Open main menu

Paleontology or palaeontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1983.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986

Contents

PlantsEdit

ConifersEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Pinus driftwoodensis[2]

sp. nov

valid

Stockey

Early Eocene

Driftwood Canyon Provincial Park

  Canada

Pine species

ArthropodsEdit

InsectsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Mastotermes electromexicus[3]

sp. nov

valid

Krishna & Emerson

Late Oligocene - Early Miocene

Mexican amber

  Mexico

first new world species of Mastotermes

Armaniidae[4]

Fam. nov

valid

Dlussky

Cenomanian - Turonian

Family of "ant-like wasps" from impression fossils

ArchosauromorphsEdit

Newly named dinosaursEdit

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[5]

Name Status Authors Country Notes Images
Adasaurus[6] Valid taxon
Changtusaurus[7] Nomen nudum.
Chungkingosaurus[8] Valid taxon
  • Zhang Y. H.
Coloradisaurus[9] Valid taxon
  • Lambert
Damalasaurus[7] Nomen nudum.
Enigmosaurus[10] Valid taxon
  • Perle
Gongbusaurus[8] Valid taxon
  • Zhang Y. H.
Lancanjiangosaurus[7] Nomen nudum.
Megacervixosaurus[7] Nomen nudum.
Microdontosaurus[7] Nomen nudum.
Ngexisaurus[7] Nomen nudum.
Ornatotholus[11] Possible junior synonym of Stegoceras.
Quaesitosaurus[12] Valid taxon
  • Bannikov
Shamosaurus[13] Valid taxon
  • Tumanova
Shunosaurus[8] Valid taxon
  • Zhang Y. H.
Stygimoloch[11] Valid taxon
Ultrasaurus[14] Nomen dubium.
  • Kim H. M.
Xiaosaurus[15] Valid taxon
  • Tang Z.
Zizhongosaurus[8] Valid taxon
  • Zhang Y. H.

Newly named birdsEdit

Name Status Novelty Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Capitonides protractus [16]

Valid

Gen et sp nov.

Peter Ballmann

Middle Miocene

MN 6

  Germany

A Lybiidae

Diogenornis fragilis [17]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Herculano M. F. de Alvarenga

Late Paleocene

Bacia calcária de Itaboraí

  Brazil

An Opisthodactylidae

Elaphrocnemus brodkorbi [18]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Eocene or Oligocene

Phosphorites du Quercy,

MP 16-28

  France

An Idiornithidae
transferred to Talantatos brodkorbi in 2002[19] not followed here.

Fluviatilavis [20]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Colin J. O. Harrison

Early Eocene

MP 7

  Portugal

Aves incertae sedis[19] pending restudy, this is the type species of the new genus.

Horezmavis [21]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Lev A. Nessov

Late Albian

Khodzhakul Formation

  Soviet Union:

  Uzbekistan

An Ornithuromorphae Incertae Sedis, this is the type species of the new genus.

Idiornis itardiensis [18]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Mourer-Chauviré

Middle Eocene or Oligocene

Messel pit,
Phosphorites du Quercy

  Germany
  France

An Idiornithidae, moved to Dynamopterus itardiensis in 2013.[22]

Judinornis nogontsavensis [21]

Valid

Gen. et Sp. nov.

Lev A. Nessov

L. J. Borkin

Late Campanian-Early Maastrichtian,

Nemegt Formation

  Mongolia

A Hesperornithiformes, Baptornithidae; this is the type species of the new genus.

Oblitavis insolitus [18]

Valid

Gen. nov et Sp. nov.

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Eocene or Oligocene

Phosphorites du Quercy

  France

An Idiornithidae, transferred to the genus Propelargus insolitus in 2002.[19]

Oligostrix rupelensis [23]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Karlheinz Fischer

Middle Oligocene

  Germany

A Protostrigidae, type species O. rupelensis

Tasidyptes[24]

Valid?

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Gerard F. van Tets

Sue O’Connor

Holocene, ± 1400-800 BP

Kitchen midden

  Australia:

  Tasmania

A Spheniscidae, type species T. hunteri. possibly nomen dubium.[citation needed]

Tereingaornis moiseleyi [25]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Ron J. Scarlett

Waipipian

  New Zealand

A Spheniscidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

PterosaursEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Status Authors Notes

Angustinaripterus

Valid

He Xinlu et al.

Preondactylus

Valid

Wild

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.
  2. ^ Stockey, R.S. (1983). "Pinus driftwoodensis sp.n. from the early Tertiary of British Columbia". Botanical Gazette. 144 (1): 148–156. doi:10.1086/337355. JSTOR 2474678.
  3. ^ Krishna, K.; Emerson, A. E. (1983). "A New Fossil Species of Termite from Mexican Amber, Mastotermes electromexicus (Isoptera, Mastotermitidae)" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 2767: 1–8.
  4. ^ Grimaldi, D.; Agosti, D.; Carpenter, J. M. (1997). "New and rediscovered primitive ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Cretaceous amber from New Jersey, and their phylogenetic relationships" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 3208: 1–43.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07.
  6. ^ Barsbold, R. 1983. Carnivorous Dinosaurs from the Cretaceous of Mongolia: The Joint Soviet- Mongolian Palaeontological Expedition, Transactions (Volume 19), pp. 1-117.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Zhao, X. 1983. Phylogeny and Evolutionary Stages of Dinosauria. Acta Palaeontologia Polonica 28 (1/2): pp. 295-306.
  8. ^ a b c d Dong, Z., S. Zhou, and Y. Zhang. 1983. Dinosaurs from the Jurassic of Sichuan. Palaeontologica Sinica Whole Number 162 New Series C, Number 23 (edited by Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology and Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology Academia Sinica): pp. 1-136. Science Press Peking, 1983 + 43 plates.
  9. ^ Lambert, D. 1993. The Ultimate Dinosaur Book, Dorling Kindersley Book, London (192 pages) [see p. 173 for Coloradisaurus].
  10. ^ Barsbold, R. and A. Perle. 1983. On taphonomy of a joint burial of juvenile dinosaurs and some aspects of their ecology. Sovmestnaya Sovetsko-Mongolskaya Paleontologichekaya Ekspeditsia. Trudy 24: pp. 121-125.
  11. ^ a b Galton, P.M. and H.-D.Sues. 1983. New data on pachycephalosaurid dinosaurs (Reptilia: Ornithischia) from North America. Can. J. Earth Sci. 20: pp. 462-473.
  12. ^ Kurzanov, S. M., and A.F. Bannikov. 1983. A new sauropod from the Upper Cretaceous of Mongolia. Palaeontological Journal 17 (2): pp. 91-97.
  13. ^ Tumanova, T.A. 1983. The first ankylosaur from the Lower Cretaceous of Mongolia. Sovm. Sov.- Mong. Paleontol. Eksped. Trudy 24: pp. 110-120.
  14. ^ Kim, H.M. 1983. Cretaceous dinosaurs from Korea. J. Geol. Soc. Korea 19 (3): pp. 115-126.
  15. ^ Dong, Z. and Z. Tang. 1983. A short report on the dinosaur fauna from Dashanpu, Zigong, Sichuan. II. Ornithopoda. Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology Paleoanthropology, Academia Sinica. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 21 (2): pp. 168- 171.
  16. ^ Peter Ballmann (1983). "A New Species of Fossil Barbet (Aves: Piciformes) from the Late Miocene of the Nödlinger Ries (Southern Germany)". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 3 (1): 43–48. doi:10.1080/02724634.1983.10011957.
  17. ^ Herculano M. F. de Alvarenga (1983). "Uma Ave Ratitae do Paleoceno Brasileiro: Bacia calcária de Itaboraí, Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil". Boletim do Museu Nacional (Rio de Janeiro), Geologia, Nova Série. 41 (1): 1–11.
  18. ^ a b c Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (1983). "Les Gruiformes (Aves) des Phosphorites du Quercy (France). 1. Sous-ordre Cariamae (Cariamidae et Phorusrhacide) Systématique et Biostratigraphie". Palaeovertebrata. 13: 83–143.
  19. ^ a b c Jíří Mlíkovský (2002). "Cenozoic Birds of the World Part 1: Europe" (PDF). Praha Ninox Press. 13: 1–407. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-03-07. Retrieved 2014-08-30.
  20. ^ Colin J. O. Harrison (1983). "A New Wader, Recurvirostridae (Charadriiformes) from the Early Eocene of Portugal". Sciências da Terra. 7: 9–16.
  21. ^ a b Lev A. Nessov & L. J. Borkin (1983). "[New Records of Bird Bones from Cretaceous of Mongolia and Middle Asia]". Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta Akademii Nauk SSSR. 116: 108–110.
  22. ^ Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (2002). "Idiornis Oberholser, 1899 (Aves, Gruiformes, Cariamae, Idiornithidae): a Junior Synonym of Dynamopterus Milne-Edwards, 1892 (Paleogene, Phosphorites du Quercy, France)". Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie. 270 (1): 13–22. doi:10.1127/0077-7749/2013/0355.
  23. ^ Karlheinz Fischer (1983). "Oligostrix rupelensis N. Gen., N. Sp., eine Neue Ureule (Protostrigidae, Srigiformes, Aves) aus de Mitteleozänen Braunkohle des Geiseltals des Weisselsterbeckens bei Leipzig (DDR)" (PDF). Zeitschrift für Geologischen Wissenschaften. 11 (4–8): 483–487.
  24. ^ Gerard F. van Tets & Sue O'Connor (1983). "The Hunter Island Penguin, an Extinct New Genus and Species from a Tasmanian Midden". Records of the Queen Victoria Museum, Launceston. 81: 1–13.
  25. ^ Ron J. Scarlett (1983). "Tereingaornis moisleyi - a New Pliocene Penguin". New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics. 26 (4): 419–428. doi:10.1080/00288306.1983.10422257.