This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1894.
- February – Oscar Wilde's play Salome is first published in English, with illustrations by Aubrey Beardsley.
- Early Spring – Mary Antin emigrates from Belarus to the United States with her mother.
- April – The Yellow Book (edited by Henry Harland) begins publication by John Lane and Elkin Mathews – The Bodley Head in London.
- April 21 – George Bernard Shaw's play Arms and the Man is premièred at the Avenue Theatre in London.
- May – Scottish writer William Sharp publishes Pharais, his first novel under the pseudonym Fiona MacLeod.
- June – Hermann Hesse begins his apprenticeship in mechanical engineering at a factory in Calw.
- August 15 – A. E. Waite starts to publish and edit his own occult periodical The Unknown World.
- October – Lafcadio Hearn begins working as a journalist for the English-language Kobe Chronicle in Japan.
- November 8 – Robert Frost's first poem, "My Butterfly", is published in The New York Independent, which pays him fifteen dollars.
- December 22 – Claude Debussy's symphonic poem Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune, a free interpretation of Stéphane Mallarmé's 1876 poem, "L'Après-midi d'un faune", is premièred in Paris.
- J. M. Dent begins publication in London of the Temple Shakespeare pocket editions edited by Israel Gollancz.
- The Century Roman typeface, first of the Century type family, is cut by American Type Founders' designer Linn Boyd Benton, originally for Theodore Low De Vinne's The Century Magazine.
Children and young peopleEdit
- January 1 – Aurora Nilsson, Swedish writer (died 1972)
- January 22 – Charles Langbridge Morgan, English novelist and dramatist (died 1958)
- February 6 – Eric Partridge, New Zealand/British lexicographer (died 1979)
- March 17 – Paul Green, American novelist and Pulitzer Prize winning playwright (died 1981)
- March 23 – Mark Slonim, Russian literary historian and critic (died 1976)
- April 6 – Elinor M. Brent-Dyer, English children's writer (died 1969)
- April 7 – A. A. Thomson, English cricket and travel writer (died 1968)
- May 27
- June 14 – W. W. E. Ross, Canadian geophysicist and Imagist poet (died 1966)
- June 15 – Trygve Gulbranssen, Norwegian novelist, businessman and journalist (died 1962)
- July 8 – Claude-Henri Grignon, Canadian novelist, journalist and politician (died 1976)
- July 9 – Phelps Putnam, American poet (died 1948)
- July 26 – Aldous Huxley, English novelist and poet (died 1963)
- July 30 – Păstorel Teodoreanu, Romanian poet and satirist (died 1964)
- August 31 – Albert Facey, Australian autobiographer (died 1982)
- September 6 – Howard Pease, American maritime adventure novelist (died 1974)
- September 23 – Momčilo Nastasijević, Serbian poet, novelist and dramatist (died 1938)
- October 4 – Frans G. Bengtsson, Swedish novelist, essayist, poet and biographer (died 1954)
- October 9 – Agnes von Krusenstjerna, Swedish writer (died 1940)
- October 14 – E. E. Cummings, American poet (died 1962)
- October 18 – H. L. Davis, American fiction writer, Pulitzer Prize winning novelist and poet (died 1960)
- October 26 – Eugene Jolas, American writer, literary translator and critic (died 1952)
- December 8 – James Thurber, American cartoonist and humorous writer (died 1961)
- December 26
- December 31 – Hong Shen (洪深), Chinese dramatist (died 1955)
- February 8 – R. M. Ballantyne, Scottish novelist for youth (born 1825)
- April 8
- April 12 – Ludwig Pfau, German poet, journalist, and revolutionary (born 1821)
- April 14 – Adolf Friedrich von Schack, German poet, literary historian and art collector (born 1815)
- April 29 – Augusta Theodosia Drane, English religious writer and biographer (born 1823)
- May 7 – Marie Sophie Schwartz, Swedish novelist (died 1875)
- May 20 – Edmund Yates, Scottish novelist and dramatist (born 1831)
- June 5 – Edward Capern, English poet (born 1819)
- July 30 – Walter Pater, English essayist, critic and novelist (born 1839)
- August 6 – Otto Müller, German novelist (born 1816)
- September 29 – Christina Rossetti, English poet (born 1830)
- October 8 – Oliver Wendell Holmes, American poet and physician (born 1809)
- October 20 – James Anthony Froude, English historian, novelist and biographer (born 1818)
- December 3 – Robert Louis Stevenson, Scottish novelist, poet and travel writer (born 1850)
- Unknown dates
- ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- ^ "An Alpine Pass on "Ski"". The Strand Magazine. London. 8: 657–661. 1894.
- ^ Leavis, Q. D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (rev. ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.
- ^ Sutherland, John (2007). Bestsellers: a very short introduction. Oxford University Press. p. 85. ISBN 978-0-19-921489-1.
- ^ The Age of Leo the Tenth in Italy. The Newdigate prize poem, 1894 (British Library, Historical Print Editions (March 24, 2011))