1977 in paleontology

Paleontology or palaeontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1977.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980

PlantsEdit

Ferns and fern alliesEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Type locality Location Notes Images

Anemia gunni[2]

Sp nov

Valid

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

An anemiaceous fern

Lygodium larsoni[2]

Sp nov

jr synonym

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A Lygodium species fern.
Synonymized with Lygodium kaulfussi.[3]

Cyathea inequilateralis[2]

Comb nov

valid

(Hollick) Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A Cyathea species tree fern.
Cyathea pinnata (1951) synonymized into species.[3]

Dryopteris alaskana[2]

Comb nov

valid

(Hollick) Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A Dryopteris species fern.
Moved in part from Asplenium alaskanum (1935)
Possibly actually belonging to Thelypteridaceae.[3]

ConifersEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Type locality Location Notes Images

Pinus peregrinus[4]

Sp nov

Valid

Hickey

Clarkforkian

Golden Valley Formation
Bear Den Member

  USA
  North Dakota

AngiospermsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Type locality Location Notes Images

Alangium bergensis[2]

Sp nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A dogwood relative.

Alangium oregonensis[2]

Sp nov

Wolfe

Eocene

Bridge Creek Flora

  USA
  Oregon

A dogwood relative.

Allophylus duktothensis[2]

Sp nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A soap berry relative.

Alnus martini[2]

Sp nov

Valid

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

An alder species.

Anamirta milleri[2]

Sp nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A moon seed relative.

Calkinsia dilleri[2]

Comb nov

(Knowlton) Wolfe

Eocene

  USA
  Oregon

A moon seed relative.
Moved from Calkinsia dilleri (1968)[5]

Calkinsia plafkeri[2]

Sp nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A moon seed relative.

Camelia oregona[2]

Comb nov

(Chaney & Sanborn) Wolfe

Eocene
Middle Eocene

Fisher Formation
"Goshen flora"

  USA
  Oregon

A theaceous relative.
Moved from Ilex oregona (1933)

Cinnamomophyllum bendirei[2]

Comb nov

(Knowlton) Wolfe

Eocene

Bridge Creek Flora

  USA
  Oregon

A lauraceous relative.
Moved from Sassafras bendirei (1940)[5]

Cinnamomophyllum eocernua[2]

Comb nov

(Chaney & Sanborn) Wolfe

Eocene
Middle Eocene

Fisher Formation
"Goshen flora"

  USA
  Oregon

A lauraceous relative.
Moved from Octoea eocernua (1933)

Cinnamomophyllum kushtakensis[2]

Sp nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A lauraceous relative.

Cinnamomophyllum latum[2]

Comb nov

(MacGinitie) Wolfe

Late Eocene

Ione Formation

  USA
  California

A lauraceous relative.
Moved from Neolitsea lata (1941)

Dicotylophyllum carbonensis[2]

Sp nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A "dicot" of unknown affinity.

Dicotylophyllum kummerensis[2]

Comb nov

jr synonym

(Wolfe) Wolfe

Late Eocene
"Upper Ravenian"

Puget Group
"below Cashman bed" Loc 9731

  USA
  Washington

A dicot of uncertain affinity.
Moved from Artocarpoides kummerensis 1968.[5]
Moved to Republica kummerensis (1987)[6]

Doona? chaneyi[5]

Comb nov

valid

(Potbury) Wolfe

Latest Eocene-Earliest Oligocene

La Porte Tuff

  USA
  California

A Shorea (syn "Doona") species.
Moved from Rhamnidium chaneyi (1935)[7]

Dracontomelon sanbornae[2]

Sp nov

valid

Wolfe

Middle Eocene

Fisher Formation
"Comstock flora"

  USA
  Oregon

An anacardiaceous species.

Euodia alaskana[2]

Sp nov

Valid

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A Euodia species.

Euptelea orientalis[2]

Comb nov

valid

(Sanborn) Wolfe

Middle Eocene

Fisher Formation
"Comstock flora"

  USA
  Oregon

A eupteleaceous species.
Moved from Diospyros orientalis (1935)

Fagopsis groenlandica[2]

Comb nov

Jr synonym

(Heer) Wolfe

Eocene

  Greenland

A fagaceous relative.
Moved from Quercophyllum groenlandicus (1963)

Fagus oregona[2]

Comb nov

Jr synonym

(Chaney & Sanborn) Wolfe

Eocene

  USA
  Oregon

A fagaceous relative.
Moved from Tetracera oregona (1933)

Fortunearia weedi[2]

Comb nov

valid

(Sanborn) Wolfe

Middle Eocene

Yellowstone Formation

  USA
  Wyoming

A hamamelidaceous species.
Moved from Quercus weedii (1899)

Goweria alaskana[2]

Sp nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

An icacinaceous species.

Heteromeles cuprovallis[2]

Comb nov

(Axelrod) Wolfe

Late Eocene

Copper Basin Flora

  USA

An toyon species.
Moved from Salix cuprovallis (1966)

Ilex carbonensis[2]

Sp nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A holly species.

Kandelia wangi[2]

Sp nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A mangrove species.

Limacia stenophylla[2]

Sp nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A moon seed relative.

Litseaphyllum[2]

Gen et Sp et comb nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A lauraceous morphogenus.
The genus includes L. carbonensis, L. katallaensis L. schorni
New combinations moved from Cryptocarya presamarensis (1935),
Laurus similis (1900), Magnolia californica (1935),
Nectandra presanguinea (1933), Persea praelingue (1935)

Luvunga spatioea[2]

Comb nov

(Hollick) Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A citrus relative.
Moved from Persea spatiosa (1936)

Mastixia irregularis[2]

Comb nov

(Hollick) Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A tuplo relative.
Moved from Cornus irregularis (1936)

Melanorrhoea alaskana[2]

Comb nov

Jr synonym

(Hollick) Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

An anacardioid relative.
Moved from Semecarpus alaskana (1936) Recombined as Gluta alaskana.

Meliosma duktothensis[2]

Sp nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A sabiaceous species.

Miquelia californica[2]

Sp nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Ione Formation

  USA
  California

An icacinaceous species.

Nelumbo aureavallis[4]

Sp nov

Valid

Hickey

Ypresian

Golden Valley Formation
Camels Butte Member

  USA
  North Dakota

A water lilly

Palaeophytocrene elytraeformis[2]

Comb nov

(Hollick) Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

An icacinaceous species.
Moved from Carpolithes elytraeformis (1936)

Parashorea cashmanensis[2]

Comb nov

(Wolfe) Wolfe

Late Eocene
"Upper Ravenian"

Puget Group
"below Cashman bed" Loc 9731

  USA
  Washington

A Parashorea dipterocarpaceous species.
Moved from Rhamnites cashmanensis (1968).[5]

Paratinomiscium[2]

Gen et comb nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A moon seed relative.
The type species is Hampea conditionalis (1936)

Peltandra primaeva[4]

Sp nov

Valid

Hickey

Ypresian

Golden Valley Formation
Camels Butte Member loc. 14048

  USA
  North Dakota

An arrow arum species.

Phytocrene acutissima[2]

Sp nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

An icacinaceous species.

Plafkeria[2]

Nom et comb nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Renton Formation

  USA
  Washington

A tiliaceous genus.
A replacement genus name for "Willisia" Wolfe (1968)
The type species is "W." rentonensis.
Also includes P. obliquifolia (1925)

Platanus comstocki[2]

Comb nov

valid

(Sanborn) Wolfe

Middle Eocene

Fisher Formation
"Comstock flora"

  USA
  Oregon

A plane tree species.
Moved from Mallotus comstocki (1935)

Platanus macginitiei[2]

Sp nov

Wolfe

Fisher Formation
"Goshen flora"

  USA
  Oregon

A plane tree species.
New species for "Platanus aceroides" (Chaney & Sanborn 1933)

Platycarya pseudobrauni[2]

Comb nov

valid

(Hollick) Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A Platycarya species.
Moved from Ulmus pseudobraunii (1936)
synonyms include Fraxinus lateralis (1936) & Planera aquaticiformis (1936).

Porosia[4]

Gen et comb nov

Hickey

Ypresian

Golden Valley Formation
Bear Den Member loc. 14056a

  USA
  North Dakota

A bur-reed.
A new genus for Carpites verrucosa (1878)

Prunus axelrodi[2]

Comb et nom nov

(Axelrod) Wolfe

Late Eocene

Copper Basin Flora

  USA

A cherry/plum species.
Moved from Euonymus nevadensis (1966)
new specific name given as Prunus nevadensis preoccupied.

Pterocarya orientalis[2]

Comb nov

(MacGinitie) Wolfe

Late Oligocene

  USA
  Oregon

A wing nut species.
Moved from Juglans orientalis (1937)

Sageretia laurinea[2]

Comb nov

(Lesquereux) Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

An icacinaceous species.
Moved from Phyllites laurinea (1941)

Salix carbonensis[2]

Sp nov

Valid

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A willow species.

Salix coatsi[2]

Comb nov

(Axelrod) Wolfe

Late Eocene

Copper Basin Flora

  USA

A willow species.
Moved from Lithocarpus coatsi (1966)

Sorbus carbonensis[2]

Sp nov

Valid

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A mountain ash species.

Sparganium parvum[4]

Sp nov

Hickey

Ypresian

Golden Valley Formation
Bear Den Member loc. 14056a

  USA
  North Dakota

A bur-reed

Stemonurus alaskanus[2]

Sp nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A stemonuraceous species.

Tetracentron piperoides[2]

Comb nov

Valid?

(Lesquereux) Wolfe

Late Eocene

  USA

A Tetracentron species.
Moved from Cercidiphyllum piperoides (1952)

Tilia carbonensis[2]

Sp nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A tiliaceous species.

Zizyphus alaskanus[2]

Sp nov

Wolfe

Late Eocene

Kulthieth Formation

  USA
  Alaska

A buckthorn relative.

InvertebratesEdit

MollusksEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Type locality Location Notes Images

Fordilla sibirica[8]

sp nov

jr synonym

Krasilova

Early Cambrian

Tyuser Formation

  Russia

An early bivalve species.
Synonym of Fordilla troyensis.

ConodontsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Type locality Location Notes Images

Vjalovognathus[9]

Nom et comb nov

valid

Kozur

FishEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Type locality Location Notes Images

Amyzon aggregatum[10]

Sp nov

Valid

Wilson

Ypresian

Horsefly Beds

  Canada
  British Columbia

An Amyzon species catostomid

Eosalmo[10]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Wilson

Ypresian

Driftwood Beds

  Canada
  British Columbia

A basal salmonid relative.
The type species is E. driftwoodensis

Libotonius[10]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Wilson

Ypresian

Allenby Formation

  Canada
  British Columbia

A libotoniid sand roller relative.
The type species is L. blakeburnensis

Priscacara aquilonia[10]

Sp nov

Valid

Wilson

Ypresian

Horsefly Beds

  Canada
  British Columbia

A Priscacara species temperate bass.

ArchosauriformesEdit

Non-avian dinosaursEdit

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[11]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Type locality Location Notes Images

Fulengia[12]

Gen et sp nov

Nomen dubium

Carroll & Galton

Early Jurassic

Lufeng Formation

  China

Possible synonym of Lufengosaurus.

Opisthocoelicaudia[13]

Gen et sp Nov

Valid

Borsuk-Bialynicka

Late Cretaceous
Maastrichtian

Nemegt Formation

  Mongolia

A saltasaurid Titanosaur.

Othnielia[14]

Gen et comb nov

jr synonym

Galton

Late Jurassic
(Kimmeridgian - Tithonian)

Morrison Formation

  USA
(  Colorado)

JR synonym of Nanosaurus agilis.

Piveteausaurus[15]

Gen et comb nov

Valid

Taquet & Welles

Middle Jurassic (Callovian)

Marnes de Dives Formation

  France

A Megalosaur.
Moved from Eustreptospondylus divesensis (1964)

Saichania[16]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Maryańska

Late Cretaceous
(Maastrichtian)

Barun Goyot Formation

  Mongolia

An ankylosaurine ankylosaurid

"Shanshanosaurus"[17]

Gen et sp nov

Jr synonym

Zhiming

Late Cretaceous
(Campanian - Maastrichtian

Subashi Formation

  China

A theropod.
The type species is S. huoyanshanensis.
Junior synonym of Tarbosaurus bataar.

Tarchia[16]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Maryańska

Late Cretaceous
(Maastrichtian)

Barun Goyot Formation

  Mongolia

An ankylosaurine ankylosaurid

Tuojiangosaurus[18]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Dong et al

Late jurassic
Oxfordian - Kimmeridgian

Shangshaximiao Formation

  China

A Chinese Stegosaur.

Valdosaurus[19]

Gen et comb nov

Valid

Galton

Early Cretaceous
(Berriasian - Barremian)

Wessex Formation

  UK
  Isle of Wight

A Dryosaur.
moved from Dryosaurus canaliculatus (1975)

Wannanosaurus[20]

Valid taxon

Hou

  China

A Primitive Pachycephalosaur

"Yezosaurus"

not formally described

Nomen nudum.

  • Obata & Muramoto

A Non-dinosaurian marine reptile.
Type species "Y." mikasaensis

BirdsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Argillipes [21]

Gen et sp nov.

Valid

Harrison & Walker

Early Eocene

  UK

Described as a phasianid.
The type species is A. aurorum & includes A. paralectoris
Considered Aves Incertae Sedis by Mlíkovský (2002)[22]

Buthierax [23]

Gen et sp nov.

Valid

Kretzoi

Middle Pleistocene

  Greece

An Incertae Sedis Accipitridae
The type species is B. pouliani

Cepphus storeri [24]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Harrison

Late Pliocene

  UK

An Alcidae guillemot.

Ciconia sarmatica [25]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Grigorescu & Kessler

Early Miocene
Sarmatian

  Romania

A Ciconiidae.

Cinclodes major [26]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Tonni

Middle Pleistocene

  Argentina

A Furnariidae.

Coturnipes [21]

Gen et sp nov.

Valid

Harrison & Walker

Early Eocene

  UK

Described as a phasianid
The type species is C. cooperi
Considered "Aves Incertae Sedis" by Olson, 1999

Gallus beremendensis [27]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Jánossy

Late Pliocene

  Hungary

A Phasianidae.

Limnofregata [28]

Subfam, gen et sp nov.

Valid

Olson

Early Eocene

Green River Formation
Fossil Butte Member

  USA
(  Wyoming)

A Limnofregatinae frigatebird. The type species L. azygosternon

Malacorhynchus scarletti [29]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Olson

Holocene

  New Zealand

An Anatidae.

Marinavis [21]

Fam, gen et sp nov.

Valid

Harrison & Walker

Early Eocene

  UK

Described as a marinavid procelariiforme
The type species is M. longirostris

Microena [21]

Gen et sp nov.

Valid

Harrison & Walker

Early Eocene

  UK

Described in the Columbidae
The type species is M. goodwini.
Considered as "Aves Inceretae Sedis" by Mlíkovský 2002,[22]
Possibly a "Coraciiformes" or "Caprimulgiformes"/Apodiformes, per Mayr, 2009.

Neptuniavis [21]

Gen et sp. nov.

Valid

Harrison & Walker

Early Eocene

  UK

A possible Procellariidae
The type species is N. miranda and includes N. minor
Possilby a synonym of Dasornis.

Oxyura zapatanima [30]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Alvarez

Late Pliocene-Early Pleistocene

Jocotopec sand and gravel Quarry

  Mexico

An Anatidae.

Parvicuculus [21]

Gen et sp nov.

Valid

Harrison & Walker

Early Eocene

  UK

A Parvicuculidae
THe type species is P. minor

Parvigyps [21]

Gen et sp nov.

Valid

Harrison & Walker

Early Eocene

  UK

Described as a Accipitridae
The type species is P. praecox
Considered "Aves Incertae Sedis" by Mlíkovský (2002)[22]

Percolinus [21]

Gen et sp nov.

jr synonym

Harrison & Walker

Early Eocene

  UK

Described as a Phasianidae
The type species is P. venablesi
a jr synonym of Gypsornis (2002),[22]

Phalacrocorax chapalensis [30]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Alvarez

Late Pliocene-Early Pleistocene

Jocotopec sand and gravel quarry

  Mexico

A Phalacrocoracidae.

Pinguinus alfrednewtoni [31]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Olson

Early Pliocene

Chesapeake Group

  USA
(  Maryland)

An Alcidae.

Precursor [21]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Harrison & Walker

Early Eocene

  UK

A glareolid
The type species is P. parvus
Other species are P. litorum and P. magnus.

Primodroma [21]

Gen et sp nov.

Valid

Harrison & Walker

Early Eocene

  UK

A Hydrobatidae
The type species is P. bournei.

Primoscens [21]

Fam, gen et sp nov.

Valid

Harrison & Walker

Early Eocene

  UK

A "Primoscenidae" passeriform,
The type species is P. minutus
Moved to Zygodactylidae (2008),[32]

Procuculus [21]

Gen et sp nov.

Valid

Harrison & Walker

Early Eocene

  UK

A Parvicuculidae[33]
The type species is P. minutus
Olson (1985) & Mayr, (2009) suggest possible synonymy with Primapus lacki.

Quipollornis [34]

Gen et sp nov.

Valid

Vickers Rich & McEvey

Early to Middle Miocene

Chalk Mountain Diatomite

  Australia

An Aegothelidae
The type species is Q. koniberi.

Rallus richmondi [35]

Nom. nov.

Valid

Olson

Late Miocene

  Italy

A rail
a new name for Rallus dubius Portis (1887), junior homonym of Rallus dubius Piller & Mitterpacher (1783).

Sarmatosula [25]

Gen et sp nov.

Valid

Grigorescu & Kessler

Middle Miocene
Sarmatian

  Romania

A Sulidae
The type species is S. dobrogensis

Shandongornis [36]

Gen et sp nov.

Valid

Yeh

Middle Miocene

Shanwang Series

  China

A Phasianidae
The type species is S. shanwanensis.

Xenicibis [37]

Gen et sp nov.

Valid

Olson & Steadman

Quaternary

Cave deposits

  Jamaica

A Threskiornithidae
The type species is X. xympithecus.

PterodactylsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Type locality Location Notes Images

Araripedactylus

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Wellnhofer

late Aptian/early Albian

Santana Formation

  Brazil

A pterodactyloid of uncertain affinities.
The type species is A. dehmi

Expeditions, field work, and fossil discoveriesEdit

Popular cultureEdit

LiteratureEdit

  • The Year of the Dinosaur Edwin H. Colbert and illustrated by his wife, Margaret was published. This story describes a year in the life of a "brontosaur" and was an attempt to educate the reader about prehistory through a fictional portrayal of it.[39]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba Wolfe, J.A. (1977). Paleogene floras from the Gulf of Alaska region (Report). Professional Paper. Vol. 997. United States Geological Survey. pp. 1–108. doi:10.3133/pp997.
  3. ^ a b c Collinson, M. E. (2001). "Cainozoic ferns and their distribution". Brittonia. 53 (2): 173–235. JSTOR 2666600.
  4. ^ a b c d e Hickey, Leo (1977). Stratigraphy and Paleobotany of the Golden Valley Formation (Early Tertiary) of Western North Dakota. Boulder, Colorado: Geological Society of America. pp. 110 & Plate 5. ISBN 0-8137-1150-9.
  5. ^ a b c d e Wolfe, J.A. (1968). Paleogene Biostratigraphy of nonmarine rocks in King County, Washington (Report). Professional Paper. Vol. 571. United States Geological Survey. pp. 1–29. doi:10.3133/pp571.
  6. ^ Wolfe, J.A.; Wehr, W.C. (1987). Middle Eocene dicotyledonous plants from Republic, northeastern Washington (Report). Bulletin. Vol. 1597. United States Geological Survey. pp. 1–25. doi:10.3133/b1597.
  7. ^ Potbury, S.S. (1935). "The La Porte flora of Plumas County, California". Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication. 63 (5): 29–82.
  8. ^ Elicki, O.; Gürsu, S. (2009). "First record of Pojetaia runnegari Jell, 1980 and Fordilla Barrande, 1881 from the Middle East (Taurus Mountains, Turkey) and critical review of Cambrian bivalves" (PDF). Paläontologische Zeitschrift. 83 (2): 267–291. doi:10.1007/s12542-009-0021-9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
  9. ^ Kozur, Heinz (July 1977). "Vjalovognathus nom. nov. replaces Vjalovites Kozur, 1976". Journal of Paleontology. 51 (4): 870. ISSN 0022-3360. JSTOR 1303751.
  10. ^ a b c d Wilson, M. V. (1977). "Middle Eocene freshwater fishes from British Columbia". Life Sciences Contributions, Royal Ontario Museum. 113: 1–66.
  11. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07.
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