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Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1966.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969

Contents

ArthropodsEdit

Newly named InsectaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Oligomyrmex antiqua[2]

Comb nov

jr synonym

(Mayr, 1868)

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

Fossil myrmicine ant,
moved to Carebara antiqua in 2004

Sphecomyrminae[3]

Subfam. Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wilson & Carpenter

Turonian

New Jersey Amber

  USA

Basal most ant subfamily. One genus Sphecomyrma

ConodontsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Declinognathodus[4]

Gen. nov

Valid

David L. Dunn

Pennsylvanian

  USA

AnapsidsEdit

Newly named mesosaursEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Brazilosaurus[5]

Gen. et sp.

Valid

Shikama & Ozaki

Artinskian

Irati Formation

  Brazil

A mesosaur.

DinosaursEdit

Newly named dinosaursEdit

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[6]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Probactrosaurus[7]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Rozhdestvensky

early Cretaceous

Dashuigou Formation

  China

Newly named birdsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Arikarornis macdonaldi [8]

Gen et sp nov.

valid

Howard

Early Miocene

Middle Sharps Formation

  USA

An Accipitrid, type species A. macdonaldi

Miortyx aldeni [8]

Sp. nov.

valid

Howard

Early Miocene

Middle Sharps Formation

  USA

An Odontophoridae.

Diomedea milleri [9]

Sp. nov.

valid

Howard

Middle Miocene

Temblor Formation

  USA

A Diomedeid.

Dissourodes milleri [10]

Gen et sp. nov.

jr synonym

Short

Early Pliocene

Valentine Formation

  USA

A Ciconiidae, jr synonym of Mycteria milleri

Pelecanus tirarensis [11]

Sp. nov.

valid

Miller

Miocene

Etadunna Formation

  Australia

A Pelecanidae.

Praemancalla [12]

Gen et sp. nov.

valid

Howard

Late Miocene

Laguna Hills Formation

  USA

An Alcidae, Mancallinae, type species P. lagunensis

Speotyto megalopeza [13]

Sp. nov.

Jr synonym

Ford

Late Pliocene

Rexroad Formation

  USA

jr synonym of Athene megalopeza

Wasonaka [14]

Gen et sp. nov.

valid

Howard

Middle Pliocene

Arroyo de las Barrancas Blancas

  Mexico

An Anatidae, Type species W. yepormerae

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.
  2. ^ Ettershank, G (1966). "A generic revision of the world Myrmicinae related to Solenopsis and Pheidologeton (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)". Australian Journal of Zoology. 14: 73–171.
  3. ^ Wilson, E. O.; Carpenter, F. M.; Brown, W. L. (1966). "The First Mesozoic Ant, with the Description of a New Subfamily" (PDF). Psyche. 74 (1): 1–19. doi:10.1155/1967/89604. Retrieved 2008-04-06.
  4. ^ New Pennsylvanian Platform Conodonts from Southwestern United States. D. L. Dunn, Journal of Paleontology, Vol. 40, No. 6 (Nov., 1966), pages 1294-1303 (Stable URL)
  5. ^ T. Shikama and H. Ozaki (1966). "On a Reptilian Skeleton from the Palaeozoic Formation of San Paulo, Brazil". Transactions and Proceedings of the Palaeontological Society of Japan, New Series. 64: 351–358.
  6. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07.
  7. ^ Rozhdestvensky, A. K. (1966). "Novye igyanodonti ie tsentrallinoy Asii. Phillogeneticheskye y taksonomicheskye veaimoothoshenia poednich Iguanodontidae y rannich Hadrosauridae". Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal. 1966 (3): 103–116.
  8. ^ a b Howard, H (1966). "Two fossil Birds from the Lower Miocene of South Dakota" (PDF). Museum of Natural History of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science. 107: 1–8.
  9. ^ Howard, H (1966). "Additional Avian Records from the Miocene of Sharktooth Hill, California" (PDF). Museum of Natural History of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science. 114: 1–11.
  10. ^ Short, LL (1966). "A New Pliocene Stork from Nebraska" (PDF). Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. 149: 1–12.
  11. ^ Miller, AH (1966). "The Fossil Pelicans of Australia". Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. 14: 181–190.
  12. ^ Hildegarde Howard (1966). "A Possible Ancestor of the Lucas Auk (Family Mancallidae) from the Tertiary of Orange County , California" (PDF). Museum of Natural History of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science. 101: 2–8.
  13. ^ Ford, NL (1966). "Fossil Owls from the Rexroad Fauna of the Upper Pliocene of Kansas" (PDF). Condor. 68: 472–475. doi:10.2307/1365319.
  14. ^ Howard, H (1966). "Pliocene Birds from Chihuahua, Mexico" (PDF). Museum of Natural History of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science. 94: 1–12.