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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised faeces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1978.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981

Contents

Expeditions, field work, and fossil discoveriesEdit

Institutions and organizationsEdit

Natural history museumsEdit

Scientific organizationsEdit

Scientific advancesEdit

PaleoanthropologyEdit

PaleobotanyEdit

Evolutionary biologyEdit

ExopaleontologyEdit

Extinction researchEdit

MicropaleontologyEdit

Invertebrate paleozoologyEdit

Maurits Lindström, described the earliest known octocoral in Sweden shifting the first known appearance from the Cretaceous to the Ordovician.[3]

Trace fossilsEdit

Vertebrate paleozoologyEdit

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[4]

Name Status Authors Location Notes Images Images
''Amtosaurus''[5] Nomen dubium.
  • Tumanova
''Coloradia''[6] Valid taxon

PReoccupied by Blake 1863. Renamed Coloradisaurus.

Lesothosaurus[7] Valid taxon Possible junior synonym of Fabrosaurus. Lesotho Lizard.
Micropachycephalosaurus[8] Valid taxon The Longest Name for a Dinosaur.
Ohmdenosaurus[9] Valid taxon
  • Wild
"Roccosaurus"[10] Nomen nudum. Junior synonym of Melanorosaurus.

van Heerden vide:

  • Anderson
  • Cruickshank
Saurornitholestes[11] Valid taxon


A North Polar Dromaeosaur.
Yangchuanosaurus[12] Valid taxon
  • Li X. M.
  • Zhou S.
A Giant Meat-Eating Dinosaur from China.
Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aldabranas cabri [13]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Colin J. O. Harrison

Cyril A. Walker

Late Pleistocene

Aldabra Atoll

An Anatidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Anser eldaricus [14]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Nikolaj I. Burchak-Abramovich

D. V. Gadzyev

Pliocene

Late Sarmantian

An Anatidae.

Apus baranensis [15]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Late Pliocene

MN 16a; MN 17

An Apodidae.

Chaetura baconica [15]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Late Miocene

MN 11-12

An Apodidae.

"Gallus" europaeus [16]

Sp. nov.

Valid ?

Colin J. O. Harrison

Middle Pleistocene

MQ 2A

A Phasianidae.The taxonomic status of this species should be reevaluated. There is no evidence, that it belongs to the genus Gallus Brisson.

Gavia brodkorbi [17]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Late Miocene

Monterey Formation

A Gaviidae.

Mergus miscellus [18]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Rafael Alvarez

Storrs L. Olson

Late Miocene

Calvert Formation

An Anatidae.

"Milvus" brachypterus [15]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Early Pleistocene

MQ 1b

An Apodidae Incertae Sedis.

Morus magnus [17]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Late Miocene

Monterey Formation

A Sulidae.

Phalacrocorax anatolicus [19]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Middle Miocene

Helvetian

A Phalacrocoracidae, transferred to the genus Nectornis Cheneval, 1984 by Mlíkovský, 1998.[20]

Pterodroma kurodai [13]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Colin J. O. Harrison

Cyril A. Walker

Pleistocene

Aldabra Atoll

A Procellariidae.

Puffinus barnesi [17]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Late Miocene

Monterey Formation

A Procellariidae.

Recurvirostra sanctaneboulae [21]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Late Eocene

MP 18

A Recurvirostridae, most unlikely it is a Recurvirostra or even a Recurvirostridae.

Surnia robusta [15]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Late Pliocene;

Early Pleistocene

MN 16,

MN 18;

MQ 1b

A Strigidae.

PterosaursEdit

Name Status Authors Location Notes

Geosternbergia

Valid

Miller

Peteinosaurus

Valid

Wild

Research techniquesEdit

Fossil tradeEdit

Law and politicsEdit

Regulation of fossil collection, transport, or saleEdit

Fossil-related crimeEdit

Official symbolsEdit

Protected areasEdit

Ethics and practiceEdit

HoaxesEdit

ScandalsEdit

Unethical practiceEdit

PeopleEdit

BirthsEdit

Awards and recognitionEdit

DeathsEdit

Historiography and anthropology of paleontologyEdit

PseudoscienceEdit

Popular cultureEdit

Amusement parks and attractionsEdit

ArtEdit

ComicsEdit

FilmEdit

GamingEdit

LiteratureEdit

  • Dinosaur Planet by Anne McAffrey was published. This novel was about a planet called Ireta that was populated by dinosaurs transplanted there by aliens attempting to preserve Earth's Mesozoic biosphere. Paleontologist William A. S. Sarjeant has praised the intelligent pterosaurs descended from Quetzalcoatlus in the novel as plausible.[22]

PhilatelyEdit

TelevisionEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Newman, Garfield; et al. (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 978-0-07-088739-8.
  2. ^ Trexler, D., 2001, Two Medicine Formation, Montana: geology and fauna: In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life, edited by Tanke, D. H., and Carpenter, K., Indiana University Press, pp. 298–309.
  3. ^ Bergström, Stig M.; Bergström, Jan; Kumpulainen, Risto; Ormö, Jens; Sturkell, Erik (2007). "Maurits Lindström – A renaissance geoscientist". GFF. 129 (2): 65–70. doi:10.1080/11035890701292065.
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07.
  5. ^ Kurzanov, S.M. and T.A. Tumanova. 1978. On the structure of the endocranium in some anylosaurs from Mongolia [in Russian]. Paleontol. Zh. 1978: pp. 90-96.
  6. ^ Bonaparte, J.F. 1978. Coloradia brevis n. gen. et. n. sp. (Saurischia, Prosauropoda), dinosaurio Plateosauridae de la Formacion Los Colorados Triasico superior de La Rioja, Argentina. Ameghiniana 15: pp. 327-332.
  7. ^ Galton, P.M. 1978. Fabrosauridae, the basal family of ornithischian dinosaurs (Reptilia: Ornithopoda). Paläont. Z. 52 (1/2): pp. 138-159.
  8. ^ Dong, Z. 1978. A new genus of Pachycephalosauria from Laiyang, Shantung. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 16: pp. 225-228.
  9. ^ Wild, R. 1978. Ein Sauropoden-Rest (Reptilia, Saurischia) aus dem Posidonienschiefer (Lias, Toarcium) von Holzmaden. Stuttgarter Beitrage zur Naturkunde, Serie B (Geologie und Paleontologie) 41: pp. 1-15.
  10. ^ van Heerden vide Anderson, J. M., and A.R.I. Cruickshank. 1978. The biostratigraphy of the Permian and the Triassic. Part 5. A review of the classification and distribution of Permo-Triassic tetrapods. Palaeontographica Africana 21: pp. 15- 44.
  11. ^ Sues, H -D. 1978. A new small theropod dinosaur from the Judith River Formation (Campanian) of Alberta, Canada. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. London 62: pp. 381-400.
  12. ^ Dong, Z., Y. Chang, X. Li, and S. Zhou. 1978. Note on a new carnosaur (Yangchuanosaurus shangyouensis gen. et sp. nov.) from the Jurassic of Yangchuan District, Szechuan Province. Kexue Tongbao 23: pp. 298-302.
  13. ^ a b Colin J. O. Harrison & Cyril A. Walker (1978). "Pleistocene Bird Remains from Aldabra Atoll Indian Ocean". Journal of Natural History. 12 (1): 7–14. doi:10.1080/00222937800770021a.
  14. ^ Nikolaj I. Burchak-Abramovich & D. V. Gadzyev (1978). "Anser eldaricus sp. nova from Upper Sarmatian Hipparion Fauna of Eldar". Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia. 23: 67–78.
  15. ^ a b c d Dénes Jánossy (1978). "Plio-Pleistocene Bird Remains from the Carpathian Basin. III. Strigiformes, Falconiformes, Caprimulgiformes, Apodiformes". Aquila. 84: 9–36.
  16. ^ Colin J. O. Harrison (1978). "A New Jungle-Fowl from the Pleistocene of Europe". Journal of Archaeological Science London. 290 (4): 1–26. doi:10.1016/0305-4403(78)90056-0.
  17. ^ a b c Hildegarde Howard (1978). "Late Miocene Marine Birds from Orange County, California" (PDF). Museum of Natural History of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science. 290: 1–26.
  18. ^ Rafael Alvarez & Storrs L. Olson (1978). "A New Merganser from the Miocene of Virginia (Aves: Anatidae)" (PDF). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 91 (2): 522–532.[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (1978). "Oiseaux. Pg. 52-54 In: Jean Claude Paicheler, France de Broin, Jean Gaudant, Cécile Mourer-Chauviré, Jean Claude Rage & Colette Vergnoud-Crazzini, 1978: Le Basin Lacustre Miocène de Bes-Konak (Anatolie-Turquie): Gélogie et Introduction à la Paléontologie des Vertébrés". Géobios. 11 (1): 43–65. doi:10.1080/00222937800770021a.
  20. ^ Jirí Mlíkovský (1978). "Early Miocene Birds of Břešt'any, Czech Republic" (PDF). Casopis Narodniho Muzea, Rada Prirodovedna. 167: 99–101.
  21. ^ Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (1978). "La Poche à Phosphate de Ste. Neboule (Lot) et sa Faune de Vertébrès du Ludien Supérieur. 6. Oiseaux". Palaeovertebrata. 8: 217–229.
  22. ^ Sarjeant, W. A. S., 2001, Dinosaurs in fiction: In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life, edited by Tanke, D. H., and Carpenter, K., Indiana University Press, p. 504-529.