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Jean Lorrain (9 August 1855 in Fécamp, Seine-Maritime – 30 June 1906), born Paul Alexandre Martin Duval, was a French poet and novelist of the Symbolist school.

Jean Lorrain
Lorrain, Jean.jpg
BornPaul Alexandre Martin Duval
(1855-08-09)9 August 1855
Fécamp, France
Died30 June 1906(1906-06-30) (aged 50)
Fécamp, France
Resting placeCimetière de Fécamp (Fécamp), Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie Region, France
OccupationPoet and novelist
NationalityFrench
Notable worksMonsieur de Phocas
Princesses d'ivoire et d'ivresse
Histoires de masques

Signature
Jean Lorrain, as caricatured by Sem (Georges Goursat, 1863–1934)

Lorrain was a dedicated disciple of dandyism and spent much of his time amongst the fashionable artistic circles in France, particularly in the cafés and bars of Montmartre.[1]

He contributed to the satirical weekly Le Courrier français, and wrote a number of collections of verse, including La forêt bleue (1883) and L'ombre ardente, (1897). He is also remembered for his Decadent novels and short stories, such as Monsieur de Phocas (1901), Monsieur de Bougrelon (1897), and Histoires des masques (1900), as well as for one of his best stories, Sonyeuse, which he linked to portraits exhibited by Antonio de La Gándara in 1893. He also wrote the libretto to Pierre de Bréville's opera Éros vainqueur (1910).

Manuel Orazi Illustrated his Novella Ma petite ville in 1989.[2]

Lorrain was openly gay, often citing ancient Greece as noble heritage for homosexuality[3] and became colloquially known as 'The Ambassador from Sodom'.[4]

WorksEdit

PoetryEdit

  • Le Sang des dieux (1882)
  • La Forêt bleue (1882)
  • Modernités (1885)
  • Les Griseries (1887)
  • L'Ombre ardente (1897)[5]

NovelsEdit

NovellasEdit

  • Sonyeuse (1891)[12]
  • Buveurs d'âmes (1893)
  • La Princesse sous verre (1896)
  • Un Femme Par Jour (1896)
  • Âmes d'automne (1897)
  • Loreley (1897)
  • Contes pour lire à la chandelle (1897)
  • Ma petite ville (1898)
  • Princesses d'Italie (1898)
  • Histoires de masques (1900)[13]
  • Princesses d'ivoire et d'ivresse (1902)
  • Vingt femmes (1903)
  • Quelques hommes (1903)
  • La Mandragore (1903)[14]
  • Fards et poisons (1904)[15]
  • Propos d'âmes simples (1904)
  • L'École des vieilles femmes (1905)
  • Le Crime des riches (1906)[16]
  • Narkiss (1909)
  • Les Pelléastres (1910)

StageEdit

Chronicles and travel writingEdit

  • Dans l'oratoire (1888)
  • La Petite Classe (1895)
  • Sensations et souvenirs (1895)[19]
  • Une femme par jour (1896)[20]
  • Poussières de Paris (1896–1902)[21]
  • Madame Baringhel (1899)
  • Heures d'Afrique (1899)[22]
  • Heures de Corse (1905)[23]
  • La Ville empoisonnée (1930)
  • Femmes de 1900 (1932)
  • Voyages, (2009), Les Promeneurs solitaires, préface de Sébastien Paré.

Books in EnglishEdit

  • Monsieur de Phocas, Dedalus Books (1994) ISBN 978-1873982150
  • Nightmares of an Ether-Drinker (translation of Sensations et souvenirs, with additional material, by Brian Stableford), Snuggly Books (2016) ISBN 978-1-943813-02-5
  • The Soul-Drinker and Other Decadent Fantasies (includes translations of Sonyeuse, La Mandragore, La Princesse sous verre, with additional material, by Brian Stableford), Snuggly Books (2016) ISBN 978-1-943813-09-4
  • Monsieur de Bougrelon, translated and with an afterword by Eva Richter, Spurl Editions (2016) ISBN 978-1-943679-03-4

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Philippe Jullian, Montmartre, p.81
  2. ^ "Ma petite ville ; Le miracle de Bretagne ; Un veuvage d'amour | Koninklijke Bibliotheek". www.kb.nl. Retrieved 2018-04-22.
  3. ^ George L. Mosse The Image of Man: The Creation of Modern Masculinity, p.88
  4. ^ George E.Haggerty, Encyclopedia of Gay Histories and Cultures, p.547
  5. ^ Lorrain, Jean (1897). L'Ombre ardente (online text ed.). gallica.bnf.fr.
  6. ^ Les Lépillier (1885 et 1908), online text
  7. ^ Monsieur de Phocas (1901), online text
  8. ^ Le Vice errant (1901), online text
  9. ^ L'Aryenne (1907), online text
  10. ^ Maison pour dames (1908), online text
  11. ^ 'Hélie, garçon d'hôtel (1908), online text
  12. ^ Sonyeuse (1891), online text
  13. ^ Histoires de masques (1900), online text
  14. ^ La Mandragore (1903), online text
  15. ^ Fards et poisons (1904), online text
  16. ^ Le Crime des riches (1906), online text
  17. ^ Viviane, conte en 1 acte (1885), online text
  18. ^ Yanthis, comédie en 4 actes, en vers (1894), online text
  19. ^ Sensations et souvenirs (1895), online text
  20. ^ Une femme par jour (1896), online text
  21. ^ 'Poussières de Paris (1896–1902), online text
  22. ^ 'Heures d'Afrique (1899), online text
  23. ^ Heures de Corse (1905), online text

External linksEdit