1960 in paleontology

Paleontology or palaeontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1960.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

AngiospermsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Eucommia brownii[2]

Species

jr synonym

Becker

Late Eocene

Passamari Formation

Eucommia species,
jr syn of Eucommia montana

MolluscsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Ctenodonta spjeldnaesi.[3]

Sp nov

synonym

Soot-Reyn & Soot-Reyn

Late Ordovician

Upper Chasmops Shale

transferred to Similodonta in 1964

ArchosaurmophaEdit

DinosaursEdit

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[4]

Name Status Authors Location Notes Images
Inosaurus[5] Nomen dubium. A dubious Theropod.
Lophorhothon[6] Valid taxon.
  • Langston
Silvisaurus[7] Valid taxon.
  • Eaton
A Nodosaur.

PlesiosaursEdit

Name Status Authors Notes

Woolungasaurus

Valid

Persson

BirdsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anas pachyscelus [8]

Sp. nov.

valid

Wetmore

Pleistocene

H. Bernard Wilkinson Quarry

  USA  Bermuda

An Anatidae.

Baeopteryx latipes [8]

Sp. nov.

synonym

Wetmore

Pleistocene

H. Bernard Wilkinson Quarry

  USA   Bermuda

A Gruid, moved to Grus latipes.

Ergilornis rapidus [9]

Gen. et Sp. nov.

valid

Kozlova

Early Oligocene

Hoyer-Dzan

  Inner Mongolia

An Eogruid, type species E. rapidus

Palaeospheniscus novaezealandiae [10]

Sp. nov.

synonym

Marples

Late Pliocene - Waitotaran

  New Zealand

A Spheniscidae, moved to Marplesornis novaezealandiae.

Proergilornis minor[9]

Gen. et Sp. nov.

synonym

Kozlova

Early Oligocene

Hoyer-Dzan

  Inner Mongolia

An Eogruid, moved to Ergilornis minor.

Popular cultureEdit

LiteratureEdit

  • Pataud, le petit dinosaure was published. This was the first book about dinosaurs intended for an audience of children young enough to be new to reading. Paleontologist William A. S. Sarjeant has called it a "charmin[g]" book and "remarkable" that the earliest dinosaur book aimed at children was French since "French children do not share North American children's fascination" with dinosaurs.[11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.
  2. ^ Call, V.B.; Dilcher, D.L. (1997). "The fossil record of Eucommia (Eucommiaceae) in North America" (PDF). American Journal of Botany. 84 (6): 798–814. doi:10.2307/2445816. JSTOR 2445816. PMID 21708632. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2012-09-11.
  3. ^ Cope, J.C.W. (1999). "Middle Ordovician bivalves from Mid-Wales and the Welsh Borderland". Palaeontology. 42 (3): 467–499. doi:10.1111/1475-4983.00081.
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Archived from the original on 2011-07-15. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
  5. ^ Lapparent. A.F. de. 1960. Les dinosauriens du "Continental intercalaire" du Sahara central. Mem. Soc. Geol. France 88A: pp. 1-57.
  6. ^ Langston, W. Jr. 1960. The vertebrate fauna of the Selma Formation of Alabama. Part IV, the Dinosaurs. Fieldiana Geol. Mem. 3: pp. 313-360.
  7. ^ Eaton, T.H. 1960. A new armored dinosaur from the Cretaceous of Kansas. University of Kansas Palaeontological Contributions, Vertebrata (Article 8): 24 pages.
  8. ^ a b Wetmore, Alexander (1960). "Pleistocene Birds in Bermuda". Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. 140 (2): 1–11.
  9. ^ a b Kozlova, E. V. (1960). "[New Fossil Birds from Southeastern Gobi]". Tr. Probl. Temat. Soveshch. Akad. Nak. SSSR, Zool. Inst. 9: 323–329.
  10. ^ Marples, Brian John (1960). "A Fossil Penguin from the Late Tertiary of North Canterbury". Records of the Canterbury Museum. 7: 185–195.
  11. ^ Sarjeant, W. A. S., 2001, Dinosaurs in fiction: In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life, edited by Tanke, D. H., and Carpenter, K., Indiana University Press, p. 504-529.