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Astronomy and space explorationEdit

Neil Armstrong on the Moon



Computer scienceEdit

  • April 7 – RFC 1, the first Request for Comments document from the Internet Engineering Task Force, is published.
  • October 29 – The first ARPANET message is sent, between computers at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and Stanford Research Institute.[4]
  • November 21 – The first permanent ARPANET link is established, between Interface Message Processors at UCLA and Stanford.[5]
  • The laser printer is invented at Xerox by Gary Starkweather.[6][7]
  • CCD invented at AT&T Bell Labs, used as the electronic imager in still and video cameras.









  1. ^ "Robert H. Goddard Story". astronauticsnow. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
  2. ^ Brock, Thomas D.; Freeze, Hudson (August 1969). "Thermus aquaticus gen. n. and sp. n., a nonsporulating extreme thermophile". Journal of Bacteriology. American Society for Microbiology. 98 (1): 289–297. PMC 249935. PMID 5781580.
  3. ^ Adams, M. J.; et al. (1969-11-01). "Structure of Rhombohedral 2 Zinc Insulin Crystals" (PDF). Nature. 224 (5218): 491–495. Bibcode:1969Natur.224..491A. doi:10.1038/224491a0. Retrieved 2012-01-13.
  4. ^ Savio, Jessica (2011-04-01). "Browsing history: A heritage site is being set up in Boelter Hall 3420, the room the first Internet message originated in". Daily Bruin. UCLA.
  5. ^ Sutton, Chris (2004-09-02). "Internet Began 35 Years Ago at UCLA with First Message Ever Sent Between Two Computers". UCLA. Archived from the original on 8 March 2008.
  6. ^ Reilly, Edwin D. (2003). Milestones in Computer Science and Information Technology. Greenwood Press. ISBN 1-57356-521-0.
  7. ^ Allan, Roy A. (2001). A History of the Personal Computer: the People and the Technology. Allan Publishing. ISBN 0-9689108-0-7.
  8. ^ "AIDS Virus Came to US Via Haiti". Voice of America. 2007-10-30. Retrieved 2011-10-22.
  9. ^ Yamanaka, A.; Saiki, S.; Tamura, S.; Saito, K. (Mar 1969). "Problems in chronic obstructive bronchial diseases, with special reference to diffuse panbronchiolitis". Naika (in Japanese). 23 (3): 442–451. PMID 5783341.
  10. ^ Carolan, Patrick L. "Sudden Infant Death Syndrome". Medscape. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
  11. ^ Ostrom, J. H. (1969). "Osteology of Deinonychus antirrhopus, an unusual theropod from the Lower Cretaceous of Montana". Peabody Museum of Natural History Bulletin. 30: 1–165.
  12. ^ Fastovsky, D.E.; Weishampel, D.B. (2005). "Theropoda I: Nature Red in Tooth and Claw". In Fastovsky, D.E.; Weishampel, D.B. (eds.). The Evolution and Extinction of the Dinosaurs (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 265–299. ISBN 978-0-521-81172-9.
  13. ^ Schwarz, John H. (2000). "String Theory: The Early Years". arXiv:hep-th/0007118.