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Paleontology or palaeontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 2008.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Important finds in 2008

ProtozoaEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Paleoleishmania neotropicum[2]

sp nov

Valid

Poinar

Burdigalian

Dominican amber

  Dominican Republic

second record, and youngest, of the extinct genus Paleoleishmania

PlantsEdit

AngiospermsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Dillhoffia[3]

Gen. et sp. nov.

Valid

Manchester & Pigg

Ypresian

Unnamed Formation, Kamloops Group

  Canada

Pluricarpellatia[4]

Gen. et sp. nov.

Valid

Mohr, Bernardes-de-Oliveira & Taylor

Early Cretaceous

Crato Formation

  Brazil

MonocotsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Montrichardia aquatica[5]

sp nov

Valid

Herrera et al

Middle to late Paleocene

Cerrejón Formation

  Colombia

only fossil record of the genus Montrichardia

Petrocardium[5]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Herrera et al

Middle to late Paleocene

Cerrejón Formation

  Colombia

Two named species Petrocardium cerrejonense and Petrocardium wayuuorum

ArthropodaEdit

InsectsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cataglyphoides[6]

Gen et sp et comb nov

Valid

Dlussky

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

Fossil formicine ant, two species
C. constrictus (Mayr, 1868)
& C. intermedius Dlussky, 2008

Dolichoderus punctatus[7]

Sp nov

Valid

Dlussky

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

Fossil dolichoderine ant

Electropodagrion[8]

Gen et sp nov

valid

Azar & Nel

Middle Eocene

Baltic Amber

  Europe

A Megapodagrionidae damselfly

Elektroepyris[9]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Perrichot & Nel

Eocene

Oise amber

  France

A bethylid wasp

Formosibittacus[10]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Li, Ren & Shih

Middle Jurassic

Jiulongshan Formation

  China

A bittacid

Haidomyrmodes[11]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Perrichot et al

Middle Cretaceous

Charentese amber

  France

A Sphecomyrminae ant, type species H. mammuthus

Jurahylobittacus[10]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Li, Ren & Shih

Middle Jurassic

Jiulongshan Formation

  China

A bittacid

Lutzomyia adiketis[2]

sp nov

Valid

Poinar

Burdigalian

Dominican amber

  Dominican Republic

Vector for the extinct Trypanosomatidae
species Paleoleishmania neotropicum

Proraphidia gomezi[12]

sp nov

Valid

Jarzembowski

Lower Cretaceous

Lower Weald Clay

  England

Proraphidia hopkinsi[12]

sp nov

Valid

Jarzembowski

Barremian

  Spain

Proteroscelio gravatus[13]

Sp nov

valid

Johnson, Musetti & Masner

Early Cretaceous (Aptian)

Lebanese Amber

  Lebanon

A member of Platygastroidea.

Rhabdepyris gallicus[9]

Sp nov

Valid

Perrichot & Nel

Eocene

Oise amber

  France

A bethylid wasp

Sinomeganeura[14]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Ren, Nel, & Prokop

Namurian

Tupo Formation

  China

Third Namurian age Meganeuridae griffenfly described.

Sinoprotelenomus[13]

Nom nov

valid

Zhang in Johnson, Musetti & Masner

Miocene

  China

A member of Platygastroidea;
replacement name for Protelenomus Zhang (1989).

Sphecomyrmodes occidentalis[11]

Sp nov

jr syn

Perrichot et al

Middle Cretaceous

Charentese amber

  France

A stem group ant
jr synonym of Gerontoformica occidentalis

Syndesus ambericus[15]

Sp nov

Valid

Woodruff

Burdigalian

Dominican amber

  Dominican Republic

A stag beetle

Termitaradus avitinquilinus[16]

Sp nov

Valid

Grimaldi & Engel

Burdigalian

Dominican amber

  Dominican Republic

A termite bug

XiphosuransEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Lunataspis

gen et sp nov

Valid taxon

Nowlan, Rudkin, & Young

Late Ordovician

Churchill River Group?

  Canada

FishesEdit

Cartilaginous fishEdit

  • Cicimurri D. J.; Parris D. C.; Everhart M. J. (2008). "Partial dentition of a chimaeroid fish (Chondrichthyes, Holocephali) from the Upper Cretaceous Niobrara Chalk of Kansas, USA". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 28 (1): 34–40. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2008)28[34:PDOACF]2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0272-4634.

Bony fishEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Arquatichthys[17]

Valid

  • Lu
  • Zhu

Devonian (Pragian)

Posongchong Formation

  China

A basal member of Dipnomorpha. The type species is A. porosus.

Donnrosenia[18]

Valid

Devonian (Givetian)

Aztec Siltstone

  Antarctica

A basal member of Actinopterygii. Genus includes new species D. schaefferi.

Genyonemus whistleri[19]

Valid

  • Takeuchi
  • Huddleston

Late Miocene

Puente Formation

  United States

A relative of the white croaker.

Tarachomylax multicostatus[20]

Valid

  • Qiao
  • Zhu

Devonian (Emsian)

Chuandong Formation

  China

A lungfish.

PlacodermsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Materpiscis[21]

gen et sp nov

Valid

J. A. Long, K. Trinajstic, G. C. Young, & T. Senden

Late Devonian

Gogo Formation

  Australia

discovered with fossilized embryo.

 
Materpiscis embryo features

AmphibiansEdit

Jenkins, F. A., jr, Shubin, N. H., Gatesy, S. M., and Warren, A., 2008, Gerrothorax pulcherrimus from the Upper Triassic Fleming Fjord Formation of East Greenland and a reassessment of head lifting in temnospondyl feeding: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 28, n. 4, p. 935-950.

Newly named amphibiansEdit

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Beelzebufo[22] Valid taxon Late Cretaceous (70 mya) Maevarano Formation
 
An artist's depiction of Beelzebufo
Gerobatrachus[23] Valid taxon
  • Anderson
  • Reisz
  • Scott
  • Fröbisch
  • Sumida
Early Permian (290 mya)
Oumtkoutia[24] Valid taxon
  • Rage
  • Dutheil
Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian) Kem Kem Beds A pipid anuran.

ArchosaursEdit

Newly named pseudosuchiansEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Acynodon adriaticus[25]

Sp. nov

Valid

Delfino, Martin & Buffetaut

Late Cretaceous

  Italy

Dakosaurus carpenteri[26]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wilkinson, Young & Benton

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian)

Kimmeridge Clay Formation

  United Kingdom

A metriorhynchid crocodyliform. Originally described as a species of Dakosaurus, subsequently transferred to the separate genus Torvoneustes.[27]

Gryposuchus croizati[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Riff & Aguilera

Late Miocene

Urumaco Formation

  Venezuela

Guarinisuchus[29]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Barbosa, Kellner & Viana

Early Paleocene (Danian)

Maria Farinha Formation

  Brazil

A dyrosaurid crocodyliform. Genus includes new species G. munizi.

Ocepesuchus[30]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Jouve et al.

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Ouled Abdoun Basin

  Morocco

A member of Gavialoidea. Genus includes new species O. eoafricanus.

Postosuchus alisonae[31]

Sp. nov

Valid

Peyer et al.

Late Triassic

Newark Supergroup

  United States
(  North Carolina)

Sierritasuchus[32]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Parker, Stocker & Irmis

Late Triassic

Tecovas Formation

  United States
(  Texas)

An aetosaur Genus includes new species S. macalpini.

Sphagesaurus montealtensis[33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Andrade & Bertini

Late Cretaceous

Adamantina Formation

  Brazil

A sphagesaurid crocodyliform. Originally described as a species of Sphagesaurus, but subsequently transferred to the genus Caipirasuchus.[34]

Wargosuchus[35]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Martinelli & Pais

Late Cretaceous

Bajo de La Carpa Formation

  Argentina

A baurusuchid crocodyliform. Genus includes new species W. australis.

Newly named pterosaursEdit

Name Status Location Authors Notes

Elanodactylus

Valid

  China

Andres Ji, Q.

Hongshanopterus

Valid

  China

Xiaolin Wang de Almeida et al.

Mythunga

Valid

  Australia

Molnar Thulborn, R.A.

Nemicolopterus

Valid

  China

Wang Kellner et al.

Raeticodactylus

Junior synonym

   Switzerland

Stecher

Jr. synonym of Caviramus

Shenzhoupterus

Valid

  China

Lü J. Unwin et al.

Volgadraco

Valid

  Russia

Averianov Arkhangelsky Pervushov

DinosaursEdit

  • Oviraptorosaurian eggs with embryonic skeletons are discovered for the first time in China.[36]
  • Mongolian Late Jurassic theropod fossils are found for the first time.[37]
  • A new study on morphological variation in shed theropod teeth from the Mil River Formation is published.[38]

Newly named dinosaursEdit

28 new dinosaur genera were erected in 2008. Data courtesy of George Olshevky's dinosaur genera list.[39]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Austroraptor[40]

Valid

Campanian–Maastrichtian

Allen Formation

The largest dromaeosaurid yet discovered in the Southern Hemisphere.

Dakotadon[41]

Valid

Barremian

Lakota Formation

A new genus for "Iguanodon" lakotaensis (Weishampel and Bjork, 1989).

Daxiatitan[42]

Valid

Lower Cretaceous

Lanzhou Basin

A basal titanosaur.

Diceratus[43]

Junior synonym

Late Cretaceous

Objective junior synonym of Nedoceratops; possible junior synonym of Triceratops.

Dollodon[41]

Valid

  • Paul

Barremian

Bernissart

An iguanodontian.

Dongyangosaurus[44]

Valid

early Late Cretaceous

Fangyang Formation

A titanosauriform.

Duriavenator[45]

Valid

  • Benson

Bajocian

Dorset

A megalosaurid.

Eocarcharia[46]

Valid

Aptian/Albian

Elrhaz Formation

A carcharodontosaurid.

Eomamenchisaurus[47]

Valid

Middle Jurassic

Zhanghe Formation

A mamenchisaurid.

Epidexipteryx[48]

Valid

Late Jurassic

Daohugou Beds

An avialian.

Gobiceratops[49]

Valid

  • Alifanov

Late Cretaceous

Baruungoyot Formation

Possible junior synonym of Bagaceratops.

Kryptops[46]

Valid

  • Sereno
  • Brusatte

Aptian/Albian

Elrhaz Formation

An abelisaurid.

Loricatosaurus[50]

Valid

Callovian

A stegosaurid.

Microceratus[43]

Nomen dubium

  • Mateus

Campanian

Orkoraptor[51]

Valid

  • Novas
  • Ezcurra
  • Lecuona

Maastrichtian

Pari Aike Formation

A neovenatorid.

Peloroplites[52]

Valid

Lower Cretaceous

Cedar Mountain Formation

A nodosaurid ankylosaur.

Pitekunsaurus[53]

Valid

  • Filippi
  • Garrido

Campanian

Anacleto Formation

A titanosaur.

Qingxiusaurus[54]

Valid

Late Cretaceous

A titanosaur.

Sahaliyania[55]

Valid

Maastrichtian

Yuliangze Formation

A lambeosaurine hadrosaurid.

Similicaudipteryx[56]

Valid

  • He
  • Wang
  • Zhou

Aptian

Jiufotang Formation

A caudipterid oviraptorosaur.

Tastavinsaurus[57]

Valid

  • Canudo
  • Royo-Torres
  • Cuenca-Bescós

Aptian

Xert Formation

A titanosauriform. Lurasiformes.

Uberabatitan[58]

Valid

  • Salgado
  • Carvalho

Upper Cretaceous

Marília Formation

A titanosaur.

Tethyshadros

Wulagasaurus[55]

Valid

Maastrichtian

Yuliangze Formation

A saurolophine hadrosaurid.

Newly named birdsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aegolius martae[59]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Marco Pavia

Early/Middle Pleistocene

Sicily

  Italy:

  Sicily

A Strigidae.

Bermuteo avivorus[60]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Storrs L. Olson

Late Pleistocene

  Bermuda

An Accipitridae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Bountyphaps obsoleta[61]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Trevor H. Worthy

Graham M. Wragg

Subrecent

Henderson Island

  Pitcairn

A Columbidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Calonectris wingatei[62]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Storrs L. Olson

Middle Pleistocene

  Bermuda

A Procellariidae.

Caracara tellustris[63]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Storrs L. Olson

Holocene

  Jamaica

A Falconidae.

Cathayornis chabuensis[64]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Li Jianjun

Li Zhiheng

Zhang Yuguang

Zhou Zhonghe

Bai Zhiqiang

Zhang Lifu

Ba Tuya

Early Cretaceous

Jinchuan Formation

  China

A Cathayornithidae Zhou, Jin et Zhang, 2006, Enantiornithes Walker, 1981.

Certhiops rummeli[65]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Albrecht Manegold

Early Miocene

MN 3

  Germany:

  Bavaria

A Certhioidea, this is the type species of the new genus.

Didactylornis jii[66]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Yuan Chongxi

Lower Cretaceous

Jiufotang Formation

  China

Basal pygostylia, Sapeornithidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Enantiophoenix electrophyla[67]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Andrea Cau

Paolo Arduini

Upper Cretaceous

  Lebanon

An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981, Avisauridae Brett-Surman et Paul, 1985, this is the type species of the new genus.

Eoconfuciusornis zhengi[68]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Fucheng Zhang

Zhonghe Zhou

Michael Benton

Lower Cretaceous

Dabeigou Formation

  China

A Primitive Confuciusornithidae Hou, Zhou, Gu et Zhang, 1995, this is the type species of the new genus.

Ephippiorhynchus tchoufour[69]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Antoine Louchart

Yohannes Haile-Selassie

Patrick Vignaud

Androssa Likius

Michel Brunet

Late Miocene

ca 7 Ma

  Chad

A Ciconiidae.

Eurotrochilus noniewiczi[70]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Zygmunt Bochenski

Zbigniew Bochenski

Early Oligocene

Late Rupelian

  Poland

A new European species of the Trochilidae.

Foudia delloni[71][page needed]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Anthony S. Cheke

Julian P. Hume

Subrecent

Not seen since 1672

  Réunion

The original Foudia from Réunion.

Hokkaidornis abashiriensis[72]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Kazuhiko Sakurai

Masaichi Kimura

Takayuki Katoh

Late Oligocene

Tokoro Formation

  Japan

A Plotopteridae Howard, 1969, this is the type species of the new genus.

Jabiru codorensis[73]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Stig A. Walsh

Rodolfo Sánchez

Early Pliocene

Codore Formation,

Middle El Jebe Member

  Venezuela

A Ciconiidae.

Leptoptilos patagonicus[74]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Jorge I. Noriega

Gerardo Cladera

Late Miocene

Puerto Madryn Formation

  Argentina

A Ciconiidae.

Manuherikia douglasi[75]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Trevor H. Worthy

Alan J. D. Tennyson

Suzanne J. Hand

R. Paul Scofield

Early-Middle Miocene

Bannockburn Formation

  New Zealand

An Anatidae, Anserinae.

Megadyptes waitaha[76]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Sanne Boessenkool

Jeremy J. Austin

Trevor H. Worthy

R. Paul Scofield

Alan Cooper

Philip J. Seddon

Jonathan M. Waters

Late Holocene

Subrecent

  New Zealand

A Spheniscidae, when it became extinct it made room for Megadyptes antipodes.

Mopsitta tanta[77]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

David W. Waterhouse

Bent E. K, Lindow

Nikita V. Zelenkov

Gareth J. Dyke

Early Eocene,

Ypresian

Fur Formation

  Denmark

Described in the Psittaciformes, Gerald Mayr, 2009 sees no reasons to place the species in Psittaciformes.

Palaeortyx volans[78]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Ursula B. Göhlich

Marco Pavia

Neogene

Gargano

  Italy

A Phasianidae.

Pelagornis mauretanicus[79]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Cécille Mourer-Chauviré

Denis Geraads

Late Pliocene

Ahl al Oughlam

  Morocco

A Pelagornithidae Fürbringer, 1888.

Pengornis houi[80]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Zhou Zhonghe

Julia A. Clarke

Zhang Fucheng

Early Cretaceous

Jiufotang Formation

  China

An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981, this is the type species of the new genus and the type genus of the new family Pengornithidae Wang, O’Connor, Zheng, Wang, Hu et Zhou, 2014.

Phaethusavis pelagicus[81]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Estelle Bourdon

Mbarek Amaghzaz

Baâdi Bouya

Early Eocene

Early Ypresian

  Morocco

A Phaethontidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Pleistovultur nevesi[82]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Herculano M. F. de Alvarenga

Guilherme R. R. Brito

Rafael Migotto

Alex Hubbe

Elizabeth Höfling

Late Pleistocene-Early Holocene

  Brazil

A Cathartidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Thomasococcyx philohippus[83]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

David W. Steadman

Early Miocene

Hemingfordian LMA

  USA:

  Florida

A Cuculidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Tirarinetta kanunka[84]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Trevor H. Worthy

Pliocene

Tirari Formation

  Australia

  South Australia

An Anatidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Zhongornis haoae[85]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Gao Chunling

Luis M. Chiappe

Meng Qinjing

Jingmai O'Connor

Wang Xuri

Cheng Xiaodong

Liu Jinyuan

Lower Cretaceous

Yixian Formation

  China

Basal Aves, this is the type species of the new genus.

Zygodactylus luberonensis[86]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Gerald Mayr

Early Oligocene

MP 23-24

  France

A Zygodactylidae Brodkorb, 1971, ?Piciformes.

Other publicationsEdit

  • Hutchinson, J.R., Miller, C., Fritsch, G., and Hildebrandt, T. 2008. The anatomical foundation for multidisciplinary studies of animal limb function: examples from dinosaur and elephant limb imaging studies; pp. 23–38 in Endo, H. and Frey, R. (eds.), Anatomical Imaging: Towards a New Morphology. Springer Verlag, Tokyo.
  • Witmer, L.M., Ridgely, R.C., Dufeau, D.L., and Semones, M.C. 2008. Using CR to peer into the past: 3D visualization of the brain and ear regions of birds, crocodiles, and nonavian dinosaurs; pp. 67–88 in Endo, H. and Frey, R. (eds.), Anatomical Imaging: Towards a New Morphology. Springer Verlag, Tokyo.

TurtlesEdit

Newly named turtlesEdit

Currently valid turtle genera named in 2008
Name Status Location Authors Images
Condorchelys[87] Valid taxon   Argentina
  • Sterli
Kharakhutulia[88] Valid taxon   Mongolia
  • Sukhanov, Danilov & Syromyatnikova
Odontochelys[89] Valid taxon   China
  • Li et al.

SquamatesEdit

new taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Itaboraiophis[90]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Rage

Middle Paleocene

  Brazil

A "booid"-grade snake of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Itaboraiophis depressus.

Kuwajimalla[91]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Evans & Manabe

Early Cretaceous (Valanginian to Hauterivian)

Kuwajima Formation

  Japan

A polyglyphanodontian lizard. The type species is Kuwajimalla kagaensis.

Merkurosaurus[92]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Klembara

Early Miocene

  Czech Republic

A member of Anguimorpha, might be related to the Chinese crocodile lizard. The type species is Merkurosaurus ornatus.

Ovoo[93]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Norell, Gao, & Conrad

Late Cretaceous

near Ukhaa Tolgod

  Mongolia

one of the oldest monitor lizards

Paraungaliophis[90]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Rage

Middle Paleocene

  Brazil

A snake related to members of the genus Ungaliophis. The type species is Paraungaliophis pricei.

Paulacoutophis[90]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Rage

Middle Paleocene

  Brazil

A booid-grade snake of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Paulacoutophis perplexus.

Prognathodon kianda[94]

sp nov

Valid

Schulp et al.

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

  Angola

A mosasaur.

Selmasaurus johnsoni[95]

sp nov

Valid

Polcyn & Everhart

Late Cretaceous (early Santonian)

Niobrara Chalk

  United States

A mosasaur.

Taniwhasaurus mikasaensis[96]

sp nov

Valid

Caldwell, Konishi, Obata, & Muramoto

upper Santonian-lower Campanian

  Japan

Third identified species for the genus Taniwhasaurus

Tianyusaurus[97]

gen et sp nov

Valid

et al.

Late Cretaceous

Qiupa Formation

  China

A polyglyphanodontian lizard. The type species is Tianyusaurus zhengi.

Tinosaurus indicus[98]

Sp nov

Valid

Prasad & Bajpai

Early Eocene

Cambay Shale

  India

An agamid lizard, a species of Tinosaurus.

Vallecillosaurus[99]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Smith & Buchy

Late Cretaceous (early Turonian)

Agua Nueva Formation

  Mexico

A member of Mosasauroidea of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Vallecillosaurus donrobertoi.

Vastanagama[98]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Prasad & Bajpai

Early Eocene

Cambay Shale

  India

An agamid lizard. The type species is Vastanagama susani.

New papersEdit

  • Everhart, M.J. (2008). "A bitten skull of Tylosaurus kansasensis (Squamata: Mosasauridae) and a review of mosasaur-on-mosasaur pathology in the fossil record". Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. 111 (3/4): 251–262. doi:10.1660/0022-8443-111.3.251.
  • Everhart, M.J. 2008. The mosasaurs of George F. Sternberg, paleontologist and fossil photographer. Proceedings of the Second Mosasaur Meeting, Fort Hays Studies Special Issue 3, Fort Hays State University, Hays, Kansas, pp. 37–46.
  • Polcyn, M.J. and Everhart, M.J. 2008. Description and phylogenetic analysis of a new species of Selmasaurus (Mosasauridae: Plioplatecarpinae) from the Niobrara Chalk of western Kansas. Proceedings of the Second Mosasaur Meeting, Fort Hays Studies Special Issue 3, Fort Hays State University, Hays, Kansas, pp. 13–28.
  • Polcyn, M.J., Bell, G.L., Jr., Shimada, K. and Everhart, M.J. 2008. The oldest North American mosasaurs (Squamata: Mosasauridae) from the Turonian (Upper Cretaceous) of Kansas and Texas with comments on the radiation of major mosasaur clades. Proceedings of the Second Mosasaur Meeting, Fort Hays Studies Special Issue 3, Fort Hays State University, Hays, Kansas, pp. 137–155.
  • Everhart, M.J. 2008. Rare occurrence of a Globidens sp. (Reptilia; Mosasauridae) dentary in the Sharon Springs Member of the Pierre Shale (Middle Campanian) of Western Kansas. p. 23-29 in Farley G. H. and Choate, J.R. (eds.), Unlocking the Unknown; Papers Honoring Dr. Richard Zakrzewski, Fort Hays Studies, Special Issue No. 2, 153 p., Fort Hays State University, Hays, KS.

SauropterygiansEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Status Authors Notes

Glyphoderma[100]

Valid

Zhao et al.

Nichollsia

renamed

Druckenmiller Russell

Nichollsia preoccupied by a genus of isopod, renamed in 2009 to Nichollssaura

Occitanosaurus

Synonym

Bardet Fernandez Garcia-Ramos Superbiola Pinuela Ruiz-Omenaca Vincent

Junior Synonym of Microcleidus.

Wumengosaurus[101]

Valid

Jiang et al.

SynapsidsEdit

Non-mammalianEdit

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Alrausuchus[102]

Valid

  • Ivakhnenko

Middle Permian

  Russia

A new genus for "Biarmosuchus" tagax

Megawhaitsia[103]

Valid

  • Ivakhnenko

Upper Permian

  Russia

MammalEdit

Newly named mammals
Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Albireo savagei[104]

Valid

  • Barnes

Late Pliocene

Pismo Formation

A member of Delphinoidea belonging to the family Albireonidae, a species of Albireo.

Cantalera[105]

Valid

  • Badiola
  • Canudo
  • Cuenca‐Bescós

Early Cretaceous (late Hauterivian‐early Barremian)

A multituberculate belonging to the family Pinheirodontidae. The type species is C. abadi.

Crenatocetus[106]

Valid

  • McLeod
  • Barnes

Eocene

A member of Protocetidae. The type species is Crenatocetus rayi.

Cynarctoides whistleri[107]

Valid

  • Wang
  • Tedford

Hemingfordian

A member of Canidae belonging to the subfamily Borophaginae, a species of Cynarctoides.

Diceratherium radtkei[108]

Valid

  • Prothero
  • Rasmussen

Arikareean

Cabbage Patch beds
Harrison Formation
Sharps Formation

Djourabus[109]

Valid

  • Peigné et al.

Late Miocene

A member of Mustelidae belonging to the subfamily Lutrinae. The type species is D. dabba.

Floridameryx[110]

Valid

  • Webb

Late Miocene to earliest Pliocene

A member of Gelocidae belonging to the subfamily Pseudoceratinae. The type species is F. floridanus; genus also includes "Pseudoceras" klausi Frick (1937).

Fossendorhinus[111]

Valid

  • Mihlbachler

Uintan

A member of Brontotheriidae; a new genus for "Telmatherium" diploconus Osborn (1895)

Fredszalaya[112]

Valid

  • Shockey
  • Anaya

Late Oligocene

A member of Borhyaenidae. The type species is Fredszalaya hunteri.

Glibia namibiesis[113]

Valid

  • Pickford
  • Senut
  • Morales
  • Mein
  • Sanchez

Eocene (Lutetian)

A rodent belonging to the family Zegdoumyidae, a species of Glibia.

Merycopotamus thachangensis[114]

Valid

  • Hanta
  • Ratanasthien
  • Kunimatsu
  • Saegusa
  • Nakaya
  • Nagaoka
  • Jintasakul

Late Miocene

Metalopex[115]

Valid

  • Tedford
  • Wang

Late Clarendonian to early Hemphillian

Ash Hollow Formation
Kern River Formation
Rattlesnake Formation
Thousand Creek Formation

A fox. The type species is Metalopex merriami.

Mioheteromys crowderensis[116]

Valid

  • Lindsay
  • Reynolds

Late Hemingfordian to Barstovian

Barstow Formation
Crowder Formation

A rodent belonging to the family Heteromyidae, a species of Mioheteromys.

Namahyrax[113]

Valid

  • Pickford
  • Senut
  • Morales
  • Mein
  • Sanchez

Eocene (Lutetian)

A hyrax. The type species is Namahyrax corvus.

Namaia[113]

Valid

  • Pickford
  • Senut
  • Morales
  • Mein
  • Sanchez

Eocene (Lutetian)

Probably a member of the family Adapidae.[117] The type species is Namaia bogenfelsi. The generic name turned out to be preoccupied; Pickford and Uhen (2014) created a replacement name Notnamaia.[118]

Namalestes[113]

Valid

  • Pickford
  • Senut
  • Morales
  • Mein
  • Sanchez

Eocene (Lutetian)

A member of Cimolesta belonging to the family Todralestidae. The type species is Namalestes gheerbranti.

Namatherium[113]

Valid

  • Pickford
  • Senut
  • Morales
  • Mein
  • Sanchez

Eocene (Lutetian)

An embrithopod. The type species is Namatherium blackcrowense.

Nasamplus[111]

Valid

  • Mihlbachler

Late Eocene (Ulangochuian)

A member of Brontotheriidae; a new genus for "Metatitan" progressus Granger and Gregory (1943).

Pollyosbornia[111]

Valid

  • Mihlbachler

Uintan

Uinta Formation

A member of Brontotheriidae; a new genus for "Telmatherium" altidens Osborn (1908).

Prepomonomys[113]

Valid

  • Pickford
  • Senut
  • Morales
  • Mein
  • Sanchez

Eocene (Lutetian)

A rodent belonging to the family Diamantomyidae. The type species is Prepomonomys bogenfelsi.

Proadinotherium saltoni[112]

Valid

  • Shockey
  • Anaya

Late Oligocene

A member of Toxodontidae, a species of Proadinotherium.

Siamoadapis[119]

Valid

  • Chaimanee
  • Yamee
  • Tian
  • Chavasseau
  • Jaeger

Middle Miocene

Silicamys[113]

Valid

  • Pickford
  • Senut
  • Morales
  • Mein
  • Sanchez

Eocene (Lutetian)

A rodent belonging to the family Myophiomyidae. The type species is Silicamys cingulatus.

Sivaonyx beyi[109]

Valid

  • Peigné et al.

Late Miocene

A member of Mustelidae belonging to the subfamily Lutrinae.

Stenomylus taylori[120]

Valid

  • Cassiliano

Miocene (Hemingfordian)

Zia Formation

A camelid.

Teilhardina magnoliana[121]

Valid

  • Beard

Early Eocene

Tuscahoma Formation

Wickia[111]

Valid

  • Mihlbachler

Uintan

Sand Wash Basin
Washakie Formation

A member of Brontotheriidae. The type species is Wickia brevirhinus.

Related happenings in geologyEdit

FootnotesEdit

Complete author listEdit

As science becomes more collaborative, papers with large numbers of authors are becoming more common. To prevent the deformation of the tables, these footnotes list the contributors to papers that erect new genera and have many authors.

  1. ^ Novas, Pol, Canale, Porfiri, Calvo.
  2. ^ You, Li, Zhou, Ji.
  3. ^ Lü, Azuma, Chen, Zheng, Jin.
  4. ^ Lü, Li, Zhong, Ji, Li.
  5. ^ Zhang, Zhou, Xu, Wang, Sullivan.
  6. ^ Maidment, Norman, Barrett, Upchurch.
  7. ^ Carpenter, Bartlett, Bird, Barrick.
  8. ^ Mo, Huang, Zhao, Wang, Xu.
  9. ^ a b Godefroit, Hai, Yu, Lauters.

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