formation

  USA
  South Dakota

A hesperornithid

Hesperornis mengeli [43]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Martin & Lim

Campanian

Pierre Shale Formation

  Canada
  Manitoba

A hesperornithid

?Idiornis anthracinus [44]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Mayr

Middle Eocene

  Germany
  Saxony-Anhalt

A cuculid cuckoo
Moved to Dynamopterus anthracinus (2013)[45]

Jeholornis [46]

Valid

Gen et Sp. nov.

Zhou & Zhang

Early Cretaceous

Jiufotang Formation

  China

A jeholornithid
Type species J. prima

Jiliniornis [47]

Valid

Gen et Sp nov.

Hou & Ericson

Middle Eocene

Huadian Formation

  China

A charadriid
Type species J. huadianensis

Jinzhouornis [33]

jr synonym

Gen et 2 Sp. nov.

Hou, Zhou, Zhang, & Gu

Early Cretaceous

Yixian Formation

  China

A confuciusornithid
Type species J. yixianensis, also included J. zhangjiyingia
Genus and species synonymized with Confuciusornis sanctus 2018[48]

Jixiangornis [49]

Valid

Gen et Sp nov.

Ji et al

Early Cretaceous

Jiufotang Formation

  China

An avialaen
Type species J. orientalis

Larus utunui [50]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Steadman

Subrecent

  French Polynesia

A larid gull.

Marambiornis [37]

Valid

Gen et Sp nov.

Myrcha et al

Eocene

La Meseta Formation

  Antarctica

A penguin
Type species M. exilis

Masillastega [51]

Valid

Gen et Sp nov.

Mayr

Early Middle Eocene

Messel Formation

  Germany
  Hessen

A sulid
Type species M. rectirostris

Mesetaornis [37]

Valid

Gen et Sp nov.

Myrcha et al

Eocene

La Meseta Formation

  Antarctica

A penguin.
Type species M. polaris

Miodytes serbicus [52]

Valid

Gen et Sp nov.

Dimitreijevich, Gál, & Kessler

Early Miocene

Valjevo Basin

  Serbia

A podicipedid grebe.

Novacaesareala [53]

Valid

Gen et Sp nov.

Parris & Hope

Early Danian

Hornerstown Formation

  USA
  New Jersey

A possible torotigid
Type species N. hungerfordi

Oligosylphe [28]

Valid

Gen et Sp nov.

Mayr & Smith

Early Oligocene

Borgloon Formation

  Belgium
  Flemish Brabant

A Sylphornithidae|sylphornithid
Type species O. mourerchauvireae

Omnivoropteryx[54]

Valid

Gen et Sp nov.

Czerkas & Ji

Early Cretaceous

Jiufutang Formation

  China

An Omvivoropterygidae
Type species O. sinousaorum

Oxyura doksana [29]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Mlíkovský

Early Miocene

  Czech Republic

A possible sea duck.

Paraortygoides radagasti [55]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Dyke * Gulas

Early Eocene

London Clay

  UK
  England

A gallinuloidid

Parasarcoramphus [56]

Valid

Gen et Sp nov.

Mourer-Chauviré

Bartonian-Late Oligocene

Phosphorites du Quercy

  France
  Occitanie

A cathartid. Type species P. milneedwardsi

Plesiocathartes geiselensis [57]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Mayr

Middle Eocene

  Germany
  Saxony-Anhalt

A leptosomiformean.

Plesiocathartes kelleri[58]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Mayr

Middle Eocene

Messel Formation

  Germany
  Hessen

A Leptosomiformean.

Polarornis [59]

Valid

Gen et Sp nov.

Chatterjee

Late Cretaceous

López de Bertodano Formation
Seymour Island

  Antarctica

A vegaviid[60]
Type species P. gregorii

Sapeornis[61]

Valid

Gen et Sp nov.

Zhou & Zhang

Early Cretaceous

Jiufotang Formation

  China

A omnivoropterygid
Type species S. chaoyangensis

Septentrogon [62]

Valid

Gen et Sp nov.

Kristoffersen

Ypresian

Fur Formation

  Denmark

A trogonid
Type species S. madseni

Shenzhouraptor [63]

valid

Gen et sp nov.

Ji et al

Early Cretaceous

Jiufotang Formation

  China

An Avialae. Type species S. sinensis

Spheniscus urbinai [64]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Stucchi

Late Miocene-Early Pliocene

Pisco Formation

  Peru

A spheniscid penguin.

Taubatornis [65]

Valid

Gen et sp nov.

Olson & de Alvarenga

Late Oligocene or Early Miocene

Tremembé Formation

  Brazil

A teratorn
Type species T. campbelli

Teratornis olsoni [66]

jr synonym

Sp. nov.

Arredondo & Arredondo

Pleistocene

Cave deposits

  Cuba

A teratorn
Moved to Oscaravis olsoni in 2009[67]

Teratornis woodburnensis [68]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Campbell & Stenger

Late Pleistocene

  USA
  Oregon

A teratorn

Teviornis [69]

Valid

Gen et Sp nov.

Kurochkin, Dyke, & Karhu

Maastrichtian

Nemegt Formation

  Mongolia

A presbyornithid
Type species T. gobiensis

Tyto balearica cyrneichnusae [70]

Valid

Subsp. nov.

Louchart

Late Pleistocene

  France
  Corsica

A tytonid owl subspecies.

PlesiosaursEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Edgarosaurus

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Druckenmiller

Albian

Thermopolis Shale

  United States
  Montana

A polycotylid
Type species E. muddi

Kaiwhekea

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Cruickshank & Fordyce

Maastrichtian

Katiki Formation

  New Zealand
  Otago

An aristonectine elasmosaurid
Type species K. katiki

Vinialesaurus

Gen et comb nov

Valid

Gasparini et al

Oxfordian

Jagua Formation

  Cuba

A cryptoclidid
Type species V. caroli
Moved from Cryptocleidus caroli (1949)

PterosaursEdit

In October, a partial Mesadacylus wing was discovered in the Kingsview Quarry of Colorado.[71] This find marks the first time that a Morrison pterosaur has been found at more than one site in the formation.[71]

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Austriadactylus

gen et sp nov

Valid

Dalla Vecchia, Wild, & Reitner

Late Triassic

Seefelder Beds

  Austria

Hatzegopteryx[72]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Buffetaut, Grigorescu, & Csiki

Late Cretaceous

Densuș-Ciula Formation

  Romania

possibly a jr synonym of Quetzalcoatlus

Jeholopterus

gen et sp nov

Valid

Wang & Zhou

Late Jurassic

Daohugou Beds

  China

Piksi

gen et sp nov

Valid

Varricchio

Late Cretaceous

Two Medicine Formation

  United States

At first thought to be a bird, but subsequently reinterpreted as a pterosaur, likely a member of Ornithocheiroidea.[73]

Pterorhynchus

gen et sp nov

Valid

Czerkas & Ji

Late Jurassic

Daohugou Beds

  China

Thalassodromeus

gen et sp nov

Valid

Kellner & Campos

early Cretaceous

Santana Formation

  Brazil

Utahdactylus

gen et sp nov

Valid

Czerkas & Mickelson

Late Jurassic

Morrison Formation, Utah

  USA

LepidosauromorphsEdit

SquamatesEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

"Lakumasaurus"[74]

Gen et sp nov

Jr synonym

Novas et al.

Late Campanian

Santa Marta Formation

  Antarctica

Genus synonymized with Taniwhasaurus in 2007

SynapsidsEdit

Non-mammalianEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Criocephalosaurus[75]

gen nov

Valid

Kammerer & Sidor

Upper Permian

  South Africa

A dinocephalian. Replacement name for Criocephalus Broom, 1928, preoccupied by Criocephalus Mulsant 1839.

Kitchinganomodon[76]

Gen nov

Valid

Maisch

Upper Permian

  South Africa

A dicynodont. New genus for "Platycyclops" crassus Broom, 1948.

Kwazulusaurus[77]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Maisch

Upper Permian

Beaufort Group

  South Africa

A dicynodont. The type species is Kwazulusaurus shakai.

Lanthanocephalus[78]

gen et sp nov

Preoccupied

Modesto, Rubidge, & Welman

Upper Permian

Koonap Formation

  South Africa

Genus preoccupied by Lanthanocephalus Williams & Starmer, 2000, moved to the replacement Lanthanostegus in 2003

Neotrirachodon[79]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Tatarinov

Middle Triassic

Donguz Formation

  Russia

A cynodont. The type species is Neotrirachodon expectatus.

Ruhuhucerberus[80]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Maisch

Upper Permian

Kawinga Formation

  Tanzania

A gorgonopsian. The type species is Ruhuhucerberus terror.

Titanogorgon[80]

gen nov

Valid

Maisch

Upper Permian

Kawinga Formation

  Tanzania

A gorgonopsian. New genus for "Gorgonognathus" maximus von Huene, 1950.

ReferencesEdit

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