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Paleontology or palaeontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1971.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974

Contents

PaleozoologyEdit

Conodont paleozoologyEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Baltoniodus[2]

gen nov

valid

Maurits Lindström

  Sweden

Paracordylodus[2]

gen nov

valid

Maurits Lindström

  Sweden

Microzarkodina[2]

gen nov

valid

Maurits Lindström

  Sweden

Vertebrate paleozoologyEdit

ArchosauromorphsEdit

Newly named pseudosuchiansEdit
Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Venaticosuchus[3]

gen et sp nov

valid

Bonaparte

Late Triassic

  Argentina

an ornithosuchid

Newly named dinosaursEdit

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[4]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Nemegtosaurus[5]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Nowinski

Late Cretaceous

Nemegt Basin

  Mongolia

Yaverlandia[6]

gen et sp nov

Valid taxon

Galton

Lower Cretaceous

Wessex Formation

  England

Maniraptoran?

Newly named onithodiransEdit
Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Lagerpeton[7]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Romer

Ladinian

Chañares Formation

  Argentina

A very Dinosaur-like Reptile.

Lagosuchus[7]

fam et gen et sp nov

valid

Romer

Ladinian

Chañares Formation

  Argentina

The Hare Croc.
Newly named birdsEdit
Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anser devjatkini [8]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

Late Miocene

Hyargas Nuur Formation

  Mongolia

An Anatidae.

Antillovultur varonai [9]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Oscar Arredondo

Late Quaternary

Las Breas de San Felipe

  Cuba

An Accipitridae, transferred to the genus Gymnogyps by William Suarez et Steven D. Emslie, 2003.,[10] this is the type species of the new genus.

Bathornis minor [11]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Joel Cracraft

Early Miocene

  USA:

  South Dakota

A Gruiformes, Bathornithidae Wetmore, 1933.

Bucorvus brailloni [12]

Sp. nov.

Valid

J. Brunet

Middle Miocene

MN 7

  Morocco

A Bucorvidae.

Campephilus dalquesti [13]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Pierce Brodkorb

Late Pliocene

Blancan

  USA:

  Texas

A Picidae.

Cerorhinca minor [14]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Late Miocene - Late Pliocene

Almejas Formation

  Mexico

An Alcidae.

Cygnus pristinus [8]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

Late Miocene - Early Pliocene

Chirgiz-Nur Formation

  Mongolia

An Anatidae.

Dolichonyx kruegeri [15]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Karlheinz Fischer

Burkhard Stephan

Late Pleistocene

Cave deposits

  Cuba

An Icteridae.

Eutreptornis uintae [11]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Joel Cracraft

Middle Eocene

Uinta Formation

  USA:

  Utah

A Gruiformes, Bathornithidae Wetmore, 1933. This is the type species of the new genus.

Fulica picapicensis [15]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Karlheinz Fischer

Burkhard Stephan

Quaternary

Cave deposits

  Cuba

A flightless Rallidae, transferred to the genus Nesotrochis Wetmore, 1918 by Storrs L. Olson, 1974.

Grus cubensis [16]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Karlheinz Fischer

Burkhard Stephan

Late Pleistocene

Cave deposits

  Cuba

A flightless Gruidae.

Macrorhamphus finitimus [8]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

Pliocene

  Mongolia

A Scolopacidae, transferred to the genus Limnodromus.

Mancalla cedrosensis [14]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Early Pliocene

Almejas Formation

  Mexico

An Alcidae, Mancalinae.

Onychopteryx simpsoni [17]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Joel Cracraft

Early Eocene

Casamajor Formation

  Argentina

Described in the Opisthocomiformes in a new family, Onychopterygidae, Cracraft, 1971. This is the type species o th new genus.

Phalacrocorax mongoliensis [8]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

Late Miocene and Pliocene

Great Lakes

  Mongolia
  Ukraine[18]

A Phalacrocoracidae.

?Platydyptes marplesi [19]

Sp. nov.

Valid

George G. Simpson

Early or Middle Oligocene

Duntroonian

  New Zealand

A Spheniscidae.

Progrus turanicus [20]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Oleg G. Bendukidze

Middle-Late Eocene

Kalmakpai River

  Soviet Union:

  Kazakhstan

A Gruiformes, Eogruidae Wetmore, 1934. This is the type species of the new genus, the species was transferred to the genus Eogrus Wetmore, 1934.

Proplegadis fisheri [21]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Colin J. O. Harrison

Cyril A. Walker

Early Eocene

Sheppey,

MP 8-9

  UK:

  England

Described in the Threskiornithidae, placed in Aves Incerte Sedisby Storrs L. Olson, 1981. Mayr. 2009: it looks more like a Phaethontidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Puffinus tedfordi [14]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Early Pliocene

Almejas Formation

  Mexico

A Spheniscidae.

Spheniscus predemersus [22]

Sp. nov.

Valid

George G. Simpson

Late Pliocene

Langebaanweg

  South Africa

A Spheniscidae, in 1975 Simpson created a new genus, Inguza for the species [23]

Spizaetus tanneri [24]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Larry D. Martin

Early Pleistocene

Broadwater Formation

  USA;

  Nebraska

An Accipitridae.

Struthio transcaucasicus [25]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Nikolay I. Burchak-Abramovich

Abesalom K. Vekua

Late Pliocene

Akchagil age

  Georgia;

  Azerbaijan;

?  Turkey

A Struthionidae.

Wimanornis seymourensis [26]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

George G. Simpson

Eocene

Seymour Island

  Antarctica

A basal Spheniscidae, this is the type species of the new species.

Newly named pterosaursEdit
Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Araripesaurus

gen et sp nov

Valid

Price

Early Cretaceous

Santana Formation

  Brazil

an ornithocheirid

Sordes

gen et sp nov

Valid

Sharov

Late Jurassic

Karabastau Svita

  Kazakhstan

possible rhamphorhynchid

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.
  2. ^ a b c Vom Anfang, Hochstand und Ende eines Epikontinentalmeeres. Maurits Lindström, Geologiszhe Rundschau, March 1971, Volume 60, Issue 2, pages 419-438, doi:10.1007/BF02000464
  3. ^ Bonaparte, J.F. 1970. Annotated list of the South American Triassic tetrapods. Second Gondwana Symposium South Africa, Proceedings and Papers: pp. 665-682.
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07.
  5. ^ Nowinski, A. 1971. Nemegtosaurus mongoliensis n. gen., n. sp (Sauropoda) from the uppermost Cretaceous of Mongolia. Palaeontol. Polonica 25: pp. 57-81.
  6. ^ Galton, P.M. 1971. A primitive dome-headed dinosaur (Ornithischia: Pachycephalosauridae) from the Lower Cretaceous of England, and the function of the dome in pachycephalosaurids. J. Paleontol. 45: pp. 40-47.
  7. ^ a b Romer, A.S. 1971. The Chañares (Argentina) Triassic reptile fauna. X. Two new but incompletely known long-limbed pseudosuchians. Breviora 378: pp. 1-10.
  8. ^ a b c d Evgeny N. Kurochkin (1971). "[On the Pliocene Avifauna of Mongolia]". Transactions of the Joint Soviet-Mongolian Geological Expedition. 3 (5): 58–69.
  9. ^ Oscar Arredondo (1971). "Nuevo Género y Especie de Ave Fósil (Accipitriformes: Vulturidae) del Pleistoceno de Cuba". Memoria de la Sociedad de Ciencias Naturales la Salle. 31 (90): 309–323.
  10. ^ Suárez, W.; Emslie, S.D. (2003). "New fossil material with a redescription of the extinct condor Gymnogyps varonai (Arredondo, 1971) from the Quaternary of Cuba (Aves: Vulturidae)" (PDF). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 116 (1): 29–37.
  11. ^ a b Joel Cracraft (1971). "Systematics and Evolution of the Gruiformes (Class, Aves) 2. Additional Comments on the Bathornithidae, with Descriptions of a New Species" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 2449: 1–14.
  12. ^ J. Brunet (1971). "Oiseaux Miocénes de Beni Mellal (Maroc), un Complément à Leur Étude". Notes et Mémoires, Service Géologique (Morocco). 31: 109–111.
  13. ^ Pierce Brodkorb (1971). "The Paleospecies of Woodpeckers" (PDF). Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences. 33: 132–136. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-10-30. Retrieved 2014-10-29.
  14. ^ a b c Hildegarde Howard (1971). "Pliocene Avian Remains from Baja California" (PDF). Museum of Natural History of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science. 217: 1–17.
  15. ^ a b Karlheinz Fischer; Burkhard Stephan (1971). "Weitere Vogelreste aus dem Pleistozän der Pio-Domingo-Höhle in Kuba". Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Reihe. 20: 593–607.
  16. ^ Karlheinz Fischer; Burkhard Stephan (1971). "Ein Flugunfahiger Kranich (Grus cubensis n.sp.) aus dem Pleitozän von Kuba - eine Osteologie der Familie der Kraniche (Gruidae)". Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Reihe. 20: 541–592.
  17. ^ Joel Cracraft (1971). "A New Family of Hoatzin-like Birds (Order Opisthocomiformes) from the Eocene of South America" (PDF). Ibis. 113 (2): 229–233. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919x.1971.tb05148.x.
  18. ^ O.M. Kovalchuk; L.V. Gorobets; E.V. Syromyatnikova; I.G. Danilov; V.V. Titov; T.V. Krakhmalnaya; L.I. Rekovets; N.V. Zelenkov (2017). "Vertebrates from the Pontian of the Shkodova Gora Locality (Northwestern Black Sea Region, Upper Miocene)". Paleontological Journal. 51 (4): 414–429. doi:10.1134/S0031030117040050.
  19. ^ George G. Simpson (1971). "A Review of the Pre-Pliocene Penguins of New Zealand" (PDF). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 144 (5): 319–378.
  20. ^ Oleg G. Bendukidze (1971). "Novyj prestavitel' semeistva Geranoididae (Aves, Gruiformes) iz eotsenovykh otlozhenij Zaisan". Soobtzhenija Akademii Nauk Gruzinskoj SSSR. 63: 749–751.
  21. ^ Colin J. O. Harrison & Cyril A. Walker (1971). "A New Ibis from the lower Eocene of Britain". Ibis. 113 (3): 367–368. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919x.1971.tb05169.x.
  22. ^ George G. Simpson (1971). "Fossil Penguin from the Late Cenozoic of South Africa". Science. 171 (3976): 1144–1145. doi:10.1126/science.171.3976.1144. PMID 17777603.
  23. ^ George G. Simpson (1975). "Notes on Variation in Penguins and on Fossil Penguins from the Pliocene of Langebaanweg, Cape Province, South Africa" (PDF). Annals of the South African Museum. 69 (4): 59–72. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-10-28. Retrieved 2014-10-28.
  24. ^ Larry D. Martin (1971). "An Early Pleistocene Eagle from Nebraska" (PDF). Condor. 73 (2): 248–250. doi:10.2307/1365848. JSTOR 1365848.
  25. ^ Nikolay I. Burchak-Abramovich & Abesalom K. Vekua (1971). "The Fossil Ostrich from the Akchagil Layers of Georgia". Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia. 16 (1): 1–28.
  26. ^ George G. Simpson (1971). "Review of the fossil penguins from Seymour Island". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B. 178 (1053): 357–387. doi:10.1098/rspb.1971.0070.