This article contains information about the literary events and publications of
February 10 – Author Jacqueline Susann has her first novel, , published. From a friend she obtains a list of the bookstores on whose sales figures Valley of the Dolls relies for its bestseller list. She then uses her own money to buy large quantities of her book at these stores, causing it to head the list. The New York Times Valley of the Dolls incidentally comes to rank among the best-selling novels of all time.
February 14 – Dissident writers Yuli Daniel and Andrei Sinyavsky are sentenced to hard labour for "anti-Soviet activity".
March 9 – J. R. R. Tolkien writes to Roger Verhulst expressing concerns about a proposed book about him by W. H. Auden, saying, "I regard such things as premature impertinences.... I cannot believe that they have a usefulness to justify the distaste and irritation given to the victim," but adding: "I owe Mr. Auden a debt of gratitude for the generosity with which he has supported and encouraged me since the first appearance of The Lord of the Rings." 
March 21 – In a landmark obscenity case, , the Memoirs v. Massachusetts Supreme Court of the United States rules that the hitherto banned novel ( Fanny Hill John Cleland's Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure, 1749) does not meet the Roth Standard for obscenity. By June –
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn completes his semi-autobiographical novel («Раковый Корпус», Cancer Ward Rakovy Korpus) and sends the manuscript to the Russian literary magazine . The editor, Tvardosky, equivocates and requests cuts, so Solzhenitsyn arranges for it be distributed as Novy Mir , then to be discussed at a meeting in Moscow of the Central Writers' Club on November 17. samizdat 
June 14 – The Roman Curia abolishes the of books banned by the Catholic Church, after 427 years. Index Librorum Prohibitorum
June 16 – Blackwell's opens the 930 m 2 Norrington Room in their main bookshop in Broad Street, Oxford. 
June 23 – appears as the final collection of Octopussy and The Living Daylights James Bond short stories by the character's creator, Ian Fleming, who died in 1964.
July 24 – American poet and critic Frank O'Hara is hit by a dune buggy on Fire Island beach. He dies of his injuries the following day. 
August 24 – Tom Stoppard's tragicomedy is first played, at the Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead Edinburgh Festival Fringe. Despite small audiences, Stoppard's reputation is made by a review by Ronald Bryden in . The Observer 
September 8 – The first UNESCO International Literacy Day is celebrated.
September 9 – New Beacon Books, the first Caribbean publishing house in England, releases its first title, Foundations by John La Rose. 
October 21 – Jacques Derrida delivers a lecture, La Structure, le signe et le jeu dans le discours des sciences humaines, to a  structuralism colloquium at Johns Hopkins University, giving international prominence to his work on literary theory.
November 3– 4 – The 1966 flood of the Arno in Florence causes severe damage to libraries, including the National Central Library and Gabinetto Vieusseux.
November 28 – Truman Capote's Black and White Ball ("The Party of the Century") is held in New York City. The guest of honor, publisher The Washington Post Katharine Graham, later says: "Truman called me up that summer and said, 'I think you need cheering up. And I'm going to give you a ball.'...I was...sort of baffled....I felt a little bit like Truman was going to give the ball anyway and that I was part of the props."  December –
magazine begins the first publication of Moskva Mikhail Bulgakov's novel (Ма́стер и Маргари́та), begun in The Master and Margarita 1928 but left incomplete on the author's death in 1940. It appears in two parts with portions omitted or altered. unknown date – The first modern revival of a play by Bhāsa, , directed by Madhyamavyayoga Shanta Gandhi, is performed in a Hindi translation.  New books
Children and young people
February 14 - Alex Scarrow, British novelist
February 24 – Alain Mabanckou, Francophone Congolese novelist
March 4 – Dav Pilkey, American author and illustrator
March 5 – Mark Z. Danielewski, American fiction author
April 12 – Jim Duffy, Irish political writer
April 15 – Cressida Cowell, English children's writer
April 20 – David Chalmers, Australian philosopher and cognitive scientist
April 26 – Natasha Trethewey, American poet
July 4 – Brian Selznick, American children's writer and illustrator
July 21 – Sarah Waters, Welsh novelist
September 24 – Rhys Hughes, Welsh short-story writer
October 7 - Sherman Alexie, Native-American poet and fiction writer
October 19 – David Vann, Alaskan-born fiction writer and sailor
November 17 – Jane Holland (Victoria Lamb, etc.), English poet and novelist
November 22 – Mónica Montañés, Venezuelan screenwriter and journalist 
December 27 – Chris Abani, Nigerian poet and novelist
December 29 – Christian Kracht, Swiss novelist and journalist unknown date – Helen Zahavi, English novelist and translator
January 18 – Kathleen Norris, American novelist (born 1880)
February 12 – Elio Vittorini, Italian novelist (born 1908)
March 10 – Frank O'Connor, Irish short-story writer (born 1903)
April 1 – Brian O'Nolan (Flann O'Brien), Irish satirist (heart attack, born 1911)
April 2 – C. S. Forester, English historical novelist (born 1899)
April 10 (Easter Day) – Evelyn Waugh, English novelist, biographer and travel writer (heart failure, born 1903)
April 13 – Georges Duhamel, French novelist (born 1884)
May 7 – Stanisław Jerzy Lec, Polish aphorist and poet (born 1909)
June 10 – Henry Treece, English children's historical novelist and poet (born 1911)
June 30 – Margery Allingham, English crime novelist (born 1904)
July 25 – Frank O'Hara, American poet (ruptured liver, born 1926) August 2 or 3 –
Tristan Klingsor (Léon Leclère), French fantaisiste poet, painter and musician (born 1874)
August 6 – Cordwainer Smith (Paul Myron Anthony Linebarger), American science fiction author (heart attack, born 1913)
August 12 – Artur Alliksaar, Estonian poet (cancer, born 1923)
September 3 – Fu Lei, Chinese translator (born 1908)
September 14- Dorothy Whipple, English novelist and children's writer (born 1893)
September 25 – Mina Loy, English-born poet and artist (born 1882)
September 28 – André Breton, French Surrealist poet and author (born 1896)
October 30 – Yórgos Theotokás, Greek novelist (born 1906)
November 26 – Siegfried Kracauer, German journalist and critic (born 1889) December 23 – Heimito von Doderer, Austrian author (born 1896) 
Alfaguara Prize: Manuel Vicent, Pascua y naranjas
Cholmondeley Award: Ted Walker, Stevie Smith
Eric Gregory Award: Robin Fulton, Seamus Heaney, Hugo Williams See
1966 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.
Hugo Award: Frank Herbert, and Dune Roger Zelazny, ...And Call Me Conrad
James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Christine Brooke-Rose, Such, and Aidan Higgins, Langrishe, Go Down
James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Geoffrey Keynes, The Life of William Harvey
Miles Franklin Award: Peter Mathers, Trap
Nebula Award (first): Samuel R. Delany, and Babel–17 Daniel Keyes, Flowers for Algernon
Newbery Medal for children's literature: Elizabeth Borton de Treviño, I, Juan de Pareja
Nobel Prize in Literature: Shmuel Yosef Agnon, Nelly Sachs
Premio Nadal: Vicente Soto, La zancada
Prix Goncourt: Edmonde Charles-Roux, Oublier Palerme
Prix Médicis: Marie-Claire Blais, Une saison dans la vie d'Emmanuel
Pulitzer Prize for Drama: no award given
Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: Katherine Anne Porter, Collected Stories
Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Richard Eberhart, Selected Poems Viareggio Prize: Alfonso Gatto, La storia delle vittime References
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"Letter to Roger Verhulst (9 March 1966)", Tolkien Gateway.
Pearce, Joseph (2011). Solzhenitsyn: A Soul in Exile. Ignatius Press. pp. 184ff.
Graham, Rigby (Winter 1966). "Two views of the Norrington Room". The Private Library. 7 (4): 84–6.
^ Belanger, Craig. "Frank O'Hara." Frank O'Hara (2005): 1. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCO. Web. May 12, 2011.
Dugdale, John (2016-08-28). "From squib to superstar". The Guardian. London. p. 5 (Review).
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George Plimpton (1997). Truman Capote: In Which Various Friends, Enemies, Acquaintances and Detractors Recall His Turbulent Career. New York, Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-23249-7, p. 248.
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Dubraska Falcón (19 November 2012). "Mónica Montañés: "El escritor necesita la distancia". " eluniversal.com . Retrieved . 16 October 2016
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