Open main menu

1988 in paleontology

Paleontology or palaeontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1988.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991

PlantsEdit

AngiospermsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Stonebergia[2]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Wolfe & Wehr

Ypresian

Allenby Formation

  Canada

A Rosaceae genus

ArthropodsEdit

InsectsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aneuretellus[3]

Gen et sp nov

valid

Dlussky

Middle Eocene

Sakhalin amber

  Russia

An aneuretine ant

Protopone primigena[3][4]

Gen et sp nov

valid

Dlussky

Middle Eocene

Sakhalin amber

  Russia

A ponerine ant

Zherichinius[3]

Gen et 2 sp nov

valid

Dlussky

Middle Eocene

Sakhalin amber

  Russia

A dolichoderine ant, two species Z. horiibilis & Z. rapax

ArchosauromorphsEdit

Newly named non-avian dinosaursEdit

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[5]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anserimimus[6]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Barsbold

Late Cretaceous

Nemegt Formation

  Mongolia

An ornithomimid theropod

Cathetosaurus[7][8]

Gen et sp nov

valid

Jensen

Late Jurassic

  USA
  Colorado

A camarasauromorph sauropod,
type species C. lewisi

"Chassternbergia"[9]

Subgen Nov

Junior synonym

Bakker

Campanian

Dinosaur Park Formation

  Canada
  Alberta

Jr syn of Edmontonia

Denversaurus[9]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Bakker

late Maastrichtian

Lance Formation

  USA (  South Dakota,  Colorado,  Texas,  Wyoming)

A nodosaurid

Giraffatitan

Gen et comb nov

Valid

Paul

Late Jurassic

Tendaguru formation

  Tanzania

new genus for Brachiosaurus brancai

"Hironosaurus"

Gen nov

Nomen nudum

Hisa

Late Cretaceous

  Japan

A possible hadrosaurid, undescribed

"Kagasaurus"

Gen nov

Nomen nudum

Hisa

Early Cretaceous

  Japan

A possible dromeosaurid, undescribed

Kotasaurus[10]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Yadagiri

Early Jurassic

Kota Formation

  India

A basal sauropod

Nanotyrannus[11]

Gen et comb nov

Valid?

Bakker, Williams, & Currie

Late Cretaceous

Lance Formation

  USA (  Montana)

Possible junior synonym of Tyrannosaurus.

Orodromeus[12]

Gen ex sp nov

Valid

Horner & Weishampel

Campanian

Two Medicine Formation

  USA (  Montana)   Canada (  Alberta)

An ornithopod

"Protognathus"[13]

Gen et sp nov

Senior synonym

Zhang

Middle Jurassic

Shaximiao Formation

  China

Jr homonym of Protognathus Basilewsky
renamed Protognathosaurus by Olshevsky, 1991

"Stenotholus"[14]

Gen et sp nov

Junior synonym

Giffin, Gabriel, & Johnson

Late Cretaceous

Hell Creek Formation

  USA (  Montana)

Junior synonym of Stygimoloch

Newly named birdsEdit

Name Status Novelty Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Ciconia kahli [15]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Philippa J. Haarhoff

Early Pliocene

Varswater Formation

  South Africa

A Ciconiidae.

Diomedea rumana [16]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Dan Grigorescu

Jenö Kessler

Middle Miocene

MN 8

  Romania

A Diomedeidae.

Gymnogyps kofordi [17]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Steven D. Emslie

Early Pleistocene

Irvingtonian

  USA:

  Florida

A Cathartidae.

Hadrogyps aigialeus [18]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Steven D. Emslie

Middle Miocene

Bastovian,

Round Mountain Silt

  USA:

  California

A Cathartidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Jungornis tesselatus [19]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Aleksandr A. Karkhu

Early Oligocene

Maykop Formation

  Soviet Union:

  Russia

An Apodiformes, Jungornithidae Karkhu, 1988, this is the type species of the new genus.

Lithornis celetius [20]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Peter W. Houde

Late Paleocene

Early Tiffanian,

Fort Union Formation

  USA:

  Montana

A Palaeognathae Pycraft, 1900, Lithornithiformes Houde, 1988, Lithornithidae Houde, 1988, this is the type species of the new genus.

Lithornis plebius [20]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Peter W. Houde

Early Eocene

Middle Clarkforkian,

Willwood Formation

  USA:

  Wyoming

A Palaeognathae Pycraft, 1900, Lithornithiformes Houde, 1988, Lithornithidae Houde, 1988, this is the type species of the new genus.

Lithornis promiscuus [20]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Peter W. Houde

Early Eocene

Middle Clarkforkian,

Willwood Formation

  USA:

  Wyoming

A Palaeognathae Pycraft, 1900, Lithornithiformes Houde, 1988, Lithornithidae Houde, 1988, this is the type species of the new genus.

Messelornis cristata [21]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Angelika Hesse

Middle Miocene

Messel pit,

MP 11

  Germany:

  Hessen

A Ralliformes, Messelornithidae Hesse, 1988, this is the type species of the new genus.

Morus olsoni [16]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Dan Grigorescu

Jenö Kessler

Middle Miocene

MN 8

  Romania

A Sulidae.

Pachyplichas yaldwyni [22]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Philip R. Millener

Late Quaternary

Probably Otiran Glacial Stage

  New Zealand

An Acanthisittidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Pachyplichas jagmi [22]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Philip R. Millener

Late Quaternary

North Island

  New Zealand

An Acanthisittidae.

Phocavis maritimus [23]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

James L. Goedert

Late Eocene

Keasey Formation

  USA:

  Oregon

A Pelecaniformes, Plotopteridae Howard, 1969, this is the type species of the new genus.

Porphyrio paepae [24]

Valid

Sp. nov.

David W. Steadman

Holocene

Marquesas Islands,

Tahuata and Hiva Oa

  French Polynesia:

  Marquesas Islands

A Rallidae.

Primocolius minor [25]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Late Eocene

Phosphorites du Quercy,

MP 16-28

  France

A Coliidae.

Primocolius sigei [25]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Late Eocene

Phosphorites du Quercy,

MP 16-28

  France

A Coliidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Pseudocrypturus cercanaxius [20]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Peter W. Houde

Early Eocene

Late Wasatchian,

Green River Formation;

London Clay A, MP 8

  USA:

  Wyoming;

  UK:

  England

A Palaeognathae Pycraft, 1900, Lithornithiformes Houde, 1988, Lithornithidae Houde, 1988, this is the type species of the new genus.

Psilopterus colzecus [26]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Eduardo P. Tonni

Claudia P. Tambussi

Late Miocene

Chasicoan,

Arroyo Chasicó Formation

  Argentina

A Gruiformes, Phorusrhacidae Ameghino, 1889, Psilopterinae Dolgopol de Saez, 1927.

Sula tasmani [27]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Gerard F. van Tets

Charles W. Meredith

Peter J. Fullagar

Peter M. Davidson

Holocene

Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island

  Australia:

  New South Wales

A Sulidae, now seen as a subspecies of Sula dactylatra Lesson, 1831, Sula dactylatra fullagari O’Brien et Davies, 1991 is its junior synonym, so tasmani is the correct name.

Sylphornis bretouensis [25]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Late Eocene

MP 16

  France

A basal Piciformes, Sylphornithidae Mourer-Chauviré, 1988, this is the type species of the new genus.

Taubacrex granivora [28]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Herculano M. F. de Alvarenga

Late Oligocene-Early Miocene

Tremembé Formatie

  Brazil

Described as a Rallidae, but transferred to the Quercymegapodiidae Mourer-Chauviré, 1992 by Mourer-Chauviré in 2000 [29]

Tshulia litorea [30]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Lev A. Nessov

Late Paleocene

  Soviet Union:

  Kazakhstan

Aves Incertae Sedis, perhaps a Rallidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Ventivorus ragei [25]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Late Eocene

MP 16

  France

A Caprimulgidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Zheroia kurochkini [30]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Lev A. Nessov

Late Eocene

Bartonian

  Soviet Union:

  Uzbekistan

A Graculavidae Fürbringer, 1888, A Forma Familia, Charadriiformes Incertae Sedis, this is the type species of the new genus.

Zhylgaia aestiflua [30]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Lev A. Nessov

Late Paleocene

Zhylga near Tashkent

  Soviet Union:

  Kazakhstan

A Pelecaniformes, Prophaethontidae Harrison et Walker, 1976, this is the type species of the new genus.

PterosaursEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Tupuxuara[31]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Kellner & Campos

Cretaceous

Santana Formation

  Brazil

A Thalassodromidae pterosaur

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.
  2. ^ Wolfe, J.A.; Wehr, W.C. (1988). "Rosaceous Chamaebatiaria-like foliage from the Paleogene of western North America". Aliso. 12 (1): 177–200.
  3. ^ a b c Dlussky, G. M. (1988). "Ants of Sakhalin amber (Paleocene?)" (PDF). Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal (in Russian). 1988 (1): 50–61.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Dlussky, G.M.; Wedmann, S. (2012). "The poneromorph ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae: Amblyoponinae, Ectatomminae, Ponerinae) of Grube Messel, Germany: High biodiversity in the Eocene". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 10 (4): 725–753. doi:10.1080/14772019.2011.628341. – via Taylor & Francis (subscription required)
  5. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07.
  6. ^ Barsbold, R. 1988. A new late Cretaceous ornithomimid of Mongolia [in Russian]. Paleontol. J. 1: pp. 122-125.
  7. ^ Jensen, J.A. 1988. A fourth new sauropod dinosaur from the Upper Jurassic of the Colorado Plateau and sauropod bipedalism. Great Basin Nat. 48 (2), pp. 121-145.
  8. ^ Mateus, O., & Tschopp E. (2013). Cathetosaurus as a valid sauropod genus and comparisons with Camarasaurus. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Program and Abstracts, 2013. 173.
  9. ^ a b Bakker, R. T. 1988. Review of the late Cretaceous Nodosaurid Dinosauria, Denversaurus schlessmani, a new armor-plated dinosaur from the Latest Cretaceous of South Dakota, the Last Survivor of the Nodosaurians, with comments on Stegosaur-Nodosaur Relationships. Hunteria 1 (3), pp. 3-23.
  10. ^ Yadagiri, P. 1988. A new sauropod Kotasaurus yamanpalliensis from Lower Jurassic Kota Formation of India. Records of the Geological Survey of India 116 (3-8): pp. 102-127.
  11. ^ Bakker, R.T., M. Williams, and P. Currie. 1988. Nanotyrannus, a new genus of pygmy tyrannosaur, from the latest Cretaceous of Montana. Hunteria 1: pp. 1-30.
  12. ^ Horner, J.R. and D.B. Weishampel. 1988. A comparative embryological study of two ornithischian dinosaurs. Nature 332: pp. 256- 257.
  13. ^ Olshevsky, G. 1991. A Revision of the Parainfraclass Archosauria Cope, 1869, Excluding the Advanced Crocodylia. Mesozoic Meanderings 2 (1st printing): iv + 196 pages.
  14. ^ Giffin, E. B., D.L. Gabriel, and R.E. Johnson. 1987. A new pachycephalosaurid skull (Ornithischia) from the Cretaceous Hell Creek Formation of Montana. J. Vert. Palaeontol. 7 (4); pp. 398-407.
  15. ^ Philippa J. Haarhoff (1988). "A New Fossil Stork (Aves, Ciconiidae) from the Late Tertiary of Langebaanweg, South Africa". Annals of the South African Museum. 97: 297–313.
  16. ^ a b Dan Grigorescu; Jenö Kessler (1988). "New Contributions to the Knowledge of the Sarmatian Birds from South Dobrogea in the Frame of the Eastern Paratethyan Avifauna". Revue Roumaine de Géologie, Géophysique et Géographie, [Série]: Géologie. 32: 91–97.
  17. ^ Steven D. Emslie (1988). "The Fossil History and Phylogenetic Relationships of Condors (Ciconiiformes: Vulturidae) in the New World". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 8 (2): 212–228. doi:10.1080/02724634.1988.10011699.
  18. ^ Steven D. Emslie (1988). "An Early Condor-like Vulture from North America" (PDF). The Auk. 105 (3): 529–535.
  19. ^ Aleksandr A. Karkhu (1988). "A New Family of Swift-Like Birds from the Paleogene of Europe". Paleontological Journal. 22: 77–88.
  20. ^ a b c d Peter W. Houde (1988). "Paleognathous Birds from the Early Tertiary of the Northern Hemisphere". Publication of the Nuttall Ornithological Club. 22: 1–148.
  21. ^ Angelika Hesse (1988). "Die †Messelornithidae-Ein Neue Familie der Kranichartigen (Aves: Gruiformes: Rhynocheti) aus dem Tertiär Europas und Nordamerikas". Journal für Ornithologie. 129 (1): 83–95. doi:10.1007/bf01641534.
  22. ^ a b Philip R. Millener (1988). "Contributions to New Zealand's Late Quaternary Avifauna. I: Pachyplichas, a New Genus of Wren (Aves: Acanthisittidae), with Two New Species". Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand. 18 (4): 383–406. doi:10.1080/03036758.1988.10426464.
  23. ^ James L. Goedert (1988). "A New Late Eocene Species of Plotopteridae (Aves: Pelecaniformes) from Northwestern Oregon". Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences. 45 (6): 97–102.
  24. ^ David W. Steadman (1988). "A New Species of Porphyrio (Aves: Rallidae) from Archeological Sites in the Marquesas Islands". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 101 (1): 162–170.
  25. ^ a b c d Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (1988). "Le Gisement du Bretou (Phosphorites du Quercy, Tarn-et-Garonne, France) et sa Faune de Vertébrés de l'Éocène Supérieur II. Oiseaux". Palaeontographica A. 205: 29–50.
  26. ^ Eduardo P. Tonni; Claudia P. Tambussi (1988). "Un Nuevo Psilopterninae (Aves: Ralliformes) del Mioceno Tardio de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Republica Argentina". Ameghiniana. 25: 155–160.
  27. ^ Gerard F. van Tets; Charles W. Meredith; Peter J. Fullagar; Peter M. Davidson (1988). "Osteological Differences Between Sula and Morus, and a Description of an Extinct New Species of Sula from Lord Howe and Norfolk islands, Tasman Sea" (PDF). Notornis. 35 (1): 35–57. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-08-26. Retrieved 2014-08-23.
  28. ^ Herculano M. F. de Alvarenga (1988). "Ave Fóssil (Gruiformes: Rallidae) dos Folhelhos da Bacia de Taubaté, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil". Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências. 60: 321–328.
  29. ^ Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (2000). "A New Species of Ameripodius (Aves: Galliformes: Quercymegapodiidae) from the Lower Miocene of France". Palaeontology. 43 (3): 481–493. doi:10.1111/j.0031-0239.2000.00136.x.
  30. ^ a b c Lev A. Nessov (1988). "Novyye ptitsy mela i paleogena Sredney Azii i Kazakhstana i usloviya na mestakh ikh obitaniya. [New Cretaceous and Paleogene Birds from Middle Asia and Kazakhstan, and the Condition Existing at Theire Places of Residence.] [in Russian, with English sum.]". Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta Akademii Nauk SSSR. 182: 116–123.
  31. ^ Kellner, A.W.A., and Campos, D.A. (1988). "Sobre un novo pterossauro com crista sagital da Bacia do Araripe, Cretaceo Inferior do Nordeste do Brasil. (Pterosauria, Tupuxuara, Cretaceo, Brasil)." Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 60: 459–469. [in Portuguese]