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Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1969.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972

Contents

PaleozoologyEdit

MolluscsEdit

New bivalvesEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Praenuculidae

Fam nov

Valid

McAlester

Ordovician - Devonian

extinct family of Nuculoidea bivalves

Conodont paleozoologyEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Location Notes Images

Protognathodus

Gen. nov

Valid

Willi Ziegler

351 Millions of years ago.

Patrognathus[2]

Gen nov

Valid

Rhodes, Austin & Druce

Carboniferous

Vertebrate paleozoologyEdit

FishEdit

New Actinopterygii ("ray-finned fish")Edit
Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Proaracana

gen et sp nov

Valid

Le Danois

Eocene

Monte Bolca

ArchosauromorphsEdit

Newly named crurotarsansEdit
Name Novelty Status Authors Age Location Notes Images

Riojasuchus[3]

gen et sp nov

valid

Bonaparte

Late Triassic

Ornithosuchid archosaur. originally misidentified as a dinosaur

Newly named dinosaursEdit

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[4]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Deinonychus[5]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Ostrom

Early Cretaceous

Cloverly Formation

An American dromeosaur, that has a name that means: Terrible Claw .

Riojasaurus[3]

gen et sp nov

Valid.

Bonaparte

Triassic

.

"Strenusaurus"[3]

gen et sp nov

Junior synonym.

Bonaparte

Triassic

Junior synonym of Riojasaurus.

"Syntarsus"[6]

gen et sp nov

Preoccupied name.

Raath

Early Jurassic

Preoccupied by Syntarsus Fairmaire, 1869. Renamed Megapnosaurus, now a junior synonym of Coelophysis.

Newly named birdsEdit
Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Alectoris bavarica [7]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Ballmann

Early Miocene

A Phasianidae.

Buteo pusillus [8]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Ballmann

Middle Miocene

An Accipitridae.

Capitonides [7]

Gen. et Sp. nov.

jr synonym

Ballmann

Early Miocene

A Lybiidae, jr syn of Trachyphonus europeus.[9]

Diomedea thyridata [10]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Wilkinson

Late Miocene

Black Rock Sandstone

A Diomedeidae.

Eogeranoides [11]

Gen. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Cracraft

Early Eocene

Willwood Formation

A Geranoididae, type sp. E. campivagus.

Geranodornis [11]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Cracraft

Middle Eocene

Bridger Formation

A Geranoididae type sp. G. aenigma

Musophaga meini [8]

Sp. nov.

jr synonym

Ballmann

Middle Miocene

MN 8

A Musophagidae
jr syn of Veflintornis meini[12]

Otus wintershofensis [7]

Sp. nov.

jr synonym

Ballmann

Early Miocene

A Strigidae,
transferred Strix wintershofensis.[9]

Palaeonerpes [13]

Gen. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Cracraft & Morony

Early Pliocene

Valentine Formation

A Picidae, type sp P. shorti

Palaeophasianus incompletus [11]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Cracraft

Early Eocene

Willwood Formation

A Geranoididae

Paracygnus [14]

Gen. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Short

Late Pliocene

Kimbal Formation

An Anatidae, type sp P. plattensis

Paragrus shufeldti [11]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Cracraft

Early Eocene

Willwood Formation

A Geranoididae

Plotopterum [15]

Gen. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Howard

Early Miocene

Upper Walker Formation

A Plotopteridae, type sp P. joaquinensis

Pseudodontornis stirtoni [16]

Sp. nov.

jr synonym

Howard & Warter

Late Pliocene

A Pseudodontornithidae
transferred to Neodontornis stirtoni[17]

Pulsatrix arredondoi [18]

Sp. nov.

valid

Brodkorb

Pleistocene

Caverna Paredones

A Strigidae.

Strix brevis [7]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Ballmann

Early Miocene

A Strigidae,
transferred to Intulula brevis.[9]

Taoperdix miocaena [7]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Ballmann

Early Miocene

A Cracidae.

Tetrao praeurogallus [19]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Early Pliocene - Early Pleistocene

A Phasianidae.

Zenaidura prior [20]

Sp. nov.

jr synonym

Brodkorb

Late Pliocene

Rexroad Formation

A Columbidae, transferred to Zenaida prior.

Zygodactylus [8]

Gen et Sp. nov.

Valid

Ballmann

Middle Miocene

A Zygodactylidae
two sp Z. grivensis & Z. ignotus.

New PterosaursEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Nesodactylus

gen et sp nov

Valid

Colbert

Late Jurassic

Jagua Formation

family placement uncertain

SynapsidEdit

MammalsEdit

Name Authors Age Location Notes Images
Crusafontia Henkel and Krebs 127 Millions years ago

PaleontologistsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.
  2. ^ British Avonian (Carboniferous) conodont faunas, and their value in local and intercontinental correlation. FHT Rhodes, RL Austin, EC Druce - 1969 - British Museum (Natural History)
  3. ^ a b c Bonaparte, J.F. 1969. Dos nuevas "faunas" de reptiles Triasicos de Argentina. I Gondwana Symp. (IVGAS, 1967), Mar del Plata Ciencias Tierra 2: pp. 283-306
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07.
  5. ^ Ostrom, J. H. 1969. A new theropod dinosaur from the Lower Cretaceous of Montana. Postilia 128: pp. 1-17.
  6. ^ Raath, M.A. 1969. A new coelurosaurian dinosaur from the Forest Sandstone of Rhodesia. Arnoldia Rhodesia. 4 (28): pp. 1-25.
  7. ^ a b c d e Ballmann, P (1969). "Die Vögel aus der Altburdigalen Spaltenfüllung von Wintershof (West) bei Eichstätt in Bayern" (PDF). Zitteliana. 1: 5–60. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-10-30.
  8. ^ a b c Ballmann, P (1969). "Les Oiseaux Miocènes de la Grive-Saint-Alban (Isère)". Géobios. 2: 157–204. doi:10.1016/s0016-6995(69)80005-7.
  9. ^ a b c Mlíkovský, J (2002). "Cenozoic Birds of the World Part 1: Europe" (PDF). Praha Ninox Press, 2002: 1–407. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-03-07. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
  10. ^ Wilkinson, HE (1969). "Descriptions of an Upper Miocene albatross from Beaumaris, Victoria, Australia, and a review of the fossil Diomedeidae" (PDF). Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria. 29: 41–51.[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ a b c d Cracraft, J (1969). "Systematics and evolution of the Gruiformes (Class, Aves) 1. The Eocene family Geranoididae and the early history of the Gruiformes" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 2388: 1–41.
  12. ^ Brodkorb, P (1971). "Catalogue of Fossil Birds. Part 4 (Columbiformes through Piciformes)" (PDF). Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences. 15: 163–266.
  13. ^ Cracraft, J; Morony, JJ jr. (1969). "A new pliocene woodpecker, with comments on the fossil Picidae" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 2400: 1–41.
  14. ^ Short, LL jr. (1969). "A new genus and species of goose like swan from the Pliocene of Nebraska" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 2369: 1–7.
  15. ^ Howard, H (1969). "A new avian fossil from Kern County, California" (PDF). Condor. 71 (1): 68–69. doi:10.2307/1366050.
  16. ^ Howard, H; Warter, SL (1969). "A new species of bony-toothed bird (Family Pseudodontornithidae) from the Tertiary of New Zealand". Records of the Canterbury Museum. 8: 345–357.
  17. ^ Harrison, CJO; Walker, CA (1976). "A review of the bony-toothed birds (Odontopterygiformes): with the description of some new species". Tertiary Research Special Papers. 2: 1–72.
  18. ^ Brodkorb, P (1969). "An extinct Pleistocene owl from Cuba" (PDF). Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences. 31 (2): 112–114.[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ Jánossy, D (1969). "Die Mittelpleistozäne Vogelfauna der Stránská Skála". Anthropos, Studia Musei Moraviae (N.S.), Brno. 20 (12): 35–64.
  20. ^ Brodkorb, P (1969). "An ancestral mourning dove from Rexroad, Kansas" (PDF). Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences. 31 (3): 173–176. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-10-30. Retrieved 2014-10-30.
  21. ^ Farlow, James O.; M. K. Brett-Surmann (1999). The Complete Dinosaur. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 17. ISBN 0-253-21313-4.