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Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1972.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975

Contents

MolluscaEdit

New bivalvesEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Concavodonta[2]

Gen. et sp. nov.

Valid

Babin & Melou

Ordovician

  Europe

New genus for Nucula ponderata.

ArchosauromorphsEdit

Newly named archosauromorphsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Azendohsaurus[3]

Gen. et sp. nov.

Valid

Dutuit

Late Triassic

Argana Formation

  Morocco

A herbivorous archosauromorph.

Newly named pseudosuchiansEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Gracilisuchus[4]

Gen. et sp. nov.

Valid

Romer

Late Triassic

Chañares Formation

  Argentina

Newly named dinosauriformsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Lewisuchus[5]

Gen. et sp. nov.

Valid

Romer

Middle Triassic (Ladinian)

Chañares Formation

  Argentina

A silesaurid.

Newly named dinosaursEdit

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[6]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Archaeornithomimus[7]

Gen. et sp. nov.

Valid

Russell

Late Cretaceous

Iren Dabasu Formation

  China

An ornithomimid.

Dromiceiomimus[7]

Gen. et sp. nov.

Valid? Possible synonym

Russell

Maastrichtian

Horseshoe Canyon Formation

  Canada Template:(Flag

An ornithomimid, possibly a synonym of Ornithomimus.

Gallimimus[8]

Gen. et sp. nov.

Valid

Osmólska, Roniewicz Barsbold

Late Cretaceous

Nemegt Formation

  Mongolia

An ornithomimid.

"Thotobolosaurus"[9]

Nomen nudum

Ellenberger

Late Triassic

  Lesotho

Informal name for an undescribed 'prosauropod'.

Vulcanodon[10]

Gen. et sp. nov.

Valid

Raath

Early Jurassic

Batoka Formation

  Zimbabwe

A sauropod.

Newly named birdsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anserobranta tarabukini [11]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

I. M. Ganya

Late Miocene

MN 9

  Soviet Union:

  Moldova

An Anatidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Aptenodytes ridgeni [12]

Sp. nov.

Valid

George G. Simpson

Late Pliocene

Waititaran

  New Zealand

A Spheniscidae.

Apus submelba [13]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Middle Pleistocene

MQ 2A

  Hungary

An Apodidae.

Ardeagrandis arborea [11]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

I. M. Ganya

Late Miocene

MN 9

  Soviet Union:

  Moldova

An Ardeidae.

Eostrix martinellii [14]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Larry D. Martin

Craig Call Black

Early Eocene

Wind River Formation

  USA:

  Wyoming

A Strigiformes, Protostrigidae Wetmore, 1933.

Mergus connectens [13]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Early Pleistocene

MQ 1b

  Czech Republic;

  Romania

An Anatidae.

Miocitta galbreathi [15]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Pierce Brodkorb

Late Miocene

Kenmesaw Local Fauna

  USA:

  Colorado

A Corvidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Otis kalmani [13]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Early Pleistocene

MQ 1a

  Romania

An Otididae.

Paraptenodytes brodkorbi [16]

Sp. nov.

Synonym of Paraptenodytes robustus (Ameghino, 1895).

George G. Simpson

Early Miocene

Patagonian Formation

  Argentina

A Spheniscidae, placed in synonymy with Paraptenodytes robustus (Ameghino, 1895) by Carolina Acosta Hospitaleche, 2005,[17] but Sara Bertelli, Norberto P. Giannini & Daniel T. Ksepka, 2006 disagree with her and say it needs another genus.[18]

Phalacrocorax lautus [11]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

I. M. Ganya

Late Miocene

  Soviet Union:

  Moldova

A Phalacrocoracidae.

Probalearica moldavica [11]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

I. M. Ganya

Late Miocene

MN 9

  Soviet Union:

  Moldova

A Gruidae, transferred to the genus Grus by Jíří Mlíkovský, 2002.[19]

Protocitta ajax [15]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Pierce Brodkorb

Late Pliocene

Blancan

  USA:

  Texas;

  Kansas

A Corvidae, sometimes placed in the genus Calocitta G. R. Gray, 1841.

Pygoscelis tyreei [12]

Sp. nov.

Valid

George G. Simpson

Late Pliocene

Waititaran

  New Zealand

A Spheniscidae.

Rustaviornis georgicus [20]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Nikolay I. Burchak-Abramovich

G. K. Meladze

Late Miocene

Sarmantian

Hipparion Fauna

  Soviet Union:

  Georgia

A Phasianidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Strix collongensis [21]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Peter Ballmann

Middle Miocene

Mn 5

  France

A Strigidae, transferred to and made the type species of the new genus Alasio by Jirí Mlíkovský, 1998.[22]

Surnia capeki [23]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Early Pleistocene

MQ 1b

  Czech Republic

A Strigidae.

Tertiariaporphyrula lungi [11]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

I. M. Ganya

Late Miocene

MN 9-11

  Soviet Union:

  Moldova

A Rallidae, transferred to the genus Palaeoaramides Lambrecht, 1933 by Storrs L. Olson, 1977.[24] Subsequently, made the type species of a separate genus Mioporphyrula by Zelenkov (2015).[25]

Tyto noeli [26]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Oscar Arredondo

Late Pleistocene

Cave deposits

  Cuba

A Tytonidae.

Tyto riveroi [27]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Oscar Arredondo

Pleistocene

Cave deposits

  Cuba

A Tytonidae.

SynapsidsEdit

Newly named therapsidsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Regisaurus[28]

Gen. et sp. nov.

Valid

Mendrez

Early Triassic

  South Africa

A regisaurid therocephalian.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.
  2. ^ Sánchez, T.M. (1999). "New Late Ordovician (Early Caradoc) Bivalves from the Sierra de Villicum (Argentine Precordillera)". Journal of Paleontology. 73 (1): 66–76. JSTOR 1306745.
  3. ^ Dutuit, J.M. 1972. Decouverte d'un dinosaure ornthischien dans le Trias supericur de l'Atlas occidental marocain. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris D275: pp. 2841-2844.
  4. ^ Romer, A.S. (1972). "The Chañares (Argentina) Triassic reptile fauna. An early ornithosuchid pseudosuchian, Gracilisuchus stipanicicorum, gen. et sp. nov". Breviora. 389: 1–24.
  5. ^ Romer, A.S. 1972. The Chanares (Argentina) Triassic Reptile Fauna. XIV. Lewisuchus admixtus, gen. et sp. nov., a further Thecodont from the Chanares Beds. Breviora 390: pp. 1-13.
  6. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07.
  7. ^ a b Russell, D.A. 1972. Ostrich dinosaurs from the Late Cretaceous of Western Canada. Can. J. Earth Sci. 9: pp. 375-402.
  8. ^ Osmolska, H., E. Roniewicz, and R. Barsbold. 1972. A new dinosaur Gallimimus bullatus, n. gen. n. sp. (Ornithomimidae) from the Upper Cretaceous of Mongolia. Palaeontol. Polonica 27: pp. 103-143.
  9. ^ Ellenberger, P. 1972. Contribution a la classification des pistes de vertebres du Trias: les types du Stormberg d’Afrique du Sud (I). Palaeovertebrata Memories Extraord(1972): pp. 1-152.
  10. ^ Raath, M.A. 1972. Fossil vertebrate studies in Rhodesia: a new dinosaur (Reptilia: Saurischia) from near the Trias-Jurassic Boundary. Arnoldia Rhodesia. 5 (30): 1-37.
  11. ^ a b c d e Evgeny N. Kurochkin & I. M. Ganya (1972). "[Birds of the Middle Sarmatian of Moldavia.]". Pozvonochnye neogena i plestocena Moldavii. Kishinev: Shtiintsa: 45–70.
  12. ^ a b George G. Simpson (1972). "Pliocene Penguins from North Canterburry, New Zealand". Records of the Canterburry Museum. 9: 159–182.
  13. ^ a b c Dénes Jánossy (1972). "Die Mittelpleistozäne Vogelfauna der Stránská Skála". Anthropos, Studia Musei Moraviae, Brno (N.S.). 20: 35–64.
  14. ^ Larry D. Martin & Craig C. Black (1972). "A New Owl from the Eocene of Wyoming" (PDF). Auk. 89 (4): 887–888. doi:10.2307/4084122.
  15. ^ a b Pierce Brodkorb (1972). "Neogene Fossil Jays from the Great Plains" (PDF). Condor. 74 (3): 347–349. doi:10.2307/1366596.
  16. ^ George G. Simpson (1972). "Conspectus of Patagonian Fossil Penguins" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 2488: 1–37.
  17. ^ Carolina Acosta Hospitaleche (2005). "Systematic revision of Arthrodytes Ameghino, 1905 (Aves, Spheniscidae) and its assignment to the Paraptenodytinae". Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte. 2005 (7): 404–414.
  18. ^ Sara Bertelli, Norberto P. Giannini & Daniel T. Ksepka (2006). "Redescription and Phylogenetic Position of the Early Miocene Penguin Paraptenodytes antarcticus from Patagonia" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 3525: 1–36. doi:10.1206/0003-0082(2006)3525[1:rappot]2.0.co;2.
  19. ^ Jíří Mlíkovský (2002). "Cenozoic Birds of the World Part 1: Europe" (PDF). Praha Ninox Press. 2002: 1–407. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-03-07. Retrieved 2014-10-15.
  20. ^ Nikolay I. Burchak-Abramovich & G. K. Meladze (1972). "Rustaviornis georgicus gen. et sp. n., a New Fossil Bird from the Hipparion Fauna of Georgia". Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia. 17: 373–388.
  21. ^ Peter Ballmann (1972). "Les Oiseaux Miocènes de Vieux-Collonges" (PDF). Documents des Laboratoires de Géologie de la Faculté des Sciences de Lyon. 50: 93–101.
  22. ^ Jirí Mlíkovský (1998). "Two New Owls (Aves: Strigidae) from the Early Miocene of the Czech Republic, with Comments on the Fossil History of the Subfamily Striginae" (PDF). Buteo. 10: 5–21.
  23. ^ Dénes Jánossy (1972). "Die Mittelpleistozäne Vogelfauna der Stránská Skála" (PDF). Anthropos, Studia Musei Moraviae, Brno (N.S.). 20: 35–64.
  24. ^ Storrs L. Olson (1977). "A Synopsis of the Fossil Rallidae" (PDF). In: Rails of the World: A Monograph of the Family Rallidae by S.D. Ripley: 509–525.
  25. ^ Nikita V. Zelenkov and Evgeny N. Kurochkin (2015). "КЛАСС AVES". In E.N. Kurochkin; A.V. Lopatin; N.V. Zelenkov (eds.). Ископаемые позвоночные России и сопредельных стран. Ископаемые рептилии и птицы. Часть 3 / Fossil vertebrates of Russia and adjacent countries. Fossil Reptiles and Birds. Part 3. GEOS. pp. 86–290. ISBN 978-5-89118-699-6.
  26. ^ Oscar Arredondo (1972). "Nueva Especie de Ave Fósil (Strigiformes: Tytonidae) del Pleistoceno Superior de Cuba" (PDF). Boletin de la Sociedad Venezolana Ciencias Naturales. 29: 415–431.
  27. ^ Oscar Arredondo (1972). "Especie Nueva de Lechuza Gigante (Strigiformes: Tytonidae) del Pleistoceno Cubano" (PDF). Boletin de la Sociedad Venezolana Ciencias Naturales. 30: 129–140.
  28. ^ C. H. Mendrez. 1972. On the skull of Regisaurus jacobi, a new genus and species of Bauriamorpha Watson and Romer 1956 (=Scaloposauria Boonstra 1953), from the Lystrosaurus-zone of South Africa.