This article presents lists of literary events and publications in
January 31 – Anton Chekhov's (Три сeстры, Three Sisters Tri sestry) opens at the Moscow Art Theatre under the direction of Constantin Stanislavski and Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko with Stanislavski as Vershinin, Olga Knipper as Masha, Margarita Savetskaya as Olga, Maria Andreyeva as Irina and Maria Lilina (Stanislavsky's wife) as Natasha.
February 22 – Leo Tolstoy is excommunicated from the Russian Orthodox Church. 
May 6 – Swedish dramatist August Strindberg, 52, marries his third wife, Swedish-Norwegian actress Harriet Bosse, 23, having become engaged in March during rehearsals for his play ( Easter Påsk).
May 25 – Chekhov marries Olga Knipper in a quiet ceremony. 
May 28 – is decided in the Cherry v. Des Moines Leader Supreme Court of Iowa, upholding the right to publish critical reviews.
June 28 – G. K. Chesterton marries Frances Blogg at St Mary Abbots, Kensington. July – First modern stage productions of
, the 15th-century Everyman morality play, by William Poel's Elizabethan Stage Society outdoors at the Charterhouse in London. 
July 24 – O. Henry is released from prison in Columbus, Ohio after serving three years for embezzlement. October –
Thomas Mann's first novel, , is published in Berlin. Buddenbrooks
October 23 – Mark Twain receives an honorary doctor of literature degree from Yale University. In the same month, he moves to Riverdale, New York.
December 2 – The Romanian literary review is founded. Sămănătorul 
December 10 – The first Nobel Prize in Literature is awarded, to French poet Sully Prudhomme.  The World's Classics editions are established by Grant Richards in England. New books Edit
Children and young people Edit
January 31 – Marie Luise Kaschnitz (Marie Luise von Holzing-Berslett), German story writer, novelist and poet (died 1974)
February 13 – Lewis Grassic Gibbon (James Leslie Mitchell), Scottish novelist (died 1974)
February 23 – Ivar Lo-Johansson, Swedish novelist and journalist (died 1990)
March 4 (or 1903) – Jean-Joseph Rabearivelo (Joseph-Casimir Rabearivelo), Malagasy Francophone poet (suicide 1937)
April 10 – Anna Kavan (Helen Emily Woods, Helen Ferguson), French-born English novelist and short story writer (died 1968)
May 1 – Antal Szerb, Hungarian writer (died 1945)
May 15 – Xavier Herbert, Australian novelist (died 1984)
June 1 – John Van Druten, English-born American dramatist (died 1957)
June 23 – Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, Turkish novelist and essayist (died 1962)
July 9 – Barbara Cartland, English romantic novelist, historian and playwright (died 2000)
July 20 – Dilys Powell, English film critic (died 1995)
July 25 – Ruth Krauss, American children's author and poet (died 1993)
August 10 – Sergio Frusoni, Cape Verde poet and promoter of Cape Verdean Creole language (died 1975)
August 17 – Heðin Brú, Faroese fiction writer and translator (died 1987)
August 20 – Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian author (died 1968)
November 3 – André Malraux, French author (died 1976)
December 9 – Ödön von Horváth, Austro-Hungarian dramatist and novelist (died 1938)
December 16 – Margaret Mead, American anthropologist and author (died 1978) Unknown date – Ernest Elmore (John Bude), English crime writer and theater director (died 1957)
January 14 – Víctor Balaguer, Catalan Spanish dramatist and poet (born 1824)
February 2 – John Cordy Jeaffreson, English novelist and non-fiction writer (born 1831)
February 15 – Maurice Thompson, American novelist (born 1844)
March 19 – Philippe Gille, French dramatist (born 1831)
March 24 – Charlotte Mary Yonge, English novelist (born 1823)
April 6 – George Murray Smith, English publisher (born 1824)
April 12 – Louis Auguste Sabatier, French theologian (born 1839)
June 5 – Dagny Juel, Norwegian writer and artists' model (shot, born 1867)
June 9 – Walter Besant, English novelist and historian (born 1836)
June 10 – Robert Williams Buchanan, Scottish poet, novelist and dramatist (born 1841)
July 7 – Johanna Spyri, Swiss children's writer (born 1827)
July 18 – Jan ten Brink, Dutch novelist (born 1834)
July 20 – William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (born 1840)
July 27 – Brooke Foss Westcott, English theologian (born 1825)
August 9 – Vishnudas Bhave, Indian dramatist (unknown birth year)
October 31 – Julien Leclercq, French Symbolist poet and art critic (born 1865) November 6 – Kate Greenaway, English children's illustrator and writer (born 1846) References Edit
Decree of Excommunication of Leo Tolstoy.
^ "I have a horror of weddings, the congratulations and the champagne, standing around, glass in hand with an endless grin on your face." Letter to Olga Knipper, April 19, 1901.
^ Kuehler, Stephen G. (2008).
Tufts University Ph.D. thesis. 104 p. Concealing God: The "Everyman" revival, 1901–1903.
Râpeanu, Valeriu (December 2001). " Sămănătorul acum 100 de ani". . Magazin Istoric
Nobel Prize official website: From the First Nobel Prize Award Ceremony, 1901. Accessed March 11, 2013.
Sutherland, John (2007). Bestsellers: a very short introduction. Oxford University Press. p. 86. ISBN . 978-0-19-921489-1