This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1910.
- January 8 – Serializaton of Gaston Leroux's novel The Phantom of the Opera (Le Fantôme de l'Opéra) concludes in the Paris newspaper Le Gaulois.
- April – Halley's comet reappears (after 76 years), and Mark Twain dies on April 21, the day after the comet's perihelion. In his autobiography, Twain wrote, "I came in with Halley's comet in 1835. It's coming again next year (1910), and I expect to go out with it. The Almighty has said no doubt, 'Now here are these two unaccountable freaks; they came in together, they must go out together.'"
- March 18 – The first movie version of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein (1818) is released in the United States by Edison Studios. One of the first horror films, it features (unbilled) actor Charles Ogle as the monster.
- March 30 – William Johnston and Paul West's novel The Innocent Murderers is published in New York City, the first academic crime fiction.
- August 11 – The Buenos Aires Convention is signed, providing for international recognition of copyright.
- September – G. K. Chesterton's fictional detective Father Brown first appears in the short story "The Blue Cross" in the Story-Teller magazine (London), having previously appeared on June 23 as "Valentin Follows a Curious Trail" in The Saturday Evening Post (Philadelphia).
- September 1 – Herbert Beerbohm Tree's elaborate revival of Shakespeare's Henry VIII opens in London. It will run for 254 consecutive performances.
- October – Filippo Tommaso Marinetti's first novel Mafarka il futurista is cleared of obscenity charges.
- Fall – Damon Runyon begins working as a journalist on The New York American.
- Thomas Mofolo writes Pitseng and Chaka, the latter not published at this time.
- Boris Pasternak drops out of the Moscow Conservatory and begins to study law, moving on to study philosophy at the University of Marburg.
Children and young peopleEdit
- February 6 – Irmgard Keun, German author (died 1982)
- February 10 – Joan G. Robinson, English children's writer and illustrator (died 1988)
- February 11 – L. T. C. Rolt, English biographer and writer of ghost stories (died 1974)
- May 8 – Andrew E. Svenson, American author and publisher (died 1975)
- May 23 – Margaret Wise Brown, American children's writer (died 1952)
- June 15 – Marie de Garis (Marie Le Messurier), Guernsey ethnographer and lexicographer (died 2010)
- June 21 – Clive Sansom, English-born Tasmanian poet and playwright (died 1981)
- June 23 – Jean Anouilh, French dramatist (died 1987)
- July 14 – Vincent Brome, English biographer and novelist (died 2004)
- July 27 – Julien Gracq, French novelist, critic and playwright (died 2007)
- August 5 – Jacquetta Hawkes (née Hopkins), English writer and archeologist (died 1996)
- September 8 – Julián Padrón, Venezuelan novelist, journalist and lawyer (died 1954)
- September 11 – Manuel Mujica Láinez, Argentine novelist (died 1984)
- October 15 – Haddis Alemayehu, Ethiopian politician and novelist (died 2003)
- November 17 – Rachel de Queiroz, Brazilian author (died 2003)
- December 19
- December 24
- Unknown date – Betty Miller, Irish-born Jewish writer (died 1965)
- January 29 – Edouard Rod, French-Swiss novelist (born 1857)
- April 9 – Vittoria Aganoor, Italian poet (born 1855)
- April 21 – Mark Twain, American writer (born 1835)
- May 7 – Emil Friedrich Kautzsch, German Bible scholar (born 1841)
- May 22 – Jules Renard, French novelist (born 1864)
- July 2 – Frederick James Furnivall, English lexicographer (born 1825)
- August 4 – Heinrich Julius Holtzmann, German New Testament commentator (born 1832)
- August 26 – William James, American philosopher (born 1842)
- October 17
- November 6 – George Panu, Romanian memoirist, literary critic, journalist and politician (born 1848)
- November 15 – Wilhelm Raabe, German novelist (born 1831)
- November 20 – Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist (born 1828)