1969 in and science technology involved some significant events, listed below.
Astronomy and space exploration Edit
January 15 – The
Soviet Union launches Soyuz 5. March 3 –
Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 9 to test the lunar module. March 13 –
Apollo program: Apollo 9 returns safely to Earth after testing the Lunar Module. May 16 –
Venera program: Venera 5, a Soviet spaceprobe, lands on Venus. May 17 – Venera program:
Soviet Venera 6 begins to descend into Venus', atmosphere sending back atmospheric data before being crushed by pressure. May 18 –
Apollo program: Apollo 10 launches. May 22 – Apollo program:
Apollo 10's lunar module flies within 15,400 m of the Moon's surface. May 26 – Apollo program:
Apollo 10 returns to Earth after a successful eight-day test of all the components needed for the upcoming first manned Moon landing. July 17 –
publicly retracts its ridicule of the rocket scientist The New York Times Robert H. Goddard published on 13 January 1920 which stated that spaceflight is impossible.  July 20 –
Apollo program: The human race, represented by Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, lands on the Moon. Apollo 11 lifted off for the Moon on July 16 and returned safely on July 24. July 21 –
Luna programme: 2 hours before the Apollo 11 lunar module lifts off from the Moon's surface, Soviet unmanned craft Luna 15, launched on July 13 and intended to return samples from the Moon, crashes in Mare Crisium. August 5 –
Mariner program: Mariner 7 makes its closest fly-by of Mars (3,524 kilometers). September 20 – Comet
67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko is identified by Soviet astronomers Klim Churyumov and Svetlana Gerasimenko. November 14 –
Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 12, the second manned mission to the surface of the Moon (landed on the Moon on November 19). November 19 – Apollo program: Apollo 12 astronauts Charles Conrad and Alan Bean land at Oceanus Procellarum ("Ocean of Storms") and become the third and fourth humans to walk on the Moon. Chemistry Edit Computer science Edit Meteorology Edit Paleontology Edit
March 3 –
Elizabeth Laird (born 1874), Canadian physicist. May 14 –
Walter Pitts (born 1923), American logician and cognitive psychologist. June 24 –
Willy Ley (born 1906), German American scientific populariser. August 8 –
Otmar von Verschuer (born 1896), German eugenicist. August 17 –
Otto Stern (born 1888), German physicist, Nobel laureate in Physics in 1943. September 16 –
Henry Fairfield Osborn, Jr. (born 1887), American conservationist. September 24 –
Warren Sturgis McCulloch (born 1898), American neurophysiologist and cybernetician. October 21 –
Wacław Sierpiński (born 1882), Polish mathematician. November 12 – William F. Friedman (born 1891), Russian American cryptanalyst. References Edit
"Robert H. Goddard Story". astronauticsnow . Retrieved . 2019-07-19
Brock, Thomas D.; Freeze, Hudson (August 1969). ". Thermus aquaticus gen. n. and sp. n., a nonsporulating extreme thermophile" . Journal of Bacteriology American Society for Microbiology. 98 (1): 289–297. PMC . 249935 PMID 5781580.
Adams, M. J.; et al. (1969-11-01). "Structure of Rhombohedral 2 Zinc Insulin Crystals" (PDF). . Nature 224 (5218): 491–495. Bibcode: 1969Natur.224..491A. doi: 10.1038/224491a0 . Retrieved . 2012-01-13
Savio, Jessica (2011-04-01). "Browsing history: A heritage site is being set up in Boelter Hall 3420, the room the first Internet message originated in". Daily Bruin. UCLA.
Sutton, Chris (2004-09-02). "Internet Began 35 Years Ago at UCLA with First Message Ever Sent Between Two Computers". UCLA. Archived from the original on 8 March 2008.
Reilly, Edwin D. (2003). . Greenwood Press. Milestones in Computer Science and Information Technology ISBN . 1-57356-521-0
Allan, Roy A. (2001). . Allan Publishing. A History of the Personal Computer: the People and the Technology ISBN . 0-9689108-0-7
"AIDS Virus Came to US Via Haiti". Voice of America. 2007-10-30 . Retrieved . 2011-10-22
Yamanaka, A.; Saiki, S.; Tamura, S.; Saito, K. (Mar 1969). "Problems in chronic obstructive bronchial diseases, with special reference to diffuse panbronchiolitis". Naika (in Japanese). 23 (3): 442–451. PMID 5783341.
Carolan, Patrick L. "Sudden Infant Death Syndrome". Medscape . Retrieved . 2012-01-26
Ostrom, J. H. (1969). "Osteology of . Deinonychus antirrhopus, an unusual theropod from the Lower Cretaceous of Montana" Peabody Museum of Natural History Bulletin. 30: 1–165.
Fastovsky, D.E.; Weishampel, D.B. (2005). "Theropoda I: Nature Red in Tooth and Claw". In Fastovsky, D.E.; Weishampel, D.B. (eds.). The Evolution and Extinction of the Dinosaurs (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 265–299. ISBN . 978-0-521-81172-9
Schwarz, John H. (2000). "String Theory: The Early Years". arXiv: . hep-th/0007118