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. (October 2015)
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1834.
- April – W. Harrison Ainsworth's first novel, the historical romance Rookwood, is published anonymously in London by Richard Bentley, with illustrations by George Cruikshank. Romanticising the highwayman Dick Turpin, it succeeds enough for the author to take up full-time writing. Bentley also publishes Edward Bulwer-Lytton's anonymous popular novel The Last Days of Pompeii in the same year.
- June 10 – The Scottish philosopher and writer Thomas Carlyle moves to Cheyne Row (Carlyle's House) in London.
- August – Charles Dickens first uses the pen name Boz, in the second installment of "The Boarding-House", one of the Sketches by Boz, originally published in the Monthly Magazine (London).
- November 24 – George Sand begins her journal addressed to Alfred de Musset.
- Carl Jonas Love Almqvist's fourth novel in the "Törnrosens bok" series, The Queen's Tiara (Drottningens juvelsmycke) is published anonymously. Set around the assassination of King Gustav III of Sweden in 1792, it is the first original historical novel written in Sweden, and features a bisexual character, Tintomara.
Children and young peopleEdit
- January 1 – Ludovic Halévy, French playwright and author (died 1908)
- January 22 – Jennie Fowler Willing, American author, educator, and reformer (died 1916)
- January 28 – Julia Carter Aldrich, American author and editor (died 1924)
- February 9 – Felix Dahn, German writer (died 1912)
- March 6 – George du Maurier, English cartoonist and novelist (died 1896)
- March 24 – Mary Lynde Craig, American writer and attorney (died 1921)
- March 24 – William Morris, English poet and designer (died 1896)
- April 5 – Frank R. Stockton, American short story writer (died 1902)
- April 7 – Emma Southwick Brinton, American army nurse and foreign correspondent (died 1922)
- April 21 – Henry Spencer Ashbee, English bibliophile (died 1900)
- April 26 – Charles Farrar Browne (Artemus Ward), American humorist (died 1867)
- May 28 – Lavilla Esther Allen, American author, poet, and reader (died 1903)
- July 9 – Jan Neruda, Czech writer (died 1891)
- August 31 – Esther Pugh, American reformer, editor, and publisher (died 1908)
- September 15 – Heinrich von Treitschke, German historian (died 1896)
- October 1 – Mary Mackellar, née Cameron, Scottish Gaelic poet and translator (died 1890)
- November 23 – James Thomson ("Bysshe Vanolis"), Scottish poet (died 1882)
- Percy Hetherington Fitzgerald, Irish-born literary biographer, drama critic and sculptor (died 1925)
- ^ Carver, Stephen (2003). The Life and Works of the Lancashire Novelist William Harrison Ainsworth, 1805–1882. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press. ISBN 0773466339.