Open main menu

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1986.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

Contents

PlantsEdit

PinophytaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Abies milleri[2]

sp nov

Valid

Schorn & Wehr

Ypresian

Tom Thumb Tuff, Klondike Mountain Formation

  USA

One of the oldest fir species

Newly described insectsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Stenolestes fischeri[3]

Sp nov

Valid

Nel

Chattian

  France

A Sieblosiid damselfly.

MolluscsEdit

BivalvesEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Buluniella[4]

gen et sp nov

nomen dubium

Jermak

Early Cambrian

"northern Siberia"

  Russia

possible jr synonym of Pojetaia

Jellia[4]

gen et sp nov

junior synonym

Li & Zhou

Early Cambrian

Henan province

  China

jr synonym of Pojetaia runnegari

FishEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Dwykaselachus[5]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Oelofsen

Permian

Prince Albert Formation (Ecca Group)

A member of Symmoriida.[6] The type species is D. oosthuizeni.

DinosaursEdit

Newly named dinosaursEdit

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[7]

Name Status Authors Location Notes Images

Avaceratops[8]

Valid taxon

  • Dodson
Ava horned -faced Dinosaur

Baryonyx[9]

Valid taxon

A Spinosaurid. The Heron of the Cretaceous.

Conchoraptor[10]

Valid taxon

conch-plundering Dinosaur

Frenguellisaurus

Jr. synonym of Herrerasaurus

Lapparentosaurus[11]

Valid taxon

Siamosaurus[12]

Valid taxon

  • Ingavat
An Asian Spinosaur.

Xenotarsosaurus[13]

Valid taxon

  • Martinez
  • Gimenez
  • Rodriguez
  • Bochatey
The Weird-Tarsus Dinosaur.

Newly named birdsEdit

Name Status Novelty Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Asiavis [14]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Nessov

Middle Eocene

  Uzbekistan

A Cygninae,[15]
type speies A. phosphatica

Bubo insularis[16]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Mourer-Chauviré & Weesie

Late Pleistocene

  France:   Corsica;
  Italy:   Sardinia

A Strigidae.

Eopuffinus[14]

Valid

Gen. et Sp. nov.

Nessov

Late Paleocene

  Kazakhstan

A Procellariidae, type species E. kazachstanensis

Eurolimnornis[17]

Valid

Gen. et Sp. nov.

Kessler & Jurcsák

Early Cretaceous

  Romania

A Eurolimnornithidae,
type species is E. corneti.

Gallirallus ripleyi[18]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Steadman

Holocene

Mangaia

  Cook Islands

A Rallidae.

Ichthyornis maltshevskyi [14]

jr synonym

Sp. nov.

Nessov

Coniacian

Bissekty Formation

  Uzbekistan

Described as an Ichthyornithidae,
transferred to Lenesornis maltshevskyi in Kurochkin, 1996.[19]

Nanantius [20]

Valid

Gen. et Sp. nov.

Molnar

Albian

Toolebuc Formation

  Australia:

  Queensland

A Gobipteryginae Alexornithid,
type species N. eos

Palaeocursornis [17]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Kessler & Jurcsák

Early Cretaceous

  Romania

A Eurolimnornithidae, type genus P. biharicus

Pliogyps charon [21]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Becker

Late Miocene

Alachua Formation

  USA:   Florida

A Cathartidae.

Porzana rua [18]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Steadman

Holocene

Mangaia

  Cook Islands

A Rallidae.

PlesiosaursEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Status Authors Location Notes Images

Tuarangisaurus

Valid

Wiffen Moisley

A Plesiosaur from New Zealand

PterosaursEdit

  • Fossil jaw fragments containing multicusped teeth were found in Dockum Group rocks in western Texas.[22] One fragment, apparently from a lower jaw, contained two teeth, each with five cusps.[22] Another fragment, from an upper jaw, also contained several multi-cusped teeth.[22] These finds are very similar to the pterosaur genus Eudimorphodon and may be attributable to this genus, although without better fossil remains it is impossible to be sure.[22]

New taxaEdit

Name Status Authors Notes

Phobetor

Junior Synonym

Bakhurina

Synonym of Noripterus.

SynapsidsEdit

MammalsEdit

Name Status Authors Age Location Notes Images

Hulitherium tomasetti

Valid taxon

Bernard Tomasetti & Plane

Pleistocene

A Diprotodont Metatherian.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.
  2. ^ Schorn, H.E.; Wehr, W.C. (1986). "Abies milleri, sp. nov., from the middle Eocene Klondike Mountain Formation, Republic, Ferry County, Washington". Burke Museum Contributions in Anthropology and Natural History. 1: 1–7.
  3. ^ Nel., A. (1986). "Révision du genre cénozoïque Stenolestes Scudder, 1895; description de deux espèces nouvelles (Insecta, Odonata, Lestidae)". Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section C, Sciences de la Terre, Paléontologie, Géologie, Minéralogie. 8 (4): 447–461.
  4. ^ a b Elicki, O.; Gürsu, S. (2009). "First record of Pojetaia runnegari Jell, 1980 and Fordilla Barrande, 1881 from the Middle East (Taurus Mountains, Turkey) and critical review of Cambrian bivalves" (PDF). Paläontologische Zeitschrift. 83 (2): 267–291. doi:10.1007/s12542-009-0021-9.
  5. ^ B.W. Oelofsen (1986). "A fossil shark neurocranium from the Permo-Carboniferous (lowermost Ecca Formation) of South Africa". In T. Uyeno; R. Arai; T. Taniuchi; K. Matsuura (eds.). Indo-Pacific Fish Biology: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Indo-Pacific Fishes. Ichthyological Society of Japan. pp. 107–124. ISBN 978-4930813121.
  6. ^ Michael I. Coates; Robert W. Gess; John A. Finarelli; Katharine E. Criswell; Kristen Tietjen (2017). "A symmoriiform chondrichthyan braincase and the origin of chimaeroid fishes". Nature. 541 (7636): 208–211. doi:10.1038/nature20806. PMID 28052054.
  7. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07.
  8. ^ Dodson, P. 1986. Avaceratops lammersi: a new ceratopsid from the Judith River Formation of Montana. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 138: pp. 305-317.
  9. ^ Charig, A.J. and A.C. Milner. 1986. Baryonyx, a remarkable new theropod dinosaur. Nature 324 (6095): pp. 359-361.
  10. ^ Barsbold, R. 1986. [Raubdinosaurier Oviraptoren]. In: Vorobyeva, E. I. (ed.). Herpetologische Untersuchungen in der Mongolischen Volksrepublik. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. Inst. Evolyucionnoy Morfologii i Ekologil Zhivotnykh im. A. M. Severtsova, Moskva: pp.210-223.
  11. ^ Bonaparte, J.F. 1986. The early radiation and phylogenetic relationships of the Jurassic sauropod dinosaurs, based on vertebral anatomy. In: The beginnings of the age of dinosaurs (K. Padian, ed.). Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK: pp. 247-258.
  12. ^ Buffetaut, E. and R. Ingevat. 1986. Unusual theropod dinosaur teeth from the Upper Jurassic of Phu Wiang northeastern Thailand. Rev. Paleobiol. 5: pp. 217-220.
  13. ^ Martinez, R, O. Gimenez, J. Rodriguez, and G. Bochatey. 1985. Xenotarsosaurus bonapartei nov. gen. et sp. (Carnosauria, Abelisauridae) un nuevo Theropoda de la Formacion Bajo Barrel Chubut, Argentina. Actas IV Congreso Argentino de Paleontoloiga y Bioestratigraffa 2: pp. 23-31.
  14. ^ a b c Lev A. Nessov (1986). "Pervaya nakhodka pozdnemelovoy ptitsy-ikhtiornisa v starom svete i nekotoryye drugiye kosti ptits iz mela i paleogena Sredney Azii. [The first Find of the Late Cretaceous Bird, Ichthyornis, in the Old World, and Some Other Bird Bones from the Cretaceous and Paleogene of Middle Asia.] [in Russian, with English summ.]". Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta Akademii Nauk SSSR. 147: 31–38.
  15. ^ Andrey V. Panteleyev (2000). "The Systematic Position of the Eocene Bird Asiavis phosphatica". Zoosystematica Rossica. 8 (2): 351–352.
  16. ^ Cécile Mourer-Chauviré & Peter D. M. Weesie (1986). "Bubo insularis n. sp., Forme Endemique Inlaire de Grande-Duc (Aves, Strigiformes) du Pleistocene de Sardaigne et de Corse" (PDF). Revue de Paléobiologie. 5: 197–205.
  17. ^ a b Jenö Kessler & Tibor Jurcsák (1986). "New Contributions to the Knowledge of the Lower Cretaceous Bird Remains from Cornet (Romania)" (PDF). Travaux du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle "Grigore Antipa". 28: 289–295.
  18. ^ a b David W. Steadman (1986). "Two New Species of Rails (Aves: Rallidae) from Mangaia, Southern Cook Islands" (PDF). Pacific Science. 40 (1–4): 38–54.
  19. ^ Evgeny N. Kurochkin (1996). "A New Enantiornithid of the Mongolian Late Cretaceous, and a General Appraisal of the Infraclass Enantiornithes". Palaeontological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moskou, Special Issue. 1996: 1–50.
  20. ^ Ralphe E. Molnar (1986). "An Enantiornithine Bird from the Lower Cretaceous of Queensland, Australia". Nature. 322 (6081): 736–738. doi:10.1038/322736a0.
  21. ^ Jonathan J. Becker (1986). "A New Vulture (Vulturidae: Pliogyps) from the Late Miocene of Florida" (PDF). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 99 (3): 502–508. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-08-27. Retrieved 2014-08-26.
  22. ^ a b c d Wellnhofer, Peter (1991). "Summary of Triassic Pterosaurs." The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Pterosaurs. London, UK: Salamander Books Limited. p. 67. ISBN 0-86101-566-5.